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200 Tu nescis. Nam si gradibus trepidatur ab imis,

Ultimus ardebit, quem tegula sola tuetur
A pluvia, molles ubi reddunt ova columbæ.
Lectus erat Codro Procula minor, urceoli sex,

Ornamentum abaci, nec non et parvulus infra
205 Cantharus et recuban's sub eodem marmore Chiron,

Jamque vetus Græcos servabat cista libellos
Et divina Opici rodebant carmina mures.
Nil habuit Codrus: quis enim negat? et tamen illud

Perdidit infelix totum nihil: ultimus autem
210 Ærumnæ cumulus, quod nudum et frusta rogantem

Nemo cibo, nemo hospitio tectoque juvabit.
Si magna Asturii cecidit domus: horrida mater,
Pullati proceres, differt vadimonia Prætor.

200. • You are sound asleep, and un. had, were now consigned to the custody conscious of your danger.' M.

of an old chest.' LU. • If the bustle and alarm (i.e. the fire) 207. Dia poemata; Pers. i. 31. R. begin at the bottom of the stairs ;' xura- The Opici or Osci were an Ausonian bédne down stairs,' Arist. Ach. 306. as tribe, on the banks of the Liris, in Latium opposed to evaßiéòny in the garret;' Ibid. and Campania; who, on their a'lmission 385. 374. Pi. 1123.

among the Romans, introduced many 201. • He will be burnt, though last of barbarous innovations into the language all.' LU.

and manners of that people. Dionys. H. Tegula 'the tiling.'

i.89.cf. vi. 455. Gell. ii. 21. xi. 16. xii.9. 202. The roof was used as a dove-cote. Plin. xxix. 1. A poll. Sidon, ep. vii. 3. VS. Perhaps there is an allusion to the Virg. £. vii. 730. LU. LI. M. MNS. R. etymology of úrsgãos from úsig and wor "barbarians, goths.' an egg.' R.

208.• Codrus in short had nothing.'G. 203. Cf. i. 2. GR.

cf. St Matth. xiii. 12. SL, oni w n. 15. Not large enough for his belter R. See note on i rouri To Her. vi. 22. half.'

210. Cumulus, that which is over and Lectus minor, urceoli, parvulus can- above measure, being piled on when a tharus, libelli, all diminutives. G. cf. measure is already brim-full, so as to Arist, Rh. 111. ii. 6.

rise in a heap above the rim of the • Little jugs.' Cf. Plin. xxviii. 2. vessel. In french, comble; M." ce qui xxxiji. 11. xxxiv. 3. xxxvii. 2. Hor. reste enfaité au-dessus des bords d'une I S. vi. 116 sq. R.

mesure, apres que le mesureur l'a remplie :" 204.' Of liis sideboard ;' of a marble Nodier et Verger. shelf or slab.' cf. 205. R.

Frusta broken victuals.' M. 205. ' A can : gravis attrita pendebat 212. Each matron puts on weeds.' In canthurus ansa; Virg. E. vi. 17. PR. a public mourning for any signal calamity,

'A reclining figure of the centaur the ladies laid aside their ornaments, the Chiron, made of the same marble, sup. senate put on black, and the courts of ported the slab. The rich used more justice postponed all business.'[Livy xxvi, costly materials than marble: xi. 122 s99. 29, 3. ED.] The rapid degeneracy of FE. R. Codrus is the more to be pitied, manners under the emperors renders it as he was evidently an antiquarian, and probable that there is no very great exno doubt attached a great value to every aggeration in this description. G. PR. article in this catalogue. G.

213. This postponement was called 206, . The few Greek books which he justitium. LU.

Tunc gemimus casus Urbis, tunc odimus ignem. 215 Ardet adhuc, et jam occurrit, qui marmora donet,

Conferat impensas. Hic nuda et candida signa,
Hic aliquid præclarum Euphranoris et Polyeleti,
Hæc Asianorum vetera ornamenta Deorum,

Hic libros dabit et forulos mediamque Minervam, 220 Hic modium argenti. Meliora ac plura reponit

Persicus orborum lautissimus et merito jam
Suspectus, tamquam ipse suas incenderit ades.
Si potes avelli Circensibus, optima Soræ

Aut Fabrateriæ domus aut Frusinone paratur, 225 Quanti nunc tenebras unum conducis in annum.

Hortulus hic puteusque brevis nec reste movendus

go home.”

