« ПредишнаНапред »
2. Dim; obscure in general, or that which BLAT:.} adscotland, and the bordering
It is a tradition that bleär eyes affect sound 4. To drop, as blood. It is applied to any
thing that drops from some body on in. It is no more in the power of calumny to blast
cision, as blood from an animal. the dignity of an honest man, than of the blear
For me the balm shall bleed, and amber flow, eyed owl io cast scandal on the sun. L'Estrange.
The coral redden, and the ruby glow.
Pope. His blear eyes ran in gutters to his chin; His beard was stubble, and his cheeks were
TO BLEED. v. a. To let blood ; to take thin.
blood from. When thou shalt see the bleereyed fathers teach That, from a patriot of distinguish'd note, Their sons this harsh and mouldy sort of speech.
Have bled and purg'd me to a simple vote. Pope. Dryden. BLEIT.
It is used in makes dimness.
counties. Thus I hurl
TO BLE'MISH. v.a. (from blame, Junius; My dazzling spells into the spongy air,
from bleme, white, Fr. Skinner.] Of power to cheat the eye with blear illusion, And give it false presentments. Milton.
1. To mark with any deformity. TO BLEAR. via. [from the adjective.] Likelier that my outward face might have 1. To make the eyes watery, or sore with
been disguised, than that the face of so excellent rheum.
a mind could have been thus blemisbed. Sidney. All tongues speak of him, and the bleared sights
2. To defame; to tarnish, with respect to Are spectacled to see him. Sbakspeare.
reputation. The Dardanian wives,
Not that my verse would blemish all the fair ; With bleared visages, come forth to view
But yet, if some be bad, 't is wisdom to beware. The issue of th' exploit. Sbakspeare.
Dryden. When I was young, I, like a lazy fool,
Those, who, by concerted defamations, enWould blear my eyes with oil to stay from school;
deavour to blemisl his character, incur the comAverse to pains.
plicated guilt of slander and perjury. Addison, 2. To dim the eyes.
BLE'MISH. 1. s. [from the verb.] This may stand for a pretty superficial argy I. A mark of deformity; a scar; a dimi. ment, to blear our eyes, and lull us asleep in nution of beauty. security.
Raleigh. As he hath caused a blemisb in a man, so shall BLE'AREDNESS.n. s. [from bleared.] The it be done to him again.
Leviticus. state of being bleared, or dimmed with
not that ; for, in so doing, you will leave a rea
Wisemen. The defuxion falling upon the edges of the
mediless blemish. eyelids, makes a blearedness. Wiseman. 2. Reproach ; disgrace; imputation. To BLEAT. V. n. [blætan, Sax.] To cry
That you have been earnest, should be no blemish or discredit at all unto you.
Hooker. as a sheep.
And if we shall neglect to propagate these We were as twinn'd lambs, that did frisk i'th'
blessed dispositions, what others can undertake sun, And bleat the one at th' other. Shaksbeare.
it, without some blemish to us, some reflection on our negligence ?
Spratt. You may as well use question with the wolf, Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb.
None more industriously publish the blemishes Merchant of Venice.
of an extraordinary reputation, than such as lie
open to the same censures; raising applause to While on sweet grass herbleating charge does lie, Our happy lover feeds upon her eye. Roscommon,
themselves, for resembling a person of an exalted What buil dares bellow, or what sheep dares
reputation, though in the blameable parts of his character.
Addison. bleat, Within the lion's den?
Dryden. 3. A soil ; turpitude ; taint ; deformity. BLE AT. N. s. [from the verb.] The cry
First shall virtue be vice, and beauty be
counted a blemish, of a sheep or lamb.
Ere that I leave with song of praise her praise Setin my ship, mine ear reach'd,where we rode,
Sidney. The bellowing of oxen, and the bleat
Live thou, and to thy mother dead attest, Of fleecy sheep.
Chapman. That clear she died from blemish criminal. BLEB. n. s. [blaen, to swell, Germ.) A
Fairy Queen, blister.
Skinner. Is conformity with Rome a blemish unto the BLED. The preterit and participle of To church of England, and unto churches abroad bleed.
Not a hair perish'd : TO BLEED. ~. n. pret. I bled ; I have bled.
