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And martial brass, belie che thunder's sound. BE'LDAM. n. s. [belle dame, which in old French signified probably an old wo
The shape of man and imitated beast, man, as belle age, old age.]
The walk, the words, the gesture, could supply [. An old woman: generally a term of The habit mimick, and the mien beis. Dryden.
contempt, marking the last degree of 2. To give the lie to; to charge with old age, with all its faults and miseries. falsehood.
Then sing of secret things, that came to pass Sure there is none but fears a future state ; When beldam Nature in her cradle was. Milton. And when the most obdurate swear they do not, 2. A hag.
Their trembling heartsbelietheir boastfultongues. Why, how now, Hecat? you look angerly.
Dryden. -Have I not reason, beldams as you are,
Paint, patches, jewels, laid aside,
At night astronomers agree,
The evening has the day bely'd,
Prior. To BELE'AGUER. v. a. [beleggeren, 3. To calumniate ; to raise false reports
Dutch.] To besiege ; to block up a of any man. place ; to lie before a town.
Thou dost belie him, Piercy, thou beliest him ; 'Their business, which they carry on, is the He never did encounter with Glendower. Sbak. general concernment of the Trojan camp, then 4. To give a false representation of any beleagured by Turnus and the Latins. Dryden, thing:
Against beltagur'd heav'n the giants move: Uncle,for heav'n's sake, comfortable words. Hills pil'd on hills, on mountains mountains lie,
Should I do so, I should belie my thoughts. To make their mad approaches to the sky, Dryd.
Shakspeare. BELEAGUERER. 1. s. [from beleaguer.] Tuscan Valerius by force o'ercame; One that besieges a place.
And not bely'd his mighty father's name. Dryshe To BELEE'. v. a. [a term in navigation.]
In the dispute whate'er I said,
My heart was by my tongue bely'd; To place in a direction unsuitable to the
And in my looks you might have read wind.
How much I argued on your side. Prior. BELEMNI'TES. n. s. [from Bing', a dart 5. To fill with lies. This seems to be its or arrow, because of its resemblance to
meaning here. the point of an arrow.] Arrowhead,
'Tis slander; whose breath or finger-stone, of a whitish and some- Rides on the posting winds, and doch belie times a gold colour.
All corners of the world.
Sbakspeare BelFLO'WER. n. s. [from bell and fiower, BELIE'F. n. so [from believe.] because of the shape of its flower ; in
I. Credit given to something, wbich we Latin campanula.) A plant.
know not of ourselves, on account of There is a vast number of the species of this the authority by which it is delivered. plant. 1. The tallest pyramidal belflower.
Those comforts that shall never cease, 2. The blue peach-leaved belflower. 3. The Future in hope, but present in belief.
Wetton. white peach-leaved belflower. 4. Garden bela' Faith is a firm belief of the whole word of Power, with oblong leaves and flowers ; com- God, of his gospel, commands, threats, and monly called Canterbury bello.. 5. Canary belo promises.
Wake. power, with orrach leaves, and a tuberose root.
2. The theological virtue of faith, or firm 6. Blue belflower, with edible roots, commonly
confidence of the truths of religion. called rampions. 7. Venus looking glass bela Power, Son
No man can attain belirf by the bare contem. BELFO'UNDER. n. s. [from bell and found.]
plation of heaven and earth : for that they nei
ther are sufficient to give us as much as the He whose trade it is to found or cast
least spark of light concerning the very princibells.
pal mysteries of our faith.
Hicoker. Those that make recorders know this, and 3. Religion; the body of tenets held by likewise belfounders in fitting the tune of their
the professors of faith. bells.
In the heat of general persecution, whereunto BE'LFRY, 1. s. [beffroy, in French, is a christian belief was subject upon the first pro
tower ; which was perhaps the true mulgation, it much confirmed the weaker word, till those, who knew not its ori- minds, when relation was made how God had ginal, corrupted it to belfry, because
been glorified through the sufferings of martyrs.
Hooker. bells were in it.] The place where the
4. Persuasion; opinion.
He can, I know, but doubt to think he will; Fetch the leathern bucket that hangs in the belfry; that is curiously painted before, and
Yet hope wouli sain subscribe, and cempts bem will make a figure.
