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of Gieremei, who, in birth, in riches, and means were as much more base than those in valour, pretended to dispute with him the of his rival, as were the people whom he pre-eminence. Lambertacci did not fail to strove to win; but there is no action so sercourt the good opinion of his fellow-citizens vile that ambition will not stoop to the comby increasing, with all the industry of art, mission of it.” the gifts which he already enjoyed of nature and of fortune. He bound to him.

Meanwhile, the external greatness self, by acts of kindness and courtesy of and prosperity of Bologna increased manners, all whom it fell under his power from day to day, and elevated her to to oblige, and even when opportunities did the highest rank among the republics not present themselves, he made them, by of Italy, and the seeds of discord bethe marked assiduities of his behaviour, tween the rival families still slumberprincipally towards those who possessed in- ed for many years after the conclusion Auence over others. He was not avaricious of the war of Modena, till they were of wealth, but exercised a frequent and dis- first awakened into life by a public occreet liberality, always taking care to accompany it with an air of affectionate be- currence. The office of captain of the nignity, which more than doubled the people, next in dignity to that of the price of every favour. Complaisance, which Podestà, had, through the intrigues of is a virtue not less easy to be attained than the Lambertacci, been procured for a it is necessary for success in an undertaking, very unworthy adherent to their party, had its native seat in his breast. He well named Bonacossa de Soresino, who was knew that, for want of that quality, Princes shortly after convicted of gross enorthemselves are often ruined ; and that among private individuals, no vice is so hurt mities, and amerced in a very large ful as that dogged obstinacy of character

sum of money. This simple circumwhich feels an equal repugnance to return a

stance was aggravated by the Lamber salute, and to evince a grateful sense of be. tacci into an insult offered to the whole nefits conferred. Antonio was not only family, and by the Gieremei was stugracious in his salutations, but condescend- diously represented as involving their ing and familiar in his visits of civility or rivals in the same guilt with the prinfriendship, even to inferior citizens. He cipal offender. A public fray, attendemployed all the playfulness, but none of ed with the effusion of much blood on the bitterness of satire, detesting, above all either side, was the consequence; but things, the dangerous humour of such as would rather lose a friend than sacrifice a

matters were, at that time, prevented jest. Every time that he resorted to the from going farther by the intervention public square, he gained to his party some of wise and prudent men. The chiefs new citizen ; and often found, by experi- of each faction were condemned to pay ence, how possible it is to buy the hearts of considerable fines into the treasury, men at the expence of a few simple words. and a sort of pacification was made, He studied, with care and diligence, the equally insincere and precarious. genius of every man with whom he had any dealings; and, until experience had taught 1258 ; but the ensuing year gave birth

This transaction was concluded in him the diversities of each individual cha. racter, he availed himself of general rules,

to yet more serious dissensions. Among recollecting always that avarice is the con. the private feuds of the city, those of comitant of age, and that youth delights the Gallazzi and Carbonesi had long itself in play, in the chase, and in love; but been notorious; but, about this time, his whole industry was employed in mak- an apparent reconciliation emboldened ing himself the master of important secrets, Alberto, a knight belonging to the latwell knowing of how binding a force they ter family, to ask in marriage, of Sigare upon the minds of men whose interests impose the necessity of silence; and, since

nor Giovan Piero Gallazzi, his daughwine is the parent of freedom, he took the ter, Virginia, with whom he had long advantage of festive meetings, and revels to

been secretly in love. The old genworm himself into the confidence of men tleman, either retaining in his breast from whom, with the easy bait of some the embers of their ancient enmity, or trifling communication, he often drew out from some other motive, refused his discoveries of the greatest moment. With consent; but the lover, listening only such acts as these, he continued to insinu. to his passion, did not cease to solicit ate himself into the favour of all men, and her as a mistress, whom he could not principally of the nobles, who were, for the hope to obtain as his wife; wherefore, most part, attached to the Ghibellin party. in order to see her more often, and On the other hand, Ludovico Gieremei, favoured by such families of the nobility as

more freely to pursue his design upon professed adherence to the Guelphs, courted, her affections, he persuaded one of his with every artifice in his power, the sup. relations, of the family of Catellani, to port of the commonalty. Probably his build a high tower adjoining to his

