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BRITISH AND

AND FOREIGN

HISTORY

For the Year 1821.

CHAPTER I.

Meeting of Parliament.--King's Speech.-Petitions relative to the

Queen.Queen's message. Further proceedings with regard to her Majesty.-Debate on the Question of restoring the Queen's name to the Liturgy.-Motion respecting the British Museum.-Debates in both Houses on the Subjects of Naples and the Holy Alliance.--Act for regulating Trials for Treason.

HOUSE of lords, Jan, 23. - Italy should eventually lead to

This being the day fixed any interruption of tranquillity in by proclamation for the meeting that quarter; but it will, in such of parliament, his majesty, at case, be my great object to secure tended by the principal officers of to my people the continuance of state and the household, came

peace. down to the house about two “ Gentlemen of the house of o'clock, and opened the session. commons, Sir T. Tyrwhit, the gentleman “ The measures by which, in usher of the black rod, was di- the last session of parliament, rected to summon the commons, you made provision for the exand on their appearance at the penses of my civil government, bar, his majesty delivered the fol- and for the honour and dignity lowing speech:

of the crown, demand my warm“ My lords and gentlemen, est acknowledgments.

“ I have the satisfaction of ac “I have directed that the estiquainting you that I continue to mates for the current year shall be receive from foreign powers the laid before you; and it is a satisstrongest assurances of their faction to me to have been enabled friendly disposition towards this to make some reduction in our country.

military establishments. “It will be a matter of deep “ You will observe from the regret to me, if the occurrences accounts of the public revenue, which have lately taken place in that, notwithstanding the receipts

in Ireland have proved materially standing the agitations produced deficient, in consequence of the by temporary circumstances, and unfortunate circumstances which amidst the distress which still have affected the commercial presses upon a large portion of credit of that part of the uni- my subjects, the firmest reliance ted kingdom, and although our may be placed on that affectionforeign trade, during the early ate and loyal attachment to my part of this time, was in a state person and government, of which of depression, the total revenue I have recently received so many has, nevertheless, exceeded that testimonies from all parts of my of the preceding year.

kingdom; and which, whilst it A considerable part of this is most grateful to the strongest increase must be ascribed to the feelings of my heart, I shall ever new taxes; but in some of those consider as the best and surest branches which are the surest safeguard of my

throne. indications of internal wealth, the “ In the discharge of the imaugmentation has fully realized portant duties imposed upon you, any expectation which could have you will, I am confident, be senbeen reasonably formed of it. sible of the indispensable neces

“ The separate provision which sity of promoting and maintaining, was made for the queen, as prin- to the utmost of your power, a cess of Wales, in the year 1814, due obedience to the laws, and of terminated with the demise of his instilling into all classes of my late majesty:

subjects a respect for lawful autho“I have, in the mean time, di- rity, and for those established rected advances, as authorized by institutions under which the counlaw; and it will, under present try has been enabled to overcome circumstances, be for you to con

so many

difficulties, and to which, sider what arrangements under providence, may be ascribed should be made on this subject. our happiness and renown as a

“ My lords and gentlemen, nation."

“ I have great pleasure in being The commons having left the able to acquaint you, that a con- bar, his majesty withdrew, and siderable improvement has taken their lordships adjourned till five place within the last half-year in o'clock; when several of the most important His majesty's speech being read branches of our commerce and from the woolsack. manufactures; and that, in many The earl of Belmore moved, of the manufacturing districts, and lord Prudhoe seconded the the distresses which prevailed at address. It was agreed to unanithe commencement of the last mously. session of parliament have greatly In the house of commons,

the abated.

address was moved by Mr. Bankes “It will be my most anxious jun. and seconded by Mr. Brown. desire to concur in every measure It was agreed to as usual. which may be considered as cal House of Commons, Jan. 24.culated to advance our internal Several members presented petiprosperity.

tions, soliciting inquiry upon what “I well know that, notwith was termed the late conspiracy

against

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against the queen; and also for apprehensive that such a provision the restoration of her name to the may be unaccompanied by the liturgy.

possession of her rights and priviHouse of lords, Jan. 25.--Se- leges in the ample measure whereveral presented petitions relative informer queens consort, her to the queen, of a similar nature royal predecessors, have been to those which had been sent to wont in times past to enjoy them. the commons.

