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and from the evil of my life nothing could be taken away, nor could any thing be added to the good. When I re. fected that my lot for eternity was cast, which not all the powers of nature could reverse, my confidence totally forcook me ; and while I stood trembling and silent, covered with confusion and chilled with horror, I was thus addrell. ed by the radiance that flamed before me.

“ Carazan, thy worship has not been accepted, because it was not prompted by love of God; neither can thy right. eousness be rewarded, because it was not produced by love of man : for thy own sake only, halt thou rendered to every man his due ; and thou hast approached the Almighty only for thyself. Thou halt not looked up with gratitude, nor around thee with kindness. Around thee, thou halt in. deed beheld vice and folly ; but if vice and folly could juftify thy parfimony, would they not condemn the bounty of Heaven? If not upon the foolish and the vicious, where Thall the sun diffuse his light, or the clouds distil their dew? Where shall the lips of the spring breath fragrance, or the hand of autumn diffuse plenty ? Remember, Carazan, that thou hast shut compassion from thy heart, and grasped thy treasures with a hand of iron ; thou hast lived for thyself; and, therefore, henceforth forever thou shalt subGlt alone. From the light of Heaven, and from the society of all beings shalt thou be driven ; folitude shall protract the lingering hours of eternity, and darkness aggravate the horrors of despair."

“ At this moment I was driven by some secret and irrefisible power, through the glowing system of creation, and passed innumerable worlds in a moment As I approached the verge of nature, I perceived the shadows of total and boundless vacuity deepen before me, a dreadful region of eternal filence, folitude, and darkness ! Unutterable horror seized me at the prospca, and this exclamation burst from me with all the vehem nice of desire: "O! that I bad been doomed forever to the common receptacle of in penitence and guilt! their fociety would have alleviated the torment of despair, and the rage of fire could not have excluded the comfort of light. Or, if I had been condemn. ed to relide in a comet, that would return but once in a thousand years to the regions of light and life ; the hope of these periods, however distant, would cheer me in the dread interval of cold and darkness, and the viciffitude wouid die vide eternity into time.' While this thought passed over

my mind, I loft light of the remotelt star, and the last glim. Ålering of light was quenched in utter darkness. The agonies of despair every moment increased, as every moment augmented my distance from the last habitable world. I re. flected with intolerable anguish, that when ten thousand thoufand years had carried me beyond the reach of all but that Power who fills infinitude, I should still look forward into an immense abyss of darkness, through which I should still drive without succour and without fociety, farther and farther still, forever and forever. I then stretched out my hands towards the regions of existence, with an emotion that a. waked me Thus have I been taught to estimate society, like every other blessing by its loss." My heart is warmed to liberality; and I am zealous to communicate the happiness which I feel, to those from whom it is derived ; for the society of one wretch, whom in the pride of prosperity I would have spurned from my door, would, in the dread. ful solitude to which I was condemned, have been more highly prized than the gold of Afric, or the gems of Gol. conda."

At this reflection upon his dream, Carazan became fud. denly filent, and looked upwards in ecstacy of gratitude and devotion. The multitude were struck at once with the precept and example ; and the caliph, to whom the event was related, that he might be liberal beyond the pow. er of gold, commanded it to be recorded for the benefit of posterity.

HAWKESWORTH. SECTION IX. Creation the produ&t of Divine Goodness. CREATION is a dilplay of Supreme goodness, no less than of wisdom and power. It is the communication of num. bérless benefits, together with existence, to all who live. Justly is the earth faid to be “full of the goodness of the Lord.”. Throughout the whole system of things, we behold a manifest tendency to promote the benefit either of the rational, or the animal creation. in fome parts of na: ture, this tendency may be lefs obvious than in others. Objects, which to us seem useless, or hurtful, may sometimes occur ; and strange it were, if in so valt and complicated a system, difficulties of this kind should not occasion. ally present themselves to beings, whose views are so narrow and limited as ours. It is well known, that in proportion as the knowledge of nature has increased among meng

these difficulties have diminished. Satisfactory accounts have been given of many perplexing appearances

Useful and proper purposes have been found to be promoted, by objects which were at first thought unprofitable and noxious.

Malignant must be the mind of that person ; with a diftorted eye he must have contemplated creation, who can suspect, that it is not the production of Infinite Benignity and Goodness. How many clear marks of benevolent intention appear, every where around us! What a profusion of beauty and ornament is poured forth on the face of nature ! What a magnificent spectacle presented to the view of man! What supply contrived for his wants ! What a variety of objects set before. him, to gratify his fenses, to employ his understanding, to entertain his imagination, to cheer and gladden his lieart ! Indeed the very existence of the universe is a standing memorial of the goodness of the Creator. For nothing except goodness could originally prompt creation. The Supreme Being, self-existent and all-lufficient, had no wants which he could seek to supply No new accession of felicity or glory was to result to him, from creatures which he made. It was goodnefs communicating and pouring itself forth, goodness delighting to impart happiness in all its forms, which in the beginning created the heaven and the earth. Hence, those innumerable orders of living creatures with which the earth is peopled ; from the lowelt class of fenfitive being, to the highest rank of reason and intelligence. Wherever there is life there is some degree of happiness ; there are enjoy. ments suited to the different powers of feeling ; and earth, and air, and water, are, with magnificent liberality, made to teem with life.

