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the happiness of others.” He then retired to meditate : and while the courtiers were repining at his diftributions, . saw the fifth sun go down in discontent.
The next dawn renewed his resolution to be happy. But having learned how little he could effect by settled schemes, or preparatory measures, he thought it belt to give up one day entirely to chance, and left every one to please and be pleased in his own way.
This relaxation of regularity diffused a general complacence through the whole court; and the emperor imagined that he had at last found the fecret of obtaining an interval of felicity. But as he was roving in this careless assembly, with equal carelessness, he overheard one of his courtiers in a close arbour, murmuring alone: “What merit has Se. ged above us, that we should thus fear and obey him ? a man, whom whatever he may have formerly performed, his luxury now shows to have the same weakness with ourselves.” This charge affected him the more, as it was ut. tered by one whom he had always observed among the most abject of his flatterers. At first his indignation prompfed him to severity ; but reflecting, that what was spoken without intention to be heard, was to be considered as only thought, and was perhaps but the sudden burlapf casual and temporary vexation, he invented fome decont pretence to fend him away, that his retreat might not be tainted with the breath of envy; and after the Atruggle of deliberation was past, and all desire of revenge utterly suppressed, passed the evening not only with tranquillity, but triumph, though none but himself was conscious of the victory.
The remembrance of this clemency cheered the begin. ning of the seventh day; and nothing happened to disturb the
pleasure of Seged, till looking on the tree that shaded Phim, he recollected, that under a tree of the fame kind he
had passed the night after his defeat in the kingdom of GoYama. The reflection on his loss, his dishonour, and the miseries which his subjects suffered from the invader, filled him with sadness. At last he shook off the weight of forrow, and began to solace himself with his usual pleasures, when his tranquillity was again disturbed by jealouhes which the late contest for the prizes had produced ; and which, having tried to pacify them by persuasion, he was forced to silence by command
On the eighth morning Seged was awakened early by an unusual hurry in the apartments; and inquiring the caufe,
he was told that the princess Balkis was seized with fickness. He rose, and, calling the physicians, found that they had lic. tle hope of her recovery. Here was an end of jollity: all his thoughts were now upon his daughter ; whose eyes he closed on the tenth day.
Such were the days which Seged of Ethiopia had appro. priated to a short respiration from the fatigues of war, and the cares of government.
This narrative he has bequeathed to future generations, that no man hereafter may prefume to fay, * This day shall be a day of happiness.”
DR. JOHNSON. SECTION XIII. The vision of Theodore, the hermit of Teneriffe, found in his cell.*
Son of perfeverance, whoever thou art, whose curiosity has led thee hither, read and be wise. He that now calls upon thee is Theodore, the hermit of Teneriffe, who in the fifty-seventh year of his retreat, left this initruction to maq. kind, left his folitary hours should be spent in vain.
I was once what thou art now, a groveller on the earth, and a gazer at the sky ; I trafficked and heaped wealth together, I loved and was favoured, I wore the robe of hon. our, and heard the music of adulation ; I was ambitious, and rose to greatness; I was unhappy, and retired. I sought for some time what I at length found here, a place where all real wants might be easily supplied ; and where I might not be under the necessity of purchasing the alliltance of men, by the toleration of their follies. Here I saw fruits, and herbs, and water; and here determined to wait the hand of death, which I hope, when at last it comes, will fall lightly upon me,
Forty-eight years had I now passed in forgetfulness of all mortal cares, and without any inclination to wander farther than the neceffity of procuring sustenance required: but as I stood one day beholding the rock that overhangs my cell, I found in myself a desire to climb it ; and when I was on its top, was in the same manner determined to scale the next, till by degrees I conceived a wish to view the summit of the mountain, at the foot of which I had fo long resided. This motion of my thoughts I endeavoured to suppress, Dr. Anderson, in his judicious and well written life of Dr.
This is a most beautiful allegory of human life, under the figure of ascending the Mountain of Existence. Johnson thought it the best of his writings.”
not because it appeared criminal, but because it was new ; and all change, not evidently for the better, alarms a mind taught by experience to diltrust itself. I was often afraid that my heart was deceiving me ; that my impatience of confinement rose from fome earthly paffion; and that my ardour to survey the works of nature, was only a hidden longing to mingle once again in the scenes of life, I therefore endeavoured to settle my thoughts into their for. mer ftate ; but found their distraction every day greater. I was always reproaching myself with the want of happi. ness within my reach ; and at last began to question whether it was not laziness, rather than caution, that restrained me from climbing to the fummit of Teneriffe.
I rose therefore before the day, and began my journey up the sleep of the mountain ; but I had not advanced far, old as I was, and burdened with provisions, when the day began to shine upon me ; the declivities
grew more precipitous, and the sand Nided from beneath my feet : at last, fainting with labour, I arrived at a small plain almost enclosed by rocks, and open only to the east. 1 sat down to rest a while, in full persuasion, that when I had recovered my Riength, I should proceed on my design: but when once I had talted ease, I found many reasons against disturbing it. The branches spread a fhade over my head, and the gales of spring wafted odours to my bofom.
