Parliamentary Papers, Том 34

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Страница 199 - ... charged or collected for the transportation of similar quantities of the same class of goods, merchandise or property over a greater distance upon the same road...
Страница xvi - An Act to provide for celebrating the One Hundredth Anniversary of American Independence, by holding an International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and Products of the Soil and Mine, in the City of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, in the year eighteen hundred and seventy-six...
Страница 171 - ... object obtained by this permanent way is that water drains off rapidly — a great matter in the hard frosts to which most of the lines in the United States are subject. In connection with the permanent way, attention may be directed to the Wharton switch (Plate 4), the principle of which is to carry the train off the main line on to a siding without any break in the continuity of the main line rails. This is effected in the following manner : — The inner switch rail is connected with a movable...
Страница 307 - ... being free from the difficulties that arise in the employment of pupil teachers. The schools are everywhere supplied with a full complement of adult teachers. If the latter were always well trained, our congratulations would be unreserved; but, unfortunately, complaints are heard on many sides, but the level of attainments is low. Thus Mr. Philbrick speaks of the "almost universal • evil in American schools of substituting the setting of tasks and the hearing of lessons for real teaching;"...
Страница 306 - But it appears that the superintendents are themselves in some cases in fault; they have absolute control over the teachers, and are by no means always free from political bias ; so that many well-qualified persons refuse to become teachers when employment must be purchased at the sacrifice of independence. " The first reform," says Dr. Saffray, " which the friends of education should desire to see realized, is the abandonment of a system which hands over the nomination of teachers to men whose authority...
Страница 159 - ... than the intended bore of the gun, a sufficient number of wires being wound at once, side by side, to produce the required obliquity of the turns. The successive layers have opposite twist, their number being, of course, sufficient to give the desired exterior diameter to the gun. When thus wound the whole mass is inclosed in a tight case, to protect it from oxidation, and is heated therein to a temperature somewhat above that required for the fusion of the metal to be used for consolidating...
Страница xliii - Reports and awards shall be based upon inherent and comparative merit. The elements of merit shall be held to include considerations relating to originality, invention, discovery, utility, quality, skill, workmanship, fitness for the purposes intended, adaptation to public wants, economy and cost.
Страница 235 - To realize the nature of the competition that awaits us, their [American] factories and workshops have to be inspected, in order to see the variety of special tools that are being introduced, both to insure precision and to economize labour; this system of special tools is extending into almost every branch of industry where articles have to be repeated. This applies to furniture, hardware, clocks, watches, small arms ammunition, and to an endless variety of other things. The articles so made are...
Страница xxii - Government, and laid deep the foundations of an imperishable freedom. (Cheers.) Facing her in generous emulation stands the United States, backed by the wealth of her virgin territories and the inventions of her ingenious artificers, and as you traverse the building from end to end, you almost forget to remember whether you be English, Canadian, Australasian, American, from Africa, or from India, in the proud consciousness that you are a member of that great race, whose enterprise has invaded every...
Страница 304 - I would impress upon the people are : 1. That the policy of placing so much power in the hands of local school boards as is done by our laws, has its weak as well as its strong points. Among intelligent citizens, alive to the interests of education, it is worthy of all praise ; but where an ignorant people, or a people wanting in public spirit, elect school boards like themselves, no policy could possibly be worse.

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