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bishop for a removal to some retired author of the ECCLESIASTICAL POLITE spot," where (says he) I may study, enjoyed in the Church of England; and pray for God's blessing upon my and well might ho express his astonishendeavours, and keep myself in peace ment at hearing that he was only a and privacy, and behold God's bless- pour country parson, in this emphatic ing spring out of my mother earth, manner, “I fear nothing from a and eat my own bread without oppo- church that can neglect such a man sitions.”
as Hooker." His request was readily complied King James the First had so high with, and the rectory of Boscum, in an opinion of this great work, that, the Diocess of Salisbury, becoming when he came to England, he inquired vacant, he was presented to it in 1591, of Archbishop Whitgift for Mr. Hlookin which year he was also instituted er, and on being told that he died the to be a minor prebend in that cathe- year before Queen Elizabeth, who dral.
received the news of his death with In 1595 he quitted Boscum for the great sorrow, the king replied, " And rectory of Bishop's Bourne, in Kent, I receive it with no less, that I shall to which he was presented by the want the desired happiness of seeing Archbishop; and here he continued and discoursing with that man, from till his death. The four first books of whose books I have received such his Polity were published while he satisfaction: indeed, my lord, I have resided at Boscum, and the fifth ap- received more satisfaction in readpeared in 1597, with a dedication to ing a leaf, or paragraph in Mr. his patron, the Archbishop.
Hooker, though it were but about These books were read with admi. the fashion of churches, or church ration, not only at home, but in fo- music, or the like; but especially reign nations. They were soon con- of the sacraments, than I have had veyed to Rome, where Cardinal Allen in the reading particular large treaand Dr. Stapleton, two learned Eng. tises, written but of one of those lishmen, presented them to Pope subjects, by others, though very learnClement VIII. with this commenda- ed 'men: and I observe, there is in tion, that, though his holiness had Mr. Hooker no affected language, but said he never met with an English. a grave, comprehensive, clear manihooks whose writer deserved. the name festation of reason; and that backed of author; yet, there now appeared with the authority of the Scripture, a wonder, for a poor obscure English the Fathers, and Schoolmen, and with priest had writ four such books of all law both sacred and civil. And, laws and church polity, and in a style though many others write well, yet in that expressed such a grave, and so the next age they will be forgotten; humble a majesty, with such clear de. but, doubtless, there is in every page monstration of reason, that in all their of Mr. Hooker's book, the picture of readings they had not met with any a divine soul, such pictures of truth that exceeded him. In consequence and reason, and drawn in so sacred of this encomium, the Pope desired colours, that they shall never fade, Dr. Stapleton to read part of the but give an immortal memory to the work, to him in Latin, and when the author.” doctor had done, he said, “There is That excellent prince, Charles the no learning that this man hath not First, had this great work in so much searched into; nothing too hard for his veneration, that he recommended the understanding. This man, indeed, study of it with much affection to his deserves the name of an author; his children. hooks will get reverence by age, for More might be said of these books, there are in them such seeds of eter- but it is needless, and, therefore, we nity, that if the rest be like this, they shall proceed to notice Mr. Hooker in shall last till the last fire shall con- his character as a parish priest. sume all learning." Well might the The parsonage of Bourne is situatsame Pope inquire what dignity the ed three miles from Canterbury, an
near the road which leads from that And report says, the old man went city to Dover; and he had not resided home and died a few days after. there a year before the fame of his But let us leave the grateful clerk writings, and the sanctity of his life, in his grave, and return to Mr. Hookbecame so remarkable, that many er, continuing our observations of his turned out of the road on purpose to Christian behaviour in this place, see a man so much admired. But, as where he gave a holy valediction to our Saviour said of the baptist, What all the pleasures and allurements of went they out to see? A man cloathed earth, possessing his soul in a virtuous in purple and fine linen? “ No in- quietness, which he maintained by 1. deed, but an obscure, harmless man; constant study, prayers, and meditaa man in poor clothes, his loins usu- tions. His use was to preach once ally girt in a coarse gown, or canoni- every Sunday, and he or his curate to cal coat; of a mean stature, and stoop- catechise after the second lesson in ing, and yet more lowly in the thoughts the evening prayer; his sermons were of his soul; his body worn out, not neither long nor vehement, but utterwith age, but study and holy mortified with a grave zeal ; his eyes always cations; his face full of heat-pimples, fixed on one place, to prevent his im begot by his inactivity and sedentary agination from wandering, insomuch life.”
