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be med brief wit says. Another of the wrongs consistency, his biographer accuses

enumerated is, that Hume asleep, ut- Hume of having written an account of

tered these words, “ Je tiens, Jean the quarrel to his friends in France, EDELL' Jacques Rousseau,” which, if true, he and of not having written ;-in short,

ought to have been more proud of than he has not left a letter unrummaged, 100k B2 the esteem of princes. The chief and nor a scrap unquoted, that might at ned parts only charge worth consideration is, all be brought to bear against the =h banks whether Hume was privy to Walpole's character of the person whom he calls to the di letter; and Rousseau, in one of his ironically the « bon David.The icle , shti letters

, declares himself contented to absolute nothingness of his research is

rest the dispute on this one considera- surprising; we did not think it in the isten , antion

. Walpole writes, that he never nature of hospitality, that any one

spoke of it to Hume, and that he even could have lived a public life--both Vor refused visiting Rousseau, merely be- political and literary, as Hume did, bis trio cause he had the letter ridiculing him leave his writings, his letters, and his t th in his pocket. The reasons drawn actions, open to the world, and yet a bussi from Hume's correspondence, which escape so perfectly free from the slight

Mr M. P. brings to support this as- est imputation. His benevolence to 50 sertion, and for the sake of producing Rousseau need not be again repeated ; ad dispe which, he seems to have compiled his the trouble he took, the expedients he

two volumes, there being nothing else used not to wound the distempered at lead in them new,-are simply these pas- sensibility of the unfortunate man, are

sages: " Tell Madame de Boufflers,” peculiarly remarkable in such a pas

says Hume, at the end of his letters to sionless character. The only time he pudia Madame de Barbantance, * " that the ever replied with warmth and harshtrofer only pleasantry I have permitted with ness to Rousseau, was when the latter

respect to the pretended letter of the spoke wrongfully of D'Alembert. The

King of Prussia, fell from myself at French critic has been more successful i land the table of Lord Ossory.” This, of in impeaching the sincerity of Wal

course, was after the publication of the pole, from whose correspondence he becnie letter. The other convincing extract produces two extracts injurious to pop up brought forward, is from Madame de Hume; and which indeed no one

Boufflers herself, who accusis Hume, would expect to see from the pen of that one of the expressio..s in Wal- the man, who would not visit Rouspole's letter was a common one of his seau, because he had a letter quizzing omn ;-this Hume in answer denies. him in his pocket. But for all the The dry statement of these charges, stress laid on them by the biographer, and what they rest upon, is quite suf- they weigh but litile even against fixient --more contemptible special Walpole : one is confined to the hispleading in criticism never met our torical work of Hume, and expresses

a contempt for the French admiration To substantiate the term ignorance, of it, and the other is too general to which we have applied to the de- be considered injurious. He writes to famer of Hume, we will quote ano- George Montague : ther specimen from this work. Rous “ The jesuits, methodists, politiseau longing to be completely isolated cians, and philosophers, Rousseau the and retired, wished to depart immedi- hypocrite, Voltaire the wit, the Encyately for Wales ;--Hume says, that he clopedists, the Humes, the Fredericks, "fuit naitre," caused obstacles to be are in my eyes but impostors. The thrown in the way of this scheme. species varies, and that is all they Mr Musset-Pathay, not knowing that have for their end but interest or there is any difference between Staf- fame.” fordshire and Wales, accuses Hume And pray what was the end of all of raising obstacles to the journey to Horace Walpole's thoughts and acWootton, and thus openly encouraging tions? Impertinent scribbling, which what privately he counteracted. Mr he had the good sense to confine to II

. P. should have learned geography the knowledge of himself and friends, before he turned critic. Rousseau, in and which those friends had the imhis complaint, accuses the English for prudence to give to the world after his having visited him, and for having death. But comparisons between the neglected to visit him. With equal sincerity of literary society in the two

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* Dated February, 1766.

