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punctually obey command, and make the narrow roads in which they were confined ealier and smoother.
it was observable that their ftature was never at a stand, but continually growing or decreasing, yet not always in the fame proportions : por could I forbear to express my admiration, when I saw in how much less time they gener. ally gained than lost bulk. Though they grew Dowly in the road of Education, it might however be perceived that they grew : but if they once deviated at the call of Appetite, their stature foon became gigantic ; and their strength was such that Education pointed out to her tribe many that 'were led in chains by them, whom she could Dever more rescue from their slavery. She pointed them out, but with little effect ; for all her pupils appeared confident of their own fuperiority to the strongelt Habit, and some seemed in secret to regret that they were hindered from following the triumph of Appetite.
It was the peculiar artifice of Habit, not to suffer her power to be felt
first. Thole whom she led, she had the addrefs of appearing only to attend, but was continually doubling her chains upon her companions ; which were so fender in themselves, and so filently fastened, that while the attention was engaged by other objects, they were not easily perceived. Each link grew tighter as it had been longer worn ; and when, by continual additions, they be. came so heavy as to be felt, they were very frequently too itrong to be broker.
When Education had proceeded, in this manner, to the part of the mountain where the declivity began to grow craggy, the religned her charge to two powers of fuperior aspect. The meaner of them appeared capable of preliding in fenates, or governing nations, and yet watched the Iteps of the other with the mot anxious attention ; and was visie bly confounded and perplexed, if ever the suffered her regird to be drawn away,
The other seemed to approve her submillion as pleasing, but with such a condescension as plainly thowed that the claimed it as due ; and indeed so great was her dignity and sweetnets, that he, who would not reverence, muit not behold her.
“ Theodore,'' said my protector, “ be fearless, and be wise ; approach these powers, whose dominion extends to all the remaining part of the Mountain of Exiitence." I trembled, and ventured to address the inferior nymph, whose eyes, piercing and awful, I was not able to suitain,
“ Bright power," said I, by whatever name it is lawful to address thee, tell me, thou who presideit here, on what condition thy protection will be granted ?” “ It will be granted,” said she, "only to obedience. I am Reason, of all subordinate beings the noblest and the greatest ; who, if thou wilt receive my laws, will reward thee like the rest of my vota. ries, by conducting thee to Religion." Charmed by her voice and aspect, I professed my readiness to follow her. She then presented me to her Mistress, who looked upon me with tenderness. I bowed before her, and she smiled.
The vision of Theodore continued. When Education delivered up those for whose happiness she had been so long folicitous, she seemed to expect that they should express some gratitude for her care, or some regret at the loss of that protection which she had hitherto afforded them. But it was easy to discover, by the alacri. ty which broke out at her departure, that her presence had been long displeasing, and that she had been teaching those who felt in themselves no want of instruction. They all agreed in rejoicing that they would no longer be subject to her caprices, or disturbed by her documents, but should be now under the direction only of Reason, to whom they made no doubt of being able to recommend themselves, by a steady adherence to all her precepts. Reason counselled them, at their first entrance upon her province, to enlist themselves among the votaries of Religion ; and informed them, that if they trusted to her alone, they would find the fame fate with her other admirers, whom she had not been able to secure against Appetites and Pallions, and who, having been seized by Habits in the regions of Desire, had been dragged away to the caverns of Despair. Her admonition was vain, the greater number declared against any other dire&ion, and doubted not but, by her superintendency they should climb with safety up the Mountain of Exist
My power,” said Realon, “is to advise, not to compel; I have already told you the danger of your choice. The path seems now plain and even, but there are asperities and pitfalls, over which Religion only can conduct you. Look upwards, and you perceive a mint before you, fettled upon the highest visible part of the mountain ; a mist by which my prospect is terminated, and which is pierced only by the eyes of Religion. Beyond it are the
temples of Happiness, in which those who climb the preci. pice by her direction, after the toil of their pilgrimage, repose forever. I know nut the way, and therefore can only conduct you to a better guide. Pride has sometimes reproached me with the narrowness of my view ; but, when ne endeavoured to extend it, could only show me, below the milt, the bowers of Content : even they vanished as I fixed my eyes upon them; and those whom the persuaded to travel towards them were enchained by Habits, and in. gulfed by Despair, a cruel tyrant, whose caverns are beyond the darkness, on the right side and on the left, from whose prilons none can escape, and whom I cannot teach you to avoid.”
Such was the declaration of Reason to those who demand. ed her protection Some that recollected the dictates of Education, finding them now seconded by another author. ity, submitted with reluctance to the strict decree, and en. gaged themselves among the followers of Religion, who were distinguished by the uniformity of their march, though many of them were women, and by their continual endeave ours to move upwards, without appearing to regard the profpe&ts which at every step courted their attention.