house, under pretext of adding to the words escaped from the observation of beauty and dignity of his mansion, but her attendants, and terminated her exreally in order to command the neigh- istence by precipitating herself from a bouring gardens of the house of Gal- window of her apartment. lazzi. Thither he repaired daily, and Galuzzi Aed from the city immedithere passed hour after hour in the ately after the murder ; but, owing to contemplation of her whom he adored. his high rank and the intercession of his It was not long before he found means powerful friends, he received for this to make his passion known, and to in- enormous crime, no heavier a sentence spire a similar sentiment in Virginia's than that of a two years' banishment. bosom ; nor could his ardent temper Even this was judged too severe by rest satisfied with the attainment of his adherents, who, still burning with that which at first appeared to him the an implacable spirit of resentment summit of all earthly happiness, the against the Carbonesi, in consequence free indulgence of seeing and converse of the indignity offered them by Aling with bis beautiful mistress by signs bert, which they conceived too great and tokens of distant love. He re- to be expiated even by his blood, sorted to the powerful engines of core watched the opportunity of the feast ruption, and at last succeeded in win- of Easter, to receive him secretly withning to the furtherance of his views in the walls, and, under his auspices, some of those most intimately attach- to extirpate the devoted family of their ed to the family, by whose assistance, rivals. The Gieremei suffered themin the absence of Giovan Piero, he one selves to be engaged in this horrid day carried off the lady from her fa- conspiracy, which, however, was not ther's house, and privately married managed so secretly, but that the inher, in the presence of two or three tended victims were set on their guard members of his own family. Unhappy in time to prevent or meet its effects; nuptials, whose auspices were deceit, and, in order to do this more effectual hatred the wedding torch, and, for the ly, they applied for assistance to the epithalamium, a father's curse! leaders of the Lambertacci, glad of any

Giovan Piero, from the moment of pretence to inlist themselves in oppotheir consummation, meditated only sition to their ancient antagonists.the deepest plans of revenge; but he The tumult which ensued might have was too good a politician not to dis- been expected to produce the most fasemble most artificially ; for, far from tal consequences to one, at least, of the creating suspicion by an unnatural parties engaged, and to the repose and appearance of content, he first gave his liberty of the State, but once more a anger the full sway, then affected a sense either of mutual guilt or mutual gradual mitigation of his resentment, danger inclined them to submit to the and, not till after repeated attempts, pacifying intercessions of the magion the part of his children, to obtain strates. Another reconciliation was forgiveness, suffered himself at length made, not more sincere than the preto be won to the appearance of a re- ceding; and if it was somewhat more conciliation. Habits of mutual inter- lasting, that must be attributed to the course were now renewed, and the dreadful plague which shortly afterdoors of the Carbonesi and Galazzi wards broke out and ravaged all the were mutually opened to the members states of Italy for a great length of of both famílies ; when, one night, time, during which, the minds of men the inexorable barbarian entered with were too much engaged in immediate a party of his friends the house of his apprehensions for themselves and their son-in-law, and, while they were em- families, to renew the feuds and miseployed, not without blood-shed, in ries of civil discord. securing the rest of the household, he In the meanwhile, the two hostile himself penetrated into the wedding factions had carried their intrigues bechamber and murdered the bride- yond the limits of their native city, groom as he lay by the side of his and divided between them the inhabis daughter. Some human feeling yet tants of most of the vassal states of subsisting in his savage breast, operat- Romagna. In the year 1263, one ed to spare the wretched Virginia, but Pietro Pagani, a rich citizen of Imola, only for a more miserable fate; for, excited an insurrection in that city, for deprived of reason by the horrible the purpose of expelling the friends of spectacle of the night, she soon after the Gieremei, and took advantage of The young

the public disorders, by seizing the to know who he was, indulged his government, and causing himself to be spite against the rival family, by beatproclaimed sovereign lord of the place. ing him out of doors. His short-lived tyranny cost him dear; man went home, and made his comfor the Bolognese, as soon as they re- plaint, and Antonio, as soon as he ceived intelligence of the event, equip- heard the news, rose up in a transport ped an army of sufficient force to re- of fury, and declared his resolution to duce the insurgents to immeliate obe wash out, in the blood of his enemies, dience. The Lambertacci, at whose the insult offered to his race. Immeinstigation he is said to have acted, diately the whole party was in arms, being taken unprepared, denied all and Ludovico himself, with those share in the transaction, and left to his about him, sallied forth in a tumultus fate the wretched tool of their ambi- ous manner towards the house of the tion, who ended his days soon after in Gieremei. A servant of Ludovico, banishment and poverty:

having discovered their preparations, The factions, after this event, again gave intelligence to his master, just in lay, dormant for a space of several time to allow his mustering a strong years, during which, Bologna was en- body of his friends, and going out to gaged with honour in certain foreign meet the tempest in the public square. wars with the Venetians, and with He there gave orders to his adherents, Hubert Pallavicino, the tyrant of Mo- who soon collected in sufficient numdena and Bergamo. She also contri- ber to keep his enemies in awe, to disbuted her assistance towards the con- perse themselves abroad in all parts of quest of Naples by Charles of Anjoŭ, the city, and set on fire the houses of the brother of Saint Lewis, in whose the Lambertacci. The tumult became army, it is said, there were no fewer universal, and during the whole ensuthan 4000 croisés from Bologna, under ing day and night, every street in Bothe guidance of Guido Antonio Lam- logna was the scene of some desperate bertacci. They were all this time dis- and bloody skirmish. No great adturbed by no civil commotions of great- vantage, however, appears to have been er consequence than an insurrection gained by either party over the other, of shoemakers, in favour of one of and to this circumstance it was pertheir trade, who had been condemned haps chiefly owing, that the effects of to prison for the murder of a man the magistrates to restore peace and with whom he had taken his wife in order became once more successful.adultery.