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countries, by whatever party they are annoyed by the crowds of visitors, institute, must redound to the honour which curiosity attracted to his garret. of England. In their relations with They have all mostly preserved their one another, the soi-disant philoso- different accounts in the Anas of the phers of France, during the 18th cen- time; and news from the Rue Platriere tury, including the great Frederick was then in Paris, what a corner of a lethimself, conducted themselves more ter from Italy is at present to us. Among like the fry of a day-school, than an those whom he became intimate with, 李健 si the assemblage of genius and respectabi- was Sophie Arnoud, the actress; he lity. The Humes, the Robertsons, even dined with her frequently; but the Smiths, neither flogged nor lam- supper, the convivial meal of that day, pooned each other.

was too late for his habits. Some of Therèse, the mistress or wife of the young gallants of the time were lead Rousseau, whichever she was, excited continually tormenting Sophie to keep ikan keras continual disturbances, according to Jean Jacques for supper, that they her custom, in the family of Mr Da- might obtain a sight of him. She venport, who, notwithstanding the had frequently endeavoured to detain breach with Hume, still proffered his him, but could never succeed; she friendship. On the 1st of May, 1767, therefore thought of an expedient to Jean Jacques made off from Wootton, satisfy the importunities of her faleaving all his effects behind him in shionable guests. The tailor of the his fright and hurry. He soon after theatre was not unlike Rousseau, and was established in Castle of Trie, she compelled this tailor to fit himself by the Marquis of Mirabeau, with with a dress similar to that worn by whom he commenced a correspondence, the other—the wig, the brown coat, and who pressed him in vain to take and the long heavy cane. And inup the pen once more. Jean Jacques structing him to hold his head down, declared himself dead to literature and his tongue tight, she seated the we believe he had become totally inca- mock Jean Jacques by her side at suppable of mental exertion. In June per. The guests spoke at him in vain, 1768, he ran away from Trie, because the tailor sat imperturbably silent, unthey would not give him any cabbage, til the wine began to drive out of his and settled successively at Bourguoin head the lessons of prudence he had reand Monquin. Here he gives hinn- ceived. The fun of it was, that at last self up to the study of botany, and he out-talked them all, and they seforsakes politics and polemics, to parated, each to recount to his friend “ menhler la tête de foin,” as he says. the wonderful esprit of Jean Jacques. Here also he contrived to take revenge But the most amusing anecdote is of Voltaire, by subscribing to the sta- that told by Madame de Genlis, in her tue about to be erected to that philo- Souvenirs de Felicie. sopher ;-Voltaire was extremely an “ My first interview with Jean noyed, and endeavoured to have his Jacques," relates this lady,“ does not subscription refused. In June 1770, do much honour to my discernment; Rousseau took up his residence in but it was of so coinic and singular a Paris, having joyfully obtained per- nature, that I cannot help recalling it. mission : the reason he gives for pre- . I had been in Paris about six months, ferring the metropolis to his beloved and was then eighteen years of age. retirement, is not very intelligible. Although I had never read a line of He writes, " that honour and duty, his works, I felt a great desire to see call him ;" if honour and duty bc va a man so celebrated, and who partiriety, the reason is plain. On his set-, cularly interested me as the author of tling in Paris, he hired a chamber in the Devin du Village. But Rousseau the Rue Platriere, now Rue Jean was savage in the extreme, and absoJacques Rousseau, opposite the post- lutely refused either to pay or receive office, where he remained till a little visits of any kind. At any rate, I before his death, wholly occupied in had not the courage to make the atcopying music, if we except the Ré- tempt, but merely expressed my deveries du Remeneur Solitaire.

sire to be acquainted with him, withDuring the eight years that elapsed out any hopes of having my desire fulbetween Rousseau's settling in Paris, filled. One day Mr de Sauvigny, who and his departure for Ermenonville, sometimes saw. Rousseau, told me in he was at times delighted and at times confidence, that Mr de


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of risken playing me a trick, by bringing, some was gone, and no longer any restraint, t his care evening, Preville, the comedian, to our I set iyself to laugh away all the huerred tabouse

, disguised as Jean Jacques Rous- mour his presence had suppressed. Mr !nas of de scau, and who would act in consonance de * * was astonished, and regarded me Le Plane with the habit he had assumed. The with a discontented and displeased der of the idea made me laugh, and I promised countenance. “You see, at length, 1. Ansmyself much amusement by pretende says I, that you have not deceived nate willing to be the dupe of the trick.”

