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with a set of beaux esprits, among meet his two other volumes of the which old Fontenelle presides. history of the Stuarts. His canHe has no mark of age but wrin- dour and his writing are, in my kles, and a degree of deafness: opinion, superior to any: I don't but when, by sitting near him speak of Robertson's, for I have you make him hear

you,
he never

not yet read it." fails to understand you, and al Accession of Geo. III.-"How ways answers with that liveliness, very happy a death, and how and a sort of prettiness, peculiar luckily timed for him, was that of to himself. He often repeats and the late king!*_taken off at the applies his own and other people's most glorious period of his reign, poetry very agreeably; but only shining with success and glory, occasionally, as it is proper and before even that cloud came over applicable to the subject. He has it, which, had he lived but one day still a great deal of gallantry in longer,t would have been known his turn and in his discourse. He by him, and have grieved him exis pinety-two, and has the cheer- tremely; but he was remarkably fulness, liveliness, and even the well and cheerful the night before, taste and appetite of twenty-two." not otherwise in the morning, and

R. Cumberland 1757.-“We at once, without pain, sickness, have a sensible, modest, well be- or the other inconveniences of a baved young man here, who has death-bed, he barely ceased to be. the seeds of poetry in him. He Happy, happy man! Every one, has wrote some lines on Eastbury I think, seems to be pleased with and its master, which show, that the whole behaviour of our young time and a little cultivation will king; and indeed so much anafenable the soil to produce very fected good nature and propriety good fruit. His name is Cumber- appears in all he does or says, land; he was of Cambridge, and that it cannot but endear him to is a protege of lord Halifax.” all; but whether any thing can

Robertson the historian 1759. long endear a king or an angel “ There is a history of Scotland, in this strange factious country, I chiefly during the reigns of queen can't tell. I have the best opiniMary and her son James, that on imaginable of him,'not from any every one runs mad after; I have thing he does or says just now, but not heard two opinions about it: because I have a moral certainty 'tis wrote by one Robertson, a that he was in his nursery the hoyoung man, and a presbyterian nestest, true, goodnatured child preacher, who has never lived a that ever lived; and you know year out of Scotland; and yet, my old maxim, that qualities they say, his candour and his never change; what the child style are admirable. My friend, was, the man most certainly is, in David Hume, has also just pub- spite of temporary appearances." Jished his two volumes of the Anecdote." In 1742 William history of the Tudors, which will Pulteney, who, a year before, had

* George II. died as he sat at breakfast at Kensington on Saturday morning, 25th Oct.

+ She alludes to the affair at Campen, on the 16th of October, in which the British troops in the allied army suffered a considerable loss. The account arrived in the course of the day on which the king died.

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been the most violent and popular “Lord Montford's strange end
patriot of modern times, had surprised me a good deal, as he
dwindled into the earl of Bath. seemed as happy as a great taste
Sir Robert Walpole, when forced for pleasure and an ample fortune
to retire with the peerage, had laid to gratify it could make him,
this trap for his antagonist, and with many friends, few disap-
the greedy patriot fell into it. pointments, and a cheerful ten-
On their first meeting after their per.

I never heard of more cool-
respective falls up stairs, lord Or ness than that with which he put
ford said to lord Bath, with a ma an end to his life. I as yet hear
licious good-humour, my lord, no reason assigned for this event,
you and I are now the two most but that tedium vitæ, which is so
insignificant fellows in England."" frequent in this country. He had

On the death of lord Albemarle supped and played at White's, as in 1755, George the second grant- usual, the night before, but sent ed a pension of 12001. per ann. to a lawyer he made use of, to to his widow, of which transaction come to him the next day at eleven Lady H. gives the following ac- o'clock, having himself business at count:

twelve. The lawyer, with lord “ The king, when he was soli- Montford, read over his will three cited for lady Albemarle and her times, examining very carefully family, readily granted the request, every word, that there might not but said it was hard that a man be any flaw or room left for a who for thirty years past had dispute. He then sealed up the every thing he asked for, which will and the duplicate, putting was every thing that was to be the one into his drawer, and dehad, should at his death, leave siring the lawyer to take care him his whole family to keep, of the other; went immediately adding what he had often said of into his bed-chamber, and behim when alive, that he was un fore the man could take his vaurien aimable.

papers and get down stairs, lord She continues in the same let- Montford shot himself through ter

the head."

CHAP.

CHAPTER II.

VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.

1.- A Journal of a Voyage of will, we doubt not, be fully success

Discorery, in his Majesty's ships ful, if ever man is destined to prove Hecla and Griper, in the years by experiment, the practicability 1819 and 1820, by Alerander of a north western passage through Fisher, Surgeon, R. N.

the Polar seas. Our first extract 2.-Journal of a Voyage for the Dis- shall be taken from Mr. Fisher's

covery af a North-west Passage, narrative of the landing on an from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

island in Lancaster's Straits. Performed in the years 1819 and

Saturday, 28.--"A boat was sent 1820; in H. M. S. Hecla and this forenoon to an island to make Griper, under the orders of observations for determining the William Edward Parry, R. Ň. variation of the compass, which, F. R. S. and commander of the somewhat to our surprise, was expedition.

