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bid you good morning.”—Hout, years. But a change has taken place man, diuna gang awa sae soon; come in the morals and manners of the up and see the lasses again, and tak a common people, not less striking thân Welsh rabbit wi' John and me." I that which those who remember Edinwas deaf to his entreaties, however, and burgh fifty years ago must have reran off amidst cries of “Mind the morn marked in the accommodation and ha

the day I mean--and come ower bits of the higher ranks of this metrosoon.'

polis. To what cause this change for The streets in Edinburgh on New- the worse in a people hitherto accountyear's-day, all the working-classes ed singularly correct in moral and rebeing idle, were filled with people of ligious duties is to be attributed, it is both sexes, on parties of pleasure or for the philosopher and political ecovisits of kindness. All the children nomist to judge. Want of that eduwere taken to visit their relatives or cation which a Scottish father, howfriends, and share in the spoils of cake ever poor, was accustomed to give to and sweetmeats, which even the low. his offspring, I should, without hesiest provided on this occasion. The tation, set down as one of the most water-carriers and milk-women, in prominent ; for certainly the same tljeir daily visits to their customers, anxiety is not now exhibited by pawere treated with a dram, and cheese rents in the lower classes of society, and bread or buns ; but, as the innu- to suffer privations that their children merable glasses offered could not be may enter on the world with advancontained in one stomach, they were tages superior to their own. But, in use to carry bottles for the recep- be that as it may, the New-year's day tion of the superabundant liquor. The rejoicings in Edinburgh got a check joyous look of the people, most of on the 31st of December, 1811, which them in their Sunday clothes, might will deter many from appearing in have told a stranger it was a season of the streets on similar occasions. Degladness ; and though not a few, pravity had been making a slow and whoin prudence had not taught to silent, but perceptible advance, and it measure their potations by their abi- burst out on that night with tremena, lity to carry the intoxicating load, dous consequences. A combination were reeling here and there, yet even had been formed by a number of these lost not their general character young men and boys of the lowest for sobriety by a New-year's day ex- rank and most depraved habits, to take cess. The forenoon, spent in visiting, advantage of the unsuspecting confi. was succeeded by family-dinners, dence with which the citizens of Edinwhere those whom nature has con- burgh had been accustomed to walk nected together drew the ties of friend- the streets on the last evening of the ship and afii ction still closer round year. They had provided themselves the little circle, by mutual wishes for with bludgeons from the neighbouring mutual success. I visited Mrs Calli- shrubberies, and at the hour of eleven manky in the forenoon, to ask for my the streets presented a scene little inold friend, whom a slight headache ferior in horror to that of a city taken had put out of order; and went punc- by storm. Every well-dressed person tually at three to dinner, where I met was surrounded by parties of this Mrs M'Guffie and her daughters, and band, and, whether resisting or not, formed an acquaintance with Mr John was knocked down and robbed. One Ginimerpet, the young man whom unfortunate policeman, whose general his uncle had rescued from the clutch- activity marked him out as an object es of the town-guard ;- the conse- of vengeance, was murdered with cir. quence of which was an invitation to cumstances of great cruelty; and a Windlestrawlee, along with Mr and gentleman from Leith died of the Mrs Callimanky, to repeat the plea- injuries he received a few days after. sures of the time in the enjoyment of Numerous others were severely hurt Auld Handset Mununday, as aunty in the attempt to defend themselves Betty was pleased to terin it, in the and their property; and the savage country.

band continued to keep possession of

the streets, in defiance of the civil Such were the New-year’s-days of power, till four o'clock next morning. Edinburgh in former times, and such low they were allowed to carry on they continued to be for very many their depredations on the peaceable

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inhabitants so long was matter of sur- and the apparatus of death next mornprise, as troops might have been pro- ing met the eye in dismal blackness, cured from the Castle in half an hour. and as if raised by enchantment, in But such an occurrence was matter the centre of the principal street. To scarcely « within the compass of be- prevent all interruption from associates lief," either of the persons charged in guilt, so numerous as it was proved with the police of the city, or of the this association had been, the streets inhabitants.

were lined at one o'clock from the TolThe chief depredators were, how: booth (now removed) to the place of eter, son after seized ; and, betrayed execution, by strong detachments of by their accomplices, (for there is no the Renfrew and Perthshire Militia ; friendship among the wicked) many the first regiment of Local Militia was others were taken into custody. The stationed in Hunter's Square; a troop watclics

