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For the clause

230 clergymen, because they would Against it

216 have the effect of taking from the

bill (to which those who agreed Majority for it

14 must agree on the principle that 30.--The third reading of the th was not that danger to be Irish catholic disability bill was apprehended from it which he had carried by a majority of 19. anticipated) all appearance of

A discussion took place upon grace. He thought the clauses the subject in the house of lords, to which he alluded were most on the 16th of April, when the impolitic, and would defeat the question was adjourned; and, object of those individuals who upon the renewal of the debate bad introduced the present bill. on the 17th, a majority of 39 was The earl of Donoughmore was against the second reading of the sorry the noble lord did not conbill.

cur in the general principle of the House of lords, April 3.-The bill. As to the other point, he catholics' repeal bill was brought felt exactly as his lordship did. up from the commons by sir. J. Did the Roman catholies enterNewport, attended by an unusual- tain sentiments opposed to the ly large number of members. principles of the constitution, he

The earl of Donoughmore moved should object to grant them the that the bill should be read a proposed relief; but he was confirst time. He said, that from vinced they were as loyal subjects the communications he had lately as the members of any

other

per-' had on the subject of the bill with suasion. some of the first men in the king The lord Chancellor felt himself dom, he had hopes that such called upon to declare, upon the amendments would be made, in fullest conviction, that the great the progress of the measure, as interests of the country would would remove every material ob- not permit of any alteration in the jection that might be entertained laws affecting the Roman cathoon the part of the catholics, with- lics. He would state his objecout, at the same time, failing to tions to the proposed bill fully on give those securities which every the day appointed for the second man in that house must think the reading. At present he should protestant established church and only observe, that it was impos. state had a right to require. sible to reconcile the provisions

The earl of Liverpool gave no of the bill with the principles on tice that he should oppose the which it was introduced, and that bill in its future stages. He could it was impossible he could give not agree to grant the proposed his consent to it, consistently with privileges to the Roman catholic his duty to the public, under alsubjects; but, even if he were most any modification. disposed to grant them, or their The bill was then read a first time. lordships should be of opinion On the same day, in the house that they ought to be granted, of commons, a variety of petitions still he should feel it his duty to were presented on agricultural .object to the clauses in the bill distress, the wool trade, against which relate to Roman catholic the malt duty, &c.

Mr.

Mr. Western moved the order Mr. Coke and sir John Shelley of the day for the second reading spoke on the same side. of the additional malt duties re Mr. Ward opposed the bill. It peal bill. The tax had not rea would be highly inconsistent in lized the sum at which it had the house to have voted the prebeen estimated, viz. 1,400,0001. sent establishments and expendiThe object of the present measure ture, and yet to reduce the inwas to repeal the new duty of come 1,500,000 a year. If it was 1s. 2d. per bushel without enter- intended to absorb the sinking ing into the question of the 8d. fund, let it be done openly and per bushel, imposed on Scotch above board; but if that fund barley in 1819 to equalize it with was a fallacy, as was now asthe English duty.

serted, it should be recollected Mr. Vansittart said, that though that ten successive parliaments'. the tax had fallen short of the had legislated upon it as a reality. fair average by 150,0001, the first He could not consent to reduce year, it had last year exceeded our army at a time when it was the average. He certainly was evident that an obstinate struggle disposed to re-consider in a com still existed, and was likely to mittee whether there existed any exist, between the inordinate am. good grounds for making a dis- bition of enterprising monarchs tinction between English and on the one hand, and the wakened Scotch barley.

vengeance of suffering and indigLord A. Hamilton said, there nant nations on the other.

some spots in Scotland Mr. Grenfell could not vote as which produced fine barley; but usual with his friends in opposiit was absurd to say, that the tion this evening, as he thought Scotch barley crops in general it necessary to maintain a surplus equalled those of England. He of revenue. should join the English members After a long debate the house in endeavouring to effect the ge- divided. neral reduction of ls. 2d. though For the second reading . 144 he had heard that the English

Against it

242 members were not inclined to join the Scotch in doing away the ine Majority against the bill, quality of which the latter com and in favour of ministers 98 plained.

were

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CHAPTER III.
Game Laws.- Agricultural Horse Tar.Committee of Supply.Pea

tition against Wool Tar.-Assesssed Taxes Acts.Motion on Parlia-
mentary Reform.-Cash Payments.--Breach of Privilege.Bill to
amend the Poor Laws. -- Outrage at Manchester. Forgery Punishment
Mitigation Bill.--Grampound Disfranchisement Bill.— Second reading
of the Poor Laws Bill.-Ways and Means.

