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1-4. (1) lifted me up, ch. iil. 12, 14, viii. 3. east gate, xxiv. 3, 4.

where the glory tarried awhile in its departing. Jaazaniah, b"These infidels purpose to deride comp. ch. viii. 11, but the names cannot be identified with any the Prophet; as known persons. (2) wicked counsel, esp. in bidding the if they had said people not to believe the Divine threatenings by the Prophets. If this city be al(3) not near, i.e. the threatened day of calamity. caldron,rather take our likening their safety within the impregnable walls of Jerusalem chance of being to the safety of flesh in a caldron, wh, the fire cannot reach. consumed in it, (4) prophesy, declare the denunciations of God against them. than leave our fine houses and

A vision of priesthoods (vv. 1–25).- This vision discovers—I. other accommo- The destruction of a corrupt priesthood. 1. Their unhallowed dations, and run designs and influence ; 2. Their contempt of sacred things ; 3. the risk of war Their false security ; 4. Their conformity to evil associations ; 5. or captivity."

Their liability to terrible retribution. II. The formation of a

true priesthood. 1. Divinely collected ; 2. Divinely regenerated ; cU. R. Thomas.

3. Divinely adopted. “ Oh! while you 5–8. (5) fell upon me, comp. ch. iii. 24. (6) multiplied speak, methinks

your slain, ch. xxii. 3, 4. (7) flesh, etc., see note on v. 3. (8) a sudden calm, in the sword, or judgment by war. horror that sur- Providence.--A lady in high life introduced herself to the Rev. rounds me, falls Samuel Kilpin's study, with the apology that she thought it her upon frighted faculty,

every duty to inform him that, some years before, she was passing the and puts my soul street as a stranger on the Sabbath, when seeing many persons in tune!"-Lee. enter a passage, she followed them, and found herself within his

chapel. Every object was new ; but she listened, and was ina Whitecross.

terested in the sermon. Immediately after, she left England, and, with some young friends, became the inmate of a convent in France, to finish their education. While there, every argument was employed to convert them to the Roman Catholic religion. Her English associates were overcome by these persuasions. “Your discourse, sir," said she, “ which I could never get from my mind, has been my preservation, from that period

to the present, though I' have been beset with every snare from a 1 Ki. viji: '65; family connections,” etc.

Mr. Kilpin recommended suitable 2 Ki. xiv. 25. 6 Je. lii. 9, 10. books to her attention, and devoutly committed her to the God of “ Home is the heaven, while she kneeled with him, bathed in tears. one place in all this world where 9-12. (9) hands of strangers, who shall carry you into hearts are of each other captivity. (10) border of Israel, at Hamath, where the king It is the place of of Babylon judged and condemned Zechariah, etc. (11) not.. confidence. It is caldron, i.e. it shall be no defence from the fire of the Divine we tear off that indignation. (12) not walked, etc., De. xii. 30, 31. mask of guarded

Home, changed from our youth.and suspicious Our home in youth-no matter to what end :

Study- —or strife-or pleasure, or what not ; the world forces

And coming back in few short years, we find self-defence, and All as we left it, outside ; the old elms, where we

The house, grass, gates, and latchet's selfsame click ; served communi

But lift that latchet-all is changed as doom : cations of full The servants have forgotten our step, and more




us to wear in



pour unre

xci, 9.

the humble heart




Than half of those who knew us know us not.

and confiding Adversity, prosperity, the grave,

bearts. It is the

spot where exPlay a round game with friends. On some the world

pressions of tenHath shot its evil eye, and they have passed

derness gush out From honour and remembrance, and a stare

without any sen

sation of awkIs all the mention of their names receives ;

wardness and And people know no more of them than of

without any The shapes of clouds at midnight, a year back.c

dread of ridi

cule." -F. W. 13-16. (13) Pelatiah, v. 1. This stroke of God indicated Robertson. the destruction of the idolaters, of whom Pelatiah was a

c Baily. leader. full end, or a complete, irremediable destruction." a Comp. Je. iv. (14, 15) thy brethren, i.e. those of thy kindred and ac- 27, v. 10, 18. quaintance who are carried captive with thee. us .. posses

b“ They have

been carried far sion, i.e. those left in Jerusalem regarded their captive brethren

away from the as coming under Divine judgments, and themselves as in the literal and maDivine favoar. (16) little sanctuary, God's presence pre

terial sanctuary serving them in their distant captivity, even as His presence had at Jerusalem, but preserved them in their own land.

