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To CURWE. v. a. [curvo, Latin.] To bend; to crook; to inflect. And the tongue is drawn back and curved. Holder. To CURVE"T. v. n. [corvettare, Italian.] 1. To leap ; to bound. Cry holla! to thy tongue, I pr’ythee: it

curvets unseasonably. Shakspeare.
Himself he on an earwig set;
Yet scarce he on his back could get,
So oft and high he did curvet
Ere he himself could settle. Drayton.

Seiz'd with unwonted pain, surpriz'd with fright, The wounded steed curvets; and, rais'd upright, Lights on his feet before: his hoofs behind Spring up in air aloft, and lash the wind. Dryden's AEneid. 2. To frisk; to be licentious. CU R v E”T. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. A leap ; a bound. 2. A frolick; a prank. CuR v i Li'N E A R. adj. [curvus and linea, Latin.] 1. Consisting of a crooked line. The impulse continually draws the celestial body from its rectilinear motion, and forces it into a curvilinear orbit; so that it must be rePeated every minute of time. Cheyne. 2. Composed of crooked lines. CU's vior Y. n.s.. [from curve.] Crookedness. The joined ends of that bone and the incus receding, make a more acute angle at that joint, and give a greater curvity to the posture of the ossicles. Holder on Speech. CU'SHION. n.s. [kusen, Dutch; coussin, French.] A pillow for the seat; a soft pad placed upon a chair. Sall Claudius, and some other of my men: I'll have them sleep on cushions in my tent. Shakspeare.

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1. Imprisonment; restraint of liberty, The council remonstranced unto queen Elisabeth the conspiracies against her life; and therefore they advised her, that she should go less abroad weakly attended: but, the queen answered, she had rather be dead than put in cus“. Bacon. or us enslav'd is custody severe, And stripes, and arbitrary punishment f...; - Milton's Par. Lost. 2. Care; guardianship; charge. Under the custody and charge of the sons of Merari, shall be the boards of the tabernacl Koi... We being strangers here, how dar'st thou trust So great a charge from thine own custody? Shak. An offence it were, rashly to depart out of the city committed to their custody. Anelles. o is generally but one coin stampt upon the occasion, which is made a present to the person who is celebrated on it: by this means the whole frame is in his own custody. Addison. 3. Defence; preservation; security. There was prepared a fleet of thirty ships for the custody of the narrow seas. }.

CU'STOM. n. 4. [costume, French.]
I. Habit; habitual practice.
Blood and destruction shall be so in use,
That mothers shall but smile when they behold
Their infants quarter'd by the hands of war;
All pity choak'd with custom of fell deeds. Skał.
Custom, a greater power than nature, seldom
fails to make them worship. Lacle.

2. Fashion ; common way of acting. And the priest's custom with the people was, that when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hands. 1 Samuel. 3. Established manner. According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. Luke. 4. Practice of buying of certain persons. You say he is assiduous in his calling; and is he not grown rich by it? Let him have your custom, but not your votes. Addison.

5. Application from buyers: as, this trader Bas good custom. 6. [In law.] A law or right not written, which, being established by long use, and the consent of our ancestors, has been, and is, daily practised. We cannot say that this or that is a custom, except we can justify that it hath continued so one hunão years; yet, because that is hard to prove, it is enough for the proof of a custom, if two or more can depose that they heard their fathers say, that it was a custom all their time; and that their fathers heard their fathers also say, that it was likewise a custom in their time. If it is to be proved by record, the continuance of a hundred years will serve. Custom is either general or particular: general, that which is current through England; particular, is that which belongs to this or that county, as gavelkind to Kent, or this or that lordship, city, or town. Custom differs from prescription; for custom is common to more, and prescription is particular to this or that man: prescription may be for a far shorter time than oustom. Co-well. 7. Tribute; tax paid for goods imported or exported. The residue éf these ordinary finances be casual or uncertain; as be the escheats and forfeitures, the customs, butlerage, and imposts. Baron.