On their sustaining garments not a blemish, [bledan, Saxon.]
But freslier than betore.
Sbakspeare. I. To lose blood ; to run with blood.
Evadne's husband ! 't is a fault
To love, a blemish to my thought. Waller.
That your duty may no blemisb take, Great tyranny, lay thou thy basis sure;
I will myself your father's captive make. Dryden. For goodness dare not check thee! Shakspeare. Such a mirth as this is capable of making a
Many, upon the seeing of others bleed, or beauty, as well as a blemish, the subject of destrangled, or tortured, themselves are ready to rision.
Addison. faint, as if they bled,
Bacon. TO BLENCH. v. n. To shrink ; to start 2. To die a violent death.
back; to give way. Not used. The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day;
I'll observe his looks; Had he thy reason, would he skip and play? I'll tent him to the quick; if he but blench, Pope. I know my course.
Sbakspeare. 3. To lose blood medicinally; as, be bled Patience herself, what goddess e'er she be, for a fever.
Dorh lesser blench at sutterance than I do. Sbakir'
parts of it.
Hold you ever to our special drift; 3. To consecrate by a prayer. 'Though sometimes you do blench from this to
He blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves. that,
Mattbew. As cause doth minister.
4. To praise ; to glorify for benefits reTO BLENCH. v.a. To hinder; to obstruct.
ceived ; to celebrate. Not used.
Unto us there is one only guide of all agents The rebels besieged them, winning the even
natural, and he both the creator and worker of ground on the top, by carrying up great trusses
all in all, alone to be blessed, adored, and hoof hay before them, to blench the defendants
noured by all for ever.
Hooker. sight, and dead their shot.
But bless'd be that great pow'r that hath us To BLEND. v. a. pret. I blended ; an
bless'd ciently, blent. [blendan, Saxon.]
With longer life than earth and heav'n can have, 1. To mingle together.
Davies. "T' is beauty truly blent, whose red and white 5. It seems, in one place of Spenser, to Nature's own sweet and cunning hand laid on. signify the same as to wave; to bran.
dish; to flourish. This signification is The mistion taught by the ancients is too slight
taken from an old rite of our Rornish or gross; for bodies mixed according to their hypothesis, would not appear such to the acute ancestors, who, blessing a field, directed eyes of a lynx, who would discern the elements, their hands in quick succession to all if they were no otherwise mingled than but blended but not united.
Boyle. Whom when the prince to battle new addrest, He had his calmer influence, and his mien And threat’ning high his dreadful stroke did see, Did love and majesty together blend. Dryden. His sparkling blade about his head he blest,
The grave, where even the great find rest, And smote off quite his right leg by the knee. And blended lie th' oppressor and th' oppress'd.
Fairy Queen, Pape. BLE'sse D. particip. adj. (from To bless.] 2. To confound.
1. Happy ; enjoying felicity. The moon should wander from her beaten
Blessed are the barren,
Loke, way, the times and seasons of the year blend
2. Holy and happy; happy in the favour theniselves by disordered and confused mixture.
All generations shall call me blessed. Lałe. 3. To pollute; to spoil ; to corrupt. This signification was anciently much in use,
3. Happy in the joys of heaven.
Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, but is now wholly obsolete.
Revelations. Which when he saw, he burnt with jealous BLESSED Thistle. [cnicus, Lat.) A plant.
fire; The eye of reason was with rage yblent. Fairy Q. BLESSEDLY. adv. [from blessed.] Hap
Regard of worldly muck doth foully blend, pily. And low abase the high heroic spirit. Fairy Queen.
This accident of Clitophon's taking, had so The whilst thy kingdom from thy head is rent, blessedly procured their meeting. Sidney. And thy throne royal with dishonour blent. BLE'SSE DNESS. n. s. [from blessed.]
Spenser. 1. Happiness ; felicity. BLE'NDER. », s. [from To blend.] The Many times have I, leaning to yonder palm, person that mingles.
admired the blessedness of it, that it could bear BLENT. The obsolete participle of blend.
love without the sense of pain. Sidacy, To BLESS. v. a. preterit and participle,
His overthrow heap'd happiness upon him;
For then, and not till then, he felt himself, blessed or blest. [blerrian, Saxon.] And found the blessedness of being little. Sbats, 1. To make happy ; to prosper ; to make 2. Sanctity. successful.