their sanctuary." A refuge in the time of danger (r. 16).-I. The blessing pro- -Wordstcorth. mises-1. A refuge in the time of danger ; 2. Continued safety ; Is. viii. 14; Ps. 3. The bond of their union ; 4. The source of their enjoyment. II. The extent of its application. 1. In illustrating the bound

" My shrine is less mercy of the Lord ; 2. In trusting to an unchanging source

preparation of happiness ; 3. In pointing out the only centre of union of the for Gospel cathowhole Church.

licity when the Feelings in danger.- A child lies in his little bed in some high chamber of an old castle, and hears the tempest growling in the should give place

terial temple chimney, and the prowliny thief-winds at the window, and the to the spiritual." scream of the spirits of the air. The storm rocks the walls, and --Fausset. beats upon the roof ; and he shudders and covers his head, and Render, “ for a expects at every burst of thunder that the castle will go crashing

sanctuary." to the ground. But, down in the room below, his father sits

v. 16. J. Saurin, umoved, reading by the fire ; only now and then, when the viii. 103; W. Jay, tempest swells, he raises his spectacles for a moment, and iii. 414 Dr. R. exclaims, “God help the poor wretches on the sea to-night i" or Gordon, iv. 194. " I hope no belated traveller is out in such a storm as this !" Talkative perand then turns to his book again. In the morning, the

child sons seldom real, handly dares to look forth, lest the heavens and the earth have the few truths passed away ; but the father only walks into his garden to see which appear the if some old tree has been blown down, or some unpropped vine more stranger

tebe fallen from the trellis. In times of peril and disaster, the upon them. For Christian, through his faith and hope in God, is like the father what is reading, by the fire ; while he who has no such trust is tormented with but silent con

versation ? fear and apprehension like the child in the chamber.

c Beecher. 17—21. (17) gather you, etc., the point seems to be that the earlier captives should return, but the proud remnant then in a Ac. iv. 32. Jerusalem should be destroyed, or, if taken into captivity, never Zec. xii. 10. return from it to their own land. (18) they, i.e. the people of "Conversion the earlier captivities. detestable things, or things asso- commonly ciated with idolatry. (19) one heart, a united feeling of devo- ken of in Scrip tion to the sole service of God (Is. xxxii. 39).a new spirit, comp. a new creation, the stiff-neckedness and rebelliousness which

they had formerly because of the shown stony.. Alesh, a fig. peculiar to Ezekiel.(20) my

new dispositions people, as serving Me heartily and sincerely. (21) heart..

and powers wh.

accompany it." a strong expression to indicate that the very essence of Lowth.



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? "The contrast idolatry was pleasing to the very heart of these rebellious is not, as usual, between

people. spirit and the Genuine religion (rv. 19, 20).-I. Its Author. 1. Explain in flesh, but, be- what sense ; 2. Prove. II. The change which it accomplishes. tween the heart 1. It harmonises ; 2. It renews ; 3. It softens. dened, and the tical influence which it exerts. 1. Obedience to God, which is

reawak. impartial ; 2. Which is constant; 3. Which is decided. IV. The ened to feeling privilege which it confers. 1. Its nature ; 2. Its validity ; 3. Its

effects. Address –(1) Those who are indifferent about this -Spk. Com

invaluable privilege ; (2) Those who are uncertain whether they v. 19. B. Beddome, iv. 27; Dr. R possess it or not; (3) Those who have attained it.« Harris, i. 91; W. A new heart-An Indian chief.-The efforts of some Christian Jay, ix. 23. missionaries had been the means of diffusing much Scriptural The image and knowledge among the Delaware Indians of North America, and likeness of God their doctrines were frequently the subject of conversation not in the face among them. One evening, Tedynscung, a native chief, was but it the heart. sitting by the fireside of his friend, who mentioned the golden d G. Brooks.

rule to him as very excellent,—“For one man to do to another as "A heart

he would the other should do to him.” “ It is impossible !-It spotted is

cannot be done !” said the Indian chief. After musing for about easily daunted." a quarter of an hour, Tedynscung again gave his opinion, and said, -Shakespeare. "Brother, I have been thoughtful on what you told me. If the

Great Spirit that made man would give him a new heart, he could

do as you say, but not else." a The Rabbis say 22–25. (22) lift up, as in attitude for flying. (23) upon that the glory the mountain, i.e. the Mount of Olives. The Shekinah thus lingered for three

left altogether the temple and city : yet, in great grace, it years Mount of Olives, lingered near. (24) brought.. Chaldæa, i.e. back again to but of this Scrip- the banks of the Chebar. (25) them . captivity, sce

noch. viii. 1. thing.