“It is far from the queen's inHouse of Commons, Jan. 26.- clination needlessly to throw obThe speaker stated that the house stacles in the way of a settlement had been up with the address to which she desires in common with his majesty, and that his majesty the whole country, and which she had been pleased to receive the feels persuaded the best interests address most graciously, and to of all parties equally require; and return the answer which he would being most anxious to avoid every now read to the house. (Here thing that might create irrithe speaker read his majesty's tation, she cautiously abstains answer.)

from any observation upon the Long debates took place on a unexampled predicament in which motion by lord Archibald Hamil- she is placed, but she feels it due ton, for the rescinding of the to the house and to herself reorder in council for omitting her spectfully to declare, that she majesty's name in the liturgy; perseveres in the resolution of dewhich was negatived.

clining any arrangement while her Jan. 31.-The proceedings in name continues to be excluded the house of commons possessed from the liturgy. uncommon life and interest. At

“ Brandenburgh-house, the moment when lord Castle

Jan. 31. 1821." reagh was proposing a committee A motion for adjournment was to consider of an adequate pro- negatived, and upon the house vision for the queen, the follow- going into a committee of supply, ing message was conveyed by a motion by lord Castlereagh for Mr. Brougham :

granting to her majesty a sum not “ Caroline R.--The queen, hav- exceeding 50,0001. a-year, for her ing learned that the house of com life, was agreed to, and subsemons has appointed this day for quently confirmed. taking into consideration the part Feb. 5 & 6.-Prolix and stormy of the king's most gracious speech debates occupied the house, upon which relates to her, deems it a motion by the marquis of Tarisnecessary to declare, that she is tock, criminating ministers for duly sensible of his majesty's con their conduct relative to the late descension in recommending an proceedings against the queen, arrangement respecting her to the which was finally negatived by a attention of parliament. She is majority of 146. aware that this recommendation Feb. 12.-Lord John Russell must be understood as referring moved the order of the day for to a provision for the support of the house resolving itself into a her estate and dignity; and from committee upon the Grampound what has lately passed, she is disfranchisement bill; for the

committal

1

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committal of which he moved, house. With respect to the peti-
obtaining a majority of 70 in tions which had been presented,
favor of his motion.

it should also be considered that
Feb. 13. — After several peti- there were, on this occasion, pe-
tions had been presented on the titions not only from those places
subject from different quarters, from which the house was accus-
Mr. J. Smith brought forward a tomed to receive them on other
motion for the restoration of her occasions, but also from places
majesty's name to the Liturgy; in which never before had taken any
the course of which he stated part in political affairs. When he
that the only motive which in- saw this, he was astonished how
duced him at all to introduce the any gentleman on the other side
present motion to the attention could deny that the people took
of the house (for he could assure more interest in the question re-
the house that it personally was specting her majesty than they
very inconvenient to him in con- had done on any former occasion.
sequence of the state of his health) He had heard it said that the
was, to put an end to the distur- noble lord (Castlereagh) had stated
bance and distraction which pre- that he could not continue to hold
vailed in the country upon this office if the house should agree
subject; disturbance and dis- to the insertion of her majesty's
traction which, in his opinion, name. Now, assuming, as he
could not be appeased until the thought he might fairly do, that
cause was removed. He had the tranquillity of the country
heard it stated by gentlemen on would be further endangered by
the other (the ministerial) side, the refusal of this motion, he beg-
and certainly the statement ex- ged to ask the noble lord whether
cited no inconsiderable degree of he was prepared to say that the
surprise, that the public took no country was in such a state as
great interest in this question. that it could safely bear addition-
He was astonished to hear such al subject of irritation. Let the
assertions; for if gentlemen would noble lord look at the sub-
only open their eyes, they must jects of dissatisfaction which exis-
perceive the intense interest with ted from other causes. Look at
which the public considered the the state of the agriculturists !
subject, and the intensity of feel- He (Mr. Smith) was not among
ing to which it had given rise those who thought that agri-
throughout the whole country. culture was in a state of ab-
The house were aware that her solute ruin; but he admitted that
majesty had received several hun- those engaged in it were reduced
dred addresses, signed by several to a state of very great distress;
hundreds of thousands of persons, and he knew from many farmers
all of whom sympathised with her that they were suffering the great-
sufferings, and poured forth earn est calamities. Then, he asked,
est prayers for the restoration of was it worth while to insult per-
her rights. He only mentioned sons so depressed, by paying no
this circumstance as a proof of attention to the prayers which
the universal feeling of the people they had so earnestly addressed
on the question now before the to the legislature on the question

before

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