Earthlier happy is the rose distillid, The quality of mercy is not strain’d;
Than that, which, withering on the virgin thorn, It droppeth as the gentle rain of heaven
Grows, lives, and dies, in single blessedness. Sbakhe Upon the place beneath. It is twice bless'd;
3. Heavenly felicity. It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes. It is such an one, as, being begun in grace, passes
Shakspeare. into glory, blessedness, and immortality. Jouts. Had I but died an hour before this chance,
4. Divine favour. I had liv'd a blessed time: for, from this instant, There's nothing serious in mortality. Shaksp. Bųe'ssER. n. s. [from bless.] He that This kingdom enjoyed the greatest calm, and
blesses, or gives a blessing; he that makes the fullest measure of felicity, that any people, any thing prosper. in any age, for so long time together, have been When thou receivest praise, take it indifblessed with.
Clarendon. ferently, and return it to God, the giver of the Happy this isle, with such a hero blest ; gift, or blesser of the action.
Taylor What virtue dwells not in his loyal breast ? BLESSING. n. s. [from bless.]
Waller. In vain with folding arms the youth assay'd
1. Benediction ; a prayer by which hap
piness is implored for any one. To stop her flight, and strain the flying shade; But she retura'd no more to bless his longing
2. A declaration by which happiness is proeyes.
mised in a prophetick and authoritative O hospitable Jove! we thus invoke,
manner. Bless to both nations this auspicious hour. Dryd, The person that is called, kneeleth down bę. 2. To wish happiness to another; to pro fore the chair, and the father layeth his hand nounce a blessing upon him.
upon his head, or her head, and giveth the And this is the blessing wherewith Moses the
Baces. man of God blessed the children of Israel, before 3. Any of the means of happiness; a gift ; his death,
Deuteronomy. an advantage; a benefit.
Nor are his blessings to his banks confin'd, ing, in defect of eyes, receives advertisement of But free and common, as the sea and wind. things through a staff
Digby. Dunban. Those other two, equall'd with me in fate, Political jealousy is very reasonable in persons So were I equall'd with them in renown! persuaded of the excellency of their constitution, Blind Thamyris, and blind Mæonides; who believe that they derive from it the most And Tiresias, and Phineas, prophets old. Milt. valuable blessings of society.
2. Intellectually dark; unable to judge ; A just and wise magistrate is a blessing as ex
ignorant : with to before that which is tensive as the community to which he belongs:
unseen. . a blessing which includes all other blessings whatsoever, that relate to this life. Atterbury.
All authors to their own defects are blind;
Hadst thou but, Janus like, a face behind, 4. Divine favour.
To see the people, what splay mouths they My pretty cousin,
make; Blessing upon you!
Shakspeare. To mark their fingers pointed at thy back. Dryd. I had most need of blessing, and Amen Stuck in my throat.
3. Sometimes of. Honour thy father and mother, both in word
Blind of the future, and by rage misled; and deed, that a blessing may come upon thee
He pulls his crimes upon his people's head. Drid. from them.
4. Unseen ; out of the publick view ; priHe shall receive the blessing from the Lord. vate; generally with some tendency to
some contempt or censure. 5. The Hebrews, under this name, often To grievous and scandalous inconveniencies
understood the presents which friends they make themselves subject, with whom any make to one another ; in all proba-'
blind or secret corner is judged a fit house of coiToil prayer.
Hooker. bility, because they are generally at
. tonded with blessings and compliments 5. Not easily discernible ; hard to find
dark; obscure; unscen. both from those who give, and those
There be also blind fires under stone, which who receive.
Calmet. fame not out; but oil being poured upon then, And Jacob said, receive my present at my
they flame out.
Bacon. hand; take, I pray thee, my blessing that is
Where else brought to thee.
Genesis. Shall I inform my unacquainted feet BLEST. The preterit and participle of In the blind mazes of this tangled wood ? Milt. bles;.
How have we wander'd a long dismal night, Peace to thy gentle shade, and endless rest!
Led through blind paths by each deluding light!
