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Coffee, 213.

G.
Columniferæ, 247.

Galen, 307.
Companulaceæ, 183.

Gentian, 216.
Comparison of different botanical me- Germ, 104.
thods, 170.

Germination of the seed, 134.
Comparison of natural and artificial Gesner, 313.
classes, 172.

Ginger, 196.
Compound flowers, 183, 252.

Girdling trees, 149.
Coniferæ, 193.

Glands, 86.
Corals, 233.

Glandular system, 142.
Corolla, 20, 93.

Glume, 92.
Cortex, 149.

Golden rod, 254.
Corydalis, 249.

Grafting, 236.
Cotyledon, 128.

Gramina, 178, 202.
Cowslip, 215, 280.

Granulated root, 54.
Cranberry, 225.

Grapes, 213.
Creeping root, 54.

Grasses, 178, 202, 301.
Crocus, 200.

Growth of plants, 152.
Crown Imperial, 100.

H.
Cruciform plants, 188.
Cryptogamous plants, 44, 177, 267. Habits of plants, 289.
Cucumber, 265.

Habitations of plants, 292.
Culm, 59.

Hare bell, 222,
Cuticle, 81.

Hawthorn, 236
Cynips, 299.

Heat, 291, 338, 138.
D.

Heath, 226.
Daisy, 185.

Heavenly bodies, 15, 326.
Departments in Botany, 19.

Herbarium, manner of labelling for, 24.
Dicotyledonous plants, 38, 39, 150, 153,

manner of preparing, 45.
170, 180.

Herbs, 44, 292, 315.
Degeneration of organs, 297.

Hippocrates, 304.
Dioscorides, 306.

Hippuris, 196.
Diseases of plants, 298.

Hollyhock, 247.
Drupe, 119, 125.

Honey, 99.
E.

Houstonia, 206.
Egyptian lily, 264.

Horse chesnut, 223, 290.
Elder, 218.

Humboldt's division of climates, 296.
Elephant's foot, 255.

Hydrangea, 233.
Enchanter's night shade, 199.

I.
Endocarp, 114

Impressions of leaves, 46.
Endogenous stem, 64, 153.

Indian corn, 263, 265, 291.
Ensatæ, 221.

Indians, their knowledge of Botany, 15.
Epicarp, 128.

Inflorescence, 108.
Evergreens, 285.

Inorganized bodies, 305, 327, 337, 338.
Exogenous stem, 64, 153.

Involucrum, 91.
F.

Irritability of leaves, 83.

Irides, 180.
Fall of the leaf, 84.

Jasmine, 198.
Ferns, 177, 267.

Jussieu, 319.
Fig, 122, 266.

Jussieu's division of compound flowers,
Filament, 20, 102.

255,
Flax, 218.

Jussieu's general divisions, 38.
Fluid parts of vegetables, 143.

method, 168.
Flowers proper for analysis, 46.

L.
Follicle, 118, 125.
Forest trees, 265.

Labiate corollas, 96, 181, 242.
Frondescence, 82.

Lacebark tree, 226.
Fructification, organs of, 21, 50, 88. Ladies' eardrop, 226.
Fruit, 113.

Ladies' slipper, 258.
Mirbel's classification of, 115. Laurel, 227.
Linnæus' classification of, 124.

Lauri, 180.
Fucus natans, 57, 272.

Leaves, 44, 69.
Fungi, 178, 274,

anatomy of, 80.
Furze, 250.

Legume, 116, 124, 190, 249,

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Leguminous plants, 302.

Peony, 241.
Liber, 149,

Perennial roots, 52.
Lichens, 273.

Perianth, 90.
Lilac, 197.

Pericarp, 113.
Liliaceous plants, 179, 220.

parts of, 114.
Lily, 19, 24, 220.

Mirbel's classification, 115.
Lily of the valley, 222.

Linnæus'

124.
Lima bean, 250.

Perspiration of plants, 145.
Linnæa borealis, 284.

Petiole, 60.
Linnæus, 318.

