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wrong on our part; but, if you were in my place, what would you do?-and besides, I never expected the English Government
would reduce me to this state.
“Salamé.—I think it was not our fault. "The Dey.-How? on the day before yesterday, after you brought me the Admiral's letters, and while my answer was almost ready, the fleet came all at once, and took its position inside the mole: if Lord Exmouth had to make any demands of me, he ought to have anchored where he is now; and not to come with the three-deckers, within pistol-shot, under our batteries. “Salamé.-Lord Exmouth only did his duty: The proper situation for the fleet was where his Lordship placed it, that he might enforce the demands made in his Sovereign's name. And if your Highness had your letters ready, as you say, but not by the specified time, you might have sent a message to ask one or two hours more, which his Lordship perhaps would have granted to you; but instead, you answered by firing.
"The Dey.-I was obliged by the people to fire, because, when they saw your fleet taking its position, they began to rebel against me: yet, I know it was our fault, and now, all is done by God's decree, let us forget the past, and I hope to be better friends than ever with England.
"Salamé. What does your Highness mean to do about 3,000 dollars, and the apology to the Consul?
"The Dey-(with anger)-I shall give him the 3,000 dollars, and do not wish to receive any part of the sum back; and I shall make an apology.
"Captain Brisbane.-Are you sorry for the violent measures you adopted, in the heat of the moment, towards the British Consul, and do you beg pardon for the
"The Dey-(very cross)-Yes, I do. "Salamé-But, it is necessary that your Highness should address these words to the Consul; or, as you do not know the language, if you please to authorize me, or any of your people, to repeat them to him. "The Dey (more cross)-Very well, you may say what you please to the Con
"Salamé (with pretended mildness)-I beg your pardon, without your Highness' dictation, I can say nothing on my part.
"No reply from the Dey for a few minutes; but he had his hand playing with his beard, and was so agitated and astonished, that he looked as if he would rather have died than submit to such disgrace.He really showed his natural wickedness, and was looking at me with such angry eyes, that if it had been in his power, he
The Dey, by representing to us all these pretended excuses, thought that we would accept them as true: in this he found himself in a great mistake.
certainly would have cut me in pieces. The Captain of the Port, observing his manner, and having seen Lord Exmouth's resolution, came behind him, and with a low voice, not to let me hear, said, My Lord, it cannot be helped, you must submit, that yellow haired man must now triumph.'*
"Upon this, the Dey turned to me and said, What do you wish to say to the Consul? Only the same words; I said. He then with much vexation, after I had explained them to him again, dictated to me word by word; and so I repeated his dictation, in English and in French+ to Mr M'Donell, who afterwards addressed the Dey, and said, I accept, with pleasure, your apology, as a sign of sincerity; I shall forget every thing that has passed, and I hope to be happy in your friendship.""
In a subsequent part of the narrative, we are informed that " the Dey, throughout the conversation of this day, appeared quite thunderstruck; his tongue was bound in his mouth, and his lips were sticking one to the other, so that he could not explain what he wished to say." We wish we could transfer to our pages, Salamé's excellent sketch of the old savage sitting cross-legged on his sofa, with his bare feet gathered close under him-his long grisly beard-his downward, unwilling, sullen stare-and his pipe held doggedly in his hand, with the vain ambition of seeming tranquil. The more open ferociousness of his attendant Janissaries, and the quiet firmness of the English officers, afford a fine contrast to the restless, repressed malice of the principal figure.
The delightful conclusion of all the terrors of the battle, afforded by the spectacle of the Christian slaves restored to liberty by its result, is touched upon with much feeling by Lord Exmouth himself, in his de
This means Mr M'Donell, because he had red hair; and the Captain of the Port wished to say, that, as the Consul has been so badly treated, now this is the time of his triumph. But, he (the Captain of the Port) said these words to the Dey, in an ambiguity, and with a low voice, not to let me understand him. Yet though I was talking with Captain Brisbane, my ears were listening to him.
