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STEPHEN REYNOLDS CLARKE.

Ce qu'on aurait voulu retenir de la lecture de l'histoire, ce qu'on

aimerait à s'en rappeler.”

VOL. II.

London:

PRINTED FOR T. & G. UNDERWOOD, 32, FLEET STREET.

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SECTION I. P.-This pleasant drive of twelve miles from the metropolis has brought us by some detours to Waltham Cross, a singular ruin, interesting in its associations, and venerable in its decay.

A.-The erection of crosses is of very ancient date, and they have been applied to various purposes; such as boundary-marks, memorials of remarkable events, places of public prayer, preaching, and proclamation : some were built in churchyards, or by the road side ; others in market-places, or at the junction of three or four streets, or on spots like the present, where deceased bodies halted on their way to interment. Market crosses at first appear to have consisted of a single shaft, and afterwards they were enlarged and arched over for the accommodation of the auditors. At the dissolution of the monasteries, there was scarcely a

VOL. II.

B

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