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her sex, he succeeded in completely repulsing the assailants with the loss of one of their gang, who was carried off mortally wounded. On the evening above mentioned, this brave but unfortunate couple were met on the road between Limerick and Dunnigar, by a body of men dressed in women's clothes; they were immediately surrounded, and in an instant Mr. Torrence was barbarously murdered.” 13.—A dreadful accident hapned on Wednesday to Mr. HadF. who kept a shop in Holborn for the making of sausages. As he was feeding the steam-engine, which is in the cellar, with meat, his apron caught by accident to one of the cogs of the machine, which drew him in; and before the engine could be stopped, he got entangled in the wheels, and was crushed to pieces: he had his arms, legs, and thighs broken, and his flesh shockingly mangled. In this dreadful state he lived until Thursday morning, when death put an end to his misery. Mr. Hadland was a man much respected by all who knew him: he has left a wife and family to deplore his loss. 17.—A number of young men, from the neighbouring villages, who make a practice of meeting together every Sunday to fight dogs, and for other unlawful purposes, assembled at Kirkstallbridge, where they were amusing themselves in a most disgraceful manner, by abusing and striking every one that came in their way. One of the most active of them, Jos. Burnett, from Armley, has been apprehended and sent to the jail, and on Monday he was fined 12s. 4d. and costs, and

liberated, being the first offence. The magistrates gave him to understand, if he was brought before them again on a similar charge, he would not come off so easy. It would be well if all constables and others would apprehend persons found breaking the Sabbath in a similar way. 19.—A shocking accident occurred on Tuesday last at Mr. Fowle's windmill, at Boxley, to a man named Thomas Baldock, who was in the act of clothing the mill, he had got one sail laid out, when a breeze of wind springing up set the mill in motion, which caused a rope he was holding the sails by, to throw him over the railway on the ground, a height of upwards of twenty feet, and falling backwards on his head, he was killed on the spot. The deceased, a steady and industrious man, was sixty-five years of age, and has left an infirm and hel less wife and a numerous family to lament his loss. 23.—On Saturday afternoon, a dreadful accident {so at Sunderland Bridge, about three miles to the southward of Durham. The Edinburgh mail coach, on its progress towards London, was driven against the battlement of the bridge on one side, and by the shock, was dashed over to the other, against which it fell. The height of the wall prevented its being entirely overturned; but by the concussion, Mr. Whitaker, an architect of ‘Keighley, in Yorkshire, (lately employed in building a bridge over the Ouse at York,) and Mr. Donaldson, a cattle-dealer, from Perth, in Scotland, outside passengers, seated on the top of the coach, were thrown over the bridge into the channel

channel of the Wear. The former fell on his head, on the projection of stone from the foundation of the pier, and was killed on the spot, and the spine of the latter was so much injured, that he died in a few hours at the public-house at the foot of the bridge. A gentleman of the law in this town, was on the box by the driver, and fortunately saved himself by the hand-rail. The inside passengers received of course no hurt. Mr. Whitaker has left a widow and seven children to lament his fate. Mrs. W. was at Croft, waiting his arrival there. The Scotch gentleman sent for an attorney from Durham, and was able to complete his will before he died. A coroners inquest was held on the bodies; but the verdict cannot be delivered until the evidence of the law gentleman, who went forward to London, can be had. Mr. Whitaker's body was removed on Monday evening for interment in Yorkshire, and Mr. Donaldson has been buried in Brancepeth church-yard. A monument is about to be erected in Edinburgh, to the poet Hurns. The sum collected for that purpose is near 1500l. and Mr. Flaxman, the artist, has generously undertaken its execution without any pecuniary advantage, allowing the whole sum to be expended in the materials and labour. A very important discovery has a very short time since been made of the original books of registry of marriages and births which occurred in the Fleet Prison and its rules, from the year 1686 to 1754, together with those also celebrated at the Mint and Mayfair Chapel; of the authenticity

of these records, no doubt is entertained; and they have, by an order from lord Sidmouth, been lately deposited with the registrar of the diocese of London in Godliman-street. The long period of doubt and difficulty which obscured the union of the marriages and births of that era, before the date of the marriage act, will now be cleared—and the titles to estates during that period find a clear elucidation, hitherto very