Ludovico and Antonio both repaired In 1273, a peace was concluded with to the great council, there to plead the republic of Venice, which, leaving their respective causes; when the for the state in profound tranquillity as to mer, after making excuses for the igits external relations, gave birth to the norance of his guest, and shewing the renewal of those interior dissentions, necessity he was under of taking up the phrenzy of which had so long re- arms in his defence, concluded by promained suspended. The leaders of nouncing a severe censure upon the the two factions were more than ever rash violence of which his opponents solicitous to gain adherents to their were guilty in seizing the sword of respective parties, and to give their justice, and punishing with their own partizans the habits and appearance of hands, injuries which the law only a military force, so that, within no ought to chastise. Antonio, enraged long compass of time, the whole city at this imputation, rosé with a vioseemed to be organized in two divi- lence in his air and gestures which sions, and not a day passed without threatened to put a stop to all hopes of the immediate expectation of a public reconciliation, when the magistrates rupture. The occasion was soon after interposing their authority, at length given by a grand entertainment, held enforced silence, and Matthew Prendiat the palace of Ludovico Gieremei.- parte, an ancient citizen of great worth A young man of the house of Lame and respectability, exerted his good bertacci, moved by curiosity, attended, offices so effectually with the angry and while he was too earnestly observ- antagonists, as to prevail with them to ing some part of the spectacle, stood come, at least, to an apparent concord, in the way of the domestics who were and pledge themselves to a forgetfulserving up the banquet ; whereupon a ness of their former animosity, by friend of the Gieremei, pretending not partaking of a magnificient entertainment at his house, “ as is the custom cause uninterrupted, and when he among the Germans.”

himself rose to speak, had refused him In this apparent reconciliation, it is that justice, which the lowest citizen manifest that the seeds of discontent might claim, of being heard in his own and hatred must still have lurked; and defence. But these and other causes it appears to have been no little aggra- of ill will and animosity, slumbered vation of former injuries in the mind for a little farther space of time, until of Antonio, that the partial senate new outrages awoke them into action. had allowed his adversary to plead his

(To be continued.)


(The following account of this gentleman (author of the humorous production, entitled the Exmoor Courtship, in our twenty-third number, the continuation of which will be given very soon) is extracted from an unpublished memoir, entitled, “ A Slight Sketch of the Life of the late Rev. Richard Hole, L. L. B. Rector of Farringdon and Inwardleigh," printed at the request of a literary society at Exeter, to which he belonged, and which is known to the public by a volume of essays on topics of general literature.) The subject of this memoir was born early conspicuous, he caught a portion in Exeter, in the year 1746, and his of the same spirit, and anxiously wish, classical education was completed in the ed, at one period of his life, to emgrammar-school of this city, under brace the profession to which they the care of Mr Hodgkinson, a master were destined, and in which the fore whose abilities as a classical scholar mer attained so conspicuous a rank were of a superior degree, and who with the highest military reputation ; left several excellent specimens of his but “ his lot forbade," and his affectalents

as a tutor, in this county of tion for his mother prevailed, for he Devon.) The early youth of Mr Hole knew, that to hint his wishes would was particularly distinguished; he have been destructive of her peace. maintained his situation in school with His poetical genius expanded, I beconsiderable credit, and even at that lieve, very early, and I have seen some time his peculiar vein of dry comic humorous poems written while he was humour was conspicuous. I remem- at college. As his theatrical inclinae ber the boys of that period acting in tions were then warm, several prothe school' the Beaux Stratagem, and logues and epilogues were the produc-, High Life below Stairs, in which our tions of his pen. To these I cannot friend represented Scrub, and Lovell at present have access, but shall copy disguised as the country, boy, who from recollection a lively jeu d'esprit spoke in the Devonshire dialect; Shap- of about the year 1765. When Bishop leigh was the Archer and Philip; Keppel came to reside here for the Hocken, the late rector of Oakhamp- first time, Lady Waldegrave, Mrs Kepton, the Aimwell and Duke's Servant. pels sister, accompanied him. Her If I can trace with accuracy the re- beauty excited universal admiration ; collections of that period, the perform and among the rest Mr Hole's uncle, ance was far from despicable. Mr Hole the Rev. Mr Wight, and the chanter, removed to Oxford in the year 1764, Mr Snow, kindled into poetry in her and took his degree of Bachelor of praise. Mr Hole sent the following Laws in 1771;-- he was ordained in the letter as from an Exmoor shepherd same or the following year. At college (his father's living, Bishop Nymmett, his acquaintance with General Simcoe being in that neighbourhood), with commenced, which, ripened into the the following lines annexed. warmest, the most sincere friendship, Madam,—Though I cannot prea terminated only with our friend's life. tend to chant your ladyship’s praises, There also he became acquainted with like these two gentlemen, I am, with our former associate, Drewe, of whose equal respect, your ladyship's most life he presented to this society a short faithful and devoted.” and elegant sketch; and from these “ Happy the fair whose matchless charms friends, whose military ardour was Can such cold breasts inspire ! Vol. V.


