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wrong on our part; but, if you were in my certainly would have cut me in pieces. place, what would you do?-_and besides, The Captain of the Port, observing his I never expected the English Government manner, and having seen Lord Exmouth's would reduce me to this state.

resolution, came behind him, and with a “ Salamé. I think it was not our fault. low voice, not to let me hear, said, "My

“ The Dey.-How? on the day before Lord, it cannot be helped, you must subyesterday, after you brought me the Ad- mit, that yellow haired man must now miral's letters, and while my answer was triumph.'* almost ready, the fleet came all at once, and “ Upon this, the Dey turned to me and took its position inside the mole: if Lord said, What do you wish to say to the ConExmouth had to make any demands of me, sul ? Only the same words; I said. He he ought to have anchored where he is then with much vexation, after I had exnow; and not to come with the three-deck- plained them to him again, dictated to me ers, within pistol-shot, under our batteries. word by word ; and so I repeated his dic.

“ Salamé. Lord Exmouth only did his tation, in English and in Frencht to Mr duty: The proper situation for the fleet M.Donell, who afterwards addressed the was where his Lordship placed it, that he Dey, and said, • I accept, with pleasure, might enforce the demands made in his your apology, as a sign of sincerity ; I Sovereign's name. And if your Highness shall forget every thing that has passed, had your letters ready, as you say, but not and I hope to be happy in your friendby the specified time, you inight have sent ship." a message to ask one or two hours more, which bis Lordship perhaps would have In a subsequent part of the narragranted to you; but instead, you answered tive, we are informed that “ the Dey, by firing.

throughout the conversation of this “ The Dey. I was obliged by the people day, appeared quite thunderstruck; his to fire, because, when they saw your fleet tongue was bound in his mouth, and taking its position, they began to rebel his lips were sticking one to the other, against mei yet, i know it was our fault, so that he could not explain what he and now, all is done by God's decree, let us wished to say.” We wish we could forget the past, and I hope to be better friends than ever with England."

transfer to our pages, Salamé's excel“ Salamé. What does your Highness lent sketch of the old savage sitting mean to do about 3,000 dollars, and the cross-legged on his sofa, with his bare apology to the Consul ?

feet gathered close under him-his “ The Dey-(with anger)..I shall give long grisly beard-his downward, unhim the 3,000 dollars, and do not wish to willing, sullen stare—and his pipe held receive any part of the sum back ; and I doggedly in his hand, with the vain shall make an apology.

ambition of seeming tranquil. The " Captain Brisbane. Are you sorry for the violent measures you adopted, in the

more open ferociousness of his attendheat of the moment, towards the British

ant Janissaries, and the quiet firmness Consul, and do you beg pardon for the of the English officers, afford a fine same !

contrast to the restless, repressed ma“ The Dey-(very cross) - Yes, I do. lice of the principal figure.

“ Salamé --But, it is necessary that your The delightful conclusion of all the Highness should address these words to the terrors of the battle, afforded by the Consul ; or, as you do not know the lan- spectacle of the Christian slaves reguage, if you please to authorize me, or

stored to liberty by its result, is any of your people, to repeat them to him. ** The Dey more cross) Very well

, touched upon with much feeling by you may say what you please to the Con- Lord Exmouth himself, in his de sul.

“ Salamé (with pretended mildness)! This means Mr M.Donell, because he beg your pardon, without your Highness' had red hair; and the Captain of the Port dictation, I can say nothing on my part. wished to say, that, as the Consul has been

“ No reply from the Dey for a few so badly treated, now this is the time of his minutes ; but he had his hand playing with triumph. But, he (the Captain of the his beard, and was so agitated and astonish- Port) said these words to the Dey, in an ed, that he looked as if he would rather ambiguity, and with a low voice, not to let have died than submit to such disgrace.- me understand him. Yet though I was He really showed his natural wickedness, talking with Captain Brisbane, my ears and was looking at me with such angry were listening to him. eyes, that if it had been in his power, he f I explained the Dey's apology to Mr

M'Donell, in English, and in French too, The Dey, by representing to us all because I suspected there were some other these pretended excuses, thought that we persons listening to us; and therefore I would accept them as true: in this he found wished to let them hear it and understand himself in a great mistake.