that he seemed to study as he spake; His humility and modesty were so the design of his sermons was, to show great, that his poor parish clerk and reasons for what he delivered; and he did never talk together, but with with these such a kind of rhetoric as both their hats on, or both off, at the did rather convince and persuade, same time.
than alarm men into piety; studying This parish clerk lived till the third not so much for matter as for apt ilor fourth year of the long parliament, lustrations to teach his unlearned at which time the lawful rector of hearers by familiar examples, and Bourne was sequestered for his loyal- then make them better by convincing ty, and a Puritan put into the living, applications; never labouring by hard which circumstance so troubled the words, and by needless distinctions clerk, that he said, “They had se- and sub-distinctions, to amuse his questered so many good men, that he hearers, and get glory to himself, but doubted if his good master, Mr. Hook- only glory to God. er, had lived, they would have seques- He never failed the Sunday before tered him too."
every Ember-week, to give notice of It was not long before this intrud- it to his parishioners, persuading them ing minister adopted the Genevan to earnest prayer for a learned and mode of receiving the sacrament; to pious Clergy. And his own practice which end the day was appointed for was, to retire into the parish church
company, and forms and stools every day in that week, where he spent were set about the altar for them to many hours in secret devotions. sit, and eat, and drink; but when they He was diligent to inquire who of went about this work, they wanted his parish were sick, or any ways dissome stools, which the minister sent trest, and would often visit them un. the clerk to fetch, and also cushions, sent for ; supposing that thë fittest (but not to kneel upon): when the time to discover to them those errors clerk saw them sit down, he began to to which health and prosperity had wonder, but the minister bad him blinded them; and having, by pious cease wondering, and to lock the reasons and prayers, moulded ihem church door; to whom he replied, into holy resolutions for the time to Pray take you the keys and lock me come, he would incline them to a con. out, I will never come more into this fession of their sins, with purpose to church: for all men will say, my mas- forsake them, and then to receive the ter Hooker was a good man, and a communion, both as a strengthening good scholar, and I am sure it was of those holy resolutions, and as a seal not used to be thus in his days. betwixt God and them of his mercies
to their souls, in case thạt sickness conscience beareth me this witness ; did put a period to their lives. And and this witness makes the thoughts as he was thus tender to the sick, so of death joyful. I could wish to live, was he as careful to prevent law-suits, to do the Church more service, but urging his parishioners to bear with cannot hope it, for my days are past, each other's infirmities, and to live in as a shadow that returns not." love.
His worthy biographer then adds, This was his constant behaviour " More he would have spoken, but both at Bourne and in all the places his speech failed him; and after a in which he lived; yet even his blame- short conflict between nature and less character could not pass without death, a quiet sigh put a period to slander. The Nonconformists hated his last breath, and so he fell asleep. him on account of his unanswerable And now he seems to rest like Lazabook, and to injure him they raised a rus in Abraham's bosom. Let mo black report of incontinency against here draw his curtain, till with the him. The good man bore the re- most glorious company of the Patri, proach with much meekness; but his archs and Apostles, and the most nofriends were more zealous for his re- ble army of Martyrs and Confessors
, putation, and traced the calumny to this most learned, most humble, most its source, and when the whole was holy man shall also awake to receive discovered, his reply was, The Lord an eternal tranquillity, and with it a forgive them.
greater degree of glory than common The declaration of this judicious Christians shall be made partakers divine just before his death, and the of.” account of that event by his honest He died in 1600, and lies buried in biographer, are very interesting and the parish church of Bourne; where instructive.