I explained the Dey's apology to Mr M'Donell, in English, and in French too, because I suspected there were some other persons listening to us; and therefore I wished to let them hear it and understand it quite clear on purpose.
young persons: these heavy chains are placed round the body as a sash, with a long piece of chain hung on the right leg, and joined by a heavy ring to be placed on the foot. All these chains are shut by a lock, and never can be taken off. Thus these poor slaves must walk any distance whatever, and work, and sleep, and live always with these chains; the marks of which, I have seen round their bodies, and their legs, in very deep furrows eaten into the flesh, which becomes black, and as hard as bone; the sight of which is really a most heart-breaking thing. After these poor crea tures are put in chains, they make them work at the hardest works: as cutting stone from the mountains; felling trees; carrying sand and stones for building; moving guns from one place to another, and such kinds of laborious works. (N.B.) They have no machines to facilitate the workmen, all must be done by the strength of these poor people. Every ten slaves are bound together, and guided by a guard with a whip in his hand; and if any one of them has occasion to perform any natural evacuation, they must all go together, whether by night or day. They sleep altogether on the ground, in a large stable, with a mat under them; if any of them have money, then they can make themselves rather more comfortable.
spatch, but it would be injustice to Salamé to omit his description of the same affecting scene.
"Friday the 30th.-At two o'clock I went on shore to receive the slaves in the town; on my way, I met the consul's man with a letter for his Lordship, announcing that all the slaves were arrived from the interior, amounting to upwards of one thousand. Orders were then given to the fleet to send a sufficient number of boats to bring them off, and likewise two transports were ordered to go near the town to receive them. When I arrived on shore, it was the most pitiful sight, to see all those poor creatures, in what a horrible state they were; but, it is impossible to describe the joy and cheerfulness of them. When our boats came inside of the mole, I wished to receive them, (the slaves) from the captain of the port, by number, but could not, because they directly began to push and throw themselves into the boats by crowds, ten or twenty persons together, so that it was impossible to count them; then I told him, that we should make an exact list of them, in order to know to what number they amounted. It was, indeed, a most glorious, and an ever memorably merciful act, for England, over all Europe, to see these poor slaves, when our boats were shoving, with them, off the shore, all at once take off their hats, and exclaim in Italian, "Viva il Ré d'Ingliterra, il padre, eterno! e 'l Ammiraglio Inglese che ci ha liberato da questo secondo inferno." Long live the king of England, the eternal father! and the English admiral whò delivered us from this second hell!"* and afterwards, they began to prove what they had suffered, by beating their breasts, and loudly swearing at the Algerines.
"I spoke with some of these unfortunate people who had been for thirty-five years in slavery.
The number of slaves thus liberated was in all 1083, and their country, and the mode in which they were disposed of, are contained in this Table.
Even I, who had hardly done any thing in the battle, when I heard the exclamation of these poor people, was quite delighted, and forgot every danger and labour, that we had passed, in the happiness of seeing them
A return of Slaves, released by Admiral Lord Exmouth at Algiers, by virtue of the Treaty of the 28th of August 1816.
Of what Nation. No
Neapolitans 471 Proceeded to Naples in the transports Trafalgar, Maria, 2361 and Friends.
"The cruel treatment of these poor slaves, being, in an excessive degree, barbarous, my feelings do not permit me to describe it in detail; but I only wish to present a little idea of it by mentioning the following points. When the Algerines, or any of the Barbary pirates, take an European vessel, they seize their goods and every other Dutch thing, (but sometimes they do not touch the money that the prisoners possess in their pockets,) and they put them immediately in chains: there are three classes. of chains, viz. Of one hundred, of sixty, and of thirty pounds weight; the one hundred pounders are for strong men; the sixty for old men; and the thirty pounders for
173) Proceeded to Naples inthis Ma6 jesty's ship the Severn. Proceeded to the coast of Spain in the Spanish Brig Alexander, on the night of the 31st August. without Lord Exmouth's orders.
We shall conclude our extracts with a passage, the introduction of which we cannot help regarding as a little forced; but which we doubt not will afford gratification, in particular to our fair readers. In a preceding article of this Magazine, they will be amused by seeing what a different view of the same subject has been taken by another person who has travelled a great deal, although not quite so much as Mr Salamé.
