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Guilio. This, however, is prevented Guilio is about to marry the lady whom by the intervention of a supposed Malvesi fancies he loves. If the charpage (Mrs W. West) who loves Mal- acter of Malvesi were ever so consists vesi, because he deserves to be hated, ently supported, with reference to the just as Malvesi hates his brother be- principle on which it professes to be cause he deserves to be loved. The constructed, it would still not gain our king at length discovers the deceit sympathy-for he is a mere wretch, which has been put upon him, and « nulla virtute redemptus." He is sends for Malvesi with the intention, not, like Richard or lago, lifted above as the latter supposes, of conferring our ordinary nature by a superiority of new honours upon him, but, in real- intellect, and consequently of power ; ity, to confound and overwhelm him so that we cannot gaze on him, as we by a sudden and unexpected display do on them, with a sort of diseased inof the acquittal of his brother, and his terest, and as we might be supposed to marriage with the lady whom Malvesi do at a malignant star passing across himself loves. This drives him to our hemisphere, and scattering pesdistraction, and he dies in a paroxysm tilence and death in its path. His of rage and despair.

mind is as paltry, as little, and as deThe character of the Dwarf shall be formed as his

person; and

consequenta explained by himself; and the extract ly his plans and his power to do mismay be taken as a fair but favourable chief are too circumscribed to excite example of the author's manner. Af- our awe or wonder. All that he does ter in vain endeavouring to conciliate or can do is to go fretting and fuming his brother's favour by kindness and about, and with an air of ludicrous affection, Guilio, seeing that his pre- self-importance, uttering his insane sence only irritates Malvesi, leaves egotisms to the walls and the winds; him.

and every now and then falling into “ Dra. Fine hypocrite! I would some

an agony of impotent rage, because storm might smite

he does not happen to be so rich or so This tree of pride that lifts its head in clouds, good looking as some of his neighAnd shuts out the warm sun and quick’ning bours : and at last actually dies out of rain

pure spite at witnessing the happiness From my diminished growth ; I waste be of those he ought to love. neath

This is all very tiresome, disgust. Its deep, dull shade,-a dwarfish, leafless trunk,

ing, and unnatural; and would, no Eternal winter freezes in my boughs !

doubt, have been delivered over to its Yet in this forest round me what avails merited contempt, but for the extraorThat one should fall ? Enough-and more dinary acting of Mr Kean--for whom remains

the part is expressly written. It is To shut me from the light. If then I swell intended to shew off his genius; and With aspics venom, blame not me, oh world! it does shew it off, just as a tawdry No goodness grows in shadow-nought but and ill-conceived dress shews off the

weeds, And things that suck unwholesome nature person of a beautiful woman: it canfrom them.

not conceal or destroy her beauty; I am what thou hast fashion'd me, an adder, but, for the time, it totally spoils its To hiss and sting, and shed my poisonous effect: we cannot help seeing that she froth

is beautiful, but we do not feel it. On all are near me. Yes, I'll do my work, Whatever

may

be our opinions reTill some strong hand shall bruise me into specting the genius of this actor (and dust,

we shall not be accused of underratAnd then the grave is welcome, for in earth ing its efforts, or of wishing to depre, I shall be mighty as the mightiest.” p. 10. 11. ciate any work that may be calculated

Malvesi combines in his own pere to call them forth naturally, and in son the malignity without the amuse- their proper place) yet we cannot help ment of all the diminutive persons feeling and speaking with unmixed rewho have appeared in this age of probation of this writing to and for a dwarfsmall the Nains, Jaune, Vert, particular faculty of a particular perNoir, Couleur de Rose, &c.: and his son, whatever the genius of that perhatred of what other people love seems son may be. Mr Kean's genius is to spring from the same cause valuable, not for this or that abstract their's did, -namely, disappointed va- quality, which may be brought into nity, and the loss of their idol--for view by the contrivance of a certaiu

