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In conclusion, I think, a journalist certainly entitled to remark, in a tone of right feeling, those coincidences which must at times occur in the history of science, when different persons happen to strike into the same path of inquiry; but to hunt incessantly after obscure, vague and distorted charges of plagiarism, only betrays the workings of a base and malignant disposition. I ever am, &c. (Signed) JOHN Leslie.
List of Rare Plants which have Flowered in the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, during the last three months; with Description of a new species of Euonymus. Communicated by Dr GRAHAM.
10th March 1827.
E. scandens; fruticosa, scandens, radicans; foliis lanceolato-ovatis, crenatoserratis, venis obliquis; pedunculis filiformibus, axillaribus bis (terve ?) dichotomis; germine scabro.
DESCRIPTION.-Shrub climbing to a great distance. Branches very long, cylindrical, green with brown scars, adhering to every thing in contact with them, by long, flattened, branching, white threads, which at first spring in linear tufts, but afterwards throughout the whole length of the branches, and hanging loose on all sides, conceal these in an entangled mass. Leaves opposite, somewhat decussating, the older ones somewhat coriaceous, the younger shining and membranous, bright green, and paler on the back, ovate or ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, crenato-serrate, the serratures being frequently, especially on the ovate leaves, compound, veins oblique, and, as well as the middle rib, prominent on both sides, reticulations at the edges most distinct on the under. Petioles channelled, approximate on the branches, distichous on the flowering-shoots (inch long); stipules minute, brown, lacerated, one on each side of the petiole; buds lanceolate, pointed, covered by imbricated blunt scales, some of which are persistent upon the base of the twig. Bractea small, awlshaped, brown, reflected, slightly fringed, with brown glands at their edges. Peduncles axillary twice (or thrice ?), dichotomous, filiform, angular, straight, nearly three times as long as the petiole. Calyx very small, green, tetraphyllous, segments rounded, persisting, at every period concave, and closely applied behind the bases of the stamens. Corolla yellowish-white, 4-petalous, petals rounded, minutely toothed, reflected, attached by small claws, which are about the length of the calyx, and concealed. Stamens 4; filaments whitish and tapering, scarcely longer than the claw of the petals, at first erect, afterwards reflected, inserted into broad, flattened, green bases between the petals; anthers yellow, of two roundish lobes, about as long as the filaments. Germen flattened, yellowish-green, indistinctly warted. Stigma at first deep green and sessile, after the shedding of the pollen paler, blunt, and continuous with a stout, linear, furrowed style equal in length to the filaments.
This species was received from the Botanic Garden, Calcutta, under the name here adopted, in 1823, its native country uncertain, probably Nepal. It approaches nearly to E. echinata and E. vagans of Flora Indica ; but is distinguished from the former by the oblique veins of the leaves, and from the latter by its rooting stem, and probably by its spiny fruit, though, as this has not yet ripened in the Botanic Garden, the appearance of the germen only can be stated.
Celestial Phenomena from April 1. to July 1. 1827, calculated for the Meridian of Edinburgh, Mean Time. By Mr GEORGE INNES, Aberdeen.
The times are inserted according to the Civil reckoning, the day beginning at midnight.
1826, Dec. 16.—THE Secretary read Mr Audubon's ac
count of the habits of the Vultur Aura, or Turkey-Buzzard, in which he exploded the opinion generally entertained of its extraordinary power of smelling. (See preceding Number of this Journal, p. 172-184.) Mr Audubon being present, afterwards shewed to the Society his mode of fixing recently killed birds in various attitudes, against a board marked with squares or division lines, corresponding to similar lines pencilled on the sheet of paper on which the drawing is to be made.
A specimen of the Sword-fish, Xiphias Gladius, seven feet in length, found in the Firth of Forth, and transmitted by Mr Slight, assistant to Robert Stevenson, Esq. civil engineer, was JANUARY-MARCH 1827.
exhibited, and described by Professor Jameson. The Professor also shewed specimens of Jet-coal, the sort used on the continent for making ornaments, found in Wigtonshire, by Sir Andrew Agnew, Bart. These specimens, he mentioned, were found under peat-moss and above clay, on the property of Sir Andrew Agnew.
1827, Jan. 13.-At this meeting the following gentlemen were admitted members:
WILLIAM BALD, Esq. Civil Engineer, Ireland.
JOHN JAMES AUDUBON, Esq. Louisiana.
Mr CHARLES FRED. HARTTMAN.
Mr Audubon read a memoir on the habits of the Alligator, containing much new information regarding that animal. (See the present Number of this Journal, p. 270, et seq.)—Dr Grant then read an account of the anatomy of the Octopus ventricosus, and exhibited a dissected specimen from the Firth of Forth, of large size, and apparently of full growth.
A stuffed specimen of the Tapir of America was exhibited at this meeting; and the members were then invited by the President to view, in another apartment, some live animals, lately brought from Chili, by the Right Hon. Captain Lord Napier, of the Diamond frigate, particularly the Felis Puma, or American lion.
Jan. 27. At this meeting Dr Grant read an account of the structure of the eye of the Sword-fish, illustrated by a magnified sketch, and by preserved parts of the eye, taken from the animal lately killed in the Firth of Forth.
The Rev. Dr Scott of Corstorphine then read a dissertation on the Saphan of the Sacred Writings, proving it to be the Hyrax Syriacus, although rendered coney in our common ver
Feb. 10.-At this meeting the Secretary read a communication from the Rev. William Scoresby of Bridlington, containing descriptions of some remarkable Rainbows. (Printed in the present Number, p. 235, et seq.)
Professor Jameson then read Mr William Bald's geological