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the ordinary crank in steam-engines, and for other purposes where

power is required. Feb. 1. To John FREDERICK DANIELL, Esq. of Gower Street, Bedford

Square, for improvements in the manufacture of gas.
To John OLDHAM of Dublin, for improvements in the construction

of wheels for driving machinery impelled by water or wind, also

applicable to propelling boats, &c. To RALPH HINDMARSH of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, master-mariner,

for an improvement in the construction of capstans and wind

lasses. To ROBERT STIRLING, Clerk, minister of Galston, in Ayrshire,

and JAMES STIRLING, engineer, of Glasgow, for improvements

in air-engines for moving of machinery. To John WHITE of Southampton, engineer and iron-founder, for

improvements in the construction of pistons or buckets for pumps. To SAMUEL PARKER, Argyle Place, Argyle Street, Westminster,

bronzist, for improvements in the construction of lamps. 3. To ANTOINE ADOLPHE MARCELLIN MARBEOT, of No. 38. Norfolk

Street, Strand, for improved machinery for working or cutting wood into all kinds of mouldings, rebates, cornices, or any sort of fluted work.

List of Patents granted in Scotland from 13th December 1826 To WILLIAM Bysh of Broad Street, in the city of London. Esq.

to 24th February 1827. 1826, Dec. 13. T. JAMES YANDELL of Broad Wall, in the parish of Christ Church,

Surrey, private person, for “ certain improvements in apparatus

for cooling and heating fluids.” 14. To HENRY CHARLES LACY of Manchester, in the county palatine

of Lancaster, coach-master, for “ a new apparatus on which to sus

pend carriage bodies." To THOMAS MACHELL of Berners Street, Oxford Street, in the

county of Middlesex, surgeon, for “ certain improvements on apparatus applicable to the burning of oil and other inflammable

substances.” 20. To DOMINIQUE PIERRE DEURBROUCK of Leicester Square, in the

county of Middlesex, Esq. for an invention communicated to him by a foreigner residing abroad, “ of an apparatus adapted to cool wort or must previous to its being set to undergo the process of fermentation, and also for the purpose of condensing the steam

arising from stills during the process of distillation.” 29. To Count ADOLPHE EUGINE DE ROSEN, of Prince's Street, Ca.

vendish Square, in the county of Middlesex, for an invention communicated to him by a foreigner residing abroad, “ of a new engine for communicating power to answer the purposes of a steamengine.”

for “ certain improvements in propelling boats and ships, and other 1827, vessels or Hoating bodies." Jan. 15. To HENRY RICHARDSON FANSHAWE of Addle Street, in the city of

London, silk-embosser, for “ an improved winding machine.”
To MosE POOLE of the Patent Office, Lincoln's Inn, in the county

of Middlesex, gentleman, for an invention communicated to him
by a foreigner residing abroad, “ of certain improvements in the
machines used for carding, Blubbing, slivering, roying, or spinning
wool, cotton, waste silk, short staples, hemp, or flax, or any other

fibrous materials, or mixtures thereof.” Feb. 2. To John FREDERICK DANIELL of Gower Street, Bedford Square,

in the county of Middlesex, Esq. for “ certain improvements in

the manufacture of gas for the purposes of illumination.”
To MAURICE DE JONGH of Warrington, cotton-spinner, for “

tain improvements in machinery or apparatus for preparing ro

vingy, and for spinning, twisting, and twining fibrous substances." 7. To JAMES FRASER of Houndsditch, in the city of London, engineer,

for ** a new method of constructing steam-boilers.” 13. To ROBERT STIRLING, minister of Galston, in the county of Ayr,

North Britain, and JAMES STIRLING, engineer in Glasgow, in the county of Lanark, North Britain, for “ certain improvements in

air-engines, for the moving of machinery." 16. TO JAMES FRASER of Houndsditch, in the city of London, for “ an

improved method of constructing capstans and windlasses.” 24. To ROBERT Bush and WILLIAM KING WESTLEY of Leeds, in the

county of York, flax-spinners, for “ certain improvements in chinery for heckling or dressing, and for breaking, scutching, or cleaning hemp, flax, or fibrous substances.”

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LIST OF PLATES.

PLATE I. Fig. 1-5. Little Andaman Island, &c.

6–9. Awn of the Seedveşşel of Stipa pennata.
10. Anatina villosiuscula.

11. Venerupis Nucleus.
11. Illustrations of Dr Grant's Observations on Spongią.
III. Fig. 1. Eruption of American Lakes.

2. Libellulite of Solenhoffen.
IV. Illustrations of Mr Scoresby's observations on Rainbows.
V. Explanatory of Mr Barlow's view of Magnetism.

Memorandum.-Want of room has obliged us to delay several Articles and Notices of New Publications, and also to limit more than usual the Scientific Intelligence.

INDEX.

ABEL, Dr Clark, his account of a colossal orang outang killed in Su-

matra, 371.
Air, Mr H. Meikle's experiments with respect to the specific heat of, 328.
Alexander, Cornet J. E., his notice regarding the Little Andaman Island,

43.
Alligator, Mr Audubon's observations on the natural history of the, 270.
Andaman, Little, Cornet Alexander's notice regarding it, 43.
Anatina villosiuscula, description of, 370.
Arctic sea and ice, Dr Latta's observations on the, 86.

