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angels which are in heaven, neither | know not when the Master of the the Son, but the Father. house cometh, at even, or at inidnight, or at the cock crowing, or in the morning :

36 Lest coming suddenly, he find you sleeping.

37 And what I say unto you, I say unto all, Watch.

33 Take ye heed, watch and pray for ye know not when the time is.

34 For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left nis house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work; and commanded the porter to watch.

35 Watch ye therefore: for ye that very age, or whilst some of that generation of men lived; for genea autě, (yereu avin,) this generation, never bears any other sense in the New Testament, than the men of this age. So Matt. xi. 16; xii. 42, 45; xxiii. 36; Mark viii. 12; Luke vii. 31; xi. 29," &c.-Whitby.

32. Neither the Son. Here, as often elsewhere, our Lord admits the superiority of the Father to himself. He did not claim to be infinite. But he came forth from the Father, to do the Father's will; he was clothed with all the power, knowledge, and every other attribute necessary for the full accomplishment of his work; and when he had finished it, he returned to the Father, and is highly exalted above every being in the universe except Him "who did put all things under him." I Cor. xv. 27; Eph. i. 20-23; Phil. ii. 9-11; Heb. i. 3, 4. Many efforts have been made to reconcile this declaration of our Lord with the doctrine that he was truly God, and infinite in all divine attributes. Most men would be startled at the exposition of Theophylact; yet, if many others were thoroughly analyzed, they would be found to embrace the same elements, though not so nakedly expressed. "Our Lord, choosing to restrain his disciples from inquiring the day and hour, says that neither the angels nor the Son knew it. For if he had said, I know indeed, but do not choose to reveal it to you, he would have made them sorrowful. But he manages the matter prudently, prohibits them from acquiring information, and pacifies them, saying, neither the angels know, nor I. You may understand what he said by an example: children often see their parents hold something in their hands, and ask for t; and on the refusal of their parents to


AFTER two days was the feast

of the passover,


give it, they cry; then the parents, concealing what they hold, show their empty hands to the children, who desist from weeping. Thus also, the Lord, addressing the disciples as children, hid the day. For if he had said, know, but tell you not, they would have grieved, because they could not learn it from him. But that the Lord did know both the day and precise hour is manifest," &c.-Theophylact. How much does this theory actually differ from any, which supposes that the Son did know what he said he did not know?

34, 35. See notes on Matt. xxiv. 32— 44. At even, &c. The four watches of the night are here enumerated; the evening watch, from sunset till nine o'clock; the midnight watch, from nine o'clock till midnight; the cock-crowing watch, from midnight till three o'clock; and the morning watch, from three o'clock till sunrise.

37. I say unto all, watch. This caution seems designed for all disciples, and should be most diligently observed. We know not what trials or temptations await us. We should be constantly watchful against danger, especially against sin. We should strive always to maintain such a firin trust in God, that afflictions shall not crush us, nor temptations prevail against us. "Let him that thinketh he standeth, take heed lest he fall." 1 Cor. x. 12.


This whole chapter is explained in the notes on Matt. ch. xxvi., with which it is parallel, and also with Luke ch. xxii.

1-11. See notes on Matt. xxvi. 116. See also John xii. 1-7.

8. She hath done what she could. The disciples had murmured against the woman, ver. 5, for such a waste

leavened bread and the chief | 11 And when they heard it, priests, and the scribes, sought they were glad, and promised to how they might take him by craft, give him money. And he sought and put him to death. how he might conveniently betray him.

2 But they said, Not on the feast-day, lest there be an uproar of the people.

3 And being in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster-box of ointment of spikenard, very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.

4 And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made?

5 For it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her.

6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.

7 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.

8 She hath done what she could she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.


9 Verily, I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of, for a memorial of her.

10 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them.

of the ointment. But Jesus justified her conduct. She had done what she could to show her respect and reverence for him; and had, in fact, though she was probably unconscious of it, anointed him beforehand, for his burial.

12--16. See notes on Matt. xxvi.


12. When they killed the passover. That is, the lamb which was sacrificed and eaten at that feast. "The word

12 And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare, that thou mayest eat the passover?

13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him.