, seals, &c., had been deposite of the 6th Dragoon Guards at the ed on that evening by MʻIntosh, one of Royal Exchange; and a piquet of vothe leaders, in a hole dug in a park lunteers was assembled in the Parliaat the Meadows, and afterwards re- ment Close. Constables and policemen moved by him and Sutherland, ano were also placed at all the avenues to ther of the party, who fled with the the High Street, to prevent the passage booty to Glasgow. The activity of of horses or carriages. A little before the police and magistrates soon traced two o'clock the magistrates and three the fugitives ; and Sutherland and of the city ministers proceeded from f*Intosh were seized in that city, and the Council Chambers in the Royal the watches traced in their transmis- Exchange to the Tolbooth ; and after sion to other hands. Skelton, one of nearly an hour, spent as usual in dethe

gang, was tried before the High votion, the criminals were brought Court of Justiciary on the 21 of forth to receive the sentence of the March, and found guilty, but after- law. wards pardoned ; and Macdonald, The crowd on the street, the broadM'Intosh, and Sutherland, and three est in the city, was at this tirne ime others who had made their escape, mense. Every window of its high were brought to trial on the 20th of houses was crowdled, every place that Wareh, for the murder of Dugald could command a view of the scene Campbell

, police watchman, and ten was occupied ; and even the spires of Wher charges of robbery and assault. the Tron Church and St Giles, where After a long trial, which lasted till accessible, were clothed with spectafour o'clock" next morning, the three tors. Except the line protected by the young men were found guilty ; M'- military for the procession, and the Intosh of the murder, (for there was little space round the platform, the evidence of his striking the unfortu- whole street presented a mass of humate man with a bludgeon on the head man beings, larger than was ever beas he lay on the pavement,) and Su- fore witnessed in Edinburgh. The therland and Macdonald for robbery high constables first appeared, all and assault ;--and all the three were dressed in black, and walking four and sentenced to be executed on the 22d four; then followed the magistrates of April

, on a gibbet erected for the in their robes, preceded by their offipurpose, in the centre of the High cers : and the criminals were next seen Street

, and opposite to the place where bare-headed, and each accompanied by the watchman was so cruelly mur a clergymap, walking in solemn and

affecting pace, unconscious of the ten An execution, for a long period of thousand gazers around them, to the time, was a rare occurrence in Edin- place from which they were to return burgh; and the necessity of the ex no more alive. A large party of extra suple, fortunately for the country, constables to the amount of one hunwas but seldom required. The riots dred and fifty, also dressed in mournwhich led to the condemnation of the ing, closed the procession. three young men were still fresh in The culprits, whose youth excited the meinory of the inhabitants, and an much commiseration, all of them Uncommon interest in their fate was being under twenty, and M'Intosh excited . The gibbet and dror, with a

not much above sixteen years of age, deeent attention to public feeling, was mounted the scaffold, attended by the put up, as it generally is, at midnight; clergymen and magistrates; and a

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hymn was sung, which, froin its stric effect; and when the clergyman read the king application to the circumstances out the hymn, and lifted up his hands with a of the unfortunates, gave additional to begin the concluding prayer, the les solemnity to the scene. The services whole multitude took off their hats, entre ! of the Scottish Church, though destic and remained uncovered during the 24 ur do tute of all parade and imposing forms, continuance of the worship. At last centre have often struck me as peculiarly af- the prayer ended; the clergymen fecting from their simplicity; and I and magistrates descended from the se lo know not that I ever felt half so much platform ; and the executioner pro- uz Da moved by “the pealing anthem” of a ceeded to his office. A tear glistencathedral choir, as by the untutored ed in the eye of MʻIntosh as he looked it in expressions of praise from a multitude up for a moment at the fatal gibbet. dependingin of human voices at a tent-preaching in The poor creatures took leave of one an- Large the country. The deep interest of the other—the drop fell—and a convulsive created worshippers on the present occasion, shudder, and articulate sighs from tena and the greatness of the Being ad- thousand bosoms, testified the public dressed, together with praises from feelings at the fate of the victims, and mustela many thousand tongues who joined in the regret that such an example had the service, had altogether a sublime had become necessary in Edinburgh. bela