as

situation--not only, or even chiefly fame that Mr Kean can, and no doubt, because it enables him to express ha- does appreciate, even now. A fame tred or agony, joy or love, more vivid- that is the best and most legitimate ly and intelligibly than any other per- reward that can be given and received son. It is valuable for its extraor- in return for the immediate delight dinary power of embodying and giving which he conveys to others. In this a " local habitation" to conceptions way there is nothing in the world ethat would otherwise escape the ken qual to the waving of hats, the clapof persons not on that account un- ping together of hands, and the shoutworthy or unable to enjoy and appre- ings of human voices, in so disinterciate such conceptions, where they ested-so truly a “popular assembly” can be made tangible to them. It is as is collected together at a great navaluable from its unequalled faculty of tional theatre. There is no reward so detecting, bringing to light, and mak cheap to the giver, and yet so satisfying level to ordinary understandings, ing to the receiver : like charity, it the mental images and operations of blesses both. And, for our parts, we genius kindred to itself; and which, are not among those who are so fastibut for it, would have remained at dious as to object to the audience callleast latent, if they had not been lost. ing Mr Kean forward, after a successWe put it to the candour of the most ful performance, to pay him this meed enlightened and enthusiastic admirers which so justly belongs to him, even of Shakspeare himself, whether they as a matter of right. On the contrary, have not received new ideas and im- we think this the very best time at pressions respecting him from the per, which it can be offered, because it is formances of Mr Kean. It is, above perhaps the only time at which he is all, valuable for its admirable power of at leisure to receive and feel it—which seizing the one grand and leading fea- surely he cannot do in the course of ture of a character, and perpetually his performance, agitated as he is by keeping it in view ; and yet bringing the real passion which he represents. out all its collateral parts in perfect The laurel was made to encircle the subservience to, and consistency with living head of genius in old times; that, so as to form one intelligible and why should it not now? The acwhole true dramatic unity. tor, too, can less than any other votary

Thinking as we do of the powers of of the fine arts, anticipate immortalithis action, it vexes us to see them ty: for even if his name should live tampered with, and cast away upon for an age or two, his works must die such a work as that before us. We with him; and most probably before have said that his performance of Mal- him. If he reaches the natural term vesi was an extraordinary, but it was of man's life, he must feel the melanneither a fine nor a pleasing one ; be- choly certainty that he has outlived cause there was no nature in it-no himself. Let not, then, a paltry and true passion-no consistency even with short-sighted economy withhold from itself. From the nature of the char- him his due ; or refuse to bestow it acter, the performance was altogether in the way most likely to please and a tawdry and catch-penny one; and satisfy him. Criticism-written critiyet we were very sorry to observe that cism-may be either unjust, or interMr Kean seemed to be fond of it him- ested, or insincere; or it may never self. And the mere fact of its sug- reach him. But the involuntary and gesting such a feeling or opinion as unpremeditated applause that bursts this, is enough to prove it worthless. from an assembled multitude is quite In Mr Kean's really fine displays we conclusive. It goes directly to its never think of him at the time, and mark-and there is no gainsaying it. here we thought of nothing else. Would he wish this to be the case ? Does he really think it would be con

The Castle of Wonders. ducive to his true fame? If he does, This is a very strange affair indeed. he has yet to learn,- and we cannot It is like Mr Coleridge's Reading Pubdoubt that he some day will learn,- lic, “ a Voonder above Voonders.” A the true nature of that purest, loftiest, certain young gentleman (Mr H. Kemand least selfish of all human aspira« ble) marries a niece (Mrs W. West) tions,

without her uncle's consent. This, by But there is a popular and tangible the bye, is not one of the “Wonders” VOL. V.