You're piqued at your want of TES, Šereral weeks passed without any success. But could you really supmitly; ks sign of Preville; but Rousseau him- pose me so simple as to take Preville that da. self

, who wished to hear Madame de for Jean Jacques ?" . Preville ? Sope Genlis play upon the harp, visited her 'Yes, you may deny it, but you can't ime wat one evening, introduced by Sauvigny. persuade me.' Why, girl, your ie to ha? She takes Jean Jacques for Preville brain's turned.' - s confess that that they acting the character. I confess," Preville was charraing, perfect ; no im. $ continues she, “I never saw any thing one could act better ; but I'll engage,

sy comic as the figure, and so took it, that with the exception of the cossed; she without hesitation, for a mask. His tume, he has not at all imitated Rousdiento coat, his chesnut-coloured stockings, seau. He has represented a very anni

ber is his little round wig, in short, his able old man, but nothing like Jean r of whole costume and appearance, pre- Jacques, who certainly would have

sented to my eyes but the scene of a thought me most extravagant, and comedy most inimitably acted. Ne- been scandalized at such a reception.' vertheless, that I might seem to

“ At these words Mr de * * and Mr be deceived with the joke, making a de Sauvigny laughed immoderately, wondrous effort, I kept my counte- and I began to have doubts of my hance, and after a few words of polite- sagacity. They explained, and what ness, sat down. The conversation, was my confusion on learning that bappily for me, was gay enough, i I had received the veritable Jean bell my tongue, but could not help, for Jacques Rousseau in this pretty mana the life of me, now and then bursting ner. I declared I never could see him into prodigious fits of laughter. This again, if they discovered to him my extravagant gaiety seemed not to dis- stupidity; they promised they would please Rousseau-he said the prettiest not, and kept their words. What is things in the world of youth and most singular is, that this conduct young people. Preville, thinks I to won me the good graces of Rousseau. myself," has more talent than one He told Mr Sauviguy that I was the would expect; Rousseau himself would most natural, gay, unpretending young not be half só agreeable, besides that person he had ever met; and certainmy laughter would have offended him. ly without the mistake that had furHe addressed me; I was not in the nished me with such a cause of mirth, least embarrassed; I answered, cava- he would have found nothing in me lierly

, every thing that came in my but bashfulness and timidity. As I bead. He found me quite original, owed my success to error, I cannot be and I thought that he acted his part very proud of it. Knowing thenceto perfection. Preville seemed never forward all the indulgence of Rousto have acted so well upon the stage seau, I saw him without embarrassas in my chamber, yet I thought he ment, and felt always perfectly at ease had represented Rousseau with too in his company. I have never seen a much indulgence and bonhomie. I man of letters so amiable in converplayed upon the harp, sung some airs sation ;-he spoke of himself with simof the Devin du Village, and laughed plicity, and of his enemies with modeeren to tears at the praises he uttered ration; he rendered justice to the meof his Devin. He looked at me always rits of Voltaire, and said it was imposwith a smile, as at a good-humoured sible that the author of Merope and infant; and on leaving us, he pro- Zaire did not possess a soul of great mised to return next day to dinner. sensibility. He spoke also of his conHe had so much diverted us, that I fessions, and told us he had read them Leaped for joy at his promise, and con- to Madame d'Egmont. And at the ducted him to the door, saying all the same time said, that I was too young polite things imaginable. When he to obtain from him the same mark of

tiende line, or from any is

a $

We must presume that I

confidence.' He then asked me, had Locke to him, without seeming aware tid'd

; the arm went like to I read his works ? A little embarrasse that he is but quoting the English me Chally.back and for fe ed at the question, I answered, No. taphysician.