Schlenkert's Rudolph of Habsburg. Ir it be allowable to judge of the con- the adoption of all or any of these dition as well as of the character of a Teutonic-shall we say varieties or nation from its literature, we may mongrels?-wethink that some knowboldly decide, that the Germans posa ledge of them may prove useful, as a con sess, amongst other things, a wonder- contribution to the natural history ful superabundance of leisure. Their of either literature or the human authors appear to take up their pens mind, and are accordingly about to without feeling the slightest impa- give an account of one of them. We tience to get to the end of their tasks, must, however, in the first place, enor anticipating any possibility of such treat the English reader not to throw a sensation arising in the breasts of down our paper in alarm at the repretheir readers. The consequence of this sentation now following of its subject, unbounded confidence in the public but to trust to our experience of his earlier patience and perseverance is, that in habitual hurry, for giving our lengthylen their works of imagination, they de- original, with all practicable brevity: 2 velope the concatenation of events, The particular non-descript which the the state of the hearts and minds(with we desire to introduce to his acquaintevery the smallest variation) of their ance, is a sort of Play in four rolumes, personages, imparting even their most named in its own native lanı " A hisabstract opinions, the fluctuations of torical-romantic Picture !" It is in those opinions, and the discussions that fact a dramatic life of its hero, whom may give rise to such fluctuations, it commonly selects from amongst the with a minuteness of detail somewhat most distinguished characters of Gerstartling to writers accustomed to ca man history. As a speciinen of these, ter for the amusement of this busy “ Historisch- Romantische Gemühlde," country.

we have taken the “ RudolPH OF To the same cause which has given HABSBURG,” of Frederic Christian to this whole genus of composition Schlenkert, the author of some other such a character of circumstantiality, works of a similar kind, who, in his may probably be attributed the exist- performance, professes to present tous, ence of certain species in the order, in a picturesque manner, a full, true, which, though frequent in Germany, and particular life of the first Emperor are, we believe, unknown in all other of the reigning family of Austria. parts of Europe. Now, although we This Biography) in scenes, is diviby no means propose to recommend ded into four parts, the first, painting

Audolph's youth, the second, his Certainly by mere accident, my ho-
early manhood, as reigning Count of noured lady.
Habsburg, and Landgrave of Alsace; Empress. The fire upon your cheeks
the third and fourth, his conduct as disproves your words. You know the
Emperor. Each part forms a volume, stately comrades.
and is divided into three periods, com Lady Anna. By my innocence, I do
prising some more, some fewer years not. Their wearing my colour has
of the hero's life. To each period is surely been the sport of chance.
attached a separate Dramatis Personæ. The Empress continues to teaze
The whole is in prose, except the de- Anna, and Anna to defend herself,
dication ; that is written in blank more at length than we are inclined
terse, and is addressed to the manes to give their conversation. The Ema
of the Emperor Leopold the II. peror and his courtiers discuss the

The first period of the first part, is merits, and probable names and sucintroduced by a preliminary narrative cess of the two champions. Meanaccount of the troubles that disturbed while the jousting proceeds, and the the last Hohenstauffen Emperor Fre- two unknown knights overthrow all deric the Second, during his latter their opponents. When most of the years,- of his son Henry's rebellion, others have fallen, the Falcon Knight, which recalled him from his wars with after various courtesies, unhorses Manthe refractory Lombards,-of the re- fred, and the Lion Knight, (we do bels subjugation and condemnation, not well comprehend how,) in run--of the negociations for Frederic's ning a tilt, lifts Burkhard, Anna's third marriage,-and finally, of the brother, out of his saddle, and replaces conclusion of his nuptials with the him in it. This leads to compliments. English Princess Isabella, in the 1235, Burkhard solicits admittance into the upon which occasion he knighted 36 brotherhood ; the Lion Knight exnoble youths, amongst whom the most claims rapturously, “ Brother in arms, distinguished were his own natural and " This unfinished sentence son Manfred, afterwards King of Sicily, gives rise to more imperial jests against and Rudolph of Habsburg.

Anna, and more blushes upon her The drama itself opens with a tour. part, whilst the Emperor bestows the nardent, held in honour of the Impe- highest praises upon the unknown rial wedding. The Emperor and Em- knights. During this conversation, press, with the elderly, ecclesiastical, Ulrick of Regensberg presents himand female portion of their court, self to encounter the Lion Knight, occupy an elevated station; the judges and is thrown to the ground, when he of the tournament, and the younger attacks him sword in hand.