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TOUSE of Commons, April 5.- tions respecting the depressed
A great number of peti- state of agriculture were pre-

sented

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sented, and referred to the com most disastrous results. Momittee appointed to investigate narchs had now become speculathe subject.

tors in corn. The greater part Lord Cranborne, after enlarging of the immense importation which on the evils resulting from the took place in August last, was present system of game laws, from the stores of the king of moved for a committee to inquire Sweden; and if we ever expeinto the state thereof. The mo rienced a scarcity, which God tion was seconded by sir J. Se- forbid ! and we should require a bright, and supported by sir J. sudden importation of grain, there Yorke, sir W. Hlynn, colonel Wood, was the king of Denmark ready Mr. Bennett, (of Wilts,) Dr. to supply us with enormous quanWarre, and Mr. Harbord, and tities, which were already colopposed by sir J. Shelley, Mr. lected in Holland, in the event of Bankes, Mr. Douglas, sir C. Bur- such a demand being made. ' Mr. rell, Mr. Lockhart, and Mr. Coke, C. concluded with moving " for jun. On a devision, it was nega- leave to bring in a bill to repeal tived by 86 to 52.

so much of the acts of the 48th Mr. Curwen addressed the house and the 52d of Geo. III. and of on the subject of the agricultural the 2d of Geo. IV. as imposes horse tax, which, he said, was certain duties on horses employed felt as a great grievance by the for agricultural purposes, and for small farmer, and the occupier of the conveyance of lime, coals, sterile and stiff soils. It operated and certain merchandise.” with peculiar severity in Wales Sir W. Wynn seconded the and the northern counties in Eng- motion, but would have preferred land, where the using of horses that it had been postponed until was a matter of absolute neces. the report of the agricultural comsity. The repeal of this impost, mittee was received. though it would go but a little Several other gentlemen exway to that relief to which the

pressed the same sentiments. farmers were entitled, would yet A conversation ensued between be received with gratitude, as NIK. Vansitiart and lord Belgrave ; shewing a disposition, on the part and after some further observaof government, to attend to their tions, Mr. Curwen said he should sufferings. The prohibition of withdraw the motion, if he were applying metallic springs to carts, to understand that the chancellor without subjecting the owner to of the exchequer was disposed to the gig tax of 61. 10s. was another extend relief to the agricultural grievance which was severely felt interest, by a modification of by the small farmer, Mr. C. then taxes which bore most heavily again intimated his willingness to and mischievously on them. agree to a 5 per cent. property Mr. V'ansittart said, he could tax, in lieu of the tax just men- give no explanation until he saw tioned, and those on soap, candles, what the agricultural committee &c. He combatted the idea of recommended. He should be throwing the poor soils out of disposed to pay every attention cultivation as fraught with the in his power to their recommenda

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tion; but he could not promise to Mr. Calcraft was addressing the relinquish 500,0001. a year, un. house in support of the motion, less upon grounds of undoubted upon an understanding that Mr, expediency and justice. If the Creevey did not mean to go the motion were now persisted in, he length of excluding all the officers should certainly oppose it. of government from that house,

After some further debate the He strongly condemned the disquestion was withdrawn without missal of lord Fife. a division.