Al treaties are grounded upon the belief that BELGA'RD. n. so [belle egard, Fr.] A states will be found in their honour, and obsoft glance; a kind regard :
servance of treaties.
Temple word, now wholly disused.
5. The thing believed ; the object of beUpon her eyelids many graces sat,
lief. Under the shadow of her even brows,
Superstitious prophecies are not only the bea Working belgards and amorous retreats.
lief of fools, but the talk sometimes of wise men. Fairy Queen.
Bacon. To Beli'e, via. [from be and lie.) 6. Creed ; a form containing the articles 1. To counterfeit; to feign; to mimick. of faith. Which durst; with horses hoofs that beat the BELIEVABLE, adj. (from believe.] Crę. ground,
dille; that may be credited or believed, VOL. I.
bells are rung:
TO BELI'EVE. v. a. (gelyfan, Saxon.] Josephus affirmeth, that one of them remained 1. To credit upon the authority of an
in his time; meaning, belike, some ruin or foun. dation thereof.
Raleigh. other, or from some other reason than
2. It is sometimes used in a sense of irony, our personal knowledge. Adherence to a proposition which they are_
as it may be supposed. persuaded, but do not know, to be true, is not
We think, belike, that he will accept whas
Hooler. the meanest of them would disdain.
Locke. seeing, but believing. Ten thousand things there are, which we be
God appointed the sea to one of them, and lieve merely upon the authority or credit of those
the land to the other, because they were so who have spoken or written of them. Watts.
great, that the sea could not hold them both; or
else, belike, if the sea had been large enough, 2. Toput confidence in the veracity of any
we might have gone a fishing for elephants. one.
Brerewood on Languages, The people may hear when I speak with thee, Beli've. adv. (bilive, Sax. probably and believe thee for ever.
Exodus. TO BELI'EVE. V. M.
from bi and lise, in the sense of viva1. To have a firm persuasion of any thing.
city, speed, quickness.] Speedily; They may believe that the Lord God of their quickly. Out of use. fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac,
By that same way the direful dames do drive and the God of Jacob, hath appeared unto thee.
Their mournful chariot, tilld with rusty blood, Genesis.
And down to Pluto's house are come belive. 2. To exercise the theological virtue of BELL. n. so [bel, Saxon ; supposed, by
Fairy Queen. faith. Now God be prais'd, that to believing souls
Skinner, to come from peivis, Lat. a ba. Gives light in darkness, comfort in despair.
sin. See BALL.]
Sbakspeare. 1. A vessel, or hollow body, of cast metal, For with the heart man believeth unto righte- formed to make a noise by the act of ousness, and with the mouth confession is made
a clapper, hammer, or some other in. unto salvation.
Romans. 3. With the particle in, to hold as an ob
strument, striking against it. Bells are
in the towers of churches, to call the ject of faith. Believe in the Lord your God, so shall you
congregation together. be established.
Your flock, assembled by the bell,
Encircled you to hear with reverence. Slads. 4. With the particle on, to trust; to place Get thee gone, and dig my grave thyself,
full confidence in; to rest upon with And bid the merry bells ring to thy ear, faith.
That thou art crowned, not that I am dead. To them gave he power to become the sons of
Sbakspears God, even to them that believe on his name.
Four bells admit twenty-four changes in ring
John. ing, and five bells one hundred and twenty: 5. I believe, is sometimes used as a way of
Holder's Elements of Speech. slightly noting somewhat of certainty or
He has no one necessary attention to any
thing but the bell which calls to prayers twice exactness
Addison's Specialer, Though they are, I believe, as high as most steeples in England, yet a person, in his drink,
2. It is used for any thing in the form of fell down, without any other hurt than the a bell, as the cups of flowers. breaking of an arm.
Addison. Where the bee sucks, there suck I, BELI'EVER, n. s. (from believe.]
In a cowslip's bell I lie.
Sbakspears 1. He that believes, or gives crcdit.
The humming bees, that hunt the golden dew,
In summer's heat on tops of lilies feed, Discipline began to enter into conflict with churches, which in extremity had been be
And creep within their bells to suck the balmy
seed. lievers of it.
3. 2. A professor of christianity.