I cheerred the fourt He wished to learn, why?--this em “ 'Il partait toujours d'un principe, sels death. As soon as barrassed me more, especially as his fruit de son imagination blessée, prin- sumed that posture, I in look was fixed on me. His eyes are cipe qu'il ne pouvait examiner senséi mi o hear hin start some fi very small, and sunk in his head, yet ment; mais les conséquences qu'il en sposition

, nor was It they seemed to penetrate into the

very tirait etaient toutes dans les règles de sal la was in one of soul of the person he interrogated. It la plus saine logique, de façon qu'on szalesid to me abrupt- a appeared to me, that he would have ne pouvait qu' être infiniment etonné bor shy I give Tasa o discovered instantly any thing like a de le voir, sur le même fait, si sage ena si prietence ? – No, falsehood or excuse. Thus I had not semble et si fou."

1 difficult to con. I much merit in declaring, as I did

But if we could doubt the insanity so zviting to the most ro frankly to him, that the reason was of a man of genius, who walked about wazn, the good fortune that his works contained many things the streets of Paris in an Armenian ace Homor and Virgil, a against religion. * You know,' re- cloak and caftan, and who played cup be the beauties of both s plied he, “that I am not a Catholic, and ball after having written Emile, ses

, and avoided their in but no one can have spoken of the gospel the following account is convincing it is something in with more conviction. I then thought It is also interesting to those who are strument ; ' but do you myself rid of his questions, when he given to the ungrateful amusement of


mis- fc asked me, Why I blushed ? • For comparing the living with the deadfear of displeasing you, I answered but caparisons are odoriferous," lause "understand you," } him excessively. He told me that

his shadesof similarity; but to speak plaisas a low could he forestala writings were not fit for

my age, but it is impertinent to compare per the sea. I know not how, a few years. He spoke much of the noble author of Childe Harold, directmanner in which he had composed the ing with his poetic pen, the sucklades el Paso has this pee wrote all the letters of Julie on fine easy's of children--writing volumes little note paper, with vignettes, which about the alphabet, and running for he folded up into billets, and then cakes :- and yet for all this there is a perused them in his walks with as striking analogy between the characmuch pleasure as if he had received ters, that tempts us at times to allow them from an adored mistress. He him the name of the patrician-Rousrecited Pygmalion for us, standing seau. The extraordinary sympathy and gesticulating, in a manner truly of both for Tasso, is one striking energetic and just. He had a very point of union. agreeable smile, was communicative, “ For a long time,” says Mr Coand often gay,&c.

rançey, speaking of Rousseau, “ I had Madame de Genlis unluckily asked perceived a striking change in his phyhim to accompany her to the theatre; siognomy; it often appeared in a state he went, but never spoke to her after, of convulsion, so as to render the feasaying, she wished to shew him like a tures impossible even to be recognized, bear in a cage.

and the whole expression horrific. Whether we attribute Rousseau's “ In this state lis look seemed to conduct in England to simple ingra- embrace the totality of space, and his titude or to insanity, there can be no eyes seemed as if they perceived every doubt that his intellect was deranged object at the same time; but, in realisome years before his death. Corançeyty, they saw nothing. He used also applies the definition of insanity in to turn in his chair, and pass his arm

bas predicted
made a morement, he se

ex nst himself ; but, in na erdicted them. Have

te fu cannot take from a lapele strophe, nor from

bon, Fithout disarrana ( e pern, so precise is it ! karya tegether. Very well, I strophe I speak of-the i a mifa, it rests perfect; La connexion with those i follow it-it is abso

Bu zreluntarily, and withtinding it himself – but I

cited to me this wonby it's in the mouth of

on of May

, 1778, Rous. la menonville, where ang make up his residence to Girardin. His wife, til isual, the cause of Meie pleaded ill health, sy of country air. It

Canto XIL

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• He was in the habit of reacing his Confessions to select circles, till Madame D'Epinay obtained the interference of the police to prevent him.