Roscommon, Blest in thy genius, in thy love too blest! Pope. Blew. The preterit of blow.
Part creeping under ground, their journey
blind, The rest Aled into a strong tower, where, see And climbing from below, their fellows meet. ing no remedy, they desperately blero
Dryden. selves, with a great part of the castle, with gun
So mariners mistake the promis'd gust, powder.
Knolles. And, with full sails, on the blind rocks are lost. BLEYME. 2. s. An inflammation in the
Drydere foot of a horse, between the sole and A postern door, yet upobserv'd and free, the bone.
Join'd by the length of a blind gallery, Blight. n. s. [The etymology unknown.]
To the king's closet led.
Dryden. 5. Mildew ; according to Skinner : but it 6. Blind Vessels. [ with chymists.] Such as seems taken by most writers, in a gene.
have no opening but on one side. ral sense, for
TO BLIND. v. a. (from the noun.] any cause of the failure of fruits.
1. To make blind; to deprive of sight. I complained to the oldest and best gardeners,
You nimble lightnings, dart your blinding
flames who often fell into the same misfortune, and
Into her scornful eyes! esteemed it some blight of the spring. Temple.
Of whose hand have I received any bribe to 2. Any thing nipping, or blasting.
blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it, When you come to the proof once, the first
1 Samuel. blight of frøst shall most infallibly strip you of A blind guide is certainly a great mischief; all your glory.
but a guide that blinds those whom he should T. BLIGHT. v.a. [from the noun.]
lead, is undoubtedly a much greater. South, 1. To corrupt with mildew.
2. To darken; to obscure to the eye. This vapour bears up along with it any noxious So whirl the seas, such darkness blinds the mineral steams; it then blasts vegetables, blights
sky, corn and fruit, and is sometimes injurious even That the black night receives a deeper dye. Dryd. to men.
3. To darken the understanding: 2. In general, to blast; to hinder from This my long-suffering, and my day of grace, fertility.
They who neglect and scorn, shall never taste, My country neighbours do not find it im But hard be harden'd, blind be blinded more. possible to think of a lame horse they have, or
Milton. their blighted corn, till they have run over in 4. To obscure to the understanding. their minds all beings.
Locke. The state of the controversy between us he But lest harsh care the lover's peace destroy, endeavoured, with all his art, to blind and conAnd roughly blight the tender buds of joy, found. Let reason teach.
1. Something to hinder the sight.
pure of seeing; dark.
and genuine; civility casts a blind over the duty, The blind man that
under some customary words.
steps by feel.
2. Something to mislead the eye, or the and worm.] A small viper, called likeunderstanding.
wise a slow worm ; believed not to be These discourses set an opposition between his commands and decrees; making the one a blind. You spotted snakes, with double tongue,
for the execution of the other. Decay of Piety; Thorny hedgehogs, be not seen; T. BLINDFOLD. V. a. (from blind and Newts and blind vorins, do no wrong; fold.] To hinder from seeing, by blind
Come not near our fairy queen. Shakspeare. ing the eyes.
The greater slow wonin, called also the blindWhen they had blindfolded him, they struck
worm, is commor.I thought to be blind, because of the littleness of his eyes.
Grew. him on the face.
Luke. BLINDFOLD. adj. [from the verb.] Hav- 'To BLINK. v. n. [llincken, Danish.] ing the eyes covered.
1. To wink, or twinkle with the eyes. And oft himself he chanc'd to hurt unwares, So politick, as if one eye Whilst reason, blent through passion, nought de Upon the other were a spy; scried,
That, to trepan the one to think But, as a blindfold bull, at random fares,
The other blind, both strove to blink. Hudibras. And where he hits, nought knows, and where he
2. To see obscurely. hurts, nought cares.
What's here ? the portrait of a blinking ideot Who blindfold walks upon a river's brim,
Sbakspeare. When he should see, has he desery'd to swim?
Sweet and lovely wall,
Dryden. Shew me thy chink, to blink through with mine When lots are shuffled together, or a man
eyne. Shakspeare's Midsummer Niglt's Dream. blindfold casts a dye, what reason can he have to
His figure such as might his soul proclaim; presume, that he shall draw a white stone rather
One eye was blinking, and one leg was lame. Pope. than a black ?
