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XI. Meteorological Observations made in Jamaica by the

late JOHN LINDSAY, Esq. Surgeon, Jamaica. Com-

municated by W. C. TREVELYAN, Esq. M. W.S. &c. 317

XII. A Description of the genus Malesherbia of the Flora

Peruviana; with Remarks on its Affinities. By

Mr DAVID DON, Libr. L. S.; Member of the Impe-

rial Academy Naturæ Curiosorum, of the Werne-

rian Nat. Hist. Society, &c.

XIII. Account of a Gelatinous Quartz or Siliceous Sinter,

which forms the basis of varieties of Old Red Sand-

stone. By M. T. GUILLEMIN,

XIV. Experiments to compare the specific Heat of Air un-

der a constant volume, with its specific Heat under

a constant pressure. By Mr HENRY MEIKLE. Com-

municated by the Author,

XV. On the Detection of Arsenic in cases of Poisoning.

By J. L. BERZelius,

XVI. On a Chemical Composition of 'Zinkenite and Jame-

sonite. By H. ROSE, Member of the Royal Aca-

demy of Berlin. And Description and Analysis of

Pyrochlore, a new Mineral. By F. WÖHLER,

XVII. The Law of the Preservation of Species, illustrated

by the Phenomena of the seed of the Stipa pennata.

By Mr JOHN MACVICAR, Lecturer on Natural His-

tory in St Andrew's. (With a Plate.) Communi-

cated by the Author,

XVIII. Account of the Observations and Experiments made

on the Diurnal Variation and Intensity of the Mag-

netic Needle, by Captain Parry, Lieutenant Foster,

and Lieutenant Ross, in Captain Parry's Third

Voyage; with Remarks and Illustrations. By PE-

TER BARLOW, F. R. S. Mem. of the Imperial Aca-

demy of St Petersburgh, &c. (With a Plate.)

Communicated by the Author,

XIX. On the Use of a Simple Syphon as a Hydrometer. By

Mr H. MEIKLE. Communicated by the Author,

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4. Tit-Lark caught at Sea. 5. Egyptian Antiquities in Liver-
pool Museum. 6. Notice regarding the Common Star-
fish, Asterias rubens,

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Historical Eloge of the late Sir JOSEPH BANKS, Baronet, President of the Royal Society. By Baron CUVIER *.

THE works which the distinguished individual of whom we have now to speak has left behind him, are confined to a few pages, and these of but little importance; yet his name will shine with lustre in the history of philosophy. Impelled by an ardent love of science, in his youth, abandoning the pleasures which an independent fortune held out to him, he braved the dangers of the sea, and the rigours of the most opposite climates. During a long series of years, he made use of all the advantages which affluent circumstances, and the friendship of men in power, afforded him, for its benefit; lastly, and it forms his chief claim to our respect, he always regarded those who laboured for its advancement, as having an acquired right to his interest and assistance. During the war of the revolution, which carried its ravages into almost every part of the two continents, the name of Sir Joseph Banks was every where a palladium for those of our countrymen who devoted themselves to useful researches. If their collections were seized, it was only necessary for them to apply to him to have them returned; if their persons were detained, the time


Read to the Royal Academy of Sciences of France on the 2d April


necessary for transmitting them intelligence, was the only delay which their restoration to liberty experienced. When the seas were shut up against us, they opened at his voice for our scientific expeditions. Geography and Natural History are indebted to him for the preservation of precious labours; and, without him, our public collections would still, at the present day, and perhaps for ever, have been deprived of a part of the riches which adorn them. It will, without doubt, be admitted, that the benefit accruing to science from services like these, is fully equivalent to that resulting from the authorship of books; and if, in this discourse, it is principally the acknowledgment due to noble actions that we have to express, it is not too much to augur of our hearers, that this feeling will not be less intensely participated by them, than that of admiration for great discoveries would have been.

Sir Joseph Banks, Knight Baronet, Counsellor of State to the King of England, Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, President of the Royal Society of London, and Foreign Asso-ciate of the Academy of Science of the Institute of France, was born in London, in Argyle Street, on the 13th February 1743. His father's name was William Banks Hodgenkson, and his mother's Marianne Bate. Some trace the origin of his family to one Simon Banks, a Swede, who settled in Yorkshire in the time of Edward III., and who would have been the eighteenth progenitor of Sir Joseph. Others say that his family came from Sweden only a century before, and had seen but two generations in England. It appears that Sir Joseph's grandfather practised medicine in Lincolnshire, and that the success which he met with in his profession, afforded him the means of acquiring a pretty large fortune. Having risen to considerable importance in the county, he was invested, in 1736, with the office of Sheriff, and sat in one or two Parliaments as representative of the town of Peterborough.

Joseph Banks, like the greater number of young English+ men born in easy circumstances, after having been confided for some time to the care of a clergyman, was sent to a public seminary. His parents at first made choice of that of Harrow, near London, from whence they removed him to Christ's Col

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