"Sincerely indeed, and without any flattery, I cannot refrain from expressing my high admiration of the English customs and manners, over all other nations that are known to me; not only with regard to the ladies, but of the national character altogether: what I remarked naturally characteristic in them is, that if an Englishman wishes to be your friend, he immediately shows you his hearty friendship; and, if he does not, he will sincerely explain, that he does not like you, without any further compliments. But the other nations that I know of, always use a kind of dissimulation, which prevents you from knowing a sincere friend, unless you become acquainted with him for a long time. And, it is the same with regard to the character of the English ladies that is, they always keep their endowments without any affectation. simplicity of their dress, the genuineness
WHEN a Whig wit-and there are a few such characters among that dull Party-produces a political pasquinade, a most uncommon ferment ensues over the land. Good heavens! what a noise of trumpets! At the corner of every street stands a young man of that persuasion, with his tiny bugle at his lips, puffing away with a pair of cheeks that might set Boreas at defiance. Then, only look at the newspapers. The Morning Chronicle crows like chanticleer at sunrise and the sulky Scotsman growls delighted like Polito's Polar monster, when a pailfull of brine is thrown over him. The very writers of the Lottery-school are pressed into the service, and the incautious reader finds himself suddenly precipitated through a trap-door into the midst of the Fudge Family in Paris."
THE NEW WHIG GUIDE.*
It is a pity that the Whigs should be such charlatans. This eternal puffing blows nobody good. But besides, they should consider how ridiculous, and indeed contemptible, they thus become. Is wit so rare a commodity with them, that the appearance of the smallest quantity of it seems to change their poverty into wealth? Is there not a want of proper self-respect in thus fastening upon the passing public, and insisting upon its turning up its eyes in astonishment at the dis
of their manners, and the purity of their conversations, are, in my opinion, far superior and more agreeable than those of any other nation. I observed very few indeed, of the English ladies, who wished to make use of affectation, and of them I immediately took notice, because they were the only ones in the company who wished to exaggerate their manners. But, in all other parts of the world where I have been, even in my native country, I always observed, that all the ladies in general use a great deal of affectation, in their manners, in their dressing, in their walking, in their speaking, and in short, in all their movements; which, I think, is a very disagreeable thing; for, even if the lady is naturally handsome, she will, by using these unpleasant artifices, spoil her beauty, and her merit will then become very questionable.
play of their exceeding riches? Consider likewise with yourselves, that two small volumes of clever scurrilous poems, however honourable they may be to the writer of them, do not reflect an equal glory on the reader-and that, though a man of genius, may, highly to his own credit, abuse his prince and benefactor in language which has been well called, "the concentrated essence of blackguardism,”† no other person could adopt such odious slang without voluntarily losing cast in society. We therefore tenderly beseech you, our dull young Whigs, to leave off the puffing system
to become less flatulent of praiseno more "windy suspiration of forced breath"-lay down your penny trumpets, and let your cheeks relapse for a season into their former selves.
We have often been amused to hear our good friends the Whigs on the subject of "personalities" in literary compositions, and we intend very soon to illustrate their opinions on that point by some "Specimens of Scurrility" in their most approved and standard works-from the Edinburgh Review down to the Examiner newspaper. From that last precious performance, we shall select with all becoming caution--with the fear of the socie ty for the suppression of vice before our eyes and pick our steps, as clean
• London: printed for W. Wright, 46, Fleet Street, 1819. + See Tom Crib's Memorial to Congress, &c.
ly as we may, through the indecency, profanity, sedition, and private slander of Mr Leigh Hunt. We have reason to know that the Whig party have of late lost many of their more respectable adherents, by their outrageous passion for personalities. A Whig is a vituperative animal-the love of abuse seems engrained with his very nature, and the moment he is fully awake, he looks about him with a quarrelsome face, and prepares to fall foul of somebody or other. It is indeed an unhappy lot to be an Oppositionist-to his eyes the most quiet objects in this world are all drawn up in battle array against him-whatever is is wrong; and should he, by a strange fatality, see something that is right, he becomes still more and more irri tated. Being peevish, sour, discontented, disappointed, and hopeless, no wonder that he should become offensively personal.