Lord Castlereagh, in opposing House of lords, April 6.-The the motion, described the mover royal assent was given by com as the protestor general against mission to the following bills : the measures of government, and The commercial intercourse bill, libeller general of parliament. the husbandry horses' duties bill, When Mr. Creevey held a situathe Irish attorneys' fees bill, the tion in the board of control, he Irish witchcraft repeal bill, the never said a word about the excourt of king's bench regulation cessive influence of the crown. bill, the Grampound witnesses' The dismissal alluded to called indemnity bill.

for no explanation. It was the House of commons.--Mr. Van. prerogative of the crown to dissittart having moved that the house miss its servants at pleasure. should go into a committee of Least of all should such a call supply, Mr. Creerey opposed the come from a party who had remotion, complained that the peti- fused their services to the public, tions of the people for retrench- unless they had the appointment ment were treated with contempt, of the officers of his majesty's and moved an amendment, allu- household, alleging, as they did, sive to the general distress, to the that the want of such patronage number of placemen in the house, would go to show that they had and to the dismissal of lord Fife, not the full confidence of the sofor his late vote against the vereign. malt tax; and concluding with Mr. Tierney could not support a declaration “That, under all the resolution mixed up as it was these circumstances, the house with the case of lord Fife, whose is of opinion, it will better con- dismissal was denied to have been sult its own honour and the in- occasioned by his vote. Had the terests of the public by imme case been otherwise, it would have diately inquiring into the facts been a fit subject for impeachbefore mentioned, than in going ment. Though himself and his any longer into committees of sup- friends had refused to take office ply, to vote away the money of with a crown interest, separated the people, without the slightest from the ministerial interest, they possible prospect of relief to the had never maintained the right of country.

dismissing any one for his vote in Mr. Hobhouse seconded the mo- parliament.-On a division, Mr. tion, and argued in its support. Creevey's motion was negatived At this stage of the proceeding, by 120 to 36. strangers were ordered to with Lord Palmerston moved that draw, On their re-admission, 50,4181, 168. Sd, be granted to

his

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his majesty, to defray the charge nary cloths, and stuffs, which they of allowances for the office of the were accustomed to ship to the secretary at war.

continent, had been transferred, Colonel Davies repeated his in consequence of the advanced objections to several items in this prices, to Bremen and other towns, charge, and moved to substitute which were thus encouraged to the sum of 45,4181. 168. 8d. After become our rivals in trade. The a long and general discussion, · raw material was driven from this the amendment was negatived by country; and other states, in con. 106 to 67. The original resolu- sequence of the increased price of tion was then agreed to, and the the articles they had been accusa, house resumed.

tomed to purchase from us, were Mr. T. Wilson presented a pe- compelled to depend on their own tition from a number of dealers in manufactures. The old duty prowool, praying for a repeal of duced a considerable revenue, the new duty on foreign wool, and enabled the manufacturer to The petitioners set forth, that, in carry on a profitable trade; but consequence of this tax, the im- when a duty of from 25 to 30 per portation of foreign wool had cent. was levied on the raw mafallen off very materially, the con- terial, it was absolutely forcing sequence

of which was, that cer the United States, whether they tain branches of the woollen ma would or not, to become manunufacture had suffered greatly. facturers. He had learned from a letter Mr. Baring said an honourable which was dated so late as the friend of his had given notice of 8th of February last, that in one a repeal of this tax; and he must port of Spain no less than three observe that a more important American vessels were loading subject could not possibly be with wool, which it was found brought under the consideration useless to send here, on account of that house. He could not sufof the high duty with which it was fer a petition of this sort to be charged. This was a circumstance brought up, without stating his entirely new in our commercial perfect conviction, that if parliatransactions, and showed the bad ment did not listen to the voice effect which the tax produced. of the manufacturers, in all parts A gentleman, having 300 bags of of the country, Great Britain was wool consigned to him, was com- in danger of losing a large porpelled on account of the duty to tion of her trade. send them abroad; and a mer Mr. Huskisson said, as notice chant at Liverpool having pur- of a motion for the repeal of the chased 350 bars, finding that the wool tax had been given, it would commodity could not bear the be much better to go into a conextent of duty, had shipped the sideration of the question when wool to the United States. A that motion was made, instead of communication had been made arguing it on the ex-parte stateto him from a respectable house ments of certain petitioners, as in the city, stating that a demand had been done by the honourable to the amount of about 6,0001. member. With respect 10 the annually, for broad cloths, ordi. tax ruining the import trade, the

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