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CU’s ToMAR Y. adj. [from custom.] 1. Conformable to established custom ; a cording to prescription. Pray you now, if it may stand with the tune of your voices, that I may be consul: I have here the customary gown. Shakspeare. Several ingenious persons, whose assistance might be conducive to the advance of real and useful knowledge, lay under the prejudices of education and customary belief. Glanville. 2. Habitual. We should avoid the profane and irreverent use of God's name, by cursing, or customa swearing; and take heed of the neglect of his worship, or anything belonging to it. Tillotson. 3. Usual; wonted. Ev’n now I met him With customary compliment; when he, Wafting his eyes to th’ contrary, and falling A lip of much contempt, speeds from me. Shakspeare. CU's to MED. adj. [from custom.] Usual; common ; that to which we are accustomed. No nat'ral exhalation in the sky, No common wind, no customed event, But they will pluck away its nat'ral cause, " And call them meteors, prodigies, and signs. Shakspeare. CU'stone R. n. 4. [from custom.] 1. One who frequents any place of sale for the sake of purchasing. One would think it Overdone's house; for here be many old customers. Shakspeare, A wealthy Poet takes more pains to hire *

A flattering audience, than poor tradesment, To persuade customers to buy their goods. Reforer, Lord Strut has bespoke his liveries at Los Baboon's shop. Don't you see how that oldi, steals away your rastomers, and turns you god your business, every day? Aristors. Those papers are grown a necessary Par: a coffeehouse furniture, and may be read by to tomers of all ranks for curiosity or am.

I shewed you a piece of black and white of just sent from the dyer; which you were ples: to approve of, and be my customer for. Soft

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5. To divide by passing through. Before the o *...*, With rapid swiftness of the houid way, And reach Gerestus at the point of dir: * 6. To pierce with any uneasy sensition. The man was cut to the heart with these to solations. Alfa. 7. To divide packs of cards. Supine they in their heav'n remain, Exempt from passion and from pain; And frankly leave us human elves To cut and shuffle for ourselves. Fro. We sure in vain the cards condemn; Ourselves both cut and shuffle them. for Take a fresh pack; nor is it worth ourgo

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down the finestorator, and destroys the best contrived argument, as soon as ever he gets himself to be heard. Addison's Count Tariff. 11. To Cut off. To separate from the other parts by cutting. And they caught him, and cut off his §: u ger. 12. To cut off. To destroy; to extirpate ; to put to death untimely. All Spain was first conquered by the Romans, and filled with colonies from them, which were still increased, and the native Spaniards still cut - Spenter an Ireland. *. Were I king, I should cut off the nobles for their lands. Shakspeare's Macbeth. This great commander was suddenly cut off by a fatal stroke, given him with a small contemptible instrument. Howel. Irenaeus was likewise cut off by martyrdom. Addison. Ill-fated prince! too negligent of life! Gut off in the fresh ripening prime of manhood, Even in the pride of life. Philips. 13. To Cut off. To rescind; to separate; to take away. Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. Slakr. He that cuts off twenty years of life, Cuts off’so many years of fearing death., Shak. Presume not on thy God, whoe'er he be: Thee he regards not, owns not, hath cut off Quite from his people. Milton's Agonister. The proposal of a recompence from men, cuts off the hopes of future rewards. Smalridge.

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15. To Cut off. To put an end to; to obviate. To cut off contentions, commissioners were appointed to make certain the limits. Hayward. To cut ‘. further mediation and interposition, the king coloured him to give over all thoughts of excuse. Clarendon. It may compose our unnatural feuds, and cut off frequent occasions of brutal rage and intenPerance. Addison. 16. To Cut off. To withhold. We are concerned to cut #." occasion from those who seek occasion, that they unay have whereof to accuse us. Aagers. x7. To cut off. To preclude: Every one who lives in the practice of any voluntary sin, actually cuts himself off from the benefits and profession of christianity. Addison. This only object of my real care, Cut off from hope, abandon'd to despair, In some few posting fatal hours is hurl’d From wealth, from pow'r, from love, and from the world. rior. Why should those who wait at altars be cut off from partaking in the general benefits of law, or ef nature? Swift. 18. To Cut off. To interrupt; to silence, It is no grace to a judge to shew quickness of conceit in cotting off evidence or counsel too short. Bacon. 19. To Cut off. To apostrophise; to abbreviateNo vowel can be cut off before another, when we cannot sink the pronunciation of it. Dryd. WOL. I.