Departure of God from. His temple (v. 23).-I. How averse 6 "Not in actual fact, but in ec

God is to forsake His people. Look we to His declarations ; static vision. He look we to examples. II. What are the different steps by which had been as to His departure may be discovered ? He withholds-1. The mani. outward

festations of His love ; 2. The influences of His grace ; 3. The world all the time before the warnings of His Spirit. III. The dreadful state of those who elders in Chal- are forsaken by Him. 1. They are delivered up into the hands of dæa ; now their spiritual enemies ; 2. They live only to increase their reports what he had witnessed guilt and misery. Apply :-(1) How are we to reconcile this with the inner doctrine with other parts of Scripture (2) How are we to avert eye."-Fausset. this awful calamity ? c c C. Simeon, M.A. Angels.- Their airy and gentle coming may well be com“Six wings he pared to the glory of colours fung by the sun upon the morning wore, to shade clouds, that seem to be born just where they appear. Like a divine; the pair beam of light striking through some orifice, they shine upon that clad each Zacharias in the temple. As the morning light finds the flowers,

broad so they found the mother of Jesus, and their message fell on her, o'er his breast pure as dewdrops on the lily. To the shepherd's eyes, they filled with regal orna- the midnight arch like auroral beams of light: but not as ment; the middle silently, for they eang more marvellously than when the morning pair girt, like a stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy. waist, and round They communed with the Saviour in His glory of transfiguration, skirted his loins sustained Him in the anguish of the garden, watched Him at the and thighs with tomb; and as they had thronged the earth at His coming, so colours dipp'a in they seem to have hovered in the air in multitudes at the hour heaven; the third l of His ascension. Beautiful as they seem, they are never mere






shoulder came



poetical adornments. The occasions of their appearing are grand, his feet shadow'd the reasons weighty, and their demeanour suggests and befits the from either heel highest conception of superior beings. Their very coming and

mail, sky-tincgoing is not with earthly movement. They are suddenly seen in tured grain." the air, as one sees white clouds round out from the blue sky in Milton. a summer's day, that melt back even while one looks upon a Beecher. them. We could not imagine Christ's history without angelic lore. The sun without clouds of silver and gold, the morning on the fields without dew-diamonds, but not the Saviour without His angels.





Je. xxxix. 4.

in the season of


CHAPTER THE TWELFTH. 1–7. (1, 2) dwellest, i.e. even now, in the captivity, such is the character of the people around you." (3) stuff," or a De. xxix. 4. household goods. By this act Ezekiel was to intimate that he

6 Instruments d might not stay with a people who gave so little heed to his

captivity : counsels. (4) by day, so that all may see, take notice, and be needful equipwarned by it. (5) dig, etc., to illus. the escape of Zedekiah from ments Jerusalem. (6) cover tny face, as the king did. (7) twilight, or dark. Through all this representing Zedek.'s escape as a c 2 Ki. xxv. 4; warning to the people around him. The Divine expectation (v. 3).—I. The subject to which this

0.3. S. Lavington, expectation refers. 1. Men do not consider that they are sinful 203. creatures ; 2. Nor that they are dying creatures ; 3. Nor that they are immortal creatures. II. The means employed for

“ There are few bringing about the expectation which is here expressed. 1. The things so exhilaDivine forbearance ; 2. The afflictive dispensations of Divine spirits, especially Providence ; 3. The ministry of the Gospel.

Trarelling-Baggage.-When they travel to distant places, ant youth, as the they are wont to send off their baggage to some place of ren- first visit to a dezvous some time before they set out. The account that an foreign ingenious commentator, whose expositions are generally joined Amongst things to Bishop Patrick's, gives of a paragraph of the Prophet Ezekiel, able, it is perought to be taken notice of here ; it is, in a few words, this, haps one of the " that the Prophet was to get the goods together, to pack them most unalloyed up openly, and at noonday, that all might see and take notice of

gratifications it, that he was to get forth at even, as men do that would go off the course of our by stealth ; that he was to dig through the wall, to show that life. But, like all

other pleasures, Zedekiah should make his escape by the same means; that what

it may be made, the Prophet was commanded to carry out in the twilight, must accordingly as we be something different from the goods he removed in the day- use it, a source time, and therefore must mean provision for his present subsis- of present vanity