K

of the Castle-for now-a-days uncles among others, the rather barbarous one and aunts never coincide in opinion, on of suspending little children, dressed any subject, with nephews and nieces, like Cupids, on strings twenty or thir-least of all on that of marriage. In ty feet from the ground, in order (as travelling through switzerland—which we conjecture) to terrify him into comis the fashion among new-married pliance by the prospect of the poor people at present-the bride and bride- little things falling and breaking their groom find themselves at an inn, where necks. This seemed to have no effect they are told strange stories of an old whatever on our hero-probably on castle in the neighbourhood, which is account of his not having any children haunted by ghosts, fairies, and the of his own ; but it produced a very like, who amuse themselves by dis- strong sensation on the audience, who turbing the peasantry in their daily seemed in as much agony all the time and nightly occupations, and frighten- as the little children themselves. Finding them out of their wits. The tra- ing that conciliatory measures are unvellers are informed likewise, that se- availing, the queen and all her lightveral brave knights have lost their heeled and lively train, disappearlives in endeavouring to discover the having previously handed over the unmysteries of this enchanted spot. This fortunate object of their solicitude to a latter partof the tale particularly arrests band of soldiers, who, as far as we can the attention of the young bridegroom, remember, tie him to a tree, and leave and he determines to try his fortune him to the repose which he so much on the occasion ; but very prudently needs. In the meantime, however, conceals his intention from his wife and as if to prevent this seasonable renaturally concluding that, as they have lief, the wife arrives in search of her been married but a very short tiine, lord ;-and, after numerous other unshe may find some objection to the en- dergoings which we cannot enumerate, terprise, considering its probable ter- a person introduces himself, who is mination. He immediately proceeds exactly the last in the world that either to the scene of action, accompanied by we or they would have suspected of his servant (Mr Harley)--and on their contriving and executing a fairy-tale arrival the “ wonders” begin. Red namely, a wise and elderly uncle, who, writing appears on the walls, warning it now appears, had invented all the the intruders off the premises—which foregoing, in order to discover whether of course induces them to proceed. his self-elected nephew was worthy to Then thinly-clad ladies issue from a. be acknowledged and adopted by him. mong the thorns and bushes that seem The contrivance is somewhat late, to to choak up the ruins of the old build- be sure ; but its success is complete, ing, and dance round about the young and every body is satisfied. Where soldier in a very attractive manner- this accomplished stage-manager had using a variety of female blandish- procured his corps de Ballet-whether ments, and above all, exhibiting very from the Scala at Milan on the one extraordinary talents for silence-not side, or the Academie de Musique on one of them uttering a word ! The the other, and how he had transportknight resists all these temptations- ed them to the mountains of Switzereven the last ; and replies by doling land-does not appear. out sundry “ wise saws, and modern The scenery of this piece, excepting instances;"—which is a little extraor- that in which the fairies are concerned, dinary, seeing that he came thither for was by no means appropriate, because the express purpose of penetrating in- it was extremely beautiful and natural; to all the mysteries of the place. How- — particularly an exquisite view of a ever, we must not forget his late lake, with its surrounding mountains, change of situation. When it becomes and also one of a richly cultivated valevident that this whole hive of beau- ley. ties, buzzing about him, are not able Mr H. Kemble performed the hero to hum him into a compliance with of this piece ; and we must do him their wishes, the queen-bee herself ap- the justice to say, that he looked expears. She, unlike the rest, has the actly the sort of person that would be faculty of speech, and she uses it a- likely to resist the kind of temptations bundantly; but he is still inexorable. that were offered to him.' Chiefly in She then tries various expedients, consequence of this gentleman's un

happy taste in the choice of his wigs, the portraits in the Evangelical Magawhatever character he may perform, zine-for they are all pretty much the upper part of his person always alike. has the appearance of having sat for

THE SHEPHERD'S CALENDAR.

Storms.

tenth days, the shepherds began to THESE constitute the various eras of build up huge semi-circular walls of the pastoral life. They are the red their dead, in order to afford some lines in the shepherd's manual-the shelter for the remainder of the live remembrancers of years and ages that ing; but they availed but little, for are past-the tablets of memory by about the same time they were free which the ages of his children, the quently seen tearing at one another's times of his ancestors, and the rise and wool with their teeth. downfall of families, are invariably as When the storm abated, on the certained. Even the progress of im- fourteenth day from its commenceprovement in Scots farming can be ment, there was on many a high-lying traced traditionally from these, and farm not a living sheep to be seen. the rent of a farm or estate given with Large misshapen walls of dead, surprecisior, before and after such and rounding a small prostrate flock likesuch a storm, though the narrator be wise all dead, and frozen stiff in their uncertain in what century the said lairs, were all that remained to cheer notable storm happened. “ Mar's the forlorn shepherd and his master; year," and “ that year the hielanders and though on low-lying farms where raide," are but secondary mementos the snow was not so hard before, to the year nine and the year forty- numbers of sheep weathered the storm, these stand in bloody capitals in the yet their constitutions received such a annals of the pastoral lite, as well as shock, that the greater part of them many more that shall hereafter be perished afterwards; and the final mentioned.

consequence was, that about nine• The most dismal of all those on re tenths of all the sheep in the south of eord is the thirteen drifty days. This Scotland were destroyed. extraordinary storm, as near as I have In the extensive pastoral district of been able to trace, must have occurred Eskdale-moor, which maintains upin the year 1620. The traditionary wards of 20,000 sheep, it is said none stories and pictures of desolation that were left alive, but forty young wedremain of it, are the most dire ima- ders on one farm, and five old ewes on ginable ; and the mentioning of the another. The farm of Phaup remaine thirteen drifty days to an old shep- ed without a stock and without a teherd, in a stormy winter night, never nant for twenty years subsequent to fails to impress his mind with a sort the storm, at length one very honest of religious awe, and often sets him and liberal-minded man ventured to on his knees before that Being who take a lease of it, at the annual rent of alone can avert such another calamity of a gray coat and a pair of hose. It

