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A S S'Is T A N C E



À s

A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches

of Christ in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.


Approved Anno 1648, by the GenerAL ASSEMBLY of the CHURCH of

SCOTLAND, to be a Directory for Catechising such as are' of weaker Capacity.


Assembly at Edinburgh, July 28. 1648. Self. 19.

Act approving the SHORTER CATECHISM.

THE General Assembly having seriously confidered the Shorter Cater

chism agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines fitting at Westminster, with asistance of Commissioners from this Kirk; do find, upon due Examination thereof, that the said Catechism is agrecable to the Word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received Dotrine, Worsbip, Difcipline and Government of this Kirk: and therefore approve the faid Shorter Catechism, as a Part of the intended Uniformity, to be a Directory for Catechising such as are of weaker capacity.

A. KE R.

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Question 1. W HAT is the chief end of man?

W Answer. Man's chief end is, to glorify God a, and to enjoy him for ever b.

Q. 2. What rule hath God given to dire&t us how we may glorify and enjoy him?

A. The word of God, which is contained in the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments c, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him d.

Q: 3. What do the feriptures principally teach?

A. The scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man e.

Q. 4. What is GOD?
A. God is a fpiritf, infinite g, eternal h, and unchange-

able, 1.@ 1 Cor. x. 31. Whether there- righteousness. Eph. ii. 20. And are fore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever built upon the foundation of the ye do, do all to the glory of God. apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and thro' himself being the chief corner-stone. him, and to him are all things: to dr John i. 3. That which we whom be glory for ever. Amen. have seen and heard, declare we un

bPfa. lxxiii. 25. Whom have I in to you, that ye also may have fellowheaven but thee? and there is none hip with us: and truly our fellowship upon earth that I dehre besides thee. is with the Father, and with his Son V. 26. My flesh and my heart faileth: Jesus Christ. v. 4. And these things but God is the strength of my heart, write we unto you, that your joy and my portion for ever. v. 27. For may be full. to, they that are far from thee shall 3.6 2 Tim. i. 13. Hold fast the perith: thou hast destroyed all them form of sound words, which thou that go a whoring from thee, v. 28. haft heard of me, in faith and love But it is good for me to draw near which is in Christ Jesus, 2 Tim. iii. to God: I have put my trust in the 16. (See in letter ..) Lord God, that I may declare all 4.f John iy. 24. God is a spirit, thy works.

and they that worship him, must 2.c 2. Tim. ii. 16. All fcripture worship him in fpirit and in truth. is given by inspiration of God, and & Job xi. 7. Canst thou by searchis profitable for doctrine, for reproof, ing find out God canst thou find for correction, for instruction in



ablei, in his being k, wisdom I, power m, holiness n, justice, goodness and truth o.

Q. 5. Are there more gods than one?
A. There is but one only, the living and true God p.
Q. 6. How many persons are there in the Godhead?

A. There are three persons in the Godhead; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghoft; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory 9.

(). 7. What are the decrees of God?

A. The decrees of God are, his eternal purpose according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory,

, he out the Almighty unto perfection? thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? v. 8. It is as high as heaven, what for thou only art holy; for all nacicanit thou do? deeper than hell, ons shall come and worship before what canit thou knowi v. 0. The thee; for thy judgments are made meaiure thereof is longer than the manifeit. earth, and broader than the sea. Exod. xxxiv. 6. And the Lord

b Pfa, xc. 2. Before the mountains passed by before him, and proclaimwere brought forth, or ever thou ed, The Lord, the Lord God, therhadit formed the earth and the ciful and gracious, long-fuffering, world: even from everlasting to e- and abundant in goodness and truth, verlasting thou art God. . v:7. Keeping mercy for thoulands,

i James i. 17. Every good gift and forgiving iniquity and tranfgrellion every perfect gift is from above, and and fin, and that will by no ineans cometh down from the Father of clear the guilty; visiting the inilights, with whom is no variable- quity of the fathers upon the childneis, neither shadow of turning. ren, and upon the childrens child

k Exod. iii. 14. And God said un- ren, unto the third and to the fourth to Mofes, I AM THAT I AM; and generation. he said, thus shalt thou say unto the 5.p Deut. 6. 4. Hear, O Ifrael, children of Israel, I AM hath sent the Lord our God is one Lord. Jer. me unto you.

x. 10. But the Lord is the true God, IPfa.cxlvii. 5. Great is our Lord, he is the living God, and an everand of great power: his understand lasting King; at his wrath the earth ing is intinite.

shall tremble, and the nations shall m Rev. iv. 8. And the four beasts not be able to abide his indignation. had each of them fix wings about 6.9 1 John v 7. For there are him, and they were full of eyes with three that bear record in heaven, in: and they rest not day and night, the Father, the Word, and the Ho. saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God ly Ghost: and theie three are one. Almighty, which was, and is, and Mat. xxvii, 19. Go ye therefore is to come.

and teach all nations, baptizing * Rev, xv. 4. Who shall not fear them in the name of the Father,


he hath fore-ordained whatsoever comes to passr.

Q. 8. How doth God execute his decrees? :

A. God executeth his decrees in the works of creacion and providence.

Q. 9. What is the work of creation?

A. The work of creation is, God's making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of fix days, and all very good. ..Q. 10. How did God create man?

A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures t.

Q. 11. What are God's works of providence?
A. God's works of providence are, his most holyv, wisew,

and and of the Son, and of the Holy after our likeness; and let them Ghost.

have dominion over the fish of the 7.- Eph. i. 4. According as he sea, and over the fowl of the air, hath chofen us in him, before the and over the cattle, and over all the foundation of the world, that we earth, and over every creeping thing should be holy, and without blame that creepeth upon the earth, v. 27. before him in love. v. 11. In whom So God created man in his own ialso we have obtained an inheri- mage, in the image of God created tance, being predestinated accord. he him: male and female created ing to the purpose of him who work- he them. v. 28. And God blefled eth all things after the counsel of them, and God said unto them, Be his own will. Rom. ix. 22. What if fruitful, and multiply and replenith God willing to shew his wrath, and the earth, and fubdue it: and have to make his power known, endured dominion over the filh of the tea, and with much long-suffering the vef- over the fowl of the air, and over efels of wrath fitted to destruction; very living thing that moveth upon v. 23. And that he might make the earth. Col. iii. 10. And have known the riches of his glory on put on the new man, which is re- . the vessels of mercy, which he had newed in knowledge, after the image afore prepared unto glory?

of him that created him. Eph. iv. 9. S.Gen.i. throughout. Heb. xi. 24. And that ye put on the new 3. Through faith we understand man, which after God is created in that the worlds were framed by the righteouiness, and true holiness. word of God, so that things which 11. v Psal. cxlv. 17. The Lord is are seen were not made of things righteous in all his ways, and boly which do appear.

in all his works. 10.1 Gen, i. 26. And God said, Pia.civ: 24. O Lord, how maLet us make man in our own image, nifold are thy works : in wisdom haft


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