The knights are in the lists. Amongst these judges prevent the Lion Knight from last

appear Manfred, Burkhard of alighting to accept the challenge, by Hohenberg, and Ulrick of Regens- declaring it to be contrary to the laws berg, a relation of the Abbot of St of the tournament. They then proGallen, and hereditary chamberlain to nounce that the tournament itself is the Abbey. Two stately knights with closed, and that the highest prize must closed visors, resembling each other in be divided between the Lion and Faltheir armour

, and in the green colour con Knights. These adventurers reof their scarfs

, and distinguished only fuse a division, asserting that a still by their different crests, -a Lion and higher prize, which only one can posa Falcon, ride into the lists. The Em- sess, depends upon the impending deperor observes, “ A pair of gallant ad- cision. They then encounter each venturers."

other; the Falcon Knight loses his Empress. Brothers probably. They stirrups; bis antagonist remains unare exactly alike in colour and ar- moved, and at the same instant em

braces him warmly, exclaiming, “ BroCount Albert of Habsburg, Rudolph's ther, it is mine, it is mine! You are father. Perhaps only brothers in arms, vanquished ! Yours be the first prize

of the tournament, mine the inestiLmpress (to Lady Anna of Hohene mable prize, the privilege of entering ber:) If my eyes deceive me not, fair the lists of love." demsel , both wear your favourite co · Falcon Knight. Leave me, thou

mighty one! I cannot stand against Ledy Anna (blushing very deeply.) thee!

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"dread lady.


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Lion Knight, (releasinghim from his Rudolph. We will pass over a scene embrace, and offering his hand.) We in which the Empress seems to wish remain friends.

she could exchange Frederic for RuFalcon Knight, (giving his hand doph, and then seeks to console herwarmly.) Friends, and brothers in self by playing upon the youthful hearms unto death !

ro and Anna, and set before our read. The successful Knights are now ers the manner in which Hieronymus summoned to receive their prizes from performs his engagement. the fair hands of the Empress Isabel We find the Emperor and the Astrola. He of the Lion takes off his hel- loger tête-a-tête in the private chamber met, and Anna, with a rapid glance of the former. The latter, after much and burning blush, recognizes Ru- obscure discourse, in which every andolph of Habsburg. The young Em- swer seems wrung from him, gives the press appears to be deeply impressed imperial querist, in the name of the by his beauty, and requires all the stars, a lofty panegyric and favourable time afforded her, by the father's de- prognostication touching Isabella, prolight, and the Emperor's eulogies, to nounces Prince Henry to be fallen for recover herself. She then, in rather ever, and prophesies every virtue and long and solemn orations, distributes all success and happiness to Prince the prizes; the first to Rudolph, the Conrad, Frederic's second son, now second to the Falcon Knight, who intended for his heir, as also to his ilproves to be Meinhard, Count of the legitimate offspring. The Emperor, Tyrol, and the third to Burkhard of highly pleased with these communiHohenberg. The Emperor expresses cations, inquires respecting the forhis admiration of her eloquence, and tunes of the three heroes of the late leads her off to the banquet, giving tournament. Hieronymus, whilst turndirections that the three Hopes, mean- ing over his papers, privately expresses ing the three wearers of green, shall his satisfaction at being saved the be placed together.

trouble of leading to the subject. He We have given this first scene as then speaks very favourably of the much at length as we could venture three en masse, proceeds to the sepato do without fearing to tire our read- rate character of each, and when he ers, both as we think it in some degree comes to Rudolph, hastily collects his interesting as a German representation papers, with the exclamation, “Noof a tournament, and as it affords a thing of him!” fair specimen of the general manner of Emperor. Why not, good Master? the work. We will now endeavour to Hieronymus. He surpasses them all. get forward rather faster, confining our No mortal master of astrology can folextracts to such parts as appear to ex- low his eagle flight. hibit the peculiar characteristics of the Emperor, (carnestly.) What mean author. After a couple of scenes be- you ? tween the old Counts of Habsburg and Hieronymus. Nothing, my most Hohenberg, and between their sons, dread Lord and Emperor. My mouth respecting the loves and future mar- grows dumb, my eyes dark, all my riage of Rudolph and Anna, we come senses fail me, when the terribly splento the vanquished and angry Ulrick did vision of this one man forces itself of Regensberg and his uncle the Ab- upon my imagination. bot, who with some trouble persuades Emperor, (with bitterness.) That I his nephew not to attack Rudolph have observed both yesterday and toopenly, but to trust the care of re- day. Master Hieronymus is all respect venging his defeat to him. Ulrick at and humility, when he addresses this last agrees, and leaves the Abbot to wonderful man. arrange the business with the Court

Hieronymus. I act not thus from Astrologer Hieronymus. These two myself; the master must bow his neck worthy persons take some pains, ap- even lower than ordinary men under parently not very successfully, to de- the yoke of necessity. ceive each other. In the end, the Astro Emperor. Must he? That is in loger pockets a purse offered him in truth incomprehensible ! pure charity by the Abbot, and pro Hieronymus. Try yourself. See if mises to give the Emperor fair warn- the Emperor can contend against Neing of the dangers which threaten his cessity. The Emperor will fail. family from the future prosperity of Emperor. Then even the Emperor

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