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posite alternative; for it was of all spirit of conquest, but in resistance things most important, that the to aggression ; and the manner in state of doubt which at present pre

which it had been conducted and vailed should be removed. He could brought to a conclusion, he was hapnot sit down without adverting to py to acknowledge, did honour to the reference made in the speech his Majesty's arms. and the address to the relations sub- The Earl of Liverpool followed the sisting between this country and the Marquis of Lansdown; and after United States of America. He complimenting his Lordship for the learned with great satisfaction, that liberal view which he had taken of the treaty with these states had been the speech and the address, and renewed; but in noticing this topic stating the desire of his Majesty's at all, it was impossible not to recol. ministers to avoid subjects on which lect transactions which had lately a difference of opinion might arise, occurred, in the course of certain proceeded to advert to the different military operations of the troops of topics which had been brought unthe United States, and which trans- der their Lordships' consideration. actions were of a nature to produce Among these topics was the evacuno slight sensation in this country, ation of France by the allied troops, as they involved the sacrifice of the a measure on which the Noble Marlives of two individuals who were quis looked with approbation. He British subjects. He alluded to partook, he said, in the feelings which transactions which had taken place had been expressed on the subject in the course of hostilities between of the evacuation of France by the the United States and the Indians allied troops. In the first place, it within the Spanish settlements. Un. was desirable that France should oftil, however, the Government of the fer no grounds on which the military United States avowed or attempt. occupation of her territory could be ed to justify these transactions, he any longer enforced. It was stipushould withhold any positive opi- Jated by treaty, that that military nion. The principle on which that occupation should cease at the end court-martial proceeded, if consist- of three years, if circumstances were ent with military law, was one which such at that period as to render a could scarcely be expected to be en- continuance of it for five years un. forced by such a government as that advisable, when it was stipulated of the United States. There might be that at all events it should be at an a pretence for applying such a law to end. By the most speedy terminaAmbrister, who was taken with arms tion of it, therefore, the allies showin his hands ; but with regard to ed that it was not their wish to con. Arbuthnot, there appeared no pre- tinue it so long as they might have text whatever. He had no doubt, done, and that, consequently, the however, that a distinct explanation measure appeared to them origi. would be received from the United nally one of necessity, and not of States, as the nature of these trans. choice. From the time that the miactions was inconsistent with the litary occupation of France was degenius and free institutions of that termined on, he had always looked Government. With respect to the forward to the evacuation as a meawar in India, as far as he could at sure which, to be advantageous and present form an opinion, it appeared agreeable to that country itsell, not to have been undertaken from a must appear voluntary and cordial on the part of the Allies. By short. gressive, and which had taken place ening the term, such a result was principally in such articles as, while obtained. The Noble Marquis, in they contributed to the necessities alluding to the conduct of our Go. of the State, afforded, by their convernment, in its relations with the

sumption, the means of estimating Allied Powers, in other respects, the amelioration of the circumstansaid he would not pronounce an ces of the people. loto such details opinion, and he (Lord Liverpool) it was not now the proper time to approved of his forbearance.' Fus enter. He admitted that it was the ture opportunities would occur in duty of the administration to endeawhich a discussion of our foreign vour to effect such reductions in the policy would, with more propriety, public establishments as would place and with fuller information, take the country on a solid foundation in place. He (Lord Liverpool) felt, point of revenue, by bringing its exhowever, bound in conscience to de. penditure within its income. The clare, that so far as he knew, there reductions which had taken place never was a period in the history of since the peace were great and unthe world when so general an anxie- precedented; the question of our ty prevailed to preserve the peace, finances was one that ought to be when the causes of disturbance were looked to with anxiety, not only so completely removed, when na. with a view to the improvement of tions and sovereigns were more di- our revenue, but the reduction of vested of ambition and the love of our expenditure. In alluding to undue influence, and when the ne- this subject, the Noble Marquis had cessity of repose and the spirit of made some observations on our curconciliation were more thorough- rency, and had blamed the omission ly acknowledged or acted upon over of it as a defect in the speech. Such the European community. The subjects, however, were generally Noble Marquis had done the Go. left to the spontaneous conduct of vernment no more than justice in the Ministry, and were brought admitting that they had left out of forward and supported by them the speech any mention of the ne. at the opportunity which they gotiations regarding the slave-trade judged most proper, rather than at Congress, from no desire to shun introduced into the King's speech. discussion, but from an opinion that The Noble Marquis had expressed the present was not the most proper a hope that this session would not opportunity for entering upon it. pass away without a full consideraHe (Lord Liverpool) felt as strong tion of the subject, and a resolution a desire as any man, that the great in favour of cash-payments. He work of the Abolition should be com- himself (Lord Liverpool) had stated pleted; and he was of opinion that his opinion on this subject last sesit could only be done by so well-re- sion. He then entertained a configulated a right of search as would dent expectation, that but for cereffectually prevent the traffic. What tain contemplated operations in fohad been done at Congress on this reign loans, our currency might subject would be laid before their have been restored; but he thought Lordships on a proper opportunity. there would be great danger in reHe (Lord Liverpool) congratulated turning to cash-payments during the the house on the improvement in progress of these operations. There the revenue, which had been pro. was another difficulty that occurred

