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by the most effectual and imme. it was replied, that the services diate application of the force en- were so numerous, and the applitrusted to him by parliament, cations fo continual, and from

They were informed that pro such various quarters, for protec. per orders had been given, for tion or aslistance, as the apprehenbringing , the authors, abettors, fions or danger of the people inand perpetrators of those insure creased, that the troops at. hand rections, and of such criminal! were not half sufficient to answer acts, to a speedy trial, and to such the demands, until the arrival of condign punilhment, as the laws the regulars and militia from the prescribed, and the vindication of country. public justice demanded. His The following day brought on majesty concluded, that though in a committee of the whole house, he trutted it was not necessary, the confideration of the several yet he thought it right at that petitions, praying for a repeal of time, to renew his folemn assure the late bill, which had been made ances to them, that he had no the occasion of so much mischief. other object but to make the laws No repeal was proposed upon those of the realm, and the principles petitions. No evil bad actually of our excellent constitution in happened from the relaxation of church and state, the rule and the single penal law which had measure of his conduct ; and that been relaxed; and the consehe should ever consider it as the quences apprehended from it, were first duty of his station, and the considered as weak and visionary. chief glory of his reign, to main. There was rather much discourse tain and preserve the eitablished re than debate upon the subject, ligion of his kingdom, and, as far very little having been said on as in him lay, to fecure and to the part of the petitions. The perpetuate the rights and liberties question was, however, solemnly, of his people.

and very largely spoke to, and This speech was generally ap- with the greatelt eloquence. The proved of on all sides, and the chief speakers were Lord North, customary addresses carried with Lord Beauchamp, Sir George out opposition. Some animad- Saville, Mr. Wilkes, Mr. Burke, version, however, passed in both and Mr. Fox. The two latter houses, and no small degree of spoke for three hours each. For cenfure was thrown upon the con. the first time they all spoke on duct of administration, with re. the same side; and supported the spect to the late disturbances; doctrine of toleration, on grounds the mischiefs that had happened, much larger than those on which and all the unhappy consequences the bill complained of stood. that might ensue, being directly In order, however, to quiet the .charged to their neglect, in not minds, and to remove the apprecalling forth the civil power in hensions, of such well-meaning time, and to their. delay, in not but ill-informed persons, as might employing the military until it be among the petitioners, refoluwas too late. - To the last charge, tions to the following purport


were moved for by Lord Beau- the Protestant religion in the eyes champ, agreed to by the commit- of other nations, and to furnish tee, and confirmed by the house. occasion for the renewal of the

That the effect and operation of perfecution of our Protestant bre. the a&t pasfed in the 18th of his thren in other countries. present majesty, for relieving his On the same principle of af. subjects profelling the Popish reli- fording satisfaction to, and quiete gion from certain penalties and ing the minds of those, who had disabilities, imposed on them by been milled by error and misre- . an act of the 17th and 12th of presentation, a bill was brought William the Third, have been in (though otherwise generally misrepresented, and misunder- "thought unnecessary) and passed ftood.

the House of Commons, for af: That, the faid act, of the 18th fording fecurity to the Protestant of his present majesty, does not religion from any encroachments repeal or alter, or in any manner of Popery, by more effectually reinvalidate, or sender ineffectual Itraining Papists, or persons prothe several statutes made to pro. fesfing the Popish religion, from hibit the exercise of the Popish teaching, or taking upon themreligion, previous to the statute of felves the educacion or govern. the 11th and 12th of William the ment of the children of ProteTbird.

ftants. That, no ecclefiaftical or spiri. A letter which had been writ. tual jurisdiction or authority is ten during the late disturbances, given, by the faid act, to the by the noble lord at the head of Pope or the See of Rome. the army, and confirmed by others - That, this house does, and of a subsequent date, containing ever will, watch over the interests orders to the officer who com of the Protestant religion with the manded the military forces in the most unremitted attention; and city of London, to disarm all that all attempts to seduce the perfons, who did not belong to youth of this kingdom from the the militia, or who did not carry established church to Popery, are them under the royal authority; highly criminal, according to the this measure, being considered as laws in force, and are a proper contrary to the natural rights of subject of further regulation. mankind, as well as to the express