A small hollow globe of metal perfoInfidels themselves did discern, in matters of
rated, and containing in it a solid ball; life, when believers did well, when otherwise.
which, when it is shaken, by bounding
Hooker. against the sides, gives a sound. If he which writeth do that which is forcible, As the ox hath his yoke, the horse his curb, how should he which readeth be thought to do and the faulcon his bells, so hath man his desires that, 'which, in itself, is of no force to work be
Shakspeare's As you like it. lief, and to save believers ?
Hooker. 4. To bear the bell. To be the first : from Mysteries held by us have no power, pomp, the wether that carries a bell among the or wealth, but have been maintained by the universal body of true believers, from the days of
sheep, or the first horse of a drove that the apostles, and will be to the resurrection ;
has bells on his collar. neither will the gates of hell prevail against them.
The Italians have carried away the bell from Swift.
all other nations, as may appear both by their BELIEVINGLY. adv. (from To believe.]
books and works.
Hakerill. After a believing manner.
5. To shake the bells. A phrase in Sbak. BELI'KE, adv. (from like, as by likeli
speare, taken from the bells of a hawk. bood.]
Neither the king, nor he that loves him besig
The proudest he that holds up Lancaster, 3. Probably; likely ; perhaps.
Dares stir a wing, if Warwick bakes bis bells. There came out of the same woods a hor
Sbakspeare. rible foul bear; which fearing, belike, while the TO BELL. v. n. (from the noun.] To grow lion was present, came furiously towards the place where I was.
in buds or flowers, in the form of a
Sidney. Lord Angelo, bilike, thinking me remiss in
bell. muy office, awakens me with this unwonted put.
Hops, in the beginning August, bell, and Sbakspeare, are sometimes ripe.
BELL-FASHIONED. adj. [from bell and The smith prepares his hammer for the stroke,
While the lung'a bellows hissing fire provoke. fashion.) Having the form of a bell;
The lungs, as bellozus, supply a force of breath; The thorn-apple rises with a strong round
and the aspera arteria is as the nose of bellows, stalk, having large bellofasbioned flowers at the
to collect and convey the breath. Holder. joints.
Murtimer. BELLE. n. s. (beau, belle, Fr.) A young
2. In the following passage it is singular:
Thou neither, like a bellows, swell'st thy face, lady.
As if thou were to blow the burning mass
belonging to a beast ; savage ; brutal.
If human actions were not to be judged, men BELLES LETTRES. n. s. (Fr.] Polite
would have no advantage over beasts. At this literature. It has no singular.
rate, the animal and belluine life would be the The exactness of the other, is to admit of best.
Atterbury. something like discourse, especially in what re- BE'LLY. n. s. [balg, Dutch ; bol, bolag. gards the belles lettres.
Tatler. Welsh.) BE'LLIBONE. ", s. (from bellus, beauti
1. That part of the human body which ful, and bonus, good, Lat. belle & bonne,
reaches from the breast to the thighs, Fr.) A woman excelling both in beauty
containing the bowels. and goodness. Out of use.
The body's members
Rebell'd against the belly ; thus accus'd it;
That only like a gulph it did remain,
Still cupboarding the viand, never bearing
Spenser. Like labour with the rest. Shakspear. BELLI'GERENT. adj. [belliger, Lat.)
2. In beasts it is used, in general, for that BELLI'GEROUS. S Waging war. Dict. part of the body next the ground. BE'LLING, N. S. A hunting term, spoke And the lord said unto the serpent, Upon thy.
of a roe, when she makes a noise in rut- belly shalt thou go, and dust shall thou eat all ting time. Dict. the days of thy life.
Genesis. BELLI'POTENT. adj. [bellipotens, Lat.] 3. The womb: in this sense, it is comPuissant ; mighty in war. Dict.
monly used ludicrously or familiarly. To BE'LLOW. v. n. [bellan, Saxon.]
I shall answer that better, than you can the
getting up of the negroe's belly : the Moor is 1. To make a noise as a bull.
with child by you.
Sbakspearea Jupiter became a bull, and bellowed; the green Neptune a ram, and bleated.
The secret is grown too big for the pretence,
like Mrs. Primly's big belly. Congreu. What bull dares belloqu, or what sheep dares bleat,
4. That part of man which requires tood, Within the lion's den?
in opposition to the back, or that which But now the husband of a herd must be
demands clothes. Thy mate, and bellowing sons thy progeny. They were content with a licencious life,
Dryden. wherein they might fill their bellies by spoil, ra2. To make any violent outcry.
ther than by labour.