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then, and which, when it did occur, increase of the public burdens as a would always have its influence he matter of course, that the most rigid meant an unfavourable state of the inquiries were instituted by commitexchanges. There were some who tees of the house into the necessity maintained, that the state of the ex- and expediency of such an increase. changes might be altered by the There was another thing, which the Bank, and a favourable one created. Noble Lord said he must also obInto the discussion of this opinion he The commerce of England would not now enter, nor would he cannot increase, without causing a deny its justice : but he would say, corresponding increase in the comthat if attempted under such circum- merce of other nations. The speech stances, it might produce much em. did, it was true, mention the contibarrassment and distress. The Noble nuance of a commercial treaty beMarquis had alluded to the execu• tween bis Royal Highness the Prince tion of our countrymen, Arbuthnot Regent and the United States of A. and Ambrister; and the nation was merica ; but it was not mentioned, aware, from the public prints, of the that in the treaty made at Aix-lacircumstances in which that execu- Chapelle, which was hereafter to be tion took place. When the proper submitted to their Lordships, any period arrived for discussing this commercial arrangement whatsoever subject, he would enter into the full. had been made with our Allies on the est explanations. At present he Continent. This was a circumstance felt the impropriety of producing de- which he could not help deprecatails which could not be deliberately ting; for no commercial treaty could examined. To quiet the minds of be made between two nations which their Lordships, however, he did not would not prove beneficial to both hesitate to state, that the execution the parties interested in it.

The took place without the authority of consideration of the commerce of the the American Government, that the country naturally led him to another act was done without their consent, subject intimately connected with and even without their knowledge. it--he meant the state of the cur

The Earl of Lauderdale professed rency. He recollected submitting he could not feel the extreme satis- to the house the propriety of an faction proposed to be expressed in inquiry into the state of it during the address, at the flourishing state the last session of Parliament, and he of the country. There had not, in should feel it his duty to renew such his opinion, been such pains taken a motion in the present. He recolto reduce our expenditure as it was lected also, that the Noble Lord opthe duty of Government to have ta- posite had then said, that the Bank ken. We had now L. 30,000,000 of Restriction Act would expire on the taxes, without including those war 5th of July, and had held out expec. taxes which had been rendered per- tations to the house and to the counmanent. How was it possible to try that he was serious in making imagine the continuance of such a such a promise. He had always been load of taxation during peace? In of opinion that the Restriction Act the course of the American war, ad- could not expire at the period which ditional taxes had been laid on to the was then stated. He was not singuamount of L. 5,000,000; but so far lar in this opinion; on the contrary, were the ministers or the parliament he was supported in it by many wellof that time from considering such an informed men; neither was it an o.

pinion which he had lately adopted, exhausted by a twenty-three years' but one which he had long and uni- war ; and stated that individual and formly maintained; because he was financial prosperity were naturally convinced, that until some altera- to be looked for as the consequence tions were made in the present Mint of that system of economy and reregulations, it was quite vain to ex- trenchment so quickly established, pect the expiration of the Restriction and steadily pursued, after our exAct. He trusted that ministers would pensive career of glory, in the reducnot give the go-by to such a question, tion of the army and navy, and other by meeting it, as had been of late war establishments of the country, too much ihe custom, by the order in every respect as extensive as was of the day, but would go fully and consistent with domestic security, fairly along with him in such an in- and the military occupation of our vestigation, which to him appeared colonies. Mr W. Peel descanted at of the highest importance.