it quite clear on purpose.

spatch, but it would be injustice to young persons: these heavy chains are Salamé to omit his description of the placed round the body as a sash, with a same affecting scene.

long piece of chain hung on the right leg, “ Friday the 30th. At two o'clock I went and joined by a heavy ring to be placed on on shore to receive the slaves in the town ;

the foot. All these chains are shut by a on my way, I met the consul's man with lock, and never can be taken off. Thus, a letter for his Lordship, announcing that these poor slaves must walk any distance all the slaves were arrived from the interior, whatever, and work, and sleep, and live amounting to upwards of one thousand always with these chains; the marks of Orders were then given to the fleet to send which, I have seen round their bodies, and a sufficient number of boats to bring them their legs, in very deep furrows eaten into the off, and likewise two transports were or

flesh, which becomes black, and as hard as dered to go near the town to receive them.

bone; the sight of which is really a most When I arrived on shore, it was the most

heart-breaking thing. After these poor crea. pitiful sight, to see all those poor creatures,

tures are put in chains, they make them in what a horrible state they were ; but,

work at the hardest works: as cutting stone it is impossible to describe the joy and from the mountains; felling trees ; carrycheerfulness of them. When our boats ing sand and stones for building ; moving came inside of the mole, I wished to re guns from one place to another, and such ceive them, (the slaves) from the captain kinds of laborious works. (N. B.) They of the port, by number, but could not,

have no machines to facilitate the workmen, because they directly began to push and all must be done by the strength of these throw themselves into the boats by crowds, poor people. Every ten slaves are bound ten or twenty persons together, so that it together, and guided by a guard with a was impossible to count them; then I told whip in his hand; and if any one of them him, that we should make an exact list of has occasion to perform any natural evacu. them, in order to know to what number ation, they must all go together, whether by they amounted. It was, indeed, a most night or day. They sleep altogether on the glorious, and an ever memorably merciful ground, in a large stable, with a mat under act, for England, over all Europe, to see

them ; if any of them have money, then these poor slaves, when our boats were

they can make themselves rather more comshoving, with them, off the shore, all at

fortable. once take off their hats, and exclaim in The number of slaves thus liberated Italian, " Viva il d'Ingliterra, il padre, was in all 1083, and their country, and eterno! e 'l ammiraglio Inglese che ci ha the mode in which they were disposed liberato da questo secondo inferno.-Long of, are contained in this Table. live the king of England, the eternal father ! and the English admiral who delivered us A return of Slaves, released by Admiral from this second hell !"'* and afterwards, Lord Exmouth at Algiers, by virtue of they began to prove what they had suffered, the Treaty of the 28th of August 1816. by beating their breasts, and loudly swear. ing at the Algerines.

Neapolitans 471

Proceeded to Naples in the " I spoke with some of these unfortunate

transports Trafalgar, Maria, people who had been for thirty-five years in

173 Proceeded to Naples in his Maslavery.

Tuscans 6) jesty's ship the Severn. • The cruel treatment of these poor slaves,

Proceeded to the coast of Spain being, in an excessive degree, barbarous, Spaniards

in the Spanish Brig Alexander,

on the night of the 31st August, my feelings do not permit me to describe it Portuguese. without Lord Exmouth's orin detail ; but I only wish to present a little idea of it by mentioning the following

Proceeded to Malta in his Mapoints.- When the Algerines, or any of the

jesty's sloop the Wasp, on her

of what Nation. No


2367 and Friends.


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way to Constantinople. Barbary pirates, take an European vessel,

Delivered to Admiral Van Capthey seize their goods and every other

28 pellan, by Lord Exmouth's orthing, (but sometimes they do not touch the money that the prisoners possess in their pockets,) and they put them immediately in

We shall conclude our extracts with chains : there are three classes, of chains, viz.-Of one hundred, of sixty, and of a passage, the introduction of which thirty pounds weight; the one hundred we cannot help regarding as a little pounders are for strong men ; the sixty for forced; but which we doubt not will old men ; and the thirty pounders for afford gratification, in particular to our

fair readers. In a preceding article of * Even I, who had hardly done any thing seeing what a different view of the

this Magazine, they will be amused by in the battle, when I heard the exclamation of these poor people, was quite delighted, same subject has been taken by another and forgot every danger and labour, that we person who has travelled a great deal, had passed, in the happiness of seeing them although not quite so much as Mr released.





