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ever, a government, be it as bad trefaction, corrupted himself, and as it may, will, in the exercise of corrupting all about him. a discretionary power, discriminate The act repealed was of this di. times and persons; and will not rect tendency; and it was made in ordinarily pursue any man, when the manner which I have related to its own safety is not concerned. you. I will now tell you by whom A mercenary informer knows no the bill of repeal was brought into distinction. Under such a system, parliament. I find it has been in. the obnoxious people are slaves, dustriously given out in this city not only to the government, but (from kindness to me unquestionthey live at the mercy of every in- ably) that I was the mover or the dividual ; they are at once the seconder. The fact is, I did not slaves of the whole community, once open my lips on the subject and of every part of it; and the during the whole progress of the worst and most unmerciful men are bill. I do not say this as dif. those on whose goodness they most claiming my share in that measure. depend.
Very far from it. I inform you In this situation men not only of this fact, left I should seem shrink from the frowns of a stern to arrogate to myself the merits magistrate ; but they are obliged which belong to others. To have to Ay from their very species. The been the man chosen out to reseeds of destruction are sown in ci. deem our fellow citizens from slavil intercourse, in social habitudes. very ; to purify our laws from ab. The blood of wholesome kindred surdity and injustice ; , and to is infected. Their tables and beds cleanse our religion from the bloc are surrounded with fnares. All and stain of persecution, would be the means given by Providence to an honour and happiness to which make life safe and comfortable, my wishes would undoubtedly afo are perverted into instruments of pire ; but to which nothing but terror and torment. This species " my wilhes could possibly have enof universal subservicncy, that titled me. That great work was makes the very servant who waits in hands in every respect far better behind your chair, the arbiter of qualified than mine. The mover your life and fortune, has such a of the bill was Sir George Satendency to degrade and abase vile. mankind, and to deprive them of ., When an act of great and signal that assured and liberal state of humanity was to be done, and done mind, which alone can make us with all the weight and authority what we ought to be, that I vow that belonged to it, the world to God I would sooner bring my-, could cast its eyes upon none but self to put a man to immediate him. I hope that few things, death for opinions I disliked, and which have a tendency to bless or so to get rid of the man and his to adorn life, have wholly escaped opinions at once, than to fret him my observation in my passage with a feverish being, tainted with through it. I have fought the acthe jail-distemper of a contagious quaintance of that gentleman, and servitude, to keep him above have seen him in all fituations. ground, an animated mass of pu. He is a true genius; with an un
derstanding derstanding vigorous, and acute, by him from any partiality to that and refined, and distinguising feet which is the object of it. For, even to excess ; and illuminated among his faults, I really cannot with a most unbounded, peculiar, help reckoning a greater degree of and original calt of imagination. prejudice against that people, than With these he possesses many ex- becomes so wise a man. I know ternal and instrumental advan, that he inclines to a sort of difgutt, tages; and he makes use of them mixed with a considerable degree all. His fortune is among the of asperity, to the system ; and he largest ; a fortune which, wholly has few, or rather no habits with unincumbered, as it is, with one any of its professors. What he single charge from luxury, vanity, has done was on quite other mo. or excess, finks under the benevo- tives. The motives were there, lence of its dispenser. This pri. which he declared in his excellent vate benevolence, expanding itself speech on his motion for the bill; into patriotism, renders his whole namely, his extreme zeal to the being the estate of the public, in Protestant religion, which he which he has not reserved a pecu- thought utterly disgraced by the lium for himself of profit, diver- act of 1699; and his rooted hatred fion, or relaxation. During the to all kind of oppression, under seffion, the firit in, and the last any colour, or upon any pretence our of the house of commons; he whatsoever. passes from the senate to the camp; The seconder was worthy of the and, seldom seeing the seat of his mover, and the motion I was ancestors, he is always in parlia- not the seconder; it was Mr. Dunment to serve his country, or in ning, recorder of this city. I the field to defend it. But in all thall say the less of him, because well-wrought compositions, some his near relation to you makes you particulars stand out more emi. more particularly acquainted with nently than the rest ; and the his merits. But I should appear things which will carry his name little acquainted with them, or to posterity; are bis two bills ; [ little sensible of them, if I could mean that for a limitation of the utter his name on this occasion claims of the crown upon landed without expressing my esteem for estates; and this for the relief of his character. I am not afraid of the Roman Catholics. By the offending a most learned body, and former, he has emancipated pro. moft jealous of its reputation for perty ; by the latter, he has quiet. that learning, when I say he is ed conscience; and by both, he 'the first of his profession. It is a has taught that grand lesson to go. point settled by those who settle vernment and subject, --no longer every thing else; and I must add to regard each other as adverse (what I am enabled to say from parties.