Sir William Cooper erected a monu“I have lived to see,” says the ment to his memory; but his best mo. good man, “ that this world is made nument is that immortal work on Ecup of perturbations; and I have been CLESIASTICAL POLITY, of which, as we long preparing to leave it, and gather- have already observed, only five books ing comfort for the dreadful hour of were printed in his lifetime, and the making my account with God, which remaining three did not appear till I now apprehend to be 'near. And 1662. So great has been the reputathough I have, by his grace, loved tion of this illustrious champion of him in my youth, and feared him in Church order, that he has seldom been mine age, and laboured to have à mentioned by learned men but with conscience void of offence towards the epithets of venerable or judicious
and towards all men; yet, if thou, affixed to his name. Lord, shouldest be extreme to mark what I have done amiss, who can abide it? And, therefore, where I have FOR THE CHRISTIAN JOURNAL. failed, Lord show mercy' to me; for I plead not my righteousness, but the Extract from a Funeral Discourse, forgiveness of my unrighteousness,
by the Rev. Mr. R-, of P, OCCA• through his merits who died to pur
sioned by the death of Mrs. Echase pardon for penitent' sinners. Ir is proper, my Brethren, on this And since I owe thee a death, Lord occasion, that I should somewhat diflet it not be terrible, and then take fer from my custom of avoiding the thine own time; I submit to it. Let publicly giving of characters to denot mine, Q Lord, but thy will be ceased Christians. I have always done !-Gud hath heard my daily pe. been fully of the opinion, that it is titions ; for I am at peace with all some peculiar combination of circumi. men, and he is at peace with me, stances in the life, which alone warFrom such blessed assurance I feel rants a Clergyrnan to proceed to the that inward joy which this world can delicate task of detailing the virtues either give nor take from me. My of the dead. If attempted in many instances, there arises a necessity of from books was ' rather exhibited in doing it in all; and, if done in all, practice than in theory, as, in her there is certainly danger of making opinion, better comporting with that such precious things too cheap, and of ornament of female character, modest bringing the conscience into an un- simplicity. Her manners were free, pleasant servitude. But in the cha- easy, and engaging; her temper mild racter before us, it will be accounted and sweet : she ever had her passions proper; and, I trust, will prove profit- under her control. She was hence able.
the engaging, as well as faithful and The character of Mrs. Em affords affectionate wife. Venerating the sato her relatives every ground of con- crediness of matrimony, she seemed solation which, in this world of sor. to have well learned the duties perrow, falls to the lot of man to enjoy; taining to it, in cherishing that reveand to them I, with pleasure, adopt rence and esteem, in exercising those the language of the Apostle, "Sorrow fine sympathies, in tenderly partaking nut, Brethren, even as others who in those cares, and industriously adhave no hope.”. Her modest assur- hering to that fidelity, which constiance of a gracious acceptance with tute so great a portion of the happiher God; her uninterrupted and ani.. ness of the marriage state. As a momated piety; and her patient and ther, she displayed all the dignity, kumble but undaunted resignation to while she exercised all the affection, the Divine will to the last, will be a and scrupulous care, and tenderness, of subject profitable, as well as grateful, a parent. Thus was Mrs. E-, when, to their meditations while they live. ten years since, she was visited with
And, my Brethren of this congre- a most severe affliction; an affliction gation, if, in fact, it be. “ better to go which, preying upon her originally deto the house of mourning than to the licate constitution, reduced her to a house of feasting;" if funeral solem- state of the most extreme debility and nities, in general, are well calculated perpetual sufferings. In this state of to mend the heart; if every tomb, if sad adversity it pleased her Maker to every human form committed to the continue her until the period of her dust, be calculated to make men bet- death. But, lost as was her constituter; surely the case before us will be tion to almost the last hope of recoblessed in its influence.