† It is wkispercd, that another point of resemblance has taken place : that the noble author has written his Life, or Confessions, and has made a noble use of them in presenting the manuscript to a celebrated poet, whom misfortune, more than imprudence, had involved in debt. The sale of the copy-right will, it is said, enable the latter to return to England, and take up his residence among his countrymen. The work in question will of course not be published till the death of the noble author. `May we long wait !

abyveldays, when creep

& woming face, unstory and I can remember e feeling whüch Hume

ofer the back of it; the arm went like turned out, that the object of attraction a pendulum, continually back and fore for the wretched woman was a stablo. wards—this habit I observed the four boy of M. de Girardin's, whom, after years preceding his death. As soon as Rousseau's death, she married, to the ever the arm assumed that posture, I indignation of all the friends of her was prepared to hear him start some first husband. On the 2d of July, extravagant supposition, nor was I the same year, Rousseau died, accordever disappointed. It was in one of ing to the procès verbal

, of a serious these moods that he said to me abrupt- apoplexy; but in the opinion of every ly, 'Do you know why I give Tas, one who examined the circumstances so so decided a preference - No,' of his death, he perished by his own said I; but 'tis not difficult to con- hand. That the Girardins and Thejecture. Tasso, uniting to the most rèse should endeavour to conceal the brilliant imagination, the good fortune true cause of his death, is easily aca to have lived after Homer and Virgil, counted for, and there were many inhad profited of the beauties of both stances at that period of a procès vera those great poets, and avoided their bal procured to suit the views of the defects.' There is something in parties. The Girardins and Therèse that,' said Rousseau ; but do you equally allow a deep wound in the know that he has predicted my mise forehead; which, if occasioned as they fortunes ?. I made a movement, he state, by a fall upon the floor, could stopped me, I understand you, not have been so deep, as to oblige the continued he,' Tasso has come be- artist, who took the cast of the visage, fore my time; how could he foretell to fill it up with much trouble. The my misfortunes ? I know not how, procès verbal makes no mention of this probably he knew not himself; but, in deep wound; the surgeon could not fine, he has predicted them. Have have overlooked such an accident; you remarked that Tasso has this pe- and the intentional omission alone, culiarity, that you cannot take from apart from any other consideration, his work a single strophe, nor from strongly impugns their veracity. There aby strophe a single line, or from any is little doubt that the conjectures of line a single word, without disarrana Corançey and Madame de Staël were ging the whole poem, so precise is it but too true ;--that Rousseau having and curiously put together. Very well, perceived the infidelity of his wife, take away the strophe I speak of-the the only being he had not ceased to word does not suffer, it rests perfect; trust, took poison in his morning cof. the stanza has no connexion with those fee, and this being of slow effect, he that precede or follow it—it is abso- shot himself in the forehead. The lutely useless. We must presume that letters of Therèse, detailing the cire Tasso wrote it involuntarily, and with- cumstances of his death, are manifestout comprehending it himself — but ly false, nor even do they agree. In there it is.' He cited to me this won one of them she tells the well-known derful strophe, it is in the mouth of anecdote, of his rising to take a last Tancrede," &c.

view of nature and the sun,

which On the 20th of May, 1778, Rous- sublime picture the generality of peo. seau left Paris for Ermenonville, where ple have not thought sufficiently rohe was invited to take up his residence mantic, unless the hero of it were a by the Marquis de Girardin. His wife, Deist. For our part, we can find no Therese, was, as usual, the cause of reasons to make us suppose, that his removal; she pleaded ill health, Rousseau died an unbeliever. and the necessity of country air. It

• Canto XII. Stanza 77.


calls “sceptical doubt,” being excited Evexin my boyish days, when creep- by the term “ Art of Poetry." It must ing with shining morning face, un- probably have been Horace's celebrawillingly to school," I can remember ted epistle that I had heard of, for I a shade of that feeling which Hume was something of a precocious devourVOL. XI.


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