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accused, and against his accusers ; an the agnomen of Waring, was twice object which, it must be confessed, married, and in both instances to the unprecedented prolongation of actresses. His first marriage rus the trial tended greatly to facilitate. dissolved in 1812, by an accident When Major Scott was examined equally singular and affecting.
His ! before the House of Lords, on the lady happening to go to bed weat15th day of the trial, relative to the tended, is supposed to have falles Begum charge, he stated, among o. backwards on the well-staircase, a ther things, that Mr Hastings' de- the foot of which, the body was early fence had been chiefly drawn up, not next morning discovered, entirely by himself, as had till then been gene- deprived of life. He died on the an rally believed, but by his friends; and of May 1819. that Messrs Halhed, Gilpin, Middle. ton, and himself, had all assisted on LORD CHIEF-BARON DUNDAS, the that occasion. His zeal, however, eldest son of the late Lord President sometimes carried him too far. In Dundas of Arniston, by Miss Grant, a letter published in 1790 he had re- youngest daughter of the Honoorfected severely on the conduct of able William Grant, Lord Prestonthe Managers appointed to conduct grange, was born on the 6th of June the impeachment, still pending, and 1753. In 1779, he entered as adva particularly on Mr Burke, against cate, and at a very early age was whom all his efforts were mainly die appointed Solicitor-General for Scot rected. The attack was thought too land, Sir Ilay Campbell being theo gross to be passed over, and accord- Lord Advocate. On the promotion ingly, on the motion of General Bur. of the latter to the Presidency of the goyne, the letter was declared to be Court of Session in 1789, Mr Dundas a high breach of the privileges of the succeeded to the office of Lord AdHouse of Commons; in consequence vocate, while his friend, Mr Blair, the of whieh, the Major was reprimanded late President, was appointed Soliciin his place by the Speaker. This, tor-General. This high office Mr however, he appears to have consi. Dundas continued to hold till 1801, dered as only the fortune of war, when, on the resignation of Chiefand hence he continued to annoy Baron Montgomery, he was instalthe Managers in every possible led into the office which he held till way, sometimes with, and sometimes within a short period of his death. without the assistance of Ministers. Few public men, perhaps, have de The result is well known ; and al. scended into the grave with stronger though Major Scott's exertions could claims than the late Lord Chief not be supposed to have had much Baron to the respect and affection of influence in bringing about the ac- all who knew him. His Lordship was quittal of Mr Hastings, they had not not generally thought to be endowed been without their use: he was al- with those brilliant talents which ways at his posť ; and though often have been conspicuous in many of discomfited, and sometimes unmer- his family; but, joined to very recifully mauled, he constantly return. spectable abilities, he possessed, in ed to the charge, and was thus able an eminent degree, that mildness and to effect more by mere pertinacity of moderation of character, which enpurpose, than men less staunch and abled him, in very critical times, to resolved, though gifted with far su. discharge the duties of his high and perior talents.
responsible office, without being ex. Major Scott, who latterly assumed posed to that rancorous political ani.
mosity, of which, at that period, pub- even fervour for the cause of the Hic men were so generally the objects. latter, which evinced that his serviWe allude of course to the time when ces as a functionary of the Crown he held the office of Lord Advocate had not weakened his attachment to for Scotland, and when,
even in this the rights and liberty of the subject. country, the mania of French revo- But if these qualities rendered his lutionary principles had spread so Lordship so respectable in public, widely among the people, that no- it may easily be conceived how much thing but extraordinary decision, they endeared him in private life. joined to great forbearance and mo- His character, indeed, as a private deration, could have saved us from individual, was most exemplary, and the dominion of Jacobin Clubs, was universally acknowledged and adand the fury of Septembrisers and mired. His Lordship died at EdinAnarchists. Men of all parties seem burgh on the 17th of June 1819, after now agreed, that, though placed in a long and severe illness, and was a situation of unprecedented difficul. succeeded in his office by Sir Samuel ty and even hazard, Mr Dundas dis. Shepherd, late Attorney-General of charged the duties of his office in a England. To this distinguished man, manner equally salutary to the public we may safely apply the words used and honourable to himself. Firm and by an eminent Judge, in concluding decided in his character, he never. a sketch of the character of one of theless contrived to blend with the his brethren :-“ He has died, leadischarge of his duty to his country, ving no good man his enemy; and a spirit of tenderness to those whom attended with that sincere regret, he thought misled, and of concilia- which only those can hope for, who tion to all who differed from him in have occupied the like important stathe opinions at that time agitated; tions, and acquitted themselves well." and it has been generally allowed, that his Lordship’s conduct on that The remark with which we comoccasion, aided by the like decided menced our notice of Sir Richard and temperate measures of Mr Elder, Musgrave, applies a fortiori to Kotzethen Lord Provost, preserved the BUE, who is indeed chiefly known as city of Edinburgh from the scenes a dramatist and political writer, and of turbulence and violence which so who, therefore, ought perhaps to have strongly threatened it.
