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the Instrument conveying to us things useful to be
known. And tho' a Linguist Mould pride himself
to have all the Tongues that Babel cleft the World
into, yet, if he had not studied the folid things in
them as well as the Words and Lexicons, he were
nothing so much to be efteem'd a Learned Man,
as any Yeoman or Tradesman competently wise in
his Mother Dialect only. Hence appear the many
Mistakes which have made Learning generally lo
unpleasing and so unsuccessful; first we do amiss to
spend seven or eight Years merely in scraping toge-
ther so much miserable Latin and Greek, as might
be learnt otherwise easily and delightfully in one
Year. And that which cafts our Proficiency there
in so much behind, is our time loft partly in too
oft idle Vacancies given both to Schools, and Unie
versities, partly in a preposterous Exaction, forcing
the empty Wits of Children to compose Themes,
Verses and Orations, which are the A&s of ripest
Judgment, and the final Work of a Head fill'd, by
long reading and observing, with elegant Maxims,
and copious Invention. These are not Matters to
be wrung from poor Striplings, like Blood out of
the Nose, or the plucking of untimely Fruit: Bea'
Sides the ill Habit which they get of wretched bare ;
barizing against the Latin and Greek Idiom, with
their untutor'd Anglicisms, odious to be read, yet
not to be avoided without a well continu'd and jua!
dicious conversing among pure Authors digefted,
which they scarce taste; whereas, if after some prea?
paratory grounds of Speech by their certain forms.

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got into Memory, they were led to the Praxis
thereof in some chosen short Book leffon'd through
ly to them, they might then forthwith proceed to
learn the Substance of good things, and Arts in
due Order, which would bring the whole Language
quickly into their Power. This I take to be the
moft rational and most profitable way of learning
Languages, and whereby we may best hope to give
Account to God of our Youth spent herein. And
for the usual Method of teaching Arts, 1 deem it to
be an old Error of Universities not yet well reco-
ver'd from the Scholaftick Grossness of barbarous
Ages, that instead of beginning with Arts moft
easy, (and those be such as are moft obvious to the
Sense,) they present their young unmatriculated
Novices at first coming with the intellectivo Abu
stractions of Logick and Metaphysicks : So that
they having but newly left those Grammatick Flats
and Shallows where they stuck unreasonably, to
learn a few words with lamentable Construction,
and now on the sudden transported under another!
Climate to be toft and turmoil'd with their unbal.
lasted Wits in fathomless and unquiet deeps of Cona!
troversy, do for the most part grow into hatred and
contempt of Learning, mock'd and deluded all this
while with ragged Notions and Babblements, while
they expected worthy and delightful Knowledge ;
till Poverty or youthful Years call them importu.
nately their several Ways, and hasten them with
the fway of Friends either to an ambitious and
mercenary, or ignorantly realous Divinity: Some*


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allur'd to the Trade of Law, grounding their Por. poses not on the prudent and heavenly Contempla tion of Justice and Equity, which was nevet taught them, but on the promising and pleasing Thoughts of litigious Terms, fat Contentions, and flowing Fees; others betake them to State-Affairs, with Souls fó unprincipled in Virtue, and true generous Breeding, that Flattery, and Court-shifts, and tyrannous Aphorifms appear to them the highest Points of Wisdom; inftilling their barren Hearts with a confcientious Slavery, if, as I rather think, it be not feign'd : Others, laftlý, of a more delicicus and airy Spirit, retire themselves, knowing no beta ter, to the Enjoyments of Ease and Luxury, living out their Days in Feast and Jóllity; which indeed is the wifeft and the fafeft Course of all these, ún. less they were with more Integrity undertaken. And these are the Fruits of mifpending our prime Youth at the Schools and Universities as we do, either in Learning merė Words, or fuch things chiefly as were better Untearnt.

I shall detain you no longer in the Demonftration of what we Mould not do, but ftrait conduct you to a Hill-side, where I will point ye out the right Path of a virtuous and noble Education ; laborious indeed at the firft Afcent, but elle fo fmooth, fo green, ro full of goodly Profpect, and melodious Sounds on every fide, that the Harp of Orpbeus was not more charming. I doubt not but ye thall have more ado to drive our dullest and lazieft Youth, our Stocks and Stubs, from the infinite deure of fuchs

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a happy Nurture, than we have now to hate and drag our choiceft and hopefullest Wits to that afinine Feast of Sowthistles and Brambles which is com. monly set before them, as all the food and entertain: ment of their tenderest and most docible Age. I call therefore a compleat and generous Education that which fits a Man to perform juftly, skilfully and magnanimously, all the Offices, both private. and publick, of Peace and War. And how all this may be done between twelve and one and twenty, Jess Time than is now bestow'd in pure trifling at Grammar and Sopbifiry, is to be thus order’d.

First, to find out a spacious House, and Ground about it, fit for an Academy, and big enough to lodge a hundred and fifty Perfons, whereof twenty or thereabout may be Attendants, all under the Government of one, who shall be thought of Desert sufficient, and Ability either to do all, or wisely to direct, and oversee it done. This Place should be at once both School and University, not needing a: remove to any other House of Scholarship, except it be some peculiar College of Law, or Physick, where they mean to be Praditioners; but as for those general Studies which take up all our time from Lilly to the commencing, as they term it, Master of Arts, it should be absolute. After this Pattern, as many Edifices may be converted to this use, as shall be needful in every City throughout this Land, which would tend much to the increase of Learning and Civility every where. This nom. ber, less or more thus collected, to the convenience

of a foot Company, or interchangeably two Troops of Cavalry, Tould divide their days work into three Parts, as it lies orderly: Their Studies, their Exer. cise, and their Diet.

For their Studies, First they fould begin with the chief and necessary Rules of some good Grammar, either that now us'd, or any better: and while this is doing, their Speech is to be falhion's to a distinct and clear Pronunciation, as near as may be to the Italian, especially in the Vowels. For we Englismen being far Northerly, do not open our Mouths in the cold Air, wide enough to grace a Southern Tongue; but are observ'd by all other Nations to speak exceeding clofe and inward: so that toʻsmatter Latin with an English Mouth, is as ill a hearing as Law-French. Next to make them expert in the usefullest points of Grammar, and withal to season them, and win them early to the Love of Virtue and true Labour, ere any flattering Seducement, or vain principle feife them wandring, fome easy and delightful Book of Education should be read to them; whereof the Greeks have Store, as Cebes, Plutarch, and other Socratic Discourses. But in Latin we have none of classic Authority extant, except the two or three firft Books of Quintilian, and some select Pieces elsewhere. But here the main skill and ground-work will be, to temper them some Lectures and Explanations upon every Opportunity, as may lead and draw them in will.

Obedience, inflam'd with the Study of Learning, and the Admiration of Virtue; ftirr'd up with

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