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CHRIST'sCROSS

AND

C R O W N,

V I E W E B
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From Psalm xl. r, 2, 3.

/ waited patiently for the LOR D, and be inclined unte me, and heard my cry. He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, andset my feet upon a rock, and established my goings. And he hath put a nexu Jong in my mouth, even praises unto our Cod: many shall fee it, andfear, and shall trust in the LOR D.

INTRODUCTION.

THE promises, prophecies, and doctrines of the Old Testament, meet in Jesus Christ, as the different radii, from whatever point of the circumference, meet in the center. They have all a regard, more immediate or remote, to him; and can only afford encouragement and consolation to sinners, as they respect the Saviour. There are a variety of passages in the Old Testament writings, A • which which have such a direct and evident, relation to the Messiah, that almost no Christians disagree in the application of them; but there are others, tho' no less expressive of the Messiah, in his humbled or exalted state, or both, which are not universally viewed in that light. Of these we take the passige row mentioned to be one: for though generally these verses are considered as pointing out the exercise of David, the then church, or after saints, they are more probably a prophetical description of his exercise who is David's Lord, the church's head, and the king of saints, namely, of the Old Testament Messiah, our New Testament Redeemer ; and they are ft, chiefly, because we sind the 6th, 7 th, and 8th verses of that psalm quoted and applied to Jesus Christ, by the author of the epistle to the Hebrews, in the xth chapter of that epistle, 5th, 6th and 7th verses; and having an inspired commentator to copy after, we need have no reluctance in treading his steps *. Besides, the repeated mention our Lord makes of what was written of him in the psalms, as well as hy Moses and the prophets, corroborates the presumption; and fur

* The original text runs thus:

". Sacrisice and ossering thou didst not desire, mine "eats hast thou opened: burnt-offering and sin-offer"ing hast thou not required. Then said I, Lo, I "come: in the volume of the book it is written os "me: I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, "thy law is within my heart."

The quotation by the apostle runs thus:

"Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he "saith, Sacrisice and offering thou wouldst^iot, but a "body hast thou prepared me: in burnt-offerings, ',' and sacrisices for sin thou hast had no pleasure : then '' laid 1, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is "written of me) to do thy will, O God."

ther

ther justifies the application of that passage to him f. To which it need scarce be added, that in the Acts of the apostles, we are informed of their following that immaculate pattern, once, again and again $, for the imitation, doubtless, of after saints, in their study of the Old Testament scriptures.

# .

PART I.

Of the Redeemer's Humiliation or Cross.

CHAP I.

Of Christ's ailive obedience, or of his waiting, -waiting patiently, and crying.

S E C T. I.

TJs IS -waiting for the Father says, that, as the Messiah, or Christ, he stood and acted in the capacity of the Father's servant; and did so in the different regards to be mentioned: according to the doctrine of the holy Ghost, Psal. cxxiii. 2. where the church is represented as siying, "Be"hold, as the eyes of servants look unto the hands "of their masters, and as the eyes of a maiden unto "the hand of her mistress; so our eyes wait upon "the Lord our God." For our Lord, in his mediatory character, is denominated the Father's scr- , vant, both by Old and New Testament writers. The prophet represents the Father as saying of Christ the Messiah, "Behold my Servant whom I

t Luke xx. 42. and xxiy. 44.

% Acts ii. 25, 26, 27, 23. and xiii. 33, 35;.

A a "uphold;

"uphold; mine Elect in whom my souldelight*' eth," Is. xlii. i. And the apostle, inspired from the same original, expresseth himself to the same purpose ; though from the view of Christ's divinity, considers it as a slupenduous act of condescension in him: "Who being in the form of "God (said he) thought it no robbery to be equal "with God, but made himfelf of noTeputation, "aud took upon him the form of a servant," Phil, ii. 6, 7.

Our Lord in his humiliation, not only bore the designation of a servant, but considered himself as such, and therefore came to do his Father's work, to negotiate the errand and business of heaven. However voluntary and cheerful in the whole, he acted strictly by commission; and, in the execution of it, studied the Father's approbation, as his sole constituent in that respect; "My meat (said he) is to "do the will of him that sent me, and to finish "his work," John iv. 34. "I seek not mine own "will, but the will of the Father which sent me," John v. 30. and again, "I have glorified thee on "earth, I have finished the work which thou gav"est me to do," John xvii. 4.

In the execution of his Father's -will, our Lord, as Man-Mediator, acted a dependence upon the Father, for what strength, through bearing and consolation he needed. Considered as man, viewed as a creature, his circumstances required daily supplies from heaven, as to soul and body both. Accordingly, for these, in the station of a servant, as well as in the capacity of a son, he was properly and personally a believer: "Behold my servant, (said the "Father, pointing at the Messiah) whom I uphold," Is. xlii. 1. In his divine nature, Christ was independent; whence, in so sar as the Father upheld him, he must be considered as man; and the Father's

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