214. 'We lament it as a national Rogo, non potes ipse videri incendisse tuam, calamity: we execrate the very name Tongiliane, domum? Mart. III. lii. LU. of fire.' LU. It was customary with The court paid to the rich was so notorimourners to extinguish their fires. VS. ous, that Asturius might have set his own

215. • The fire is yet raging.' LU. house on fire, with the certainty of being Occurrit comes forward.' R.

amply imdemnified. M. 216. Understand pecunias ; · begs to 223. • If you can tear yourself away.' contribute towards the rebuilding.' LU. The Romans were quite mad after the

• Of Parian marble.' PR. cf. Plin. sports of the Circus : (populus) nunc xxxiv. 5 s 10. R.

duas tantum res anxius optat, panem et 217. Some master-piece of Euphranor Circenses; x. 79 sqq. BŘI. vi. 87. the sculptor and painter, or Polycletus viii. 118. xi. 53. 193 sqq. xiv. 262 sqq. the statuary.' LU. Quint. xii. 10. Plin. Plin. Ep. ix. 6. R. They spent the xxxiv. 8. PR. xxxv. 11. cf. viii. 103. R. whole day there. Augustus (for even in

218. Nor will the fair sex be less at- his time the phrensy had begun to manitentive.' T.

fest itself) said with some spleen to a Asianorum' taken long since in some knight who was taking his meal on the of the victories gained in Asia.' R. benches, “If I wanted to dine, I would 219. · Books and book-cases and a

“ And so you might,” rebust of Minerva.' LU. R.

plied the man," for you would not be 229. • A bushel used indefinitely. M. afraid of losing your place!" Succeeding “ The worthies of antiquity bought the emperors were more indulgent: some of rarest pictures with bushels of gold, them had regular distributions of bread without counting the weight or the num- and wine made to the different orders, G. ber of pieces ;" D, Dufresnoy.

See 65. Dionys. A. R. vii. fin. Liv. vii. 2. He replaces in the room of what he Ov. F. iv. 389 sqq. A. PR. [Livy xxii, has lost by the fire.' R.

9, 8. ED.] 221. Asturius we may suppose to be 224. These towns are now called.Sora, called Persicus in consequence of his ori- Falvaterra, and Frusilone.' PR. Silius ental origin : cf. 72. M. or from his mentions these three towns together ; viii. luxurious style of living ; Hor. I Od. 396. 398. 400. R. xxxviii. 1. VS. Hence the presents in 225.' You can buy a house there, for 218. MNS. He receives so much both one year's rent of a dark hole (Mart. II. ‘because he is childless and because he is xiv. 12. R.) in the city.' LU. PR. nunc very rich.' ACH. Observe the contrast in these dear times.' M. between his fate and that of Codrus. M. 226. Hic in these country towns

222. Empta domus fuerat tibi, Tongi- (LU.) there is a small garden attached liane, ducenis : abstulit hanc nimium casus to each house.' R. in Urbe frequens. Collatum est deeies. · The springs are so bigh that no bucket

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In tenues plantas facili diffunditur haustu.
Vive bidentis amans et culti villicus horti,

Unde epulum possis centum dare Pythagoreis. 230 Est aliquid, quocumque loco, quocumque recessu,

Unius sese dominum fecisse lacertæ.

Plurimus hic æger moritur vigilando: sed illum
Languorem peperit cibus imperfectus et hærens

Ardenti stomacho. Nam quæ meritoria somnum 235 Admittunt? Magnis opibus dormitur in Urbe:

Inde caput morbi. Redarum transitus arcto
Vicorum in flexu et stantis convicia mandræ
Eripient somnum Druso vitulisque marinis.

and rope is required ;' a great acquisition as workshops' VS. or as temporary in a country where so much watering lodgings.' M. If the former, the meanwas wanted as in Italy. M.

ing will be that the incessant din of the 228. • Devote your life to your field artizans at work (Mart. XII. lvii. R.) and your garden.'

effectually precludes sheep. LU. PR. In Ofthe pitch-fork’i.e.‘of husbandry. the latter case, it implies that as no one LU, bidenie vides oneratos arva colentes; would take permanent lodgings in the Ov. Am. I. xiii. 15. R.

poisiest parts of the city, the spare rooms in 229. · From the produce of which gar- those quarters were let out by the night; den.' LU.

where you might get a bed, but as for The Pythagoreans abstained from meat sleep, that was quite out of the question. (owing to their belief in the metempsy- 235. Dormitur impersonally, as trepichosis, R.) and observed a vegetable diet. datur, 200. M. LU. xv. 171


• A person of large property may be 230. Cf.i. 74. est aliquid fatove suo able to obtain a mansion sufficiently ferrove cadentem in solida moriens ponere spacious to have bed-chambers remote corpus humo; et mandare suis aliquid, from the noise and bustle of the streets, sperare sepulcra, et non æquoreis piscibus or at any rale to overawe the neighbour. esse cibum; Ov. Tr. I. ii. 53 sqq. R. hood into silence.' VS. LU. PR. M.

