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A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches of Christ in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.


approved Anno 1648, by the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of the CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, to be a Directory for Catechising such as have made come Proficiency in the Knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.


Assembly at Edinburgh, July 2d, 1648. Sell. 10.

Act approving the LARGER CATechism.

THE General Assembly, having exactly examined and seriously confi.

dered the Larger Catechism, agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines fitting at Westminster, with asistance of Commissioners from this Kirk, copies thereof being printed, and sent to Presbyteries, for the more exact trial thereof, and publick intimation being frequently made in this Assembly, that every one that had any doubts or objections upon it might put them in; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the said Catechism is agrecable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worship, discipline and government of this Kirk; a necesary part of the intended uniformity in religion, and a rich treasure for increasing knowledge among the people of God: and therefore the Assembly, as they bless the Lord, that so excellent a Catechism is prepared; so they approve the fame, as a part of uniformity; agreeing, for their part, that it be a common Catechism for the three kingdoms, and a directory for Catechising such as have made fome preficiency in the knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.



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Question 1. W HAT is the chief and highest end of man?

W Answer. Man's chief and highest end is to

glorify God a, and fully to enjoy him for ever b. 0. 2. How doth it appear that there is a God?

A. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God declare plainly that there is a Godc: but his word and Spirit only do sufficiently and effectually reveal him unto men for their salvation d.

Q. 3: 1. a Rom. xi, 36. For of him, and as we are one. v. 23. I in them, and through him, and to him are all thou in me, that they may be made things: to whom be glory for ever, perfect in one, and that the world Amen. 1 Cor.x. 31. Whether there may know that thou hast fent me, fore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever and hast loved them, as thou hast ye do, do all to the glory of God. loved me.

Pfal.lxxiii. 24. Thou shalt guide 2. c Rom. i. 19. Because that me with thy counsel, and afterwards which may be known of God, is mareceive me to glory. v. 25. Whom nife in them; for God hath shewhave I in heaven but thee? and there ed it unto them. v. 20. For the inis none on earth that I desire besides visible things of him from the creathee, v. 26. My flelh and my heart tion of the world are clearly seen, faileth: but God is the strength of being understood by the things that my heart, and my portion for ever. are made, even his eternal power and v. 27. For lo they that are far from Godhead; so that they are without thee, fhall perish: thou shalt destroy excuse. Psal. xix. 1. The heavens all them that go a whoring from declare the glory of God: and the thee. v. 28. But it is good for me firmament Theweth his handy-work. to draw near to God: I have put my v. 2: Day unto day uttereth speech, trust in the Lord God, that I may and night unto night sheweth knowdeclare all thy works. John xvii. 21. ledge. v.3. There is no speech nor That they all may be one, as thou, language, where their voice is not Father, art in me, and I in thee: heard. Acts xvii. 28. For in him we that they also may be one in us: live, and move, and have our being. that the world may believe that thou d 1 Cor.ii.9. But as it is written, haft sent me. v. 22. And the glory Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, which thou gavest me, I have given neither have entered into the heart them: that they may be one, even of man, the things which God hath


Q. 3. What is the word of God? · A. The holy scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of Gode, the only rule of faith and obedience f.

Q. 4. How doth it appear that the scriptures are the word of God?, i

A. The scriptures manifest ihemselves to be the word of God, by their inajesty , and purity h; by the consent of all

thc prepared for them that love him. ly Gholt, v. 1o. But God hath revealed them fEph. ii. 20. And are built upon unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit the foundation of the apostles and searcheth all things, yea, the deep prophets, Jesus Christ himself being things of God. 2 Tim. ïü. 15. And the chief corner-stone. Rev.xxii, 18. that from a child thou hast known For I testify unto every man that the holy scriptures, which are able heareth the words of the prophecy to make the wise unto salvation, of this book, if any man ihail add through faith which is in Christ Je- unto these things, God thall add unfus. v. 16. All scripture is given by to him the plagues that are written inspiration of God, and is profitable in this book: v. 19. And if any man for doctrine, for reproof, for correc fhall take away from the words of tion, for instruction in righteousness: the book of this prophecy, God shall V. 17. That the man of God may be take away his part out of the book perfect, throughly furnished unto all of life, and out of the holy city, and good works. Ifa.lix. 21. As for me, from the things which are written this is my covenant with them, faith in this book. Isa, viii. 20. To the the Lord, My Spirit that is upon law and to the testimony: If they Ehee, and my words which I have speak not according to this word, it put in thy mouth, shall not depart is because there is no light in them. out of thy mouth, nor, out of the Luke xvi. 29. They have Moses and mouth of thy feed, nor out of the the prophets; let them hear them: mouth of thy seeds seed, faith the v. 31. If they hear not Moses and Lord, from henceforth and forever, the prophets, neither will they be