As I sat thus, forming alternately excuses for delay, and resolutions to go forward, an irresistible.heaviness suddenly surprised me. I laid my head upon the bank, and resigned myself to sleep ; when me thought I heard the found as of the flight of eagles, and a being of more than human dignity stood before me. While I was deliberating how to address him, he took me by the hand with an air of kindness, and asked me folemnly, but without severity, “ Theodore, whither art thou going ?” I am climbing, answered I, to the top of the mountain, to enjoy a more extensive prospect of the works of nature. “ Attend first," faid he, "to the prospect which this place affords, and what thou dost not underltand I will explain. I am one of the benevolent beings who watch over the children of the dust, to preserve them from those evils which will not ultimately, terminate in good, and which they do not, by their own faults, bring upon themselves. Look round therefore without fear : observe, contemplate, and be instructed."
Encouraged by this affurance, I looked and beheld a mountain higher than Teneriffe, to the summit of which the human eye could never reach. When I had tired myself with gazing upon its height, I turned my eye towards its foot, which I could easily discover, but was amazed to find it without foundation, and placed inconceivably in emptiness and darkness. Thus I lood terrified and confur. ed ; above were tracis infcrutable, and below was total vacuity. But my protector, with a voice of admonition, cried out, “ Theodore, be not affrighted, but raise thy eyes again : the Mountain of Existence is before thee ; survey it and be wise."
I then looked with more deliberate attention, and observ. ed the bottom of the mountain to be of gentle rise, and overspread with flowers ; the middle to be more steep, em. barrassed with crags, and interrupted by precipices, over which hung branches loaded with fruits, and among which were scattered palaces and bowers. The tracts which my eye could rcach nearest the cop were generally barren ; but there were among the clefts of the rocks a few hardy evergreens, which, though they did not give much pleasure to the fight or smell, yet seemed to cheer the labour and facilitate the steps of those who were clambering among them.
Then, beginning to examine more minutely the differ, ent parts, I observed at a great distance a multitude of both sexes, issuing into view from the bottom of the moun. tain. Their firit actions I could not accurately difcern : but, as they every moment approached nearer, I found that they amused themselves with gathering flowers, under the fuperintendence of a modelt virgin in a white robe, who seemed pot over solicitous to confine them to any settled place or certain track; for the knew that the whole ground was smooth and solid, and that they could not easily be hurt or bewildered When, as it often happened, they plucked a thittle for a fower, Innocence, so was the called, would smile at the mistake. Happy, said I, are they who are under so gentle a government, and yet are safe But I had no opportunity to dwell long on the confideration of their felicity : for I found that Innocence continued her attenda ance but a little way, and seemed to consider only the the flowery bottom of the mountain as her proper province. Those whom the abandoned scarcely knew that they were left, before they perceived themselves in the hands of Edu
cation, a nymph more fevere in her aspect, and imperious in her commands, who confined them to certain paths, in their opinion too narrow and too rough. These they were continually folicited to leave, by Appetite, whom Ed. ucation could never fright away, though she fometimes awed her to fuch timidity, that the effects of her presence were scarcely perceptible. Some went back to the first part of the mountain, and seemed defirous of continuing bufied in plucking flowers, but were no longer guarded by Innocence ; and such as Education could not force back, proceeded up the mountain by some miry road, in which they were seldom feen, and scarcely ever regardedi
As Education led her troop up the mountain, nothing was more observable than that she was frequently giving them cautions to beware of Habits ; and was calling out to one or another, at every step, that a Habit was ensnaring them ; that they would be under the dominion of Habit before they perceived their danger ; and that those whona a Habit Mould once subdue, had little hope of regaining their liberty
Of this caution, fo frequently repeated, I was very folicia tous to know the reason, when my protector directed my regard to a troop of pygmies, which appeared to walk filently before those that were climbing the mountain, and each to smooth the way before her follower. I had missed the notice of them before, both because they were so minute as not easily to be discerned, and because they grew every moment nearer in their colour to the objects with which they were surrounded of Education did not appear to be fenfible of the presence of these dangerous affociates, or, ridiculing their diminutive fize, did not think it polible that human beings thould ever be brought into fubjection by enemies fo feeble, they gen. erally heard her precepts of vigilance with wonder : and, when they thought her eye withdrawn, treated them with contempt. Nor could í myfelf think her cautions fo neceffáry as her frequent inculcations feemed to suppose, till I observed that each of these petty beings held fecretly a chain in her hand, with which the prepared to bind those whom she found within her power." Yet thefe Habits, under the eye of Education, went quietly forward, and feem. ed very little to increase in bulk or trength; for though they were always willing to join with Appetite, yet when Education kept them apart trom her, they would very
I found that
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