2c. To Cut out. To shape ; to form. By the pattern of mine own thoughts, I cut out The purity of his: - Skatipeare. l, for my part, do not like images cut out in juniper, or other garden stuff: they be for children. goonThere is a large table at Montmorancy cut out of the thickness of a vine stock. Temple. The antiquaries being but indifferent taylors, they wrangle prodigiously about the o out. the toga. Arbuthnot on Coins. They have a large forest cut out into walks, extremely thick and gloomy. Addison.

21. To CUT out. To scheme; to contrive. Having a most pernicious fire kindled within the very bowels of his own forest, he had work enough cut him out to extinguish it. . . Howel. Every man had cut out a place for himself in his own thoughts: I could reckon up in our army two or three lord-treasurers. 4ddison. 22. To CUT out. To adapt. You know I am not cut out for writing a treatise, mor have a genius to pen any thing exactly. Fymer. 23. To CUT out. To debar. I am cut out from any thing but common acknowledgments, or common discourse. Po.

24. To CUT out. To excel; to outdo.

25. To Cut short. To hinder from proceeding by sudden interruption. Thus much he spoke, and more he would have said, o But the stern hero turn'd aside his head, And cut him short. Dryden's Aeneid, Achilles cut him short; and thus replied, My worth, allow'd in words, is in effect denied. Dryden. 26. To Cut short. To abridge: as, the soldiers were cut short of their pay.

27. To CUT up. To divide an animal into convenient pieces. The boar's intemperance, and the note upon him afterwards, on the cutting him up, that he had no brains in his head, may be moralized into a sensual man. L'Estrange. 28. To Cuor up. To eradicate. Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper-roots for their meat. ‘Fos. This doctrine cuts up all government by the roots. Locke. To CUT. v. n. 1. To make way by dividing; to divide by passing through. When the teeth are ready to cut, the upper part is rubbed with hard substances, which infants, by a natural instinct, affect. Arbuthnot. 2. To perform the operation of lithotomy. He saved the lives of thousands by his manner of cutting for the stone. Pope. 3. To interfere: as, a horse that cuts. CUT. part. adj. Prepared for use: a metaphor from hewn timber. Sets of phrases, cut and dry, . Evermore thy tongue supply. . Swift. CUT. n. 4. [from the oš 1. The action of a sharp or edged instrument; the blow of an ax or sword. 2. The impression or separation of conti nuity, made by an edge or sharp instru ment: distinguished from that made by perforation with a pointed instrument. 3. A wound made by cutting. Sharp waapons, o to the forte, cut into the bone many ways; which cuts are called redes, and are reckoned among the fractures. iseman's Surgery. 4. A channel made by art. This great out or ditch Sesostris the rich king of Egypt, and long after him Ptolomeus Philadelphus, purposed to have made a great deal wider and deeper, and thereby to have let the Red Sea into the Mediterranean. Aneller. 5. A part cut off from the rest. Suppose a board to be ten foot long, and one broad, one cut is reckoned so many foot. Mortimer's Husbandry. 6. A small particle ; a shred. It hath a number of short cuts, or shreddings, which may be better called wishes than prayers. Hooker. 7. A lot made by cutting a stick. My lady Zelmane and my daughter Mopsa may draw cuts, and the shortest cut speak first. Sidney. A man may as reasonably draw cuts for his tenets, and regulate his persuasion by the cast of a die. Locke. 3. A near passage, by which some angle is cut off. - The ignorant took heart to enter upon this great calling, and instead of their cutting their way to it through the knowledge of the tongues, the fathers, and councils, they have taken another and a shorter cut. South. There is a shorter cut, an easier passage. Decay of Piety. The evidence of my sense is simple and immediate, and therefore I have but a shorter cut thereby to the assent to the truth of the things so evidenced. Hale's Origin of Mankind. But the gentleman would needs see me part of my way, and carry me a short cut through his own ground which saved me half a mile's riding. Swift's Examiner. 9. A picture cut or carved upon wood or copper, and impressed from it. In this form, according to his description, he is set forth in the prints or cuts of martyrs by

Cevallerius. Breton. It is, I believe, used improperly by Addison.

Madam Dacier, from some old cut of Terence, fancies that the larva or persona, of the Roman actors was not only a vizard for the face, but had false hair to it. Addison on Italy. Io. The stamp on which a picture is carved, and by which it is impressed.