Phænogamous plants, 44.
Linnæus, system of, 19, 29, 166, 194, Philosophers of Greece, 304.
290.

Physiological Botany, 19, 133, 139.
Litmus, 274.

Pink, 22, 233.
Liverworts, 271.

Pistil, 20, 103.
Lupine, 250.

Pith, 151.
Luridæ, 210.

Plantain, 206.
Lizard's tail, 224.

Plants, method of preserving, 45.
M.

when first spoken of, 303.
Magnolia, 241.

Pliny, 306.
Mandrake, 53, 211, 238.

Poke weed, 233.
Marigold, 255, 286.

Pollen, 105.
Matter, sciences which relate to, 18. Polydelphia, 32, 251.
Mesocarp, 114.

Polygamia, 32
Microscope, 316.

Polygonoeæ, 180.
Milk weed, 258.

Pomaceæ, 236.
Mind, its faculties, 13.

Pomegranate, 236.
science which relates to it, 18. Poppy, 239.
Misletoe, 266.

Pond lily, 239, 284.
Monocotyledonous plants, 129, 137, Potatoe, 54, 210.
153, 177.

Premose root, 53.
Monsters, 46.

Prickles, 85.
Mosses, 177, 269.

Proper juices, 147.
Mountains, 295.

Proteæ, 180.
Mullein, 212.

Proximate principles, 157.
Multisiliquæ, 241.

Pubescence, 87.
Mushroom, 177, 274.

Prunus, 236.
N.

Pythagorus, 304.

R.
Narcissi, 180.

Radicles, 52, 130.
Nasturtion, 226, 291.

Red bud, 230.
Natural families of Linnæus, 36. Receptacle, 113, 115.

of Jussieu, 39, 168, 319. Rhubarb, 228.
Natural History, 18.

Rice, 223, 291.
Science, 46, 323.

Roots, 44, 51.
Nature, 326.

Rosaceæ, 189.
Nectary, 99.

Rose, 25, 236.
Numerals, Latin and Greek, 29. Rough leaved plants, 209.
Nyctanthes, 199.

Rubiaceæ, 187.
0.

S.
Odour of flowers, 98.

Sage, 198.
Oil, 302, 158.

Salts, 291.
Olive, 199.

Salicornia, 196,
Opium, 240.

Sap, 143.
Orchis, 180, 257, 261.

Sassafras, 227.
Ovary, 114.

Scales, 86.
Ovule, 114.

Scape, 60.
P.

Scouring rushes, 269.
Palms, 178, 154.

Sea weeds, 272.
Papilionaceous corolla, 97, 190, 248. Seed, 126.
Parasites, 57, 300.

Seneca snake root, 260.
Parenchyma, 81.

Sensitive fern, 269.
Paris, 226.

Septas, 234.
Passion flower, 245, 286.

Side saddle flower, 238,
Peduncle, 60.

Silk cotton tree, 248.

66

Silique, 117, 124.

Tendrils, 87.
Sir J. E. Smith, 318.

Theophrastus, 305.
Shad blossoms, 281.

Thorns, 85.
Snow ball, 218.

Tournefort's method, 164.
Solid parts of vegetables, 140. Trumpet flower, 243.
Solomon's seal, 222.

Tulip, 221.
Sorrel, 223, 233.

Turmeric, 196.
Spatha, 91.

U.
Species, 167.

Valerian, 197.
Spindle root, 53.

Vascular system, 81, 141.
Stamen, 20, 101.

Vernal flowers, 280.
Srem, 44, 58.

Venus' fly trap, 232.
Stigma, 104.

Veronica, 199
Slings, 86.

Violet, 215, 255.
Stipules, 85.

Virgin's bower, 241.
Strawberry, 237.

Virginia snake root, 260.
Sunflower, 184, 255.

W.
Symmetry of Structure in plants, 199. Water, 291.
Syngenesious plants, 183, 252. Whortleberry, 231.
Synopsis of classes and order of Lin- Wild ginger, 260.