Lo! the white frost her beauty warms, Howl o'er the waste, and shake the soundAnd turns e'en snow to fire."

ing groves,

The fiery chief in pomp terrific moves." Lady W. was so well pleased with the

The Ode to Imagination again recompliment, that the Exmoor shep.

curs in the Devonshire and Cornish herd was her frequent toast.

poems, but it will best enable us to In 1772, Mr Hole published his trace the progress of our friend's tatranslation of Fingal. It was written lents to notice it in this place. We when the admiration of Ossian's poetry need not repeat the commendations was general, warm, and sometimes en- which it has so generally received. thusiastic. The accounts of Macpher. The plan is that of Dryden's celeson and its early era were equally cre- brated St Cecilia's Ode, and the imadited ; nor was it surprising that a

gery is equally spirited and correct, youthful poet (for the translation was

the lines flowing and mellifluous. begun not long after the original pub- From this also a specimen may be perlication in 1761,) should catch with ar mitted. dour the glowing imagery, the wild

“Yon mossy stones that rise above the heath, scenery, the animated description of Beside the blasted oak that towers on high, this antico-modern bard, as the sub- Mark to the hunter's view the cave of death, ject of his lays. In the year 1772, Where chiefs renowned in former ages lie: however, the public ardour had cool. There rests brave Morar! thy untimely doom, ed.

The same images almost con Thy aged sire and mournful friends de stantly recurring with artful but slight plore.

How vain their sorrow! in the silent tomb variations, fatigued the reader; the suspicion of imposture, though it had Like him, ye warriors, you must pass away,

The mighty Morar sleeps, to rise no more! then scarcely assumed a questionable

Like him you shine the glory of the plain : shape, disgusted him. The version, In time your strength will fail, your tombs elegant and flowing, with scarcely a decay, weak line, or a faulty rhyme, did not, And no memorial of your fame remain." probably on this account, obtain much

In the year 1776, he was united to regard ; and while the Ode to Imagi- Miss Wilhelmina Katencamp, daughnation, especially when enforced by ter of Mr Katencamp, a very respectthe masterly melody of Jackson's mu. able and opulent merchant of this sic, was warmly applauded, the work

city. It was completely a union of circulated with languor, and the sale hearts, and continued with unexamat no time repaid the author's expec. pled harmony and affection to the time tations of his merits. To select a spe of his death, a period of twenty-six cimen from a work so well known, years. Soon after this event, Mr Hole and so long since published, can

fixed at Sowton, as curate to Mr Archscarcely be expected; but on again deacon Moore; his living at Buckerel, examining it with a view to the pre to which he was presented in 1777, sent attempt, I was particularly struck having no suitable habitation. Mr by the energy and spirit of the follow- Hole's occasional residence in the ing description. On comparing it neighbourhood of Southmolton, led with Mr Macpherson's translation, we him to an acquaintance with Mr Badshall at once see the additional force cock. From Mr Badcock he first reand animation which it receives from ceived the Hymn to Ceres, and by his Mr Hole's numbers.

advice, and with some of his assistance, 45 His daring words enflame the martial

Mr Hole engaged in the translation. throng

This gentleman, who had reviewed The gloom of battle slowly rolls along : the original in the Monthly Review, As rising vapours from the fens exhale, at that time contributed very largely And spread their sable banners o'er the vale, to the same journal. I mention this When raging storms the light of Heaven circumstance chiefly to remark, that invade,

our friend often liberally assisted him, And wrapits splendour in surrounding shade and that particularly the articles which As some dire spirit through the dusky night; related to the Poems of Rowley, and When meteors stream around their baleful the subsequent controversy, were much

light, Precedes the darkening cloud, and from his enriched by his communications. Mr hand

Hole's poetical taste, and discriminating Poutrs the wild storms that desolate the land, judgment, were on that occasion highly

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