much required. A musical instrument of an entirely novel description, has lately arrived in London. The instrument has excited a high degree of interest on the continent; and the inventor, Mr. Buschmann, has obtained the most flattering testimonials of approbation from many celebrated musical characters in Germany. It is represented to us by those who have heard it in this country, as being a very delightful instrument, combining the sweetness of the flute and clarionet with the energy of the horn and bassoon, and yielding a full and rich harmony, resembling an orchestra of wind instruments. This surprising effect is said to be produced by the most simple combination of a range of wooden staves. A few days since a melancholy and distressing accident occurred at Stoke, in the neighbourhood of Coventry. Several persons had been employed in cleaning a well, nearly seventy feet in depth; and the task being completed, a young man expressed an inclination to go down to examine the bottom. He accordingly descended, and on wishing to return, was told by the persons above, to place himself in a secure situation, and to hold fast. When he had been wound up half-way, he answered to an inquiry from above, “all is right;" but in a moment a sound announced his fall to the bottom of the well, where about two feet of water remained. One said—“Draw up the bucket, and I will go down;" but his resolution failed. A girl instantly ran to a small distance, and apprized the brother of the young man, who, though ill himself, without a moment's hesitation got into the bucket; but they had only lowered him a few feet, when the handle of the windlass, being of

wood, broke, and precipitated

him with the greatest rapidity to the bottom. The person who was lowering him, endeavouring to check the wheel with his hand, had his right arm broken, and was dashed against an adjoining wall; yet aware that two lives were at stake, he instantly rushed forward, and with the other hand endeavoured to stop it, but in vain. With breathless anxiety the men above listened, after the second fell, whether any sound proceeded from them. To their great joy, the second brother was heard to request them to draw him up immediately, or he should faint in the water. When at the top, he informed them that he fell just clear of his brother, and found him with his head in the mud under water; he could speak but indistinctly. On raising

him up, he found he was alive;

and placing him against the side of the well, he found he must immediately ascend, or sink himself. On hearing this, the man who declined going down in the first instance, descended, and fastening the unfortunate young man

to the bucket, they were (the windlass being broken) drawn up with great difficulty together. Medical assistance was promptly obtained, but the poor young man, after languishing through the next day, mostly speechless and delirious, expired in the night. It is believed, from several circumstances, that distrusting the strength of the chain attached to the bucket, he had placed his feet upon the knot where the rope commenced, but slipping from it when half-way up, he was unable to retain his hold. His head was much bruised. The brother received several bruises, which together with his grief and previous indisposition, it was feared would prove fatal; but he is in a fair way of recovery. SPA IN AND PORTUGAL. The Cortes have decided for a reduction of tythes, from a tenth to a twentieth, by 157 to 20, a proposition for their total abo

lition was urged by the minority.

Some archbishops and bishops voted in the majority. It is said that the Cortes propose to send one infant of Spain to Mexico, and another to some part of South America, there to establish two free monarchies, secured in their liberties by national representatives, and attached to the mother country by political principles, as well as by commercial treaties. Morillo's appointment to the military command at Madrid, is decidedly unpopular. The Portuguese Cortes have been discussing many articles of the law on the liberty of the press. The crime of stirring up the people to rebellion, is to be punished with five years' imprisonment and a heavy fine. All the Portuguese - journals journals are still subjected to a censorship, but are exempted from every species of stamp.

