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" Art. III. Religion, morality and knowledge, being necessary. to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall for ever be encouraged; the utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their langs and property fhall never be taken from them without their confent; and in their property, rights and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars, authorised by Congress; but laws founded in justice and humanity shall from time to time be made, for preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserving peace and friendship with them.

66 ART. IV. The said territory, and the States which may be formed therein, ihall for ever remain a part of this confederacy of the United States of America, subject to the articles of confederation, and to fuch alterations therein as shall be constitutionally made; and to all the acts and ordinances of the United States, in Congress assembled, conformable thereto. The inhabitants and settlers in the Taid territory shall be subject to pay a part of the federal debts contracted, or to be contracted, and a proportionable part of the expenses of government, tò be apportioned on them by Congress, according to the same common rule and measure, by which apportionments thereof shall be made on the other States, and the taxes for paying their proportion shall be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the legiflatures of the district, or districts, or new States, as in the original States, within the time agreed upon by the United States in Congress assembled. The legislatures of those districts or new States shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil by the United States, in Congress assembled, nor with any regulations Congress may find neceffary for securing the title in such foil to the bona fide purchasers. No tax shall be imposedon lands the property of the United States; and in no case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed higher than residents. The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways, and for ever free, as well to the inhabitants of the said territory, as to the citizens of the United States in general, and those of any other States that may be admitted into the confederacy, without any tax, impoft, or duty.

“ ART. V. There shall be formed in the said territory, not less than three, nor more than five States; and the boundaries of the States, as soon as Virginia shall alter her act of cession, and consent

to

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to the faine, Mall become fixed and established as follows, viz. The western State in the said territory shall be bounded on the Miffiffippi," the Ohio, and Wabath rivers; a direct line drawn from the Wabah and Post Vincent due north to the territorial line between the United States and Canada, and by the said territorial line to the lake of the Woods and the Mississippi. The middle State fhall be bounded by the said direet line, the Wabash from Poft Vincent to the Ohio; by the Ohio by a direct line drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami to the faid territorial line, and by the faid territorial line. The eastern State Mall be bounded by the last-mentioned direct line, the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the faid territorial line: provided, however, a d it it is further understood and declared, that the boundaries of these three States fail be subject so far to be altered, that if Cong eis hereafter shall find it expedient, they shall have authority to form one, or two States, in that part of the said territory which lies north of an east and wett line drawn through the southerly bend or extreme of lake Michigan ; and when any of the said States thall have fixty thousand free inhabitants therein, such State shall be admitted by its delegates into the Congress of the United States, on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever; and shall be at liberty to formi a permanent constitution and state government: provided the conftitution and government fo to be formed thall be republican, and in conformity to the principles contained in these articles ; and so far as it can be consistent with the general interest of the confederacy, such admission thall be allowed at an earlier period, and when there may be a less number of free inhabitants in the State than fixty thousand.

“ Art. VI. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary fervitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punislıment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted: provided always, that any person escaping into the fame, from whom labour or service is lawfully claimed in any of the original States, such fugitive

may be lawfully reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labour or service as aforesaid."

Such is the present government of the western territory, and such the political obligations of the adventurers into this fertile and de. lightful part of the United States,

In the ordinance of Congress, for the government of this territory, it is provided, that after the said territory acquires a certain degree of population, it thall be divided into States. The eastern State,

that

that is thus provided to be made, is bounded on the Great Miami on the west, and by the Pennsylvania line on the east. The center of this State will fall between the Scioto and the Hockhocking. At the mouth of one of these rivers will probably be the seat of government for this State ; and, if we may indulge the sublime contemplation of beholding the whole territory of the United States settled by an eta lightened people, and continued under one extended government, on the river Ohio, and not far from this spot, will be the seat of empire for the whole dominion. This is central to the whole; it will best accommodate every part; it is the inost pleasant, and probably the most healthful. The settlement of this country has been checked for several

years past, by the unhappy Indian war, an arnicable termination of which, it is ardently wished, might fpeedily take place.

END OF THE SECOND VOLUME.

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