been classed in the literary departAs a Judge in the Exchequer, the ment of these notices. But as he late Chief-Baron was equally distin. had latterly acquired considerable guished. In the limited range of political consequence from the fapublic cases which come before the vour of the Emperor Alexander, and, Court, the delinquency of parties above all, as he met his fate in con arraigned for breaches of the revenue sequence of his connection with that laws is generally so apparent, that sovereign, we have thought proper there is little room for doubt or he- to insert his name among those of sitation in a Judge's charge to the the political characters in the obiJury; but when it appeared that a tuary of this year. defendant had acted from no impro. Augustus von Kotzebue was born per motive, or when a doubtful law at Weimar, (to the Duke of which his was endeavoured to be interpreted father was counsellor of legation) to the prejudice of the fair trader, on the 30th of May 1761. His mohis Lordship displayed a zeal and ther, early left a widow, devoted her
self to the education of her children, he was soon after appointed Presi and had the satisfaction to discover dent of the civil government at Re in her son, the subject of this notice, vel; on which occasion, civil rack early indications of that particular ge- in Russia being measured by militanius which he afterwards displayed. ry gradations, he was nominated :
At the age of sixteen, he was sent Lieutenant-Colonel. to the College of Jena, where he Having obtained leave of absence made considerable progress in Latin on account of ill health, in 1790, be and French, particularly in the latter spent some time at the medicinal language: nor is it surprising that springs of Pyrmont, and afterwards he should have done so, for his taste went to Weimar, where he pepaed always seemed to be more congenial some bitter reflections on that simwith that of the French authors than ple-minded and amiable enthusiast, of his own countrymen..
Zimmerman, for which he never for From Jena he went for some time gave himself. At this period, his to Duisburg, where he organized a wife was, within a month after her juvenile company of dramatic ama- delivery of a daughter, seized with a teurs, and obtained permission, from fever, which soon terminated her exthe holy brotherhood of the Mino. istence. During her illness, a comrites, to perform a translation of pliment of a peculiar and delicate Sheridan's Rivals in the cloister of kind was paid to him by the students their convent. At Duisburg his then at Jena, and which is the more pen was not idle. He wrote a little remarkable from the contrast which drama, called The Ring, and a ro. it presents to the deadly animosity mance in the style of Werther, which, afterwards cherished against bim by in his own opinion at the time, their successors. About eighty of was not inferior to the original; for them had repaired to Weimar, i the hero, instead of blowing out his order to witness his play of Misas. brains, had recourse to the classical thropy and Repentance ; and it wa expedient of throwing himself from their custom, on the evenings when a rock, and was dashed to pieces. they visited the theatre, to sup to In 1779 he returned to Jena, and ap- gether, and to return home jovially, plied himself with diligence to the hallooing and shouting as they passstudy of the law; but bis inclination ed along the streets. On this occa. constantly led him away from this sion, knowing how much the author dry and repulsive study to pursuits was afflicted by the alarming situamore congenial to the bent of his tion of his wife, they avoided the mind.
street in which he resided, although In his eighteenth year, he went to their route lay that way, and left Petersburgh, as private secretary to the town by another road. General Baur, one of the most en- After the death of his lady, Kot. lightened soldiers of Russia at thatzebue bade adieu to Weimar, and period; and soon after wrote a tra. hastened to Paris, in the hope of gedy, called Demetrius, Czar of Mos- recovering, in the bustle of that gay cow, which appears to have added metropolis, the self-possession of nothing to his reputation. But he which this domestic misfortune bad was more fortunate in another re- deprived him. spect; for having, about this time, When he had satisfied his curiosimarried a Russian lady of rank, to ty, without much alleviating his sorwhom he was passionately attached, row, he returned to his presidency.
But in 179.5 the temper of the Rus- that the fanaticism against him in an government induced him to send the universities was become so great 1 bis resigoation; and in 1796 he that it was no longer safe for him ccepted the office of superintendant to remain in Germany, he had apf the imperial theatre at Vienna ; plied for his passports to return to
situation which he soon found at Petersburgh, when he was assassiariance with his habits, however nated on the 23d of March 1819, at ongenial to his taste, and which, in Manheim, in the Grand Duchy of consequence, he threw up in disgust. Baden, by Charles Frederick Sandt, n 1800 he returned to Russia ; but a student of the Universities of Tuad scarcely crossed the frontiers bingen and Erlangen, and who had vhen he was arrested by the special been distinguished by his dark and orders of that imperial madman Paul, morose fanaticism at the fête of and conducted to Kurgan, a town Wartburg, on the anniversary of the n Siberia, where he enlivened the battle of Leipsic. The particulars dreariness of exile by the perform of this remarkable assassination beance of some of his plays, in which he ing detailed in the Chronicle, under induced the inhabitants to take part. date the 23d of March, it is only ne
On the accession of Alexander, cessary to refer our readers to that he again_left Russia, and travelled department of the present work ; through France, Italy, and Germany, adding, however, that they may imand subsequently fixed his abode at plicitly rely on the authenticity of Berlin, where he undertook the the facts there recorded. management of a journal, called the Kotzebue, who married a second Free Speaker, but which, after edit- time, left no less than fourteen chiling it several years, he was, in con- dren. The eldest is a captain in the sequence of offending Buonaparte, Austrian service: Otto de Kotzebue, obliged to abandon, and retire to a a lieutenant in the Russian navy, has small estate which he possessed in already distinguished himself by a Esthopia.