Wild pea, 230.
Synopsis of organs of plants, 50. Wild turnip, 265, 228.

of classes of Jussieu, 169. Willow, 266, 280.

of the method of Tourne- Winter green, 231.
fort, 165.

Wood, 150.
Systematic Botany, its divisions, 19.

X.
Tea, 239.

Xylosteum, 281.

næus, 31.

66

COMMON NAMES OF PLANTS.

Acacia, 361.

Birth wort, 365.
Adder tongue, 351.

Black berry, 356.
Agrimony, 356.

Black snake root, 357.
Albany beach drops, 354.

Black walnut, 367.
Alder, 366.

Bladder nut, 350.
Alisma, 352.

Bladder senna, 362.
Apple, 356.

Blessed thistle, 364.
Apricot, 355.

Blite, 343.
Amaranth, 366.

Blood root, 356.
American cowslip, 357. Blue curls, 359.
American water cress, 360. Blue bottle, 364.
Angelica, 349.

Blue eyed grass, 361.
Arethusa, 365.

Blue gentian, 358,
Arrow head, 366.

Blue hearts, 359.
Asparagus, 351.

Boletus, 371.
Asphodel, 351.

Boneset, 363.
Atamask lily, 350.

Borage, 346.
Avens, 356.

Brake, 368.
Bachelor's button, 348. Broom corn, 345.
Bæmyces, 370.

Buck wheat, 353.
Balm, 350.

Bugloss, 347.
Balm of Gilead, 368. Bulrush, 351.
Balsam apple, 367.

Burdock, 363.
Barberry, 350.

Burnet, 366.
Barley, 345.

Bush clover, 362.
Bass-wood, 356.

Bush honey suckle, 348.
Beech, 366.

Bush locust, 362.
Beech drops, 359.

Button bush, 345.
Bean, 362.

Butternut, 367.
Bear berry, 354.

Button wood, 367.
Bedstraw, 346.

Cabbage, 361.
Beet, 349.

Campion, 355.
Bell flower, 347.

Cancer root, 359.
Bell wort, 351.

Caper, 366.
Bind weed, 347.

Caraway, 349.
Birch, 367.

Cardinal flower, 347.
Bird's nest, 354.

Carpet weed, 345.

Carrot, 349.
Cassia, 353.
Castor oil plant, 367.
Catalpa tree, 343.
Catmint, 358.
Cat-tail, 365.
Celandine, 356.
Celery, 349.
Cenomyce, 370.
Cerastium, 355.
Cetraria, 370.
Changeable hydrangea, 355.
Cherry, 355.
Chestnut, 367.
Chick-weed, 355.
Chick-winter-green, 352.
Choak-berry, 356.
Cinque-foil, 356.
Cives, 351.
Clover, 362.
Cock foot grass, 345.
Cock's comb, 366.
Cockle, 355.
Cohosh, 357.
Colic weed, 361.
Colt's foot, 364.
Columbine, 357.
Comb tooth thistle, 363.
Comfrey, 347.
Cone flower, 364.
Coriander, 349.
Coronilla, 362.
Cotton, 361.
Cow wheat, 359.
Cranberry, 352.
Crane bill, 361.
Crow foot, 358

Indian corn,

Crown imperial, 351. Hawk weed, 363.
Cucumber, 367.

Hazlenut, 366.
Culver's physic, 343. Heal all, 359.
Currant, 348.

Heath, 352. Cut grass, 344.

Hedge hysop, 343. Cypress vine, 347.

Hellebore, 357. Daffodil, 351.

Herb-robert, 361. Dandelion, 363.

Hickory, 367. Darnel grass, 345.

Hogweed, 366. Day flower, 344.

Holly, 346. Day lily, 351.

Holly hock, 361. Dill, 349.

Honesty, 360. Dock, 352.

Hop, 368. Dodder, 349.

Horehound, 358. Dodbane, 365.

Horse balm, 344. Dog tooth violet, 351. Horse chesnut, 352. Dog wood, 346.

Hound tongue, 346. Dry strawberry, 356. House leek, 358. Ear drop, 352.