Haywarda He fasten'd on my neck, and bellow'd out,
Whose god is their belly.
Pbil. As he 'd burst heay'n.
He that sows his grain upon marble, will have 3. To vociferate ; to clamour. In this
many a hungry belly before harvest. Arbuthnot. sense it is a word of contempt.
s. The part of any thing that swells out The dull fat captain, with a hound's deep
into a larger capacity. throat,
Fortune sometinies turneth the handle of the Would bellow out a laugh in a base note. Dryden.
bottle, which is easy to be taken hold of ; and *This gentleman is accustomed to roar and belo
after the belly, which is hard to grasp. Bacon. low so terribly loud that he frightens us. Tatler.
An Irish harp hath the concave, or belly, not 4. To roar as the sea in a storm, or as the
along the strings, but at the end of the strings.
Bacon. tvind; to make any continued noise, 6. Any place in which something is enthat may cause terrour.
closed. Till, at the last, he heard a dread sound, Which thro'the wood loud bellowing did rebound.
Out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou Spenser. heardst my voice.
Jonab. The rising rivers float the nether ground,
To BE'LLÝ. v. n. (from the noun.] To And rocks the bellowing voice of boiling seasre
swell into a larger capacity ; to hang bound.
Dryden. out; to bulge out. BE'LLOWS. n. s. [biliz, Sax. perhaps it is Thus by degreesday wastes, signs cease to rise; corrupted from bellies, the wind being For bellying earth, still rising up, denies
Their light a passage, and confines our eyes. contained in the hollow, or belly. It has
Creech's Maniliusa no singular ; for we usually say, a pair
The pow'r appeas'd, with winds suffic'd the of bellows; but Dryden has used bellows
sal, as a singular.)
The bellying canvas strutted with the gale. Dryd. 1. The instrument used to blow the fire. Loud rattling shakes the mountains and the Since sighs, into my inward furnace turn’d,
plain, For bellows serve to kindle more the fire. Sidney.
Heav'n bellies downwards, and descends in rain. One, with great bellows, gather'd filling air,
Dryden, And with forc'd wind the fuel did enflame.
'Midst these disports, forget they not to drench Fuiry Queen.
Themselves with boliving gobiets. Pbilipso
BE'ILYACHE. n. s. [from belly and ache.] To Belo'ck.v.a. [from be and lock.) To
The colick; or pain in the bowels. fasten as with a lock. BE'LLY BOUND. adj. (from belly and bound.] This is the hand, which with a vow'd contract Diseased, so as to be costive, and shrunk Was fast belock'd in thine,
Sbakspeare in the belly.
BE'LOMANCY. n. s. [from Bir and para BE'LLY-FRÉTTING. N. s. [from belly and
Belomancy, or divination by arrows, hath been
in request with Scythians, Alans, Germans, 1. [With farriers.] The chafing of a horse's
with the Africans, and Turks of Algier. belly with a foregirt.
Brown's Vulgar Erreurs, 2. A great pain in a horse's belly, caused To Belo'ng. v. n. (belangen, Dutch.] by worms.
Dict. 1. To be the property of. BE'LLYFUL. n. s. [from belly and full.] To light on a part of a field belonging to Boari I. As much food as fills the belly, or sa
Ruth tifies the appetite.
2. To be the province or business of., 2. It is often used ludicrously for more
There is no need of such redress;
Or if there were, it not belongs to you. Sbalsp. than enough : thus, king James told his
Thc declaration of these latent philosophers son that he would have his bellyful of
belongs to another paper.
Boyis parliamentary impeachments.
To Jove the care of heav'n and earth belongs. BE'LLYGOD. n. s. [from belly and god.]
Dryden. A glutton ; one who makes a god of his 3. To adhere, or be appendant to. belly.