my own long and close observaSuch was the mover of the act tion) that there is not a man, of that is complained of by men, who any profession, or in any situation, are not quite so good as he is ; an of a more erect and independent act, most assuredly, not brought in spirit; of a more proud honour ;
a more manly mind; a more firm Adver!ures of Eyles Irwin, Esq; in and determined integrity. Affure 'a Voyage up the Red-Sea, and in yourselves, that the names of two a journey through the Deserts of such men will bear a great load of Thebais. From bis Letters, 4to. prejudice in the other scale, before they can be entirely outweighed.. TN the year 1777, Mr. Irwin, a
With this mover, and this fe. I gentleman in the East-India conder, agreed the whole house 'Company's service, was sent from of commons; the whole house of Madrass with dispatches for Eng. lords; the whole bench of bishops; land. He embarked on board the the king; the ministry; the op: snow Adventure, Captain Bacon, position; all the distinguished in company with three other gen. clergy of the eltablishment ; all the clemen, Major Alexander, Mr. eminent lights (for they were con- Hammond, and Lieutenant *"*, fulied) of the Diffenting churches, , a gentleman whose name is kindly This according voice of national suppressed, for a reason that will wisdom ought to be listened to with appear in due time ; bound for severence. To say that all these Mocha on the coast of Arabia Fe. descriptions of Englishmen unani- lix: with a resolution, either to mously concurred in a scheme for reach Suez by a voyage up the introducing the Catholic religion, Red-Sea, or to proceed by land to or that none of them understood the port of Alexandria, and thence the nature and effects of what they to take shipping for Europe. In were doing, so well as a few ob eight weeks, owing to the latenels scure clubs of people, whose names of the season, they effected a passage you never heard of, is Thamelessly to Mocha. Here the Eat-ladia absurd. Surely it is paying a mi. Company have a resident, and Mr. serable compliment to the religion Irwin and his party staid till the we profess, to suggeft, that every ship had laid in stores for the roy: thing eminent in the kingdom is age up the Red-Sea. Of the cus. indifferent, or even adverse to that toms of the country he gives the religion, and that its security is following account: wholly abandoned to the zeal of The women in Arabia are kept trose, who have nothing but their in much. stricter confinement, than zeal to distinguish them. In weigh- those of their religion in India. ing this unanimous concurrence of The females of rank are shut up whatever the nation has to boast in their apartments, and never dit of, I hope you will recollect, that abroad, except now and then, to all these concurring parties do by accompany their husbands on an no means love one 210ther enough excursion to the vallies. They are to agree in any point, which was veiled at these times from head to not both evidently, and import: foot, and sent off upon horse-back antly, right.
under cover of the night. But this simple recreation does not fall often
to their lot. The civilized Arabs · are of all nations the least inclined to action; and it is to be supposed, We were surprized at the numa that women born here live and die, ber of Christian renegadoes that without stirring out of the walls of reside at Mocha. Nop, that the Mocha; such is the tax that is apoftacy of men, who perhaps had laid on birth and grearness, even no sense of religion until they pro
in the remote country of Arabia. · feiled Mahometanism, could pro. . To those of a lower degree, there voke our wonder; but how their
is fome - deviation permitted from worldly interetts could be advanced the severity of this custom. Though by the change. Reduced to a pi. there are no public Hummums for tiful subsistence, and held in .de. the women to resort to as in Turkey, served contempt by the natives, they are indulged with the free. we should have surmised their dedom of vifiting their neighbours, fection to be merely the effects of when the dus of the evening can despair; . and that the fugitives skreen their persons from obferva. from justice alone fought their tion : for the thick veils in which safety at this price, had not the their faces are buried utterly pre. example of a Greek priest fomeclude the posibility of distinguish. what shaken our opinion. This ing their features. We have met priest, by name Ananias, I rethem ourselves in the streets, and, inember to have heard mentioned have conceived a favourable idea in Bengal, as a miracle of piety. of their faces, from the symmetry And yer in the seventiech year of of their figures.
