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The Honour and Happiness of the King, and the Peace and

Safety of the Three KINGDOMS of Scotland, England, and Ireland.

Taken and Subscribed several Times by King CHARLES II, and by all

Ranks in the said three kingdoms.' ;


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An Act of the General Assembly 1643, and an Act of Parliament 1644.

Ratifying and Approving the said League and Covenant.

Jer. 1. 5. Come let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual Covenant,

that shall not be forgotten. Prov. xxv. 5. Take away the Wicked from before the King, and his

Throne shall be established in Righteousness. 2 Chron. xv. 15. And all Judah rejoiced at the Oath; for they had sworn

with all their heart. Gal. iii. 15.— Though it be but a Man's Covenant, yet if it be con

firmed by an Oath, no Man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.

Assembly at Edinburgh, August 17. 1643. Seff. 14.

The General Assembly's Approbation of the Solemn League and


THE Assembly having recommended unto a committee, appointed

T by them to join with the committee of the honourable convention of estates, and the commissioners of the honourable houses of the parliament of England, for bringing the kingdoms to a more near conjunction and union, received from the aforesaid committees the covenant aftermentioned, as the result of their consultations: and having taken the fame, as a matter of fo publick concernment and of fo deep importance doth require, unto their gravest consideration, did with all their hearts, and with the beginnings of the feelings of that joy, which they did find in so great measure upon the renovation of the National Covenant of this kirk and kingdom, All with one voice approve and embrace the same, as the most powerful Mean, by the blessing of GOD, for settling and preserving the true protestant religion, with perfect peace in his majesty's dominions, and propagating the fame to other nations, and for establishing his majesty's Throne to all ages and generations. And therefore, with their best affections, recommend the same to the honourable convention of estates, that, being examined and approved by them, it may be sent with all diligence to the kingdom of England, that, being received and approven there, the same may be, with publick humiliation, and all religious and answerable folemnity, sworn and subscribed by all true professors of the reformed religion, and all his majesty's good subjects in both kingdoms.

A. Johnstouni

CHARLES I. Part. 3. Seff. 1. Ac. 5.

Act anent the Ratification of the calling of the Convention, Ratification

of the League and Covenant, Articles of Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms of Scotland and England, and remanent Acts of the Convention of Estates and Committee thereof..

At Edinburgh, July 15th, 1644.

T HE estates of parliament presently conveened by virtue of the last.

1 act of the last parliament holden by his majesty, and the three eItates, in anno 1641, considering, that the lords of his majesty's privy council, and commissioners for conserving the articles of the treaty, having according to their interests and trust committed to them by his majelty and estates of parliament, used all means, by fupplications, remonstrances, and sending of commissioners, for securing the peace of this kingdom, and removing the unhappy distractions betwixt his majetty and his subjects in England, in such a way as might serve most for his majesty's honour, and good of both kingdoms; and their humble and dutiful endeavours for lo good ends having proven ineffectual, and their offer of mediation and interceflion being refused by his majesty; and thereby finding the weight and difficulty of affairs, and the charge lying on them, to be greater than they could bear; did therefore, in the month of May 1643, meet together with the commissioners for the common burdens, that by joint advice some resolution might be taken therein; and in respect of the danger iinminent to the true protestant religion, his majesty's honour, and peace of their kingdoms, by the multitude of papiits and their adherents in arms in England and Ireland, and of many other publick and important affairs, which could not admit delay, and did require the advice of the representative body of the kingdom; appointed and caused indiet a ineeting of the convention of estates (his majesty having formerly refused their humble desires for a parliament) to be on the 22d. of June following; which diet being frequently kept by the noblemen, commissioners of thires and burghs, and they finding these dangers against this kirk and state ftill encreasing, resolved, after serious deliberation and advice of the general assembly, and joint concurrence of the commissioners authorized by the parliament of England, that one of the chiefest remedies, for preventing of these and the like dangers, for preservation of religion, and both kingdoms from ruin and destruction, and for procuring of peace, That both kingdoms should, for these ends, enter into covenant; which was accordingly drawn up, and chearfully embraced, and allowed. And at last, a treaty was agreed unto by both kingdoms, concerning the faid covenant, and affistance craved from this kingdom by the kingdom of England, in pursuance of the ends expressed therein: And the estates being still desirous to use all good means, that, without the effusion of more blood, there may be such a blessed pa