And, that all endeavours to law of the land, it gave no imall disquiet the minds of the people, umbrage without doors, and beby misrepresenting the said act of came a subject of some animad. the 18th year of the reign of his version within. It likewise occapresent majefty, as inconfiftent fioned some confusion in the city, with the safety, or irreconcileable where the inhabitants were assoto the principles of the Protestant ciating and arming for mutual religion, have a manifest tendency defence, under the conduct of to disturb the public peace, to their respective magistrates; and break the union neceffary at this became the ground of a correc, time, to bring dishonour on the spondence, which has been pub- · national character, to diseredit lished, between 'the chief magi.

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Strate, and the Lord President of damental principles of the constithe council.

tution, and a violation of one of en This matter was taken their molt sacred rights, as declar21. up in the House of Lordsed in the 2d of William and Mary, by the Duke of Richmond, at that every Protestant subject of whose motion (after some ani. this empire is entitled to carry arms madversion on the subject on a in his own defence. preceding day) the letters in The noble lord who was the question, the plan of an associa-' subject of the proposed resolution, tion by the Lord Mayor, and the had, upon the firit mention of the declaration of rights in the ad of affair, juttified the letter, by fayWilliam and Mary, were all read. ing it related only to the mob, The Duke of Richmond then ob- and the riotous rabble, who, he served, that those letters were de- had received information, were posited in the public archives; possessed of firelocks; that he had that they would descend to poste. done his duty, and was ready to rity a moft alarming p!ecedent, of abide the consequences. But this a most violent and unwarrantable justification not being admitted on infringement of the constitution, the other fide, who contended if no resolution of censure and that it was totally overthrown, disapprobation was entered on the by the word inbabitants in the first records of parliament. He had letter, and the explanations relanothing to do with the noble tive to the armed associations in lord's intention: his intention the succeeding, new grounds of might be perfectly innocent, nay, vindication or defence were taken it might be laudable. But the by the ministers upon the making letter of the order was dangerous; of this motion. future advantage might be taken They said, that while they alof it to the destruction of our lowed the right of Proteftant freedom, and therefore it was Englishmen to arm, whether in that he anxiously wilhed, their defence of their own persons and lord ships to come to some resolu-, houses, or those of their neightion upon the subject.

bours, they must consider a wide He accordingly moved a reso. difference between their acting in lution to the following purport, this defensive. manner, for the imThat the letter of Jeffery Lord mediate protection of their perAmherst, dated the 13th of June, fons and properties, and their arto Colonel Twilleton, then come sembling armed in bodies, and nianding an armed force in the marching out in martial array ; city of London, in which he or the firit was clearly justifable, ders 'him to disarm the inhabi. because necessary ; the latter might tants, who had armed themselves lead to many dangerous consefor the defence of their lives and quences. That it was not easy, properties, and likewise to detain even now, to look back with an their arms, contained an unwas. equal and composed mind, or inrantable command to deprive the deed without considerable emocitizens of their legal property ; tion, to those dreadful disturbwas expressly contrary to the fun- ances; what then must it have been, in the midst of that scene mons, where they met with a fimi. of outrage, danger, and confus lar fate. fion? It was in the wild uproar On bringing up the bill for the and confusion of that scene, that regulation of Popish schools from the noble lord gave the order. the House of Commons, the lords The measure was prompted by the in general, jocluding the right fpur of the occasion. The necef- reverend bench, appeared much fity and occasion, as in number: on the side of coleration; and in. less instances, must juftify the act. deed some of the peers, spiritual It was not to be conceived, that in as well as lay, expressed the most the situation in which the noble liberal and enlightened sentiments lord was engaged, he could pay on the subject; so that the bill nice attention to his expressions ; scarcely seemed to be any farther or that a man educated in the considered as necessary, than mere. field, thould be acquainted with ly as tending to allay the jealouall the privileges of the bill of lies and apprehensions of the petirights.