He went into a desart belonging to Bethsaida. What infinite waste they made this way, the
Lukas only story of Apicius, a famous bellygod, may 4. To have relation to. suffice to shew,
"Hakewilla To whom belongest thou? whence art thou ? BE'LLY-PINCHED, adj. [from belly and
1 Samuel pincb.) Starved.
s. To be the quality or attributes of. This night, wherein the cubdrawn bear would The faculties belonging to the supreme spirit,
are unlimited and boundless, fitted and designed couch, The lion and the belly-pincbed wolf
for intinite objects
Gbogna Keep their fur dry, unbonnetted he runs. Sbaks. 6. To be referred to; to relate to. BE'LLYROLL. n. s. (trom belly and roll.] He careth for things that belong to the Lord
1 Corinth. A roll so called, as it seems, from entering into the hollows.
BELO'VED.participle. [from belove, derived They have two small harrows that they clap
of love. It is observable, that thougb on each side of the ridge, and so they harrow theparticiple be of very frequent use, the right up and down, and roll it with a belly-roll, verb is seldom or never admitted ; as that goes between the ridges, when they have
we say, you are much beloved by me, sown it.
but not, I belove you.] Loved ; dear. BE'LLY-TIMBER. n. s. [from belly and
I think it is not meet, timber.] Food ; materials to support Mark Antony, so well belor'd of Cæsar, the belly.
Should outlive Cæsar.
Sbakspears Where belly-timber above ground
In likeness of a dove Or under was not to be found. Hudibras. The Spirit descended, while the Father's voice The strength of every other member
From heav'n pronounc'd him hisbeloved Son.Milt, Is founded on your belly-timber. Prior. BELO'w. prep. [from be and low.] BE'LLY-WORM. n. s. [from belly and 1. Under in place; not so high. avorm.] A worm that breeds in the
For all below the moon I would not leap. Sbek
He 'll beat Aufidius' head below his knee, belly.
And tread upon his neck. Sbakspeare DE'LMAN, n. s. [from bell and man.) He 2. Inferiour in dignity.
whose business it is to proclaim any The noble Venetians think themselves equal thing in towns, and to gain attention by at least to the electors of the empire, and but ringing his bell.
one degree below kings.
Addisesse It was the owl that shriek'd, the fatal belman 3. Inferiour in excellence. Which gives the stern'st good might. Shakspeare.
His Idylliums of Theocritus are as much below Where Titian's glowing paint the canvas
his Manilius, as the fields are below the stars, warm'd,
Feitos. Now hangs the belman's song, and pasted here 4. Unworthy of; unbefitting. The colour'd prints of Overton appear. Gag. "T is much below me on his throne to sit;
The balman of each parish, as he goes his cir. But when I do you shall petition it. Dryder suit, cries out every night, Past cwelve o'clock.
1. In the lower place; in the place nearest BE'LMETAL. n. s. [from bell and metal.]
the centre. The metal of which bells are made, be
To men standing below on the ground, those ing a mixture of five parts copper with that be on the top of Paul's seem much less one of pewter.
than they are, and cannot be known; but, to Belmetal has copper one thousand pounds, tin men above, those below seem nothing so inuch from three hundred to two hundred pounds, lessenred, and may be known.
Becer, brass one hundred and fifty pounds. Bacon. The upper regions of the air perceive the colo
Colours which arise on belmetal, when melted lection of the matter of the tempests and winds and poured on the ground, in open air, like the before the air here below; and therefore the colours of water bubbles, are changed by view- obscuring of the smaller stars, is a sign of tempest es them at divers obliquities. Newtorie following.
His sultry heat infects the sky;
He falls; he fills the house with heavy groane, The ground below is parch'd, the heav'ns above Implores their pity, and his pain bemoans. Drys. us fry.
Dryden. The gods themselves the ruin'd seats bemoan, This said, he led them up the mountain's brow, And blame the mischiefs that thereselves have And shew'd them all the shining fields below.
Addison. Dryden. BEMO'ANER. n. s. (from the verb.) A 2. On earth, in opposition to heaven. lamenter; the person that laments.
And let no tears from erring pity flow, To Bemock, V. a. [from mock.] TO For one that's bless'd above, immortaliz'd below.
treat with mocks. Smitb.
Bemock the modest moon. Sbakspeare, The fairest child of Jove, Below for ever sought, and bless'd above. Prior. To BEMO'll. v. a. [be, and moil, from 3. In hell; in the regions of the dead :
mouiller, Fr.] To bedraggle ; to be. opposed to heaven and earth.
mire ; to encumber with dirt and mire. The gladsome ghosts in circling troops attend;
Thou shouldst have heard in how ming : Delight to hover near, and long to know
place, how she was bemailed, how he left her with What bus’ness brought him to the realms below.
the horse upon her.