Total 1083.

“ Sincerely indeed, and without any flat- of their manners, and the purity of their tery, I cannot refrain from expressing my conversations, are, in my opinion, far supe. high admiration of the English customs and rior and more agreeable than those of any manners, over all other nations that are other nation.--I observed very few indeed, known to me; not only with regard to the of the English ladies, who wished to make ladies, but of the national character alto- use of affectation, and of them I immediategether: what I remarked naturally charac- ly took notice, because they were the only teristic in them is, that if an Englishman ones in the company who wished to exagwishes to be your friend, he immediately gerate their manners. But, in all other shows you his hearty friendship; and, if he parts of the world where I have been, even does not, he will sincerely explain, that he in my native country, I always observed, does not like you, without any further that all the ladies in general 'use a great compliments.—But the other nations that I deal of affectation, in their manners, in their know of, always use a kind of dissimulation, dressing, in their walking, in their speaking, which prevents you from knowing a sincere and in short, in all their movements; which, friend, unless you become acquainted with I think, is a very disagreeable thing; for, him for a long time. And, it is the same even if the lady is naturally handsome, she with regard to the character of the English will, by using these unpleasant artifices, ladies that is, they always keep their en. spoil her beauty, and her merit will then bedowments without any affectation. The come very questionable. simplicity of their dress, the genuineness


When a Whig wit—and there are a play of their exceeding riches ? Confew such characters among that dull sider likewise with yourselves, that Party-produces a political pasquinade, two small volumes of clever scurrilous a most uncommon ferment ensues over poems, however honourable they may the land. Good heavens! what a be to the writer of them, do not reflect noise of trumpets! At the corner of an equal glory on the reader and every street stands a young man of that, though a man of genius, may, that

persuasion, with his tiny bugle at highly to his own credit, abuse his his lips, puffing away with a pair of prince and benefactor in language cheeks that might set Boreas at defi- which has been well called, “ the conance. Then, only look at the news. centrated essence of blackguardism,”+ papers. The Morning Chronicle crows no other person could adopt such odilike chanticleer at sunrise and the ous slang without voluntarily losing sulky Scotsman growls delighted like cast in society. We therefore tenPolito's Polar monster, when a pailfull derly beseech you, our dull young of brine is thrown over him. The Whigs, to leave off the puffing system very writers of the Lottery-school are to become less flatulent of praise pressed into the service, and the incau- no more windy suspiration of forced tious reader finds himself suddenly breath”- lay down your penny trumprecipitated through a trap-door into pets, and let your cheeks relapse for a the midst of the “ Fudge Family in season into their former selves. Paris,"

We have often been amused to hear It is a pity that the Whigs should our good friends the Whigs on the be such charlatans. This eternal puf- subject of “personalities” in literary fing blows nobody good. But besides, compositions, and we intend very soon they should consider how ridiculous, to illustrate their opinions on that and indeed contemptible, they thus point by some Specimens of Scurribecome. Is wit so rare a commodity lity" in their most approved and stanwith them, that the appearance of the dard works from the Edinburgh Resmallest quantity of it seems to change view down to the Examiner newspatheir poverty into wealth ? Is there per. From that last precious performnot a want of proper self-respect in ance, we shall select with all becoming thus fastening upon the passing pub- caution---with the fear of the socielic, and insisting upon its turning up ty for the suppression of vice before its eyes in astonishment at the dis our eyes--and pick our steps, as clean

London :

: printed for W. Wright, 46, Fleet Street, 1819. + See Tom Crib's Memorial to Congress, &c.

Vol. V.