and future regret, tence; and that he was to cover his face, so as not to see the ground, as Zedekiah should do, that he might not be discovered.” hand, of lasting Sir John Chardin, on the contrary, supposes there was nothing and unusual, nothing very particular, in the two first of the above-provement. Our

object should be, mentioned circumstances. His manuscript notes on this passage not to gratify of Ezekiel are to the following purport: “This is as they do in curiosity, the caravans : they carry out their baggage in the daytime, and seek mere tem

porary the caravan loads in the evening, for in the morning it is too bot

ment, to set out on a journey for that day, and they cannot well see learn and in the night. However, this depends on the length of their venerate, -to imjourneys : for when they are too short to take up a whole night, and understand: they load in the night, in order to arrive at their journey's end ing."-Gresley.

which occur in

or, on the other





to to

d Harmer.

seen the sun take


has its

early in the morning, it being a greater inconvenience to arrive at an unknown place in the night, than to set out on a journey then. As to his digging through the wall, he says Ezekiel is speaking, without doubt, of the walls of the caravansary. These walls, in the East, being mostly of earth, mud, or clay, they may

easily be bored through." d a “Ezekiel, bearing his stuff on

8–12. (8, 9) house of Israel, those among whom Ezekiel his shoulder, was dwelt. (10) burden, or prediction of woe. prince, or King a sign of the Zedekiah. (11) your sign, t.e. a sign or warning to you of weight of calamity coming upon

what shall surely come to pass. (12) bear, etc., just as the king and people.” Prophet had represented. Comp. the historical account. -Spk. Com.

Trarelling-Baggage.—Ezekiel's collecting together his goods, 6 Eze. vii. 27. does not look like a person's flying in a hurry, and by stealth ; “ This is a travel and consequently his going forth in the evening, in consequence ler, sir, knows of this preparation, cannot be construed as designed to signify a men and man: stealing away. These managements rather mark out the distance ners, and plough'd up sea

of the way they were going-going into captivity in a very far so far, till both country. The going into captivity

had not privacy attending it; the poles, have and accordingly, the sending their goods to a common rendez;

vous beforehand, and setting out in an evening, are known to be coach, and can Eastern usages. On the other hand, I should not imagine it was distinguish the the wall of a caravansary, or any place like a caravansary, but colour

bis the wall of the place where Ezekiel was, either of his own horses, and their kind's."- Beaudwelling, or of the town in which he then resided ; a manage. mont and Fletcher. ment designed to mark out the flight of Zedekiah ; as the two “All travel first circumstances were intended to shadow out the carrying

advan Israel openly, and avowedly, into captivity. Ezekiel was, I passenger visits apprehend, to do two things; to imitate the going of the people better countries, into captivity, and the hurrying flight of the king, two very he may learn to distinct things. The mournful, but composed collecting together improve his own; all they had for a transmigration, and leading them perhaps on carries him

to asses, being as remote as could be from the hurrying and secret worse, he may management of one making a private breach in a wall, and learn to enjoy his going off precipitately, with a few of his most valuable effects own." --Johnson.

on his shoulder, which were, I should think, what Ezekiel was make yourself a

not to carry, when he squeezed through the aperture in the wall, not

provisions. Nor am I sure the Prophet's covering his face was neither can you designed for concealment : it might be to express Zedekiah's dis

yourself tress. David, it is certain, had his head covered when he fled

heart flesh;" both the

from Absalom, at a time when he intended no concealment; and

the when Zedekiah fled, it was in the night, and consequently such a other are trace- concealment not wanted ; not to say, it would have been embarable to a power rassing to him in his flight not to be able to see the ground. out of yourself.

The Prophet mentions the digging through the wall, after menc Harmer.

tioning his preparation for removing as into captivity ; but it is necessary for us to suppose these emblematical actions of the

Prophet are ranged just as he performed them.c a 2 Ki. xxiv. 14,

13—16. (13) my net, Zedekiah was caught in escaping by

the Chaldæans, but the net was really God's. not see it, bec. "O happy heart,

his eyes were put out. (14) scatter, etc., 2 Ki. xxv. 4, 5. (15) whero piety at know, by the fulfilment of the threatened Divine judgments. fecteth, where (16) a few men, ch. vi. 8--10,humility

T'he hardness of the heart.- Stones are charged with the worst jecteth, repentance cor

species of hardness—“As stubborn as a stone;" and yet the recteth, where hardest stones submit to be smoothed and rounded under the soft

and if




heart of stone;

make “ a




xxy. 12,


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