voyage round the world, undertaken It is said, that he was consulted, and at the expence of Count Romansoff indeed that he assisted, in drawing Chancellor of Russia : and Moritz, up the Russian diplomatic papers pu- an officer in the Russian army, has blished in 1811 and 1812." In 1813, published an interesting relation of the Emperor Alexander appointed the Russian Embassy to Persia, to him Consul-General at Köningsberg; which he was attached. and, in 1816, named him one of his If, as an author, Kotzebue does Counsellors of State. But the Rus- not rank in the first class, either for sian climate not agreeing with his intellectual power or elegance of health, which was always delicate, style, few have been more celebrated he was, in 1817, allowed to travel in their own day. He had certainly in Germany, and to retain all his ap- the art of adapting his sentiments pointments, on condition of sending with great success to the popular a regular report to Petersburgh of his feelings ; which serves to account at observations on the morals, politics, once for the mushroom popularity he and literature of that country. In enjoyed in his lifetime, and for the this capacity of accredited political oblivion into which the greater part reporter to the Russian Government, of his writings has already irre. he excited the jealousy and hatred trievably fallen, His imagination of the Germans; and being warned, was extravagant rather than bold;
his language inelegant, plethoric, dicated himself to agricultural pu. and redundant; his sentimentalism suits ; but under William II. again forced, silly, and disgusting; his con- entered his old regiment with the ception of character seldom natural rank of Major, and served with di or just; and the general tendency tinction during the campaign of 179 of his writings unfavourable to vir- and 1794. After the battle of Leys tue. He is, moreover, the uni- tadt, in which his daring and prees form panegyrist of absolute power, pitate valour was signally conspicein favour of which he was litile less ous, he received the rank of Major. extravagant and fanatical than the General, with a command in the arty miserable maniac whose poniard ter- of observation in the Lower Rbine. minated his existence; and though In 1802, he took possession for Preswe may lament his fate, it is impos- sia of Erfurt and Mulhausen; and a sible to feel much respect for the 1805-6 was in active service. After character of a renegado, who devot. the battle of Jena, he followed, with ed his powers, such as they were, to a great part of the cavalry, Prince the dissemination of principles in Hohenlohe towards Pomerania; be compatible with the welfare of his not being able to overtake him, be species, and to the service of a power threw himself with the corps of the which may one day overrun Ger. Dukes of Weimar and Brunswick many, and destroy the balance of into Lubeck, in order, if possible, to power in Europe.
draw the French from the Oder.
Here he made a desperate and me Field-MARSHAL PRINCE BLU- morable stand; and although the se CHER DE WAHLSTADT was born at periority of the French in numbers Rostock, on the 16th of September enabled them to carry the place by 1742. His father, a Captain of Horse, storm, he succeeded in retiring to in the service of Hesse Cassel, sent the village of Ratkau, in the Lubeck him; at the beginning of the Seven territory, where he was at last obYears' War, to Rugen, where, on see- liged to capitulate, as he himself ex. ing the Swedish Hussars, a love for a pressly says, “ only through want of soldier's life was awakened in him; ammunition and provisions.” Being and, contrary, to the advice of bis soon after exchanged for the Frencă relations, he entered the service of Marshal Victor, he was sent by the Sweden at the age of fourteen, made King of Prussia, with a small corps his first campaign against the Prus- on board a ship, destined for Swedish sians, and was taken
prisoner by the Pomerania, which he afterwards evasame regiment of Hussars, in which cuated, in consequence of the peace he afterwards so greatly distinguish of Tilsit. ed himself. Von Belling, then Colo- At the conclusion of this fatal papel of this regiment, persuaded him cification, which stripped Prussia of to enter the Prussian service, which some of her richest provinces, and was accomplished by exchanging him reduced her to the rank of a fourthfor a Swedish officer, and Blucher rate power, he was employed in the rerrained with the regiment of Hus, war departnient, and afterwards as sars, during the remaining campaigns Commander-in-Chief in Pomerania, of the Seven Years' War. At the but deprived of his employment by close of the war, displeased at not be the influence of Napoleon. The ing promoted, he resigned his com- events of 1819, however, again callmission as Captain of Horse, and de- ed him into the field, though then in