All those who determined to follow either Reason or Religion, were continually importuned to forsake the road, sometimes by Paffions, and sometimes by Appetites, of whom both had reason to boast the success of their artifi. cers ; for so many were drawn into by-paths, that any way was more populous than the right. The attacks of the Appetites were more impetuous, those of the Pallions longer continued The Appetites turned their followers directly from the true way, but the Passions marched at first in a path nearly in the same direction with that of Reason and Religion ; but deviated by flow degrees, till at last they entirely changed their course. Appetité drew aside the dull, and Pallion the sprightly. Of the Appetites, Lust was the strongelt; and of the Pallions, Vanity The most powerful assault was to be feared, when a Paffion and an Appetite joined their enticements; and the path of Reason was best followed, when a Pallion called to one side, and an Appetite to the other.
Thele seducers had the greatest success upon the follow. ers of Reafoli, over whom they fcarcely ever failed to prevail, except when they counteracted one another. They had not the same triumphs over the votaries of Religion ; for though they were ofteu led aside for a time, Religion commonly recalled them by her emiffary Conscience, be. fore Habit had time to enchain them. But they that professed to obey Reason, if once they forsook her, feldom returned; for she had no messenger to summon them but Pride, who generally betrayed her confidence, and employ. ed all her skill to support Paffion; and if ever she did her duty was found unable to prevail, if Habit had interpofed.
I foon found that the great danger to the followers of Religion was only from Habit; every other power was casily refilted, nor did they find any difficulty when they inadvertently quitted her, io find her again by the direction of Conscience, unless they had given time to Habit to draw her chain behind them, and bar up the way by which they had wandered. Of some of those, the condition was juftly to be pitied, who turned at every call of Conscience, and tried, but without effect, to burst the chains of Habit; saw Religion walking forward at a distance, saw her with reve. rence, and longed to join her ; but were, whenever they : approached her, withheld by Habit, and languished in foro
did bondage, which they could not escape, though they scorned and hated it
It was evident that the Habits were so far from growing weaker by these repeated contests, that if they were not to. tally overcome, every struggle enlarged their bulk, and increased their strength; and a Habit, opposed and victorious, was more than twice as Atrong, as before the contest. The manner, in which those who were weary of their tyranny endeavoured to escape from themy appeared by the event to be generally wrong ; they tried to loose their chains one by one, and to retreat by the same degrees as they advanced ; but before the deliverance was completed, Habit always threw new chains upon her fugitive. Nor did any escape her but those, who, by an effort sudden and violent, burit their shackles at once, and left her at a distance ; and even of these, many, rushing too precipitately forward, and bindered by their terrors from stopping where they were fate, were fatigued with their own vehemence, and resigned themselves again to that power from whom an escape nius be so dearly bought, and whose tyranny was little felt, ex. cept when it was refifted.
Some however there always were, who, when they found Habit prevailing over them, called upon Reason or Relig. ion for alliitance : each of them willingly came to the fue.
cour of her suppliant ; but neither with the same ftrength, nor the same success. Habit, insolent with her power, would often presume to parley with Reason, and offer to loose some of her chains if the rest might remain. To this, Reason, who was never certain of vi&ory, frequently confented, but always found her concession destructive, and saw the captive led away by Habit, to his former slavery, Religion never submitted to treaty, but held out her band with certainty of conquest; and if the captive to whom she gave it, did not quit his hold, always led him away in triumph, and placed him in the direct path to the temple of happiness : where Reason never failed to congratulate his deliverance, and encourage his adherence to that power, to whose timely succour he was indebted for it.
The vision of Theodore continued. WHEN the traveller was again placed in the road of Happiness, I saw Habit again gliding before him, but reduced to the stature of a dwarf, without strength and with. out activity ; but when the Passions or Appetites, which had before seduced him, made their approach, Habit would on a sudden start into size, and with unexpected violence push him towards them. The wretch, thus impelled on one lide, and allured on the other, too frequently quitted the road of Happiness, to which, after his second deviation from it, he rarely returned. But, by a timely call upon Religion, the force of Habit was eluded, her attacks grew fainter, and at last her correspondence with the enemy was entirely destroyed. She then began to employ those restless faculties, in compliance with the power which she could not overcome ; and as she grew again in Itature and in Itrength, cleared away the afperities of the road to Happiness.
From this road I could not easily withdraw my attention, because all who travelled it appeared cheerful and satisfied ; and the farther they proceeded, the greater ap. peared their alacrity, and the stronger their conviction of the wisdom of their guide. Some who had never deviate ed but by short excursions, had Habit in the middle of their passage, vigorously supporting them, and driving off the Appetites and Paffions which attempted to interrupt their progress. Others, who had entered this road late, or had long forsaken it, were toiling on without her help at least,