considerable length on the same toIn the House of Commons Mr pics, and followed nearly the same Brownlow and Mr W. Peel went o. course of observation on the prospects ver nearly the same grounds with the of the country, and the bearings of Noble Lords who had moved and se- its domestic and foreign policy. conded the address in the Upper The remarks of these honourable House. The former, after pronoun- members called up Mr Macdonald, cing a very animated panegyric on who stated that the speech from the the late Queen, and the filial affec- throne, the address in answer, with tion displayed to his royal mother the comments that had been made by the Prince Regent, who, by his upon both, drew, in his opinion, an anxious and unremitting attentions, extravagant and exaggerated picture had soothed and consoled the last of the prosperity of the country. moments of her long and virtuous The House had been told that some life, alluded to the evacuation of the reductions had been, and were to French territory by the army of oc

be made in the navy and army. cupation, the scrupulous and honour. Those reductions, which some time able adherence of France to her en. ago were said to be wholly impracgagements, and the consolidation of ticable, were now alluded to as matthe Government of his most Chris- ters of necessary economy, but lian Majesty. He then took a rapid which, he should contend, if not review of our great successes in In- made, and made to a considerable dia, the suppression of the Pindar- extent, in the present state of Eu. rees, and the check given to their rope and this country, would render restless and perfidious supporters, his Majesty's Ministers deserving of the Mahratta powers. The renewal impeachment. He was, however, of the commercial treaty with the always glad to hear any mention of United States, from which he antici- a disposition to economy come from pated the greatest advantages, next the other side. It showed at least engaged his attention, and formed, some respect to the principle; but he said, a subject of general congra. he would rather, instead of those tulation. He adverted to the im- general and sweeping promises of provement in the finances of the retrenchment, bear some particular country, which he considered an evi- mention of what had actually been dent sign of the revival of commerce, done, or what it was really meant to and the renovation of the country, do. It looked like sincerity when, after the promise, some detail was evils as existed in the still depressed gone into ; for instance, he should state of some branches of our mawish to hear of some improved mo- mufacture, while he witnessed such dification in the collection of taxes, a dreadful increase of crime in every of some retrenchment of that vast part of the country, and such a sum absorbed by it of four millions consequent overflow in the gaols, and a half yearly, which was about whilst be perceived what he might half of their total amount at the call a legitimation of pauperism, commencement of the war. The and the misery which it produced in speech had talked in glowing terms every part of the country, he could of the great increase of the revenue. not but think that ministers might He did not niean to lessen any fa- find something better to do than vourable impression which that congratulating the house and each might make." It was well to hear, other on the prosperity of the counthat this year there was more paid try. The address had spoken of the into the public treasury than in the “ intimate" union which subsisted preceding; but it would be much between this country and its allies ; better to learn, that there was less. but the word was too amatory to paid out of it.

It would be ex- make a strong impression on the tremely satisfactory to know, that British public. They looked for in proportion as our resources in- thật substantial kind of profession creased, the disposition of ministers which, without treating of the into use them economically increased timacy which subsisted between this also- to know that reductions and country and the other powers, might retrenchments were the result, not lead them to expect some substanof compulsion, but of inclination. tial benefit to them, something like After what he saw in the present real and radical economy and restate of the country, however, and trenchment in the public expenditaking into consideration the very ture; and for the “intimacy' with many important facts which the foreign powers, they wished it to be speech had omitted, as well as the of that kind which would extend few which it embraced, he did not equal justice to all, whether they think there was such ample ground were strong or weak. He might be for congratulation as the address set disposed to inquire, whether, in conforth; and the house could not be sidering the interests of that chaos too guarded in their reception of of minor states, whose complication these very pleasing accounts of the seemed to deprecate discussion, a general prosperity of the country. whole people had not been suffered It might be true, that the public to be annihilated by those high prorevenue was last year greater by fessors of religion and justice ? He three millions and a half than in the might ask, whether a member of previous one; but it was equally that Holy Association - the head true, that it was less by two millions of a Christian country, and a Most and a half than that of the year Christian King—had not evaded the 1803 ; and even with a sinking fund execution of that principle in which of fifteen millions of nominal amount, almost every power in Europe concurthere would still be a deficiency to red—that the traffic in human flesh be provided for. But admitting the should cease? Whether he had had prospect to be favourable, yet, while the decency to take those measures he saw it accompanied with such for its effectual abolition, or to disa

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