very, and severe and perpetual as A sister, in every sense of no com- were her sufferings of body, her mind upon character, cut off in the midst of serene and vigorous, remained still life, is a circumstance which will not unimpaired; and her whole soul colfail to powerfully arrest the attention lected in a firm reliance on her God, of each of us; will not fail to stimu- she literally arose by faith aboye the late us to look forward to the day of sorrows of sense. our own dissolution, and to prepare And here, my Brethren, we find our souls for that immortal state to something striking in her character; which we are, with the swiftness of and if not peculiar to her, at least per life approaching
culiar to the good Christian,--an unHer example, while it may direct deviating enjoyment in sorrows, a our steps, may also animate our zeal constant growth in the virtues of the in the race set before us." Let it divine life, and a piety ripening amidst be understood that it is with this view, all the embarrassments of her condi. rather than a desire of eulogy, that tion. Sensible of the stroke of Divine I now speak.-
Providence under which she lay, and Mrs. E- possessed a mind above remembering who inflicted the wound, the ordinary cast: this she improved she “ heard the rod and him whoʻapand nourished with much valuable pointed it;" and with the delightful reading. Modest, however, in all her sentiments of gratitude, improved her pretentions, she was ever averse to remaining mercies. Although thus every thing like a display of know. "broken down, she remained the intel. ledge. Every treasure she gained ligent and watchful mother and miss tress of her family, and the delight of with the virtue of pious resignation. those few friends whom her remaining Although at no time, for ten years, strength permitted her to see. Feeble privileged with an intermission of seas she was, she found means to spend vere pain or distress, she was never her time profitably to herself and fa- known, on her own account, to utter mily. The progress she made in sur- a complaining word, or intimate a demounting her many cares, and, above sponding fear; but, on the contrary, all, in the acquirement of valuable she was more than contented-she and substantial knowledge, by much was interestingly cheerful. With her reading and thought, excited the as- friends she conversed much; and in tonishment of those who well knew all that converse her good sense was her. But her piety best claims our adorned with a modest vivacity, and attention. This was of a practical with a strain of chastised piety. rather than theoretical nature, and During a seven years intimacy in the was the substantial mean by which fanıily, my parochial duties have reshe happily sustained her many infir- peatedly privileged me with personal mities." It arose out of those deep interviews with her. I have, hence, and primary principles of the Gospel become intimately acquainted with which inspire a resignation to the Di- the peculiar cast of her mind, her vine will, and was not to be shaken course of reading, and the tenor of by the severest storms of adversity. her thoughts; and, I must say, I have She adopted, with an holy simplicity had much to admire, and much to of heart, the character of her blessed approve and sanction. I have seen Redeemer as her examplar, and went her in one of the most distressing to him, as her immortal friend, with scenes of bereavement,* when, notall her sorrows. While she remem- withstanding her known piety and bered that he went not up into glory tried fortitude in sorrows, I had great until he had first suffered, she account- apprehensions, from her extreme deed it meet that through sufferings she bility, that the candle of her life, alshould be perfected for those eternal ready glimmering in the socket, would, joys which, by his blessed passion, he by this blast of wo, be extinguished. had purchased for her. Her's was But her soul fastened to the eternal not a resignation founded on insensi- throne by faith, supported the body, bility, but upon an absolute depen- while she adopted the language of the dance upon God. Hence her piety, pious Joh, and said, “ The Lord gave, chastised by all the fine maxims and and the Lord hath taken away, blessed sublime doctrines of the Gospel, was be the name of the Lord.” ever cheerful and active.
Few, indeed, my Brethren, are the Mrs. E-was not one of those instances in which even pious persons, Christians who make their piety to worn down with disease, and exercisconsist in a set of peculiar and fa- ed with pains and sorrows, are enabled vourite doctrines, with little regard to to retain their original sweetness, and practical and spiritual holiness, much equanimity of temper, on which deless in a round of cant phrases, and pends so much of the happiness of the a display, by sighs and tones, of much subjects themselves, as well as those sanctity. Her's was a piety of the around them. The defections of most heart; a piety which occupied and re- Christians are such, that peevishness gulated the whole soul, and mingled and ill-humour are the almost certain itself with the common and ordinary consequents upon a case bearing any routine of thought and action; a piety similarity to the one before us. But which had nothing about it of the ra- Mrs. Es piety mastered every liapidity of lightning, which flashes and bility to this unfortunate state of passes away to return but under cer- ' mind; and by it she so rose above the tain circumstances; but, on the con- infirmity of her nature, that for years trary, resembled the sun in his conti- she uttered no complaint, nor was the nued and steady light and warmth. lence she was never found upadorned * The sudden death of an only son.