• his age did he publicly abjure the Incontinence is held much more. Chriltian religion, in the course criminal among the single than .of a pilgrimage to Mount Sinai, married females. Though adul. He was circumcised, and received tery is punished with a heavy fine, into the Mahometan church; and, the seduction of a virgin is attend- to crown the whole of this firange ed by a more serious correction. proceeding; was led about the city In this they differ from the laws for three days, according to cus.
of more enlightened kingdoms, tom, mounted on an ass, to re, where an injury of this nature is ceive the alms of the faithful, which
not only unpunishable by any every convert is entitled to on his course of law, but the matter it. adinission to their mysteries. This self is treated in a very light man- happened during our short stay at nes. And here the character of Mocha; and is one of the greatest the Arabian Legislator rises far instances of the infirmity of human beyond the boalted policy of Eu- nature, which has come within the Topean states. To his justice it is sphere of my observation. owing, that the destruction of in-. Having taken in proper provinocence is held in such abhor- fions, they re-imbarked on a voyrence; and to his ' rectitude of age up the Red Sea to Suez, which thinking, that the mere accom- is but a short journey from Grand plice of a lewd woman should en. Cairo. ' The passage up the Red counter less rigorous treatment, Sea, listle known to Europeans, than the mean betrayer of unex. is rendered extremely dangerous .perienced simplicity.
by rocks and Shoals, and, the wind being against them, they Mecca, and in the mean time a could not run more than thirty guard was placed over them, and mile's upon one tack: their me- they were kept in strict confinethod was to make one shore about ment. In the evening, the vizier sun-set, then to tack and stand sent to the captain to deGre he over for the opposite shore until would order the ship into the bar. day-break.
bour. They now began to suspect When the vessel had beat up in that some black design was in agithat manner for some time, they tation, and their first resolution suddenly found themselves about was to attempt to gain their boat sun-set on a hazy evening driven by force, and return on board. by the current among a line of But whilft they were consulting on rocks and Thoals on the Ara. . this point, their boat's crew was bian coast, and in imminent sent to the same place of confide. danger of destruction. The foow ment, and the boat itself removed Aurora bad been lost in the to some secret place-fresh in. same place, about fix months be. junctions also were sent to the fore. After an anxious perilous captain to order the thip into har. night, and various intricate. trabour. As they had no doubts but verses, they took refuge in the that this was done with a defiga harbour of Yambo, that appeared to get the vessel into their power, in fight in the morning. Here and thereby prevent the discovery they congratulated themselves with of their villainy: they resolved, as a conclusion of their croubles, the only chance of saving their having heard of the hospitality of lives, to send positive orders to
the place, from the crew of the the mate to weigh or flip his ap· above tip-wrecked vessel, who chor with the first favourable wind, had owed their safety to the inha- make the best of his way to Judda, bitants. This port was in the and acquaint the English fhips neighbourhood of Medina ; and as there with their situation. This the Adventure had landed a con- was accordingly done-a faithful siderable sum of money at Mocha, Arabian who had been their interbeing a present from the Nabob preter, and had attached himself of the Carnatic to the temple of to them, carried the letter to che Mecca, they doubted not of re- vizier--his ignorance of our lanceiving the most favourable treat- guage favoured their design, and ment at Yambo.
the interpreter, passed it off for an Nevertheless, after the gentle- order to come immediately into men with the captain had been de- harbour. For two days, the wind coyed ashore by the most plausible being unfavourable, they were in invitation from the vizier of the the most dreadful suspence. At town; and being amused in their length chey saw the ship gettiog negociations for a pilot to conduct under way; but the weather Sudthe ship to Suez; "they were at denly changing, he ran amonght length refused all asistance by the the breakers : the Arabians attackvizier, under pretence of waiting ed her from the shore, and the for an order from the Xerif of people on board were afraid of