Hyacinth, 351. European ivy, 348.

Hydrangea, 354. Elecampane, 364.

Ice plant, 356. Elephant foot, 364.

366. Elm, 349.

Indigo, 362. Enchanter's night shade, Indian mallows, 361. 344.

Indian turnip, 366. English water cress, 360. Jacobea Jily, 350. Erigeron, 363.

Jasmine, 343. Euchroma, 359.

Jonquil, 351. Evening primrose, 352. Judas tree, 353. Eye-bright, 359.

Jungermannia, 369. False crow foot, 361. King's spear, 351. False fox glove, 359. Knot grass, 353. False indigo, 362.

Ladies' slipper, 368. False mustard, 350.

Larkspur, 357. False saffron, 363.

Laurel, 354. False sun flower, 364. Lavender, 358. False syringa, 355.

Leather leaf, 354. Fan palm, 352.

Leek, 350. Fennel, 349.

Lemon, 357. Field sorrel, 352.

Lettuce, 363. Fig tree, 367.

Lichnidia, 347. Five finger, 356.

Life everlasting, 363. Flag, 344.

Lilac, 343.
Flax, 350.

Lily, 351.
de luce, 344. Live for ever, 355.
Flowering fern, 369. Liver leaf, 358.
Fly honey suckle, 348. Lizard tail, 352.
Fool's parsley, 350.

Loose strife, 347.
Fox glove, 360.

Louse wort, 360.
Four o'clock, 348.

Madder, 346.
Fucus, 369.

Magnolia, 358.
Fumitory, 362.

Maiden hair, 368.
Funaria, 369.

Mallows, 361.
Garden artichoke, 363

Maple, 352.
Garden daisy, 364.

Marchantia, 369.
Garlic, 350.

Mare's tail, 343.
Gentian, 348.

Marigold, 364.
Gill-over ground, 358. Marjoram, 359.
Ginseng, 349.

Marsh mallows, 361.
Goat's beard, 363.

Matrimony, 346.
Golden rod, 364.

May weed, 364.
Golden saxifrage, 353. Meadow rue,

357.
Gold thread, 357.

Menispermum, 368.
Gooseberry, 348.

Mezereon, 353
Gourd, 367.

Mitella, 354.
Grape vine, 348.

Misletoe, 368.
Grass pink, 365.

Mock orange, 355.
Ground ivy, 358.

Monkey flower, 360.
Ground nut, 362.

Monk's hood, 357.
Ground pine, 369.

Mother-wort, 358.
Gyrophora, 370.

Mountain mint, 358.
Habenaria, 365.

Mouse ear, 355.
Halymenia, 369.

Mucor, 370.
Hard hack, 356.

Mulberry, 366.

Mullein, 347.
Musk melon, 367.
Mustard, 360.
Myrtle, 355.
Nasturtion, 353.
Necklace weed, 356.
Nettle, 366.
New Jersey tea, 348.
Night shade, 347.
Nostoc, 370.
Oak, 366.
Oak of Jerusalem, 349.
Oats, 345.
Onion, 350.
Orange, 357.
Orchard grass, 345.
Orobanche, 359.
Painted cup, 359.
Palma christi, 367.
Parmelia, 370.
Parnassus grass, 350.
Parsley, 349.
Parsnip, 349.
Partridge berry, 346.
Passion flower, 361.
Pea, 362.
Peach, 355.
Pear, 356.
Pennyroyal, 358.
Pennywort, 359.
Peony, 357.
Pepper grass, 360.
Pepper mint, 358.
Pheasant's eye, 358.
Pickerel weed, 351.
Pig weed, 349.
Pine, 367.
Pink, 354.
Pipsissiwa, 353.
Plantain, 346,
Plum, 355.
Polytrichum, 369.
Polypod, 368.
Poison hemlock, 349.
Poison ivy, 350.
Poke weed, 355.
Pomegranate, 355.
Pond lily, 357.
Poplar, 368.
Poppy, 357.
Potatoe, 347.
Pot marigold, 364.
Prickly ash, 368.
Prickly pear, 355.
Prim, 343.
Primrose cowslip, 347.
Princes' pine, 353.
Pumpkin, 367.
Purslane, 356.
Quake grass, 345.
Quince, 356.
Radish, 361.
Raspberry, 356.
Rattle box, 363.
Rattlesnake leaf, 365.
Red cock's comb, 366.
Red pepper, 347.
Red top, 344.
Reed, 344.
Reed mace, 365.
Rhubarb, 353,