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19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto him one by one, Is it I? and another said, Is it I?

20 And he answered and said passover is taken (1.) for the passing over of the destroying angel; (2.) for the paschal lamb; (3.) for the meal at which it was eaten; (4.) for the festival instituted in memory of the coming out of Egypt, and the passage of the destroying angel; (5.) for all the victims offered during the paschal solemnity; (6.) for the unleavened bread eaten during the eight days of the passover (7.) for all the ceremonies of this solemnity."-Calmet.

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hemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said they all.

32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane : and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray.

33 And he taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;

34 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.

35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him.

36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless, not what I will, but what thou wilt.

37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour?

38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.

39 And again he went y, and prayed, and spake the same words.

40 And when he returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy;) neither wist they what to answer him.

41 And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold,

14. Good-man of the house. That is, the householder. This appellation was formerly in common use.


fess him openly, at all hazards. How little did he realize his own frailty! 32-42. See notes on Matt. xxiv. 36 -46.

17-31. See notes on Matt. xxvi. 20 -35

31. In any wise. Peter, with his usual vehemence, protests that he would not deny his Master, even in appearance or by implication. He would con

36. Abba. That is, father. The word is Syriac. It is elsewhere used, in like manner, in connexion with its interpretation, Rom. viii. 15; Gal. iv.


the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand.

43 And immediately while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders.

44 And he that betrayed him, had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely.

45 And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, Master; and kissed him.

46 And they laid their hands on him, and took him.

47 And one of them that stood by, drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me?

49 I was daily with you in the temple, teaching, and ye took me not but the scriptures must be fulfilled.

50 And they all forsook him and fled.


51. A certain young man. This circumstance is not recorded by the other evangelists; nor is it known who was the young man. It is à circumstance much more likely to have happened nan to have been invented. He was

51 And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him.

52 And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.

53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest and with him were assembled all the chief priests, and the elders and the scribes.

54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.

55 And the chief priests, and al the council, sought for witness against Jesus to put to death; and found none :

41. It is enough. "All is over."Campbell. The meaning probably is, that all which could be done by prayer and watching had been done. The hour had come, and the victim was ready. He had overcome his dreadfuling fears; and he was ready to submit unresistingly to the will of God, though executed by wicked hands and obdurate hearts.

43-52. See notes on Matt. xxvi. 47

56 For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.

57 And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying,

58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.

59 But neither so did their witness agree together.

60 And the high priest stood up probably roused from sleep by the tumult; and, without waiting to dress, threw around him the blanket of his couch, and ran out to ascertain the cause. Being seized, he left his coverin the hands of the aggressors, and made his escape.

53-72. See notes on Matt. xxvi. 57


-75. In this passage, the fall of Peter is recorded. And it is worthy mark, that although this Gospel is supposed to have been written under Peter's inspection, or, at least, published with his approbation, his own misconduct is here related with all its aggravations and without one word of excuse. deed, an additional circumstance is mentioned. which makes his conduct


in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?

61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?

62 And Jesus said, I am and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses?

in the morn

ing the chief priests held a

64 Ye have heard the blasphe-consultation with the elders and my what think ye? And they scribes, and the whole council, all condemned him to be guilty of and bound Jesus, and carried him death. away, and delivered him to Pilate.

2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering, said unto him, Thou sayest it.

3 And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing.

4 And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee.

5 But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled.

6 Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired.

7 And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection.

65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

66 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest :

67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth.

68 But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock

art one of them for thou art a Galilean, and thy speech agreeth thereto.

71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak.

72 And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.



69 And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them.

70 And he denied it again. And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou The

appear the more inexcusable.
three denials were to be made before
the cock should crow twice, ver. 30, 72.
After his first denial, he heard the cock
crow once, ver. 68; yet this did not
prevent his repeated denials. Thus he
seems to have been warned to desist.

8 And the multitude crying aloud, began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.

even after his transgression commenced; but in vain. None but an honest man, who intended to tell the truth, and the whole truth, would record, or authorize another to record, a transaction so disgraceful to himself.

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