tioners. But the opposition contended,, But several of the lords con. that there was no weight in the fidering it as a great indignity to argument, that the letter was parliament, and to that house written in a state of hurry and particularly, to pass a bill, which confusion; for the date Thewed, carried all the appearance of being that it had been written several forced upon them by outrage and days after the disturbance and threat, and the same idea operat. danger were over. It was there. ing by degrees with others, it was fore to be considered as a measure contrived, (after several proposed, taken upon due deliberation; and and some received amendments) it was of too serious and alarming upon its being brought up to be a nature, to be passed over with reported from the committee, to out the notice of parliament. set it aside, without a di. They therefore urged, and even rect negative, by moving July 41. fupplicated the house, not to per- it might be read the third time, mit such a letter to descend as a on that day week, which being record and precedent to posterity, carried, had the effect of a prewithout some mark of their disap- vious question, as it was known that probation; at any rate, they faid, a prorogation would take place in a direct negative would be highly the interim. impolitic. They ought at least to The speech from the

he July 8th take some gentle method of dispo. throne acknowledged, Jury fing of the proposition; and to that the magnanimity and perseverleave something, however lenient, ance of parliament, in the proseon their journals, which might cution of the present just and neprove an antidote to the poison. cessary war, had enabled his ma

The question was, however, ne. jesty to make such exertions, as gatived, without a division. Two would, he' trusted, disappoint the motions on the same ground were violent and unjuft designs of his, made by Mr. Sawbridge, a few enemies, and bring them to listen days after, in the House of Com. to equitable and honourable serms

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of of peace.-That these exertions person who makes the attempt, or had already been attended with in the subversion of our free and success by sea and land; and happy constitution... the late important and 'pror- Such was the end of this unu. perous turn of affairs in North sually long, and very extraordia America, afforded the fairelt prof- nary session of parliament. A pect of the returning loyalty and session, in which almost every day affection of the colonies, and of produced a question, and every their happy re-union with their question a debate, which in any parent country. Particular obli- other would have been deemed gations were acknowledged to be highly interesting; but which were felt, and thanks accordingly re. frequently loft, in that glare of turned to the Commons, for the Atill greater matter, which was so confidence they had reposed, and continually thrown out in this. the large and ample supplies which A feslion, in which unexpected they had fo chearsully granted. victories, and unaccountable de. But the strength of the speech feats, alternately raised and funk the feemed thrown into the conclud- hopes of the contending parties, ing paragraph, in which both from the highest pitch of exultation, Lords and Commons were earnest- to the lowest state of despondency, ly called upon to asliit his majesty, The point of decision seemed more by their aslistance and authority in than once quivering, and hanging their several counties, as they had only by a hair. . already by their unanimous fup. Upon the whole, it may be said port in parliament, in guarding with confidence, that fo great a the peace of the kingdom from number of important affairs were future disturbances, and watching never agitated in any one feffion. over the preservation of the public The riot, in the close, threw a safety. To make the people fen- general damp upon all endeavours fible of the happiness they enjoy, whatever for reformation, however and the distinguished advantages unconnected with its particular they derive, from our excellent object. Popular fury seemed, for constitution in church and state. that time at least, the greatest of To warn them of the hazard of all poflible evils. And admini. innovation; to point out to them ftration then gathered, and has the fatal consequences of such fince preserved, no small degree of commotions as have lately been power, from a tumult which ap. excited; and to impress on their peared to threaten the subversion of minds this important truth, all government. That rebellious insurrections, to This may likewise be considered relift or to reform the laws, must as concluding the political exifteither end in the destruction of the ence of that parliament,

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