3.4 2 Tim, ii. 16. All scripture persuaded, though one rose from is given by inspiration of God, Pet. the dead. Gal.i. 8. But though we, i. 19. We have also a more sure or an angel from heaven, preach aword of prophecy; whereunto ye do ny other gospel unto you, than that well that ye take heed, as unto a which we have preached unto you, light that thineth into a dark place, let him be accursed. v.9. As we said until the day dawn, and the day- before, so say I now again, if any kar arise in your hearts: v. 20. man preach any other gospel unto, Knowing this first, that no prophe- you, than that ye have received, let cy of the scripture is of any private him be accursed. 2 Tim.iii. 15,16. interpretation. V. 21. For the pro- (See letter d.) phecy came not in old time by the 4. & Hosea viii, 12. I have written will of man: but holy men of God to him the great things of my law, fpake as they were maved by the Ho- but they were counted as a strange

the parts i, and the scope of the whole, which is to give all glory to Godk; by their light and power to convince and convert finners, to comfort and build up believers unto salva. tion 1: but the Spirit of God bearing witness by and with the scriptures in the heart of man, is alone able fully to persuade it that they are the tery word of God m.

Q. 5. thing. I Cor. i. 6. Howbeit we ting then? It is excluded. By what speak wisdom among them that are \law? of works? Nay: but by the perfect: yet not the wisdom of this law of faith, world, nor of the princes of this Acts xviii. 28. For he mightily world, that come to nought, v.7. convinced the Jews, and that puBut we speak the wisdom of God in blickly, shewing by the scriptures, a myitery, even the hidden wisdom that Jesus was Christ. Heb. iv. 12. which God ordained before the For the word of God is quick, and world unto our glory. v. 13. Which powerful, and sharper than any twothings also we speak, not in the edged sword, piercing even to the words which man's wisdom teach- dividing afunder of soul and {pirit.. éth, but which the holy Ghost teach- and of the joints and marrow, and éch; comparing spiritual things with is a difcerner of the thoughts and fpiritual. Pfal. cxix. 18. Open thou intents of the heart. James i. 18. mine eyes, that I may behold won Of his own will begat he us with the drous things out of thy law. v. 1296 word of truth, that we should be a Thy testimonies are wonderful : kind of first fruits of his creatures. therefore doth my soul keep them. Pfal. xix. 7. The law of the Lord is

b Psal. xii. 6. The words of the perfect, converting the foul: the tef. Lord are pure words: as silver tried timony of the Lord is sure, making in a furnace of earth, purified seven wise the fimple. v.8. The statutes times. Pfal, cxix. 140. Thy word of the Lord are right, rejoicing the is very pure: therefore thy fervant heart: the commandment of the loveth it.

. . . Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. i Acts x. 43. To him give all the v.9. The fear of the Lord is clean, prophets witness, that through his enduring for ever: the judgments of name whosoever believeth in him, the Lord are true and righteous alshall receive remission of fins, Acts together. Rom. xv. 4. For whatioXxvi. 22. Having therefore obtain everthings were written afore-time, ed help of God, I continue unto this were written for our learning; that day, witnefling both to small and we through patience and comfort great, faying none other things than of the scriptures might have hope. those which the prophets and Mofes Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I did say should come.

commend you to God, and to the de Rom. iii, 19. Now we know that word of his grace, which is able to what things foever the law faith, it build you up, and to give you an faith to them whoare under the law: inheritance among all them who are. chiat every mouth may be stopped, fanctified. and all the world may become guil. m John rvi. 13. How;beit, whe sy before God. v.27. Where is boar. he the Spirit of truth is come, he

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