Mr Scoresby's remarks on Di Latta’s observations on
the, 382.
Arnott, G. A. Walker, Esq. his account of a tour to the south of France

and the Pyrenees, 241.
Arsenic, J. L. Berzelius's remarks on its detection in cases of poisoning,

338.
Arts, notices in the, 207, 398.
Asterias rubens, notice regarding, 394.
Astronomical calculator, notice respecting Mr Innes's, 211.
Audubon, Mr J. J., his account of the habits of the turkey buzzard, 172.

-observations on the natural history of the alligator, 270.-notice
regarding his intended work on American ornithology, 210.

Banks, Sir Joseph, Baron Cuvier's historical eloge of, 1.
Barlow, Mr P., his account of experiments and observations on the mag-

netic needle made during Parry's third voyage, with remarks, 347.-

his observations on the tides in the upper part of the Thames, 49.
Beech-tree, a non-conductor of lightning, 392.
Berzelius, J. L., his remarks on the detection of arsenic, 338.
Bismuth cobalt-ore, description of, 200.
Bohr, Mr G., his account of a visit to the glaciers of Justedal and the

Mantle of Lodal, 255.
Bonnet, Charles, Baron Cuvier's biographical memoir of, 213.
Botany, notices in, 207, 395.
Boué, Dr A. his observations on serpentine and diallage rocks, 265.
Brome, a new substance discovered in sea water, 201.
Buch, Baroš Von, his observations made during a visit to N

Buchanan, D., Esq. his account of fresh water found in the sea far from

land, 369.

Celestial phenomena, from Jan. 1. to April 1. 1827, 188.—from April 1.

to July 1. 387.
Cereales, their origin and native country, 395.
Chemistry, notices in, 193.
Coal, M. Karsten's observations and experiments on the different kinds

of, 280.-of Höganäs, 196.
Cockles, Mr Trevelyan's remarks on those found in Yorkshire at a dis-

tance from the sea, 367.
Coloured shadows, Messrs Zschokke and Treschsel's observations on, 367.
Coniometer, Professor Leslie's description of the, 384.
Cordierite found in Norway, 199.
Crystallization of sulphate and carbonate of lead, 197.
Cuvier, Baron G., his historical eloge of Sir Joseph Banks, 1.—his bio-

graphical memoir of Charles Bonnet and H. B. de Saussure, 213.

Darwar, geognostical structure of the country around, 194.
Don, Mr David, his account of the affinities of the Empetreæ, 59.-re-

marks on the rhubarb, purple-coned fir, and mustard-tree, 304.-

description of the genus Malesherbia, 320.
Dwight, Rev. S. Edwards, his account of the eruption of two lakes in

America, 146.

Egyptian antiquities in the Liverpool museum, 393.
Empetreæ, Mr D. Don's remarks on the affinities of the, 59.
Eruption of lakes in America, Mr Dwight's account of the, 146.
Esmark, Professor, his remarks relative to the geological history of the

earth, 107.
Essay on the Theory of the Earth, notice respecting a new translation of

Cuvier's, with notes and illustrations by Professor Jameson, 400.
Esser, Dr C. H. Ludwig, his remarks on the luminousness of the

eyes

of
animals, 164.
Expedition, overland Arctic, information respecting the, 161.

Capt. Parry's intended one to the North Pole, Dr Latta's
remarks on, 86.
Eyes of animals, Dr Esser’s remarks on their luminousness, 164.
Eyes, M. Prevost's considerations regarding the shining of those of the

cat and dog, 297.

Fungi, M. Persoon's instructions for collecting and preserving, 396.

Geology, notices in, 194.
Geology of Sussex, notice respecting Mr Mantell's work on the, 402.
Geological history of the earth, Professor Esmark's remarks tending to

explain the, 107.
Geological observations relative to the countries discovered by Captains

Parry and Ross, Professor Jameson's, 104.
Glaciers of Justedal, Mr Bohr's account of a visit to the, 255.
Glass, easy mode of cutting, 207.
Gold, its distribution in the Uralian Mountains, 197.
Graham, Dr, his list of rare plants flowering in the Edinburgh Botanic

Garden, 184, 388.
Graphite, new mode of applying it in drawings, 398.
Grant, Dr R. E., his observations on the structure and functions of the

sponge, concluded, 121.—description of two new sponges, 203.-

description of Octopus ventricosus, 309.
Greensand formation in Sweden, 196.
Guillemin, M. his account of a gelatinous quartz, 324.

Hydrography, notices in, 201, 392.
Hyæna cave discovered on the banks of the Garonne, 197.
Hyænas, Professor Buckland and Capt. Sykes on the interior of the dens

of living, 377.
Hygrometer, Mr Meikle on the use of a simple syphon as a, 366.
Hygrometers and evaporation, Mr H. Meikle's remarks and experiments

relating to, 22.

Ice, thickness of salt-water, 202.
Innes, Mr George, his calculations of celestial phenomena from Jan. 1.

to April 1. 1827, 188.—from April 1. to July 1. 1827, 387.
Insects, circulation discovered in, 202.
Iodine and lithia in the mineral springs of Theodoreshall

, 202.
Irish furze, broom, and yew, different from British, 207.
Iserine and iron sand in Cheshire, 200.
Ivory, mode of etching and dyeing figures on, 399.
Jameson, Professor, his observations on the geology of the countries dis-

covered by Captoins Parry and Ross, 104.
Jamesonite, Mr H. Rose's account of the chemical composition of, 341.
Jet discovered in Wigtonshire, 197.

Karsten, M., his observations and experiments on the differ

coals, 280.
JANUARY-MARCH 1827.

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