11. The act or practice of dividing a pack of cards. How can the muse her aid input, Unskill'd in all the terms of arti Or in harmonious numbers put The deal, the shuffle, and the cuto Swift. 14. Fashion; form; shape; manner of cutting into shape. Their clothes are after such a pagan cut too, That, sure, they've worn out christendom. Shakspeare', Henry v1.11. His tawny beard was th' equal grace Both of his wisdom and his face; In cut and dye so like a tile, A sudden view it would beguile. Hudibrar. They were so familiarly acquainted with him, as to know the very cut of his beard. Stillingfleet. Children love breeches, not for their cut or ease, but because the having them is a mark or step towards manhood. Locke. A third desires you to observe well the toga on such a reverse, and asks you whether you

ean in conscience believe the sleeve of it to be of the true Roman cut. Addio. Sometimes an old fellow shall wear this cr that sort of cut in his cloaths with great integrity. Addisas'. Spectator. Wilt thou buy there some high heads of the newest cut for my daughter? Arbuthnet's j. Bill 13. It seems anciently to have signified a fool or cully. To cut still signifies to cheat, in low language. Send her money, knight: if thou hasther not in the end, call me cut. SBakr. Twelfth No. 14. CUT and long tail. A proverbialtypression for men of all kinds. It is borrowed from dogs. He will maintain you like a gentlewomanAy, that I will; come cut and long tail, under the degree of a squire. Skałfort. At quintin he, In honour of this bridaltee, Hath challeng’d either wide countee: Come cut and long tail; for there be Six bachelors as bold as he. Benjam. CuTA'N Eous. adj. [from cuti, Latin.] Relating to the skin. This serous, nutritious mass is more readily circulated into the cutaneous or remotest part of the body. Fieyer as Huron. . Some sorts of cutaneous eruptions are cosioned by feeding much on acid unripe fruits and farinaceous substances. Arbitlert. Custicle. n.s.. [cuticula, Latin.] 1. The first and outermost covering of the body, commonly called the scarfishin. This is that soft skin which rises in: blister upon any burning, or the appli. cation of a blistering plaster. It sticks close to the surface of the true skin, to which it is also tied by the vessels which nourish it, though they are so small as not to be seen. When the scarfskin is examined with a microscope, it appears to be made up of several lays of exceed. ing small scales. $uiry. In each of the very fingers there are bonesize gristles, and ligaments and membranes, andmos. cles and tendons, and nerves and arteries, or veins and skin, and cuticle and nail. Besto: 2. A thin skin formed on the surface di aly liquor. Then any saline liquor is evaporated to alik and let cool, the salt concretes in regular figures; which argues that the particles of the salt, befort they concreted, floated in the liquor at to distances in rank and file. Notan's Goto.

Curicular, adj. [from ruti, Latial Belonging to the skin.

CUTH, signifies knowledge or skill. So Cuthwin is a knowing conqueror; G red, a knowing, counsellor; Caio, famous for skill. Much of the same nature are Sophocles and Sophiarus.

Gibson's Camdo

Cu’t lass. m. s. scoutelas, French. This word is written sometimes cutlace; some. times cuttleax; in Shakspeare, curtlease; and in Pope, cutlasb.] A broad cutting sword : the word is much in use amori the seamen,

Were "t not better

That I did suit me all points like a man?
A gallant curtleaxe upon my thigh, -
A boar-spear in my hand. Size:...if yn = *

... To the lodgments of his herd he run, Where the fat porkers slept beneath the sun; Of two his cutlatl launch'd the spouting blood, These quarter'd, sing'd, and fix'd on forks of - wood. ope. Cu’rle R. n. 4. [coutelier, French.) One who makes or sells knives. A paultry ring , That she did give, whose poesy was For all the world like cutler's poetry . Upon a knife; Love me, and leave me not.’ - Shakspeare. In a bye cutler's shop, he bought a tenpenny knife; so cheap was the instrument of this great attempt. Wotton. He chose no other instrument than an ordinary knife, which he bought of a common cutler. Clarendon. Cu’rpu Rise. n.s.. [cut and purse.] One who steals by the method of cutting purses: a common practice when men wore their purses at their girdles, as was once the custom : a 'thief; a robder. To have an open ear, a quick eye, and a nimble hand, is necessary for a cutpurse. §. Winter's Tale. A vice of kings, A cutpurse of the empire and the rule, That from a shelf the precious diadem stole, And put it in his pocket. Shaks. Hamlet. as there no felony, no bawd, Cutpurse, nor burglary, abroad 2 Hudibrar. If we could imagine a whole nation to be cutpurses and robbers, would there then be kept that square dealing and equity in such a monstrous den of thieves? Bentley's Sermons. Cu’rre R. m. s. [from cut.] 1. An agent or instrument that cuts any thing. 2. A nimble boat that cuts the water. 3. [incitores.] The teeth that cut the meat. The molares, or grinders, are behind, nearest the centre of motion, because there is a greater strength or force required to chew the meat than to bite a piece; and the cutters before, that they may be ready to cut off a morsel from any solid