found to have changed from west

to east, or, in other words, it exN a subject

ceeded 180°, if

a powerful interest, it is not to be tinued." In consequence of the wondered at, that public curiosity sluggish manner in which the demanded very speedy- and that compasses traversed, and the obour adventurers should issue, ra servations being made very near ther hasty publications. Mr. Fish- noon, when the sun moved slow er is advantageously known by his in azimuth, the result of these voyage in the Alceste, and by his observations were, as might be natural talents and scientific en- expected, rather wide of one dowments. His volume is written another, for the first set of aziin a rough, unpolished style, but it muths I took gave the variation contains a plain, intelligible repre- 167° E.; the next set 168o E.; sentation of the chiefcircumstances and the third and last set 169o E.: of the voyage; and could only lose the magnetic dip, or vertical inany portion of its interest, through clination of the dipping-needle, being somewhat superseded by at this place was 88° 27'. The the more official and better writ. place where these observations ten work of captain Parry-a were made we found to be in gentleman eminently qualified for latitude 75° 9' N., and longitude, the enterprise, which, to a certain by chronometer, 103° 50' W. The extent he has already accom tide was flowing when we landed, plished, and which, in the more and, during the four hours we recent voyage he has undertaken, were on shore, it rose only sixteen

inches;

inches; the flood came from the beach, however, there were
the northward and westward. numerous fragments of leavy
This island was, as near as I could floe-ice aground, and in one place
judge, about ten miles in length, there was an extensive ledge of
that is, if it is taken for granted it firmly attached to the beach,
that its greatest diameter is from with its surface covered with sand,
north to south or in the direction in such a manner, that a cursory
that'we viewed it; but it is pos- observer might take it to be a
sible that I may be premature in part of the land.
thus attempting to give its di “ We saw no animals of any
mensions before we have seen all kind on this island; but we found
around it, for it may extend to evident proofs of its having been
the westward farther than we have frequented, not only by different
any idea of yet. It resembled species of the brute creation, but
exactly, as to appearance, the that it had also, at some period
islands that we have been passing or other, been inhabited by man ;
for several days past, that is, low for, at the distance of about a
near the coast, and rising gradu- quarter of a mile from the shore,
ally towards the interior. The we found the ruins of six huts
sea.coast, and a considerable part close together on the side of a
of the surface of it, indeed, as hill. From the dilapidated state
far as we went inland, was com of these ruins, it was impossible
posed of fine sand; and the fixed to draw any certain conclusions
rocks, wherever they were seen as to what time they had been in-
above the surface, was found to habited, but it must have cer-
consist of white sandstone of a tainly been a long time ago; for
very soft and fine texture; and I nothing remained of them but the
have no doubt but the islands stones that marked their size and
that we have passed lately, are site; and, from the small number
composed of the same kind of of stones that the ruins were com-
stone, for ever since we got posed of, it is probable that they
amongst them, the soundings were only temporary residences.
have been found to consist of fine They had been all nearly about
sand; whilst that brought up by the same size, that is, about twelve
the lead, when we were passing feet long and from eight to ten
the high land to the eastward, feet broad, besides a space about
consisted of soft mud that effer- three feet square formed by four
vesced when touched with acid. flags set up on their edge, at the
The vegetation on this island was, end of each hut. I understand
when compared with what we from those that have been often
have lately seen, rather luxuriant; amongst the Esquimaux huts in
moss in particular grew in con- Greenland, that they have always
siderable abundance in the moist a small apartment of this sort at
valleys, and along the banks of one end of their hut, in which
the streams that fowed from the they keep all their provisions; so
hills. These streams were, in- that we may infer from this cir-
deed, at this time almost dried cumstance that the ruins we have
up, their source, viz, the snow, seen to-day belonged to a small
being entirely dissolved; along tribe or party of Esquimaux that

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were here probably on a summer been exposed to the weather at excursion. Those inclined to give least one winter. Whether the these ruins greater antiquity, may cloven tracts we saw were chiefly consider them as one of the rest- those of the musk-oxen, or reining-places of the Esquimaux in deer, it is impossible to say; but their emigration from Asia to if we were to judge from the numGreenland; for, according to the ber of deer's horns we saw, we tradition of the Greenlanders should be inclined to consider themselves, their forefathers came them as being principally those originally from the westward. of the latter animal. It would But be this as it may, it does not appear that bears also frequent at all appear to me that the ruins this land occasionally; for we we have seen to-day are likely to found two or three of their skulls, be one of the stations occupied at and their tracts were pretty nuthat remote period, more espe merous along the beach. On the cially as a more probable way of sand hillocks along the shore, accounting for them may be as there were immense numbers of signed to a party of the Esquimaux small sea-shells of the Venus having visited these islands during kind, which had unquestionably some of their excursions from the been carried there by some anicoast of America; for we know, mals, for they were considerably from Hearne's Account, that that beyond the tide-mark. continent is inhabited by these “ From all these circumstances, people nearly opposite to where then, it is very evident that this

island is frequented occasionally Although we are left in doubt by different kinds of animals, alas to what time this island was though we had not the good forvisited by man, we have very un tune of seeing any of them." equivocal proofs of its being re December žl was a day among cently inhabited by different ani the memorabilia,

its mals, for we found numerous entry in the journal. tracts of what we supposed to be “ This being our shortest day, rein-deer, some of them apparently or, more properly speaking, the very lately made; and several of day on which the sun is farthest their horns, and small portions of from us, several of the officers their hair were found in different went out on the ice at noon with places where they had been lying. books to determine whether it was We had an equally good proof of possible to read by the twilight; this place being frequented by and surprising, as it may appear, Musk-oxen (Bos Moschatus, Lin.), yet we found that the smallest for we found the skeleton of one print could be read by it. The in a perfect state, except that the book that I took was a small bones of the legs were separated (pocket) Common Prayer Book, from the rest, most probably

by (which was the smallest print I some carnivorous animal. The could find) and, by facing it toskull and horns were perfectly wards the south, I could read it entire; but from the appearance very distinctly. As the portion of of the horns, and indeed of the it that presented itself by chance bones in general, they must have on this occasion contains a good

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