It is said that for thirteen days and is now rented at £500. An extennights the snow-drift never once abat- sive glen in Tweedsmuir, belonging ed—the ground was covered with to Sir James Montgomery, became a frozen snow when it commenced, and common at that time, to which any during all that time the sheep never man drove his flocks that pleased, and broke their fast. The cold was in- it continued so for nearly a century. tense to a degree never before remem- On one of Sir Patrick Scott of Thirlebered ; and about the fifth and sixth stane's farms, that keeps upwards of days of the storm, the young sheep 900 sheep, they all died save one began to fall into a sleepy and torpid black ewe, from which the farmer had state, and all that were so affected in high hopes of preserving a breed; but the evening died over night. The in- some unlucky dogs, that were all laid tensity of the frost wind often cut idle for want of sheep to run at, fell them off when in that state quite upon this poor solitary remnant of a instantaneously. About the ninth and good stock, and chased her into the

sang?

lake, where she was drowned. When that night.” Wattie was obliged to word of this was brought to John bear all this, for the evening was fine Scott the farmer, cominonly called beyond any thing generally seen at gouffin' Jock, he is reported to have that season, and only said to them at expressed himself as follows: “Ochon, parting, “Weel, weel, callans, time ochon! an' is that the gate o't?-a will try a'; let him laugh that wins; black beginning maks aye a black but slacks will be sleck, a hogg for end." Then taking down an old rus- the howking; we'll a' get horns to ty sword, he added, “ Come thou tout on the morn.” The saying grew away my auld frien', thou an' I maun proverbial; but Wattie was the only e'en stock Bourhope-law ance mair. man who saved the whole of his flock Bessy, my dow, how gaes the auld in that country.

The years 1709-40, and 72, were There's walth o' kye i' bonny Braidlees ;

all likewise notable years for severity, There's walth o' yowes i' Tine;

and for the losses sustained among the There's walth o' gear i' Gowanburn flocks of sheep. In the latter, the An' thae shall a' be thine.”

snow lay from the middle of Decem, It is a pity that tradition has not pre- ber until the middle of April, and all served any thing farther of the history the time hard frozen. Partial thaws of gouffin' Jock than this one saying. always kept the farmer's hopes of re

The next memorable event of this lief alive, and thus prevented him nature is the blast ó' March, which from removing his sheep to a lower happened on the 24th day of that situation, till at length they grew so month, in the year 16%, on a Mon- weak that they could not be removed. day's morning, and though it lasted There has not been such a general loss only for one forenoon, it was calculat- in the days of any man living as in ed to have destroyed upwards of a that year. It is by these years that thousand scores of sheep, as well as a all subsequent hard winters have been number of shepherds. There is one measured, and, of late, by that of anecdote of this storm that is worthy 1795; and when the balance turns out of being preserved, as it shows with in favour of the calculator, there is alhow much attention shepherds, as well ways a degree of thankfulness expressas sailors, should observe the appeare ed, as well as a composed submission ances of the sky. The Sunday even to the awards of Divine providence. ing before was so warm that the lasses The daily feeling naturally impressed went home from church barefoot, and on the shepherd's mind, that all his the young men threw off their plaids comforts are so entirely in the hand of and coats and carried them over their Him that rules the elements, contrishoulders. A large group of these butes not a little to that firm spirit of younkers, going home from the church devotion for which the Scottish shepof Yarrow, equipped in this manner, herd is so distinguished. I know of chanced to pass by an old shepherd no scene so impressive, as that of a on the farm of Newhouse, named family sequestered in a lone glen dur. Walter Blake, who had all his sheep ing the time of a winter storm; and gathered into the side of a wood. where is the glen in the kingdom that They asked Wattie, who was a very wants such a habitation? There they religious man, what could have in- are left to the protection of Heaven, duced him to gather his sheep on the and they know and feel it. ThroughSabbath day? He answered, that be out all the wild vicissitudes of nature had seen an ill-hued weather-gaw that they have no hope of assistance from morning, and was afraid it was going man, but are conversant with the Alto be a drift. They were so much as mighty alone. Before retiring to rest, mused at Wattie's apprehensions, that the shepherd uniformly goes out to they clapped their hands, and laughed examine the state of the weather, and at him, and one pert girl cried, “Aye, make his report to the little dependant fie tak’ care, Wattie ; I wadna say but group within-nothing is to be seen but it may be thrapple deep or the morn." the conflict of the elements, nor heard Another asked, “ if he wasna rather but the raving of the storm--then they feared for the sun burning the een out all kneel around him, while he recomo' their heads?” and a third, “ if he mends them to the protection of Headidna keep a correspondence wi' the ven; and though their little hymn of thieves, an' kend they were to ride praise can scarcely be heard even by

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