231. “ We asked Dr. Johnson,” says 236. • The rumbling of carts and car. Boswell, “ the meaning of that expres- riages interrupted only by the vociserations sion in Juvenal, unius dominum lacertæ. and mutual abuse of the drovers blocked Johnson-I think it clear enough; it up by stoppages.' LU. PR. M. cf. much group

ne may have Mart. V. xxii. a chance of finding a lizard upon.” And 237. · The narrow crooked streets' so it does! and this, the Doctor might were owing to the great fire at Rome; have added, is very little in Italy. G. VS. Nero endeavoured to remedy the evil by LU. The green lizard is very plentiful another fire. Liv. v. 55. Suet. Ner. 38. in the gardens of Italy. Hor. I Od.xxiii. PR. Tac. A. xv. 38.43. Fior. i. 13. Diod. 7 sq. m. Plin. H. N. viii. 39. PR. cf. xiv. 116. R. Mart. XI. xvii. R.

Mandra' a pen for cattle'. the cattle 232. • Very many an invalid dies for themselves'. a team of horses or mules.' want of sleep.' otia me somnusque juvat, PR. The genitive case of the olject: quæ magna negavit Roma mihi; Mart. as παύσαι βουλόμενος τον Αχιλλία της XII. Ixviii. 5 sq. LU.

ógyñs ribosūros. Arist. Rh. II. iii. 3. 233.. Undigested food clogging the see note on iwutoū, Her. i. 129. (Livy feverish stomach ;' LU. ' occasioning the xxvii, 7, 3. ED.) heart-burn.' M.

238. Ti, Claudius Drusus Cæsar was 234. With meritoria, ædificia may be very lethargic : Suet. Cland. 5. 8. but in understood ; rooms let for hire' either all likelihood some well-known character



Si vocat officium, turba cedente vehetur 240 Dives et ingenti curret super ora Liburno

Atque obiter leget aut scribet vel dormiet intus;
Namque facit somnum clausa lectica fenestra.
Ante tamen veniet: nobis properantibus obstat

Unda prior: magno populus premit agmine lumbos, 245 Qui sequitur. Ferit hic cubito, ferit assere duro

Alter; at hic tignum capiti incutit, ille metretam.
Pinguia crura luto; planta mox undique magna
Calcor et in digito clavus mihi militis hæret.

Nonne vides, quanto celebretur sportula fumo?

of the day is here intended. Seals' are 242. i. 65. R. The windows of litters also very drowsy animals. Plin. H. N. had curtains. LU. ix. 13. "PR. LV. R. The humour in 243. · He will arrive before us, without coupling Drusus with these sleepy creatures interruption to either his rest, his business, and placing the latter within ear-shot of or his studies.' LU. the muleteers and coachmen in the heart • Make what haste we can.' M. of the city, is quite overlooked by the 244. The tide of people.' PR. Virg. majority of Commentators; G. who, by G. ii. 462. Sil. iv. 159. R. xūpes xogozioni introducing the alteration (1) somnos urso, cf, BL, on Æsch. Theb. 64. cf. Plin. H. N. viii. 36. (BRI.) or (2) Premit; præcedentibus instans; Hor. I vetulisque maritis, (GRÆ.) entirely de. Ep. ii. 71. stroy the oxñuez tagie acordoziov so com- 245. ^ With the hard pole of the litter.' mon in Aristophanes and other comic vii. 132. Martial uses asser for the writers: neither is the correction vitulisve litter itself.' LU. (JA.) necessary, notwithstanding the ab. 246. • A ten-gallon cask'usognths. GR. surdity of que.

247. Understand mea frunt.' R. ci. iii. 239. Officium; ii. 132. •The rich 68, note. will move rapidly, without impediment, to He now gets jostled among a party of the levees of the old and childless; while soldiers. PR. Magna (cf. xvi. 14. R.) the poor, whose sole support probably of a grenadier.' depended upon their early appearance 248. “In my toe.' LU. there, have to struggle at every step

The soldiers' boots were stuck full of through dangers and difficulties.' G. large hobnails. xvi. 24 sq. LU. cf. Plin.