Iy as we may, through the indecency, dangerous in a rally and not unfroprofanity, sedition, and private slander quently successful at a cross buttock. of Mr Leigh Hunt. We have reason The following is a full report of the to know that the Whig party have of trial of Henry Brougham for mu? late lost many of their more respect- tiny: able adherents, by their outrageous

" THE TRIAL OF HENRY BROUGHAN passion for personalities. A Whig is a vituperative animal the love of abuse seems engrained with his very

Sittings before Lord Grenville and a Spe. nature, and the moment he is fully

cial Jury of the Whig Club. awake, he looks about him with a

“ HENRY BROUGHAM was indicted, in quarrelsome face, and prepares to fall the usual form, on the three following foul of somebody or other. It is in, counts:

“ Ist, That the said Henry Brougham deed an unhappy lot to be an Opposi- hath, on sundry occasions, treated with disa tionist-to his eyes the most quiet obe respect the rightful and legitimate Leader of jects in this world are all drawn up in the Party, viz. the Right Honourable George battle array against him-whatever is Ponsonby, contrary to good manners, and is wrong; and should he, by a strange the said George, his place and dignity. fatality, see something that is right, “ 2dly, That he, the said Henry Broughe becomes still more and more irris ham hath, on sundry times, made divers tated. Being peevish, sour, discone propositions or motions, without having comtented, disappointed, and hopeless, no

municated the same to the Right Honourwonder that he should become offen- ing contrary to the Rules and Regulations

able George Ponsonby,such conduct be. sively personal.

of the Party-disrespectful to the Right But, would you believe it, the Honourable George Ponsonby, and unbeWhigs pride themselves on the ex- coming the character of a Member of Oppo. treme gravity of their dispositions and sition. manners-and should there be one “Zdly, Thathe, the said Henry Brougham, among them more truculent than did, on or about the 29th March, declare to his fellows it is he who gives him

& Member of Parliament, that it was his self the airs of a Favonius. Should a

opinion that the Right Honourable George harsh word be breathed from Tory- to that effect.

Ponsonby was an old woman," or words lips against such gentle swain-what

“The charges being distinctly read by Sir a thrill of horror from Temple-Bar to W. W. Wynne, the Prisoner pleaded not Albemarle Street! It is well remarked guilty. in the Quarterly Review, that Mr “ Counsel for the Prosecution, Sir Arthur Brougham indulges in personal invec- Pigott ; Mr Charles Wynne. tive to an extent irreconciliable with

* For the Prisoner, Mr Abercrombie, Mr the possession of first rate talents Bennet ; Mr Lambton. and yet that gentleman's friends are Sir A P. opened the case in a short thrown into a cold sweat at hearing speech of about two hours and a half, in him, half in jest half in earnest, called which he took occasion, as explanatory of a Charlatan. The brutal, or rather the present charge, to read the Annual Muthe insane ferocity of that man has tiny Bill verbatim, and to insist on the abfrequently broken out to the conster in all constituted society; he then proceeded

solute necessity of good order and discipline nation of his best friends and it is to call witnesses on behalf of the Prosecu. possible that they may consider him a priviliged person. If so, we wish to know more distinctly from the friends

“ The Right Honourable George Ponof the Charlatan, on what this privi


“Q. You are a Member of Parliament ? lege is founded.

A. I am. But we must no longer detain our “Q. I believe, Mr Ponsonby, you hold readers from the amusement wbich the office of Leader of the Opposition ? A. we are sure they will derive from a I do. few specimens of Tory-wit. The New · Q. Is it an office of honour and distinc. Whig Guide is generally attributed tion ? A. It is not, to the best of my know

ledge. to a very clever, lively, and sarcastic person of some political notoriety- formed. Do you know the Prisoner at the

" I beg your pardon, I had been misin. and though the author is assuredly Bar ? A. I do. not quite equal to the Cannings “Q. Has he interfered with your right. and Freres, and the other Antija- ful Privileges as Leader of the Opposition ? cobins-he is a smart hitter enough A. I consider that he has interfered very


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unwarrantably. He has made motions and spak, and tapped him on the shoulder, and
put questions without consulting me. In said. Set down-set down, I'm in possas-
particular, he made a motion respecting the sion of the Kommittee.'
affairs of Spain, without giving me any inti- “Q. Were you in a position from which
mation of it.

you could see the action of the Prisoner ?
“Q. He left you wholly ignorant and a. I was I was setting behind the Tră.
uninformed on the Spanish question ? A. shery Bench.
Wholly ignorant and uninformed on that
and every other subject.

