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appear arms attack believe Blackfeet body cause chapels character circumstances civil civil union Clare clergy clergyman combination committed Committee conceive connexion consequence consider cottier county of Cork county of Limerick crimes district ecclesiastical effect ejected emigration endowment England Established Church evidence evil existence factions farm farmers favour feeling Galway gentlemen give grievances House of Commons instance Insurrection Act intimidation Ireland Irish peasant Kilkenny labourers land landlord live Lord lower orders magistrate Maryborough means ment Michael Keogh Munster murder neighbourhood never night notice oath object opinion oppression outrages parish party payment peasantry persons persuasion poor population possession present prevailed priest proceedings Protestants punishment Queen's County racter religion religious rent respect Ribbon Ribbonmen Roman Catholic clergy santry says sworn tenants testants tion Tipperary tithes villein wages Whiteboy Whiteboyism Whitefeet witnesses worship
Страница 21 - I know that it is impossible for human wretchedness to exceed that of the miserable peasantry in that province. I know that the unhappy tenantry are ground to powder by relentless landlords. I know that, far from being able to give the clergy their just dues, they have not food or raiment for themselves ; the landlord grasps the whole...
Страница 435 - I have heard great divines affirm, that nothing is so likely to call down a universal judgment from Heaven upon a nation as universal oppression ; and whether this be not already verified in part, their worships, the landlords, are now at full leisure to consider. Whoever travels this country, and observes the face of nature, or the faces and habits and dwellings of the natives, will hardly think himself in a land where law, religion, or common humanity is professed.
Страница 100 - A complete system of legislation, with the most prompt, vigorous, and severe executive power, sworn, equipped, and armed for all purposes of savage punishment, is established in almost every district.
Страница 53 - I am talking nonsense, they know their situation too well to think of it; they can have no defence, but by means of protection from one gentleman against another, who probably protects his vassal as he would the sheep he intends to eat.
Страница 99 - The Whiteboy Association may be considered as a vast trades union for the protection of the Irish peasantry; the object being not to regulate the rate of wages or the hours of work, but to keep the actual occupant in possession of his land, and in general to regulate the relation of landlord and tenant for the benefit of the latter.
Страница 12 - It was a common practice with them to go in parties about the country, swearing many to be true to them, and forcing them to join by menaces, which they very often carried into execution. At last they set up to be general redressers of grievances — punished all obnoxious persons who advanced the value of lands, or...
Страница 436 - There is not one argument used to prove the riches of Ireland, which is not a logical demonstration of its poverty. The rise of our rents is squeezed out of the very blood, and vitals, and clothes, and dwellings of the tenants, who live worse than English beggars. The lowness of interest, in all other countries a sign of wealth, is in us a proof of misery ; there being no trade to employ any borrower. Hence alone comes the dearness of land, since the savers have no other way to lay out their money:...
Страница 436 - The miserable dress, and diet, and dwelling of the people ; the general desolation in most parts of the kingdom ; the old seats of the nobility and gentry all in ruins, and no new ones in their stead ; the families of farmers, who pay great rents, living in •filth and nastiness upon buttermilk and potatoes, without a shoe or stocking to their feet, or a house so convenient as an English hog-sty to receive them.
Страница 377 - Creator, but they all agree in respect to the duties which are due from man to man. Each sect adores the Deity in its own peculiar manner, but all the sects preach the same moral law in the name of God.
Страница 52 - Disrespect or any thing tending towards sauciness he may punish with his cane or his horsewhip with the most perfect security; a poor man would have his bones broke if he offered to lift his hand in his own defence. Knocking down is spoken of in the country in a manner that makes an Englishman stare.