food, to be transmitted to the grinders. Ray on the Creation.

4. An officer in the Exchequer, that provides wood for the tallies, and cuts the sum paid upon them, and then casts the same into the court to be written upon. Cowell.

Cur-Throat, n. 4. [cut and throat.] A ruffian; a murderer; a butcher of men; an assassin. Will you then suffer these robbers, cut-throats, base people, gathered out of all the corners of Christendom, to waste your countries, spoil your cities, murder your people, and trouble all your seas 2 es. Perhaps the cut-throat may rather take his copy from the Parisian massacre, one of the horridest instances of barbarous inhumanity that cver was known. South. The ruffian robbers by no justice aw'd, And unpaid cut-threat soldiers, are abroad; Those venal souls, who, harden'd in each ill, To save complaints and prosecution, kill. Dryd. Ju’r-TH Roar- adj. Cruel; inhuman ; barbarous. . - If to take above fifty in the hundred be ex

tremity, this intruth can be none other thaneuf. threat and abominable dealing. Carew', survy. Co’s TiN G. n. 4. [from cut.] A piece cut off; a chop. e The burning of the cuttings of vines, an casting them upon land, doth much good. Bacon. any are Propagated above ground, by slips or cutting r. Roy. CUTTLE. n.s.. [sepia.] A fish, which, when he is pursued by a fish of prey, throws out a black liquor, by which he darkens the water and escapes. It is somewhat strange, that the blood of all birds, and beasts, and fishes, should be of a red colour, and only the blood of the cuttle should be as black as ink. Bacon. He that uses, many words for the explaining any subject, doth, like the cuttle fish, hide him: self for the most part in his own ink, Ray. Cu’tt I. e., n.s.. [from cuttle..] . A fo. mouthed fellow; a fellow who blackens the character of others. Hanmer. Away, you cutpurse rascal; you filthy bung, away; by this wine I'll thrust my knife in your mouldy chaps, if you play the saucy cuttle with Ine. Shakufeare', Henry Iv. CY'cle. n. f. [cyclus, Latin; xxxe. 1. A circle. ** 2. A round of time; a space in which the same revolutions begin again; aperiodical space of time. We do more commonly use these words, so as to stile a lesser space a cycle, and a greater by the name of period; and you may not impro. perly call the beginning of a large period the epocha thereof. Holder on Time. 3. A method, or account of a method, continued till the same course begins again. We, thought we should not attempt an unacceptable work, if here we endeavoured to present our gardeners with a complete cycle of what is requisite to be done throughout every month of the year. Ævelyn's Kalendar. 4. Imaginary orbs; a circle in the heavens, T How build, o: o: o save appearances; how gir With . and ... o #. Cycle and epicycle, crb in orbi illen. CYCLOID. m. . [from zooloor; of xxx3, and to shape.] A geometrical curve; of which the genesis may be conceived by imagining a nail in the circumference of a wheel : the line which the nail describes in the air, while the wheel revolves in a right line, is the cycloid. Cyclo's D A to adj. [from cycloid.]. Relating to a cycloid; as the cycloidal space, is the space contained between the cycloid and its substance. Chambers. CYCLorie D1(A. m. s. [x,xx3- and raison.] A circle of knowledge ; a course of the sciences. CY'GNET. n. 4. [from cycnus, Latin.] A young swan. I am the cygnet to this pale faint swan, Who chaunts a doleful § o to his own death. airpeare's Kin none So doth the swan her ... 3: £74. Keeping them pris’ners underneath her wings. Skałpeare', Henry v1. Cygnet from grey, o white. grga,

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