« Cross-examined by Mr Bennet. “Q. In consequence of the unwarrantable " Q. As the witness sits behind the Treaconduct of the Prisoner, have the functions, sury Bench, perhaps he also goes to the duties, and profits of your office been die Treasury ? A. I do constantly. minished ? A. They have.

Q. Do you frequently communicate “ Q. On what matters do you now occupy

with the Treasury ? A. Constantly. yourself? A. I put questions to the Chan. “ Q. Then I ask you, Sir, whether you do cellor of the Exchequor as to the day on not support the Government. A. Upon my which he will bring forward any particular oth I do not. business I move for the printing of papers

" Lord Duncannon. presented to the House-I state my opinion, “ Examined by Sir A. Pigott. that I am not bound to commit myself un

“ Sir A. Pigott. Please, my Lord, to til the papers are printed and in the hands of Members I call order when Mr Pascoe

turn your head to the Court.

“Q. What are you ? A. Son to the Earl Grenfell is speaking, and so forth.

of Besborough. “ Cross-examined by Mr Abercrombie. Q. I mean what is your profession or “Q. Pray, Sir, by whom were you appoint- occupation ? A. I am whipper-in to the Oped Leader of the opposition ? A. I do not position, and occasionally report for the feel myself bound to answer that question.

Morning Chronicle. “ Court. The witness is not bound

“ Q. You know the House of Commons State secrets are not to be disclosed.

well ? A. I do. * Q. Pray, Mr Ponsonby, how long did

“Q. Do you consider the Prisoner at the you hold the office of Chancellor of Ireland ? Bar to be of the least use to any party? A. Seven months and five days.

A. Yes of the greatest use to the party he “Q. Did you receive any, and what pen. opposes. (A laugh.) sion, in retiring from that office ? Å. I

* Q. Have Members of the O now receive four thousand pounds per an. complained to you of the conduct of the

Prisoner ? A. Frequently. ** Mr Abercrombie. The witness may go

" Q. Have the goodness to name one ? down.

A. Peg Wharton. “ Mr Lambton. The witness has been “Q. What was Mr Wharton's observation going down for some time past. (A loud on the Prisoner ?. A. He said he thought laugh)

he was a cursed bore, or something to that

effect, and that he could not understand “ Mr Kirkman Finlay.

him. “ Examined by Sir A. Pigott.

“Q. Do you recollect any other ? A. Yes “ (It being stated that the Witness had Mr Plumer. some difficulty in explaining himself in “Q. Did Mr Plumer make any comment English, Mr - was sworn interpre- or oritique upon the Prisoner ? á. He said ter.)

• he was a dod long-winded lawyer,' and «Q. What is your name? A. Finlay, of repeated the same thing fifty times over. Glasgow.

** Q. What do you mean :

was it Mr “Your Christian name ? A. Caarkman. Plumer or the Prisoner who repeated the “ Court. What is the witness's name?

same thing fifty times over ? A. Both. “ Sir A. Pigott-Kirkman, my Lord « Sir A. Pigott observed, that he should in my brief.

now proceed to establish the 3d charge "Q. What is your profession, Mr Finlay? against the Prisonernamely, that he had A. A Member of Parliament. “ Q. Do you know the Prisoner? A. I do. He observed, that this charge would rest on

called Mr Ponsonby an old woman.' “Q. Where have you seen him ? A. In the evidence of an informer-admitted this debating sacieties i' the North.

was always suspicious evidence-but strong"Q. Do you recollect the 26th March? ly urged that it was not to be always and A. I do.

altogether refused. He called the Hon. “Q. Did you observe any thing particu. Frederic Douglas. lar in the conduct of the Prisoner towards the Right Hon. George Ponsonby on that day ?

“ The Hon. Frederic Douglas. A. I ded.

“ Q. You are an independent man, I be“Q. Relate what you observed to the lieve, Mr Douglas ? A. I am. Court ? A. The House was in Kommittee, "Q. You are in the habit of conversing Mr Ponsonby had rose to spak, but the Prise indiscriminately with men of all political oner having rose after him, parsisted to parties. A. l'am.



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