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had been absent attending the I have the honour to be, your funeral of a friend in the country, lordship's most obedient humble and requesting sir R. Wilson to servant,

R. WILSON. call upon him, when he would To the lord viscount give him the information he re Sidmouth. quired.

Sir R. Wilson having waited on No. VI.—(Second series—No. II.) sir R. Birnie the same day, with The lord viscount Sidmouth to sir Mr. Wm. Lambton, and renewed

Robert Wilson. his demand for a copy of the in

Whiteball, October 23, 1821. formation on oath, sir. Richard in

Sir, I have to acknowledge the formed sir Robert Wilson" that no information in writing had been receipt of your letter of yestertaken: that the information was a

day's date, in which you state that verbal one, founded upon a report that a deposition upon oath exists

you have received inforrvation at the Freemason's tavern of a meeting having been held

at Ham in the home office, of your having

been seen on horseback, on Tues, mersmith, at which an officer had been present; but that, on the day the 14th of August, with a examination of the tavern-keeper porter pot in your hand, enat Hammersmith, Mr. Youde, all couraging the populace to pull up the magistrates were satisfied sir

the pavement, and oppose impe

diments to the funeral procession R. Wilson had never been in the

of her late majesty; and you house."*

therefore request that I will direct R. WILSON.

a copy of such deposition to be No.V.-(Second Series - No I.)

delivered to you, that you may inSir Robert Wilson to lord riscount person so swearing, for perjury;

stitute a prosecution against the Sidmouth.

and I have the honour to acquaint 18, Regent-street, Oct. 22, 1821. you, in reply, that I should not My lord,--Having received in- think myself justified in giving the formation that a deposition upon directions for which you have apoath exists in the home depart. plied. I have the honour to be, sir, ment of my having been seen, on your most obedient humble serTuesday the 14th of August, on

vant,

SIDMOUTH.
horseback, with a porter pot in To sir Robert Wilson.
my hand, encouraging the popu.
lace to pull up the pavement, and

MAJESTY'S PROTEST
GAINST

DECISION
oppose impediments to the funeral
procession of her late majesty, I

THE PRIVY COUNCIL.
have the honour to request your

CAROLINE R. lordship will be pleased to direct to the king's most excellent maa copy of such deposition to be jesty. delivered to me, that I may insti- The protest and remonstrance of tute a. prosecution for perjury Caroline Queen of Great Britain against the person so swearing:

and Ireland.

10

IIER

A: OP

THE

The above minute was shown to sir R. Birnie, and received his sanction.

Your

Your majesty having beer laws of this country depend upon, pleased to refer to your privy and derive their authority from, council the queen's memorial, custom; that your majesty's royal claiming as of right to celebrate prerogatives stand upon the same the ceremony of her coronation basis; the authority of ancient on the 19th day of July, being the usage cannot therefore be rejected day appointed for the celebration without shaking that foundation of your majesty's royal coronation, upon which the most important and lord viscount Sidmouth, one rights and institutions of the counof your majesty's principal secre- try depend. Your majesty's countaries of state, having communi- cil, however, without controverting cated to the queen the judgment any of the facts or reasons upon pronounced against her majesty's which the claim made on the part claim; in order to preserve her of her majesty has been supported, just rights, and those of her suc. have expressed a judgment in opcessors, and to prevent the said position to the existence of such minute being in after-times refer- right. But the queen can place red to as deriving validity from her no confidence in that judgment, majesty's supposed acquiescence when she recollects that the prinin the determination therein ex- cipal individuals by whom it has pressed, the queen feels it to be been pronounced were formerly her bounden duty to enter her her successful defenders ; that most deliberate and solemn pro- their opinions have waved with test against the said determina- their interest, and that they bave tion; and to affirm and maintain, since become the most active and that by the laws, usages, and powerful of her persecutors : still customs of this realm, from time less she confide in it, immemorial, the queen consort when her majesty calls to mind ought of right to be crowned at that the leading members of that the same time with the king's council, when in the service of majesty.

your majesty's royal father, rein support of this claim of right ported in the most solemn form, her majesty's law officers have that documents reflecting upon proved before the said council, her majesty were satisfactorily from the most ancient and authen- disproved as to the most importic records, that queens consort of tant parts, and that the remainder this realm have, from time imme- was undeserving of credit. Unmorial, participated in the cere- der this declared conviction, they mony of the coronation with their strongly recommended to your maroyal husbands. The few excep- jesty's royal father to bestow his tions that occur demonstrate, from favour upon the queen, then prin. the peculiar circumstances in cess of Wales, though in opposition which they originated, that the to your majesty's declared wishes. right itself was never questioned, But when your majesty had asthough the exercise of it was sumed the kingly power, these from necessity suspended, or from same advisers, in another minute motives of policy declined. of council, recanted, their formet