But, would you believe it, the Whigs pride themselves on the extreme gravity of their dispositions and manners and should there be one among them more truculent than his fellows-it is he who gives himself the airs of a Favonius. Should a harsh word be breathed from Tory lips against such gentle swain-what a thrill of horror from Temple-Bar to Albemarle Street! It is well remarked in the Quarterly Review, that Mr Brougham indulges in personal invective to an extent irreconciliable with the possession of first rate talents and yet that gentleman's friends are thrown into a cold sweat at hearing him, half in jest half in earnest, called a Charlatan. The brutal, or rather the insane ferocity of that man has frequently broken out to the conster
nation of his best friends-and it is possible that they may consider him a priviliged person. If so, we wish to know more distinctly from the friends of the Charlatan, on what this privilege is founded.
dangerous in a rally-and not unfrequently successful at a cross buttock. The following is a full report of the trial of Henry Brougham for mu tiny:
"THE TRIAL OF HENRY BROUGHAM FOR MUTINY.
But we must no longer detain our readers from the amusement which we are sure they will derive from a few specimens of Tory-wit. The New Whig Guide is generally attributed to a very clever, lively, and sarcastic person of some political notoriety and though the author is assuredly not quite equal to the Canningsand Freres, and the other Antijacobins he is a smart hitter enough
"Sittings before Lord Grenville and a Special Jury of the Whig Club.
" HENRY BROUGHAM was indicted, in the usual form, on the three following
"1st, That the said Henry Brougham hath, on sundry occasions, treated with disrespect the rightful and legitimate Leader of the Party, viz. the Right Honourable George Ponsonby, contrary to good manners, and the said George, his place and dignity.
"2dly, That he, the said Henry Brougham hath, on sundry times, made divers propositions or motions, without having communicated the same to the Right Honouring contrary to the Rules and Regulations able George Ponsonby, such conduct beof the Party-disrespectful to the Right Honourable George Ponsonby, and unbecoming the character of a Member of Oppo. sition.
"3dly, That he, the said Henry Brougham, did, on or about the 29th March, declare to a Member of Parliament, that it was his opinion that the Right Honourable George to that effect. Ponsonby was "an old woman," or words
unwarrantably. He has made motions and put questions without consulting me. In particular, he made a motion respecting the affairs of Spain, without giving me any intimation of it.
"Q. He left you wholly ignorant and uninformed on the Spanish question? A. Wholly ignorant and uninformed on that and every other subject.
"Q. In consequence of the unwarrantable conduct of the Prisoner, have the functions, duties, and profits of your office been diminished? A. They have.
"Q. On what matters do you now occupy yourself? A. I put questions to the Chancellor of the Exchequor as to the day on which he will bring forward any particular business-I move for the printing of papers presented to the House-I state my opinion, that I am not bound to commit myself until the papers are printed and in the hands of Members-I call order when Mr Pascoe Grenfell is speaking, and so forth.
"Mr Lambton.-The witness has been going down for some time past. (A loud laugh.)
"Mr Kirkman Finlay.
"[It being stated that the Witness had some difficulty in explaining himself in English, Mr was sworn interpreQ. What is your name? A. Finlay, of Glasgow.
Q. Your Christian name? A. Caarkman. "Court. What is the witness's name ? "Sir A. Pigott.-Kirkman, my Lordin my brief.
Q. What is your profession, Mr Finlay? A. A Member of Parliament. "Q. Do you know the Prisoner? A. I do. "Q. Where have you seen him? A. In debating sacieties i' the North.
Q. Do you recollect the 26th March? A. I do.
"Q. Did you observe any thing particular in the conduct of the Prisoner towards the Right Hon. George Ponsonby on that day? A. I ded.
"Q. Relate what you observed to the Court? A. The House was in Kommittee, Mr Ponsonby had rose to spak, but the Prisoner having rose after him, parsisted to
"Cross-examined by Mr Bennet. "Q. As the witness sits behind the Treasury Bench, perhaps he also goes to the Treasury? A. I do constantly.
"Q. Do you frequently communicate with the Treasury? A. Constantly.
"Q. Then I ask you, Sir, whether you do not support the Government. A. Upon my oth I do not.
"Sir A. Pigott.-Please, my Lord, to turn your head to the Court.
"Q. What are you? A. Son to the Earl of Besborough.
"Q. I mean what is your profession or occupation? A. I am whipper-in to the Opposition, and occasionally report for the Morning Chronicle.
"Q. You know the House of Commons well? A. I do.
"Q. Do you consider the Prisoner at the Bar to be of the least use to any party A. Yes-of the greatest use to the party he opposes. (A laugh.)..
"Q. Have Members of the O complained to you of the conduct of the Prisoner? A. Frequently.