ITALY. Within the last few weeks three papers have been circulated

throughout Europe, dated from Laybach, previously to the dissolution of the congress. The first is a “declaration" published in the name of the courts of Austria, Prussia, and Russia; the second a circular dispatch from the same powers to their respective ministers at foreign courts; and the third an additional circular from the Russian cabinet to its own ministers. The allied monarchs complain of the spirit of discord which prevails in the south of Europe. “Every where the pestilence exhibited the same character: every where one spirit of disorder directed these fatal revolutions.” The declaration goes on to triumph in the facility with which this spirit was vanquished, and which it ascribes to the especial providence of the Almighty. “ Providence struck with terror the consciences of men so guilty; and the censure of the public, whose fate was compromised by these artificers of mischief, caused the arms to fall from their hands.” The monarchs further boast of their justice and disinterestedness throughout the whole proceeding, and express their determination to act in future instances as they have done in this, and “never to abandon their principles.” “Called more than ever, they say, as well as all the other sovereigns and lawful powers of Italy, to watch over the maintenance of the peace of Europe, to protect it not only against the errors and passions

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it a profanation of so august an object to be guided by the strict calculations of a vulgar policy. As all is simple, open, and frankly avowed in the system they have embraced, they submit it with confidence, to the judgment of all enlightened governments.” Among the “enlightened governments” to whom this system has been submitted, our own has again strongly expressed its dissent and disapprobation. We hope that the public declarations and private remonstrances of our own and other governments, as well as the general sense of Europe on the question, will render the members of this triple alliance somewhat cautious in future, notwithstanding their declarations, of interfering in the internal affairs of independent states. TUR KEY. In Constantinople continual arrests are taking place, and arms have been found concealed in the Greek churches. Many hundred christians have been murdered by the Musselmen; and the streets of Pera, where the foreign ministers reside, have been burnt, and all the inhabitants, without distinction of age or sex, sacrificed to the fury of the Turks. Many perished under the sabres of the barbarians, and others in the flames. Accounts from the Archipelago state, that the driots, Ipsariots, and Speciots, were inviting the different islands in that quarter to declare for the Greek. cause. cause. Their shipping was extremely numerous, and well equipped. The Turkish fleet, which is now ready to sail, has been destined for that quarter. The Dragomen of the Porte, and nineteen other Greeks have been decapitated or hanged in the course of one day. The Vizier arrived with a cortege of 20,000 persons on the 23d of April, and on that day the patriarch, four bishops, and three . were hanged; two of the ishops over the doors of their church. On Easter Sunday, Gregory, the patriarch of Constantinople, seventy-four years of age, was just going to read High Mass in the Patriarchal Chapel, when he was seized by order of the sultan, and hanged at the door of the temple, a mode of death which, in the eyes of all the Greeks, is most infamous. All the archbishops or bishops who were in the church, to celebrate Easter, were either executed or thrown into prison. The congregation fled out of the church to the neighbouring houses of the priests; but many were murdered by the populace. The patriarch had, on the 21st of March, solemnly proclaimed in the chapel, the curse and ban of the church against all Greeks who attempted to withdraw from the Turkish yoke. After the strangulation, a band of miserable ragamuffins were ordered to cut the rope, and drag the body, tied by the feet, to the arsenal, when the executioner threw it into the Bosphorus. On mount Athos, there are 20,000 monks; in the Morea above 2,400, who possess alone a revenue of above 918,000 francs, i.e. about a tenth part of the riches of the

country. In the rest of Greece there may be about 20,000 papas. Considering the well-known fanaticism of the Greek church, it is easy to imagine the dangers to which the Porte has exposed itself by this proceeding.

JULY. GREAT BRITAIN. 2.—While several youths were diverting themselves at the mouth of an old coal-pit, in the immediate vicinity of the village of Wishaw Newtown, one of the boys threw his companion's bonnet into the pit, which the other insisted he should go down for. This was acceded to by the lad (William Sommers, a boy about ten years of age), who attempted to effect his purpose by means of a tree, which had been placed in the pit, and by which it was common for the boys to descend on former occasions; but, unfortunately on this occasion, he had descended not many feet when he lost his hold, and was precipitated to the bottom. James Hamilton, a mason, who happened to be near the spot, immediately volunteered to rescue the boy; and for that purpose a rope was fastened round one of his thighs, by which he was to be let down, and drawn up, if he felt the effects of what is called foul air. He was scarcely six feet down when he attempted to cry out, but instantly fell backwards, and was drawn to the mouth of the pit apparently lifeless. Medical aid being procured and the necess means used, animation was wit great difficulty restored, and he is now in a fair way of recovery. The body of the boy Sommers was afterwards dragged up, but

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