BLI'N KARD. 1, s. (from blink.] The women will look into the state of the nation with their own eyes, and be no longer led
I. One that has bad eyes. blindfold by a male legislature. Addison. 2. Something twinkling. BLI'NDLY. adv. (from blind.]
In some parts we see many glorious and emia
nent stars, in others few of any remarkable greatJ. Without sight.
ness, and in some none but blinkards, and ob2. Implicitly; without examination.
Hakemill. The old king, after a long debate, By his imperious mistress Windly led,
BLISS. n. s. [blirre, Sax. from blidarian, Has given Cydaria to Orbellan's bed. Dryden.
to rejoice.) How ready zeal for interest and party, is to 1. The highest degree of happiness; blesscharge atheism on those, who will not, without
edness; felicity: generally used of the examining, submit, and blindly swallow their
happiness of blessed couis.
Locke. 3. Without judgment or direction.
A mighty Saviour hath witnessed of himself,
I am the way; the way that leadeth us from How seas, and earth, and air, and active flame,
Hooker. misery into bliss.
Dim sadness did not spare Fell through the mighty void; and, in their fall,
That time celestial visages; yet mix'd Were blindly gather'd in this goodly ball. Dryd.
With pity, violated not their bliss. Milton. BLI'NDMAN'S BUFF.n. s. A play in which
some one is to have his eyes covered, All my redeem'd may dwell, in joy and bliss, and hunt out the rest of the company.
Miltos. Disguis'd in all the mask of night,
2. Felicity in general. We left our champion on his flight;
Condition, circunstance, is not the thing; At blindman's buff to grope his way,
Bliss is the same in subject or in king. Pope. In equal fear of night and day. Hudibras. BLISSFUL. adj. [from bliss and full.]
He imagines I shut my eyes again; but surely he fancies I play at blindman's buff' with him; for
Full of joy ; happy in the highest dehe thinks I never have my eyes open. Stillingf.
gree. BLI'NDNESS. n. s. [from blind.]
Yet swimming in that sea of blissful joy,
He nought forgot. 1. Want of sight.
The two saddest ingredients in hell, are deI will smite every house of the people with blindness.
privation of the blissfi:l vision, and confusion of face.
Hammond. 2. Ignorance; intellectual darkness.
Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love, All the rest, as born of savage brood,
Uninterrupted joy, unrival'd love, But with base thoughts, are into blindness led, In blissfiul solitude.
Milton And kept from looking on the lightsome day. So peaceful shalt thou end thy blissful days,
Spenser. And steal thyself from life by slow decays. Pape. Nor can we call it choice, when what we chuse, First in the fields I try the sylvan strains, Folly and blindness only could refuse. Denham. Nor blush to sport in Windsor's blissful plains. Whensoever we would proceed beyond these
Pope. simple ideas, we fall presently into darkness and BlI'SSFULLY. adv. [from blissful.] Hapdifficulties, and can discover nothing farther but our own blindness and ignorance.
Locke. BLI'NDNETTLE, n. s. [scrofularia.] A BLISSFULNESS. n. s.[from blissful.] Happlant.
piness; fulness of joy. BLI'NDSIDE. n. s. [from blind and side.] To Blissom. v. n. To caterwaul; to be Weakness; foible; weak part.
Dict. He is too great a lover of himself; this is one
BLI'STER. n. s. [bluyster, Dutch.] of his lindsides; the best of men, I fear, are not
1. A pustule formed by raising the cuticle without them.
Swin. from the cutis, and filled with serous BLI'NDWORM. n. s. [cæcilia; from blind blood.
Shakspeare. 2. A mass of matter.
The bloat king.
BLO'STEDNESS. n. s. [from bloat.] Tur-
spots, are symptoms of weak fibres. Arbutbrat, I found a great blister drawn by the garlick, BLO'BBEK: 1. s. [from blob.) A word used but had it cut, which run a good deal of water, but filled again by next night.
in some counties for a bubble. Temple.
There swimmeth also in the sea a round slimny 2. Any swelling made by the separation of substance, called a blobber, repuied noisome to a film or skin from the other parts.