To BÈ MO'NSTER. v. a. (from be and mon. When suff'ring saints aloft in beams shall ster.) To make monstrous. glow,
Thou chang'd and self converted thing! for And prosp'rous traitors gnash their teeth below.
Sbakspeare. TO BELO'WT. v. a. (from be, and lowt, a .BEMU'S ED. adj. [from To muse.] Over
word of contempt.) To treat with op- come with musing; dreaming : a word probrious language; to call names. Ob- of contempt. solete.
Is there a parson much bemus'd in beer, Sieur Gaulard, when he heard a gentleman re- A maudling poetess, a rhiming peer? port, that at a supper they had not only good BENCH. n. s. (benc, Sax. banc, Fr.] cheer, but also savoury epigrams, and fine ana- 1. A stat, distinguished from a stool by grams, returning home, rated and belowted
its greater length. his cook, as an ignorant scullion, that never
The seats and benches shone of ivory, dressed him either epigramsor anagrams. Camden. BELSWA'GGER. N. s. A cant word for
An hundred nymphs sat side by side about. Spers.
All Rome is pleas'd when Statius will rehearse; a whoremaster.
And longing crowds expect the promis d.verse : You are a charitable bel swagger ; my wife His lofty numbers with so great a gust cried out fire, and you cried out for engines. They hear, and swallow with such eager lust:
Dryden. But, while the common suffrage crown'd his BELT. 1. s. [bele, Sax. baltheus, Lat.) A cause, girdle ; a cincture in which a sword, or
And broke the benches with their loud applause;
His muse had starv’d, had not a piece unrcad, some weapon, is commonly hung. He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause
And by a player bought, supply'd her brcad. Within the belt of rule.
Dryder. Shakspeare. Ajax slew himself with the sword given him 2. A seat of justice ; the seat where judges by Hector, and Hector was dragged about the
sit. walls of Froy by the belt given him by Ajax.South. To pluck down justice from your awful bench; Then snatch'd the shining belt, with gold in- To trip the course of law.
Cyriac, whose grandsire on the royal bench The belt Eurytion's artful hands had made. Dryd. Of British Themis, with no mean applause,
Pronounc'd, and in his volumes caught ourlews,, BELWE'THER. 7. s. [from bell and we
Which others at their bar so often wrench. ther.) A sheep which leads the flock
Milton. with a bell on his neck.
3. The persons sitting on a bench; as, the The fox will serve my sheep to gather, whole bench voted the same way. And drive to follow after their belwetber. Spens.
Fools to popular praise aspire To offer to get your living by the copulation of cattle; to be a bawd to a belwether. Shaksp.
Of publick speeches, which worse foolo admire;
While, from both bencbes, with redoubled sounds The flock of sheep, and belwether thinking to break into another's pasture, and being to pass
Th' applause of lords and commoners abounds. over another bridge, justled till both fell into the ditch.
To BENCH. v.a. [from the noun.] To BELY'. See Belie,
1. To furnish with benches.
"T was bencb'd withtarf, and goodly to be seen TO BENA'd. v. a. (from be and mad.] To
The thick young grass arose in fresher green, make mad ; to turn the brain.
Dryden. Making just report,
2. To seat upon a bench. Ofhow unnatural and bemadding sorrow
His cupbearer, whom I from meanør form The king hath cause to plain, Sbakspeare.
Have bencb'd, and rear’d to worship. Shakspeare. To Bemi'RE. v. a. (from be and mire.] BE'NCHER. ni s. [from bench.] "Thèse To drag or incumber in the mire; to
gentlemen of the inns of court are called soil by passing through dirty places, Away they rode in homely sort,
benchers, who have been readers; they Their journey long, their money short ;
being admitted to plead within the bar, The loving couple well bemir'd;
are also called inner barristers. The The horse and both the riders tir'd. Szuift. benchers, being the seniors of the house. TO 'BEMO'AN. v. a. (from To moan.) To are intrusted with its government and
lament; to bewail; to express sorrow direction, and out of them is a treasurer for.
yearly chosen. Blount. Chambers