240. • The crowd, as they make way, ix. 18. xxii. 22. xxxiv. 19. R. will look up at the great man in his litter; 249. • Is frequented.' LU. so that he will be carried above their faces.' Here the scene shifts. The difficulties M. Illos humeri cervicesque servorum super of the morning are overpast, and the ora nostra vehunt; Plin. Pan. 24. PR. streets cleared of the shoals of leveequos supra capita hominum supraque tur. hunters. New perils now arise, and the bam delicatos lectica suspendit; Sen. R. poor are obstructed in the prosecution of

The tall and sturdy natives of Liburnia, their evening business by the crowds of bordering on the north-eastern shore of rich clients returning with their slaves the Adriatic, were much employed at from the dole of suppers at their patrons' Rome as chairmen, &c. LU. PR. vi. houses. The kitchen' was a larger kind 477. iv. 75. longorum cervice Syrorum; of chafing dish, divided into two cells, in vi. 351. R. horridus Liburnus ; Mart. 1. the uppermost of which, they put the 1. 33. BO.

meat, and in the lower, fire, io keep it 241. Obiter · by the way'' as he goes.' warm. How often have I been LU. 18 R. in rapodwi Cic. ad Att minded of the sportula (dit voy év orvv. 20. odo rázoeyou 21. ir tapisy qui ad pádı. 7.) by the firepans and suppers of Q. F. ii. 9. PR.

the Neapolitans! As soon as it grows


250 Centum convivæ: sequitur sua quemque culina.

Corbulo vix ferret tot vasa ingentia, tot res
Impositas capiti, quas recto vertice portat
Servulus infelix et cursu ventilat ignem.

Scinduntur tunicæ sartæ: modo longa coruscat 255 Sarraco veniente abies atque altera pinum

Plaustra vehunt, nutant altæ populoque minantur.
Nam si procubuit, qui saxa Ligustica portat,
Axis, et eversum fudit super agmina montem,

Quid superest de corporibus? quis membra, quis ossa 260 Invenit? Obtritum vulgi perit omne cadaver

More animæ. Domus interea secura patellas


dark, the streets are filled with twinkling urbis tecta qualiuntur: stant fires glancing about in every direction on domus, nec jam templa nutantia; Plin. the heads of these modern Corbulos, Pan. 51. G. longo vehiculorum ordine and suddenly disappearing as they enter pinus aut abies deferebatur vicis intretheir houses with their frugal meal. G. mentibus; Sen. Ep. 90. LU. Its swaying cf. i. 95 sq. PR.

lo and fro made it dangerous. M. cf. Hor. 250. Focum ferentis suberat amphoræ II Ep. 72 sqq. I S.vi. 42


GR. There cervix; Mart. XII. xxxii. 4. R. Tu- had been a law to prevent the nuisance of multus est coquorum, ipsos cum opsoniis these loaded wagons passing and repassfocos transferentium: hoc enim jam luxuria ing after sunrise, or before four o'clock commenta est, ne quis intepescat cibus, ne in the afternoon, (when the Romans quid palato jam guloso (calloso ?) purum were supposed to be at dinner,) unless it ferveat ; canam culina prosequitur ; were for the construction or repairs of Sen. Ep. 79 s 78. PR. fumus 249. and temples, public works, &c. Either this ignis 253. relate to this portable kitchen. law had fallen into disuse; HB. or

251. Ne (Domitius) Corbulo omnium timber-carriages in the emperor's service ora in se verteret, corpore ingens, verbis would fall under the above exception. magnificus, et, super experientiam sapi. 255. Sarraca Bootæ ; v. 23. ME. entiamque, etiam specie inanium validus; 256. Cf. Virg. Æ. ii. 626 sqq. R. Tac. A. xii. 8. A distinguished general 257. Immense · blocks of Ligurian in Armenia under Nero. LU. Amm. marble' from Luna and the neighbourMarc. xv. PR. Having excited the hood. GR. Strab. v. p. 153. Plin. tyrant's jealousy by his successes, he was xxxvi. 6. 18. Sil. viii. 482. Suet. Ner. decoyed to Cenchreæ, condemned un- 50. R. cf. Mart. V. xxii. heard, and fell on his own sword. G. 258. Aris; the part for the whole. LU.

252. · With his head upright, lest the The troops of foot-passengers.' LU. gravy should be spilt.' LU.

Hyperbole. LU. rupido cursu media Some mss. have quot. R.

agmina rumpit: veluti montis saxum, de 253. “A poor little slave (as opposed vertice præceps cum ruit, .... fertur in to the gigantic Corbulo'), by whose abruptum magno mons improbus actu, rapid motion through the air the fire is exsultatque solo; silvas, armenta, virosque faoned.' M.

involvens secum; Virg. Æ. xii. 683 sqq. 254. • The patched tunics of the poor Montibus ('immense marble columns") get torn in the squeeze.' PR.

aut alte Graiis effulta nitebant atria ; Now follows an indirect attack on the Stat. Th. i. 145 sq. R. mania of the emperors for building. An 260. · Crushed to atoms.' VS. evil which Juvenal lived to see abated : 261. • Because not a particle of it is for Trajan was tam parcus in ædificando, visible.' VS. quam diligens in tuendo. Itaque non, ut Interea' while the master (followed by ante, immanium trunsvectione saxorum his slave with the supper) has come to

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