Her majesty has been taught judgment, and referred to, and to believe that the most valuable adopted these very same documents

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as a justification of one of your cision, if it is to furnish a precedent majesty's harshest measures to- for future times, can have no other wards the queen-the separation effect than to fortify oppression of her majesty from her affection with the forms of law, and to give ate and only child.

to injustice the sąnction of authoThe queen, like your majesty, rity. The protection of the subdescended from a long race of ject, from the highest to the lowkings, was the daughter of a so. est, it is not only the true but the vereign house connected by the only legitimate object of all power; ties of blood with the most illus- and no act of power can be legititrious families in Europe, and her mate which is not founded on not unequal alliance with your those principles of eternal justice, majesty was formed in full confi- without which law is but the mask dence that the faith of the king of tyranny, and power the instruand the people was equally ment of despotism. pledged to secure to her all those Queen's L.ouse, July 17. honours and rights which had been enjoyed by her royal predecessors.

REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONIn that alliance her majesty be. ERS APPOINTED BY HIS MAlieved that she exchanged the JESTY

CONSIDER THE protection of her family for that SUBJECT OF WEIGHTS AND of a royal husband and that of a MEASURES. free and noble-minded nation. May it please your Majesty, From your majesty, the queen bas We, the commissioners apexperienced only the bitter disappointed by your majesty for the pointment of every hope she had purpose of considering the subindulged. In the attachment of ject of weights and measures, the people she has found that have now completed the examinapowerful and decided protection tion of the standards which we which has ever been her steady have thought it necessary to com support and her unfailing consola. pare. The measurements which tion. Submission, from a subject, we have lately performed upon to injuries of a private nature the apparatus employed by the may be matter of expedience - late sir George Shuckburgh from a wife it may be matter of Evelyn, have enabled us to deternecessity--but it never can be the mine with sufficient precision the duty of a queen to acquiesce in weight of a given bulk of water, the infringement of those rights with a view to the fixing the magwhich belong to her constitutional nitude of the standard of weight; character.

that of length being already de The queen does therefore re- termined by the experiments res peat her most solemn and deli-lated in our former reports: and berate protest against the deci- we have found by the computasion of the said council, consider- tions, which will be detailed in ing it only as the sequel of that the appendix, that the weight of a course of persecution under which cubic inch of distilled water, at her majesty has so long and so 62 deg. of Fahrenheit, is 252,72 severely suffered, and which de- grains of the parliamentary stand

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ard pound of 1758, supposing it for the exchequer, and for such to be weighed in a vacuum.

other offices in your majesty's We beg leave therefore finally dominions as may be judged most to recommend, with all humility, convenient for the ready use of to your majesty, the adoption of your majesty's subjects. the regulations and modifications 4. Whether any further legissuggested in our former reports, lative enactments are required, which are principally these : for enforcing a uniformity of prac

1. That the parliamentary tice throughout the British empire, standard yard, made by Bird in we do not feel ourselves compe.1760, be henceforward considered tent to determine: but it appears as the authentic legal standard of to us that nothing would be more the British empire ; and that it conducive to the attainment of be identified by declaring that this end, than to increase, as far 39,1393 inches of this standard, as possible, the facility of a ready at the temperature of 62° of Fah- recurrence to the legal standards, renheit, have been found equal to which we apprehend to be in a the length of a pendulum sup- great measure attainable by the posed to vibrate seconds in Lon- means that we have recommended. don, on the level of the sea, and it would also, in all probability, be in a vacuum.

of advantage to give a greater de2. That the parliamentary gree of publicity to the appendix standard Troy pound, according of our last report, containing a to the two-poúnd weight made in comparison of the customary 1758, remain unaltered; and that measures employed throughout 7000 Troy grains be declared to the country. constitute an Avoirdupois pound; 5. We are not aware that any the cubic inch of distilled water further services remain for us to being found to weigh at 62 deg. perform, in the execution of the in a vacuum, 252.72 parliamen- commands laid upon us by your tary grains.

majesty's commission : but if any ! 3. That the ale and corn gallon superintendence of the regulations be restored to their original equa- to be adopted, were thought ne. lity, by taking, for the statutable cessary, we should still be ready common gallon of the British em to undertake such inspections pire, a mean value, such that a

and examinations as might be regallon of common water may quired for the complete attainweigh 10 pounds avoirdupois in ment of the objects in question. ordinary circumstances, its con (Signed) GEORGE CLERK. tent being nearly 277.3 cubic

DAVIES GILBERT. inches; and that correct stand

W. H. WOLLASTON. ards of this imperial gallon, and

THOMAS YOUNG. of the bushel, peck, quart, and

HENRY KATER. pint, derived from it, and of their London, March 31, 1821. parts, be procured without delay

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