345.
Rice, 352.
Rose, 356.

Ribbon grass,

Rose bay, 354.
Rosemary, 344.
Rue, 353
Rush grass, 351.
Rye, 345.
Saffron, 344.
Sage, 344.
Samphire, 343.
Sassafras, 353.
Satin flower, 360.
Savory, 358.
Saxifrage, 354.
Scabish, 352.
Scarlet pimpernell, 347.
Scorpion grass, 346.
Scrophularia, 359.
Scull cap, 359.
Sensitive polypod, 368.
Shad flower, 356.
Sheep berry, 350.
Shell flower, 358.
Shepherd's purse,

360.
Shin leaf, 353.
Side-saddle flower, 357.
Silk weed, 365.
Skunk cabbage, 346.
Sleek leaf, 353.
Smilax, 368.
Snake head, 360.
Snake mouth, 365.
Snake root, 362.
Snap dragon, 359.
Snow ball, 350.
Snow drop, 351.
Soap wort, 354.
Solomon's seal, 351.
Speedwell, 343
Spear grass, 345.
Spear mint, 358.
Spice leaf bush, 353.
Spicy winter green, 354.
Spider grass, 350.
Spider wort, 350.
Spring beauty, 348.
Squash, 367.

Squills, 351.

Ulva, 369.
St. John's worts, 357. Usnea, 370.
Staff tree, 348.

Uredo, 370.
Star grass, 351.

Vegetable oyster, 363.
Star flower, 364.

Venus' fly trap, 354.
Star of Bethlehem, 351. Venus' pride, 346.
Stock july flower, 360. Veratrum, 352.
Stone crop, 355.

Vetch, 362.
Stork geranium, 361.

Violet, 348.
Stork's bill, 361.

Virginian orpine, 355.
Strawberry, 356.

Virgin's bower, 357.
Succory, 362.

Wake robin, 366.
Sugar cane, 344.

Wall cress, 360.
Sumach, 350.

Wall flower, 360.
Sundew, 350.

Walnut, 367.
Sun ray, 364.

Water arum, 366.
Sweet cicily, 349.

Water hemlock, 349.
Sweet flag, 351.

Water horehound, 343. Sweet pea, 362.

Water melon, 367.
Sweet pepper bush, 353. Water radish, 360.
Sweet vernal grass, 344. Wax bush, 355.
Sweet william, 354. Wheat, 345.
Tansey, 363.

White cedar, 367.
Tassel, 346.

White bush, 354.
Tea, 357.

White lettuce, 363.
Thistle, 363.

Whortleberry, 354. Thorn apple, 347.

Wild cucumber, 367. Thorn bush, 356.

Wild bean, 362. Thorough wort, 363. Wild bean vine, 362. Thyme, 359.

Wild germander, 358. Timothy grass,

345.

Wild ginger, 365.
Tobacco, 347.

Wild honey suckle, 347.
Touch-me-not, 348. Wild indigo, 353.
Trailing arbutus, 354. Wild maudrake, 356.
Trickle root, 360.

Wild sarsaparilla, 350.
Trumpet flower, 359. Willow, 367.
Trumpet honey suckle, 348. Witch hazel, 346.
Tuberose, 351.

Wood sorrel, 355.
Tulip, 351.

Worm wood, 363.
Tulip tree, 358.

Wound-wort, 358.
Turnip, 361.

Yarrow, 364.
Turnsol, 347.

Yellow eyed grass, 344.
Twin berry, 348.

Yellow pond lily, 357. Twin flower, 346.

Yellow root, 350.

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