Careco. Upon the leaves there risech a tumour like a BLO'BBERLIP.n.s [from blob, or blobber, blister.
and lib.] A thick lip. To Bui'ster. V. n. (from the noun.] To
wit of their insipid frier.d, rise in blisters.
His blobberlips and beetlebrows commend. Dryd. If I
prove honeymouth, let my tongue blister, BLO'BLIPPED. adj. Having swelled And never to my red-look'd anger be
BLO'BBERLIPPED. or thick lips.
A blobberlipped shell seemeth to be a kind of mussel.
His person deformed to the highest degree; flat-nosed, and blobberlispoil.
L'Estrange 1. To raise blisters by some hurt, as by a BLOCK. n. s. [block, Dutch ; bloc, Fr.] burn, or rubbing.
1. A heavy piece of timber, rather thick
Hath blister d her report.
Homer's apotheosis consists of a groupe of tion.
figures, cut in the same block of marble, and rising one above another.
Addison, I blistered the legs and thighs; but was too late: he died howling.
3. A massy body.
Small causes are sufficient to make a man unBLITHE. adj. [blide, Saxon.] Gay; easy, when great ones are not in the way: for
airy; merry; joyous; sprightly; mirth want of a block, he will stumble at a straw. Szift. ful.
4. A rude piece of matter : in contempt. We have always one eye fixed upon the coun When, by the help of wedges and beetles, an tezance of our enemies; and, according to the image is cleft out of the trunk of some tree, yet, blits or heavy aspect thereof, our other eye after the skill of artificers to set forth such a sheweth some other suitable token either of dis disine block, it cannot one moment secure itself like ur zporobaliun.
Hooker. from being caten by worms. Stillincolo Then sich nut so, but let them go,
of wood on which hats are And be your blitle and bonny.
Shakspeare. forined. Some old writers use block for For that fair female troop thou saw'st, that scerald
the hat itself. Of galdesses, so blirbe, so smooth, so gay;..
He wears his faith but as the fashion of his Yet emrits of all good.
it ever changes with the next block. Shaks. To vinus the wily adder, blithe and glad:
6. The wood on which criminals are beEmpres! the way is ready, and not long. Milt.
headed. And the milkmaid singeth blille,
Some guard these traitors to the block of death, And the mower whets his seythe,
Milton, Treason's true bed, and yielder-up of breath. Should he return, that treop so blithe and bold,
Sbakspeare. Precipitant in fear, would wing their flight. Pepe.
At the instant of his death, having a long BLI'THLY. adv. [from bliibe.] In a blithe
beard, after his head was upon the black, he manner.
gently drew his beard aside, and said, this hath BLI'THNESS.
not offended the king.
Bacon. ? n. s. [from blithe.] BLI'THSOMENESS.S
I'll drag him thence, The quality of be Even from the holy altar to the block. Dryden. ing blithe.
7. An obstruction; a stop. BLITHSOME. adj. [from blitbe.] Gay ; Can he cver dream, that the suffering for cheerful.
righteousness sake is our felicity, when he sees Frosty blasts deface
us run so from it, that no crime is block enough The blitbesome year: trees of their shrivell’dfruits in our way to stop our Hight? Detay of Pictz. Are widow'd.
Philips. 8. A sea term for a pully.
To swell, or make turgid with wind : it stupidity.
The country is a desert, where the good
Cain'd inhabits not; born's not understood; Encourage him, and bloat hin up with praise,
There men became beasts, and prone to all evils; That he may get more bulk before he dies. Dryd. In cities, llocks.
Dorine. The strutting petticoat smoothis all distinctions, Whattongueless blocks were they, would they levels the mother with the daughter. I cannot
not speak? Shekspeare's Richard 111. but be troubled to see so many well shaped in- To BLOCK. v. a. [blagilera Fr.] nocent virgins, bloated up, and waddling up and down like beg-bellied women.
1. To shut up; to enclose, so as to hinder
egress; to obstruct.
The states about them should neither by enperson
of a firm consticution begins to bloat, crease of dominion, nor by blocking of tr.:dc, have from being warm grows cold, his fibres grow it in their power to nurt or annoy. Clarendor.
They block the castle kepy by Bertrain;