Let those striking displays of Creating Goodness call forth on our part, responsive love, gratitude, and veneration, To this great Father of all existence and life, to Him who hath raised us up to behold the light of day, and to enjoy all the comforts which his world presents, let our hearts fend forth a perpetual hymn of praise. Evening and morning let us celebrate Him, who maketh the morning and the evening to rejoice over our heads ; who “openeth his hand, and satisfieth the desire of every living thing." Let us rejoice, that we are brought into a world, which is the production of Infinite Goodness ; and over which a Su. preme Intelligence presides. Convinced that he hateth not the works which he hath made, nor hath brought

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creatures into existence, merely to suffer unnecessary pain, let us, even in the midst of sorrow, receive with calm fubmiffion, whatever he is pleased to send ; thankful for what he bestows ; and satisfied, that, without good reason, he takes nothing away.

It is not in the tremendous appearances of power merely that a good and well instructed man beholds the Creator of the world. In the constant and regular working of his hands, in the filent operations of his wisdom and goodness, ever going on throughout nature, he delights to contemplate and adore him. This is one of the chief fruits so be derived from that more perfect knowledge of the Creator, which is imparted to us by the christian revelation. Imprefsing our minds with a just sense of all his attributes, as not wise and great only, but as gracious and merciful, let it lead us to view every object of calm and undisturbed nature, with a perpetual reference to its Author. We shall then behold all the scenes which the heavens and the earth present, with more refined feelings, and sublimer emotions, than they who regard them solely as objects of curiosity, or amusement. Nature will appear animated, and enlivened, by the presence of its Author. When the sun rises or sets in the heavens

when spring paints the earth, when summer shines in its glory, when autumn pours forth its fruits, or winter returns in its aw. ful forms, we shall view the Creator manifesting himself in his works. We shall meet his presence in the fields. We shall feel his influence in the cheerir.g beam.

We shall hear his voice in the wind. We shall behold ourselves every where surrounded with the glory of that universal {pirit, who fills, pervades, and upholds all. We shall live in the world as in a great and august temple ; where the presence of the Divinity, who inhabits it, inspires devotion.

BLAIR

SECTION X.

The benefits of religious retirement. An entire retreat from worldly affairs, is not what religion requires ; nor does it even enjoin a great retreat from them. Some stations of life would not permit this ; and there are few stations which render it necessary. The chief field, both of the duty and of the improvement of man, lies in active life. By the graces and virtues which he exercises amidst his fellow creatures, he is trained up

for heaven. A total retreat from the world, is so far from being the perfection of religion, that, some particular cases excepted, it is no other than the abuse of it.

But, though entire retreat would lay us aside from the part from which Providence chiefly intended us, it is certain, that, without occasional retirement, we must act that part very ill There will be neither consistency in the conduct, nor dignity in the character, of one who sets apart no share of his time for meditation and reflection. In the heat and bustle of life, while pallion is every moment throwing falle colours on the objects around us, nothing can be viewed in a jaft light. If we wish that reason should exert her native power, we must step aside from the crowd, into the cool and silent shade. It is there that, with sober and steady eye, the examines what is good or ili, what is wise or foolish, in human conduct ; the looks back on the past, she looks forward to the future ; and forms plans, not for the present moment oniy, but for the whole of life. How should that man discharge any part of his duty aright, who never suffers his passions to cool? and how should his passions cool, who is engaged, without interruption, in the tumult of the world? This incessant, ftir may be called, the perpetual drunkenness of life. It raises that eager fermentation of spirit, which will be ever sending forth the dangerous fumes of rashness and folly. Whereas, he who mingles religious retreat with worldly affairs, remains calm, and matter of himself. He is not whirled round and rendered giddy, by the agitation of the world ; but, from that facred retirement, in which he has been conversant among higher objects, comes forth into the world with manly tranquillity, fortified by the princi. ples which he has formed, and prepared for whatever may befall.

As he who is unacquainted with retreat cannot fustain any character with propriety, fo neither can he enjoy the world with any advantage. Of the two classes of men who are molt apt to be negligent of this duty, the men of pleafure, and the men of business, it is hard to say which suffer most, in point of enjoyment, from that neglect. To the former, every moment appears to be lost which partakes not of the vivacity of amusement To connect one plan of gaiety with another, is their whole ftudy ; till, in a very short time, nothing remains but to tread the same beaten round ; to enjoy what they have already enjoyed,

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