cification cification betwixt his majesty and his subjects, as may tend to the good of religion, his majesty's true honour and safety, and happiness of his people; did therefore give commillion to John earl of Loudon, lord chancellor, lord Maitland, lord Waristoun, and Mr. Robert Barclay, to repair to England, and endeavour the effectuating of these ends contained in the covenant of treaties, conform to their instructions.

And the said estates having taken the proceedings above written to their confideration, do find and declare, That the lords of council, and conservers of peace, did behave themselves as faithful counsellors, loyal subjects, and good patriots, in tendering their humble endeavours for removing the distractions betwixt his majesty and his subjects, and in calling the commissioners for the common burdens, and by joint advice appointing the late meeting of convention, wherein they have approven themselves answerable to the duty of their places, and that trust committed to them; and therefore ratifies and approves their whole proceed. ings therein, and declares the said convention was lawfully called, and allo full and free in itself, consisting of all the members thereof, as any convention hath been at any time bygone; and ratifies and approves the leveral acts made by them, or their committee, for injoining the cove· vant.- And also, The said estates of parliament (but prejudice of the

premises, and of the general ratification above-mentioned) ratifies, approves and confirms the foresaid mutual league and covenant, concerning the reformation and defence of religion, the honour and happiness of the king, and the peace and safety of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland; together with the acts of the kirk and estate authorizing the same League and Covenant; together also with the fore. said articles of treaty agreed upon betwixt the said commissioners of the convention of estates of Scotland, and the commissioners of both the houses of parliament of England, concerning the faid Solemn League and Covenant.---And the said estates ordains the same acts, with the League and Covenant above-specified, Afts authorizing the same, and the articles of treaty foresaid, to have the full force and strength of perfect laws and acts of parliament, and to be observed by all his majesty's lieges, conform to the tenors thereof respective. Of the which League and Co. venant,the tenor follows.

ed at Scoon Tribed by Kino 1648, and


FOR Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Honour and Happiness of the

King, and the Peace and Safety of the Three Kingdoms of Scotland,', England and Ireland; agreed upon by Commisioners from the Parliament and Assembly of Divines in England, with Commissioners of the Convention of Estates and General Assembly in Scotland; approved by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and by both Houfes of Parliament and Asembly of Divines in England, and taken and subscribed by them, Anno 1643 ; and thereafter, by the faid Authority, taken and subscribed by all Ranks in Scotland and England the fame rear; and ratified by Act of the Parliament of Scotland, Anna 1644 ; and again renewed in Scotland, with an acknowledgment of Sins, and Engagement to Duties, by all Ranks, Anno 1648, and by Parliament 1649; and taken and subscribed by King Charles II.

at Spey, June 23. 1650; and at Scoon, January 1, 1651. W E noblemen, barons, knights, gentlemen, citizens, bur

W gefses, ministers of the gospel, and commons of all sorts, in the kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland, by the providence of GOD, living under one king, and being of one reformed religion, having before our eyes the glory of GOD, and the advancement of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, the honour and happiness of the king's majesty and his posterity, and the true publick liberty, safery, and peace of the kingdoms, wherein every one's private condition is included: And calling to mind the treacherous and bloody plots, conspiracies, attempts and practices of the enemies of God, against the true religion and professors thereof in all places, especially in these three kingdoms, ever since the reformation of religion; and how much their rage, power and presumption are of late, and at this time, increased and exercised, whereof the deplorable state of the church and kingdom of Ireland, the distressed estate of the church and kingdom of England, and the dangerous estate of the church and kingdom of Scotland, are present and publick testimonies: We have now at last (after other means of supplication, remonfIrance, protestation and fufferings) for the preservation of our


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