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his restoration to life and hence waila out Greece, those tumuli which were ing, followed by rejoicing hymns. reported to be the tombs of the Hero

Every part of the public character Gods, were deemed also their temples ; of Osiris demonstrates him, so far as among the Celts each high place of the his humanity is concerned, to be the Ship-God Hu, was called his grave; scriptural Noah. According to the al- and at this day, throughout the East, legorizing phraseology of antiquity, the the pyramids dedicated to the dilugreat patriarch was said to die out of vian Buddha, and copies of the Holy one world, and to be born again into Mount Meru or Ararat, are at once another, as he lay for a season conceal- temples and tombs of the god. The ed in his floating coffin, or when the pyramids of Egypt, therefore, were funereal ship came to land, restoring tombs, as the Greek writers said they him from the realms of Hades. Such were, in strict accordance with the speculations, it is obvious, made the funereal worship of the old Pagans, worship of Egypt funereal.

each the mystical tomb, or high place, This explanation of the ceremony is of that reputed first king of every priconfirmed by the kindred fable of mitive nation—who, by the Egyptians, Hindostan. For Iswara, in the theo. was denominated Osiris, or Ammon, logy of Hindostan, stands connected or Phtha; by the Chaldeans, Belus, or with his consort Isi, and his ship Argo Oannes ; by the Phenicians, Adonis, ha, just as Osiris stands connected, in or Thammuz; by the Hindoos, Budthe theology of Egypt, with his con- dha, or Menu, or Iswara ; by the sort Isis, and his ship Argo. But Celts, Hu, or Dylan ; and by the there cannot be a reasonable doubt, Mexicans, Vitzle-Putzli, or Mexitli. that the legend of Iswara, entering The dark central chamber was the alinto the ship Argha, when the whole legorical sepulchre of the god : the leearth is overflowed by the ocean, and vel platform on the summit smoked of Iswara and Argha being metamor- with the sacrifices devoted to him. phosed into two doves, when the wa Such was the theory offered by Mr ters retire, is the history of the gene- Faber, in his work on “ The Origin ral deluge given in the peculiar lan- of Pagan Idolatry,” and of which an guage of the Pagan hierophants. There- outline has been given by him in a fore the parallel legend of Osiris being tract just now published, entitled, driven into the ship Argo, by the fury “ Remarks on the Pyramid of Cephof the ocean, and the funeral cere- renes, lately opened by Mr Belzoni.* monies which were founded upon it, The bones, therefore, found by Belmust also relate to the history of the zoni in the sarcophagus of the pyrageneral deluge. It is now plain enough, mid, are undoubtedly those of the sawhy each Egyptian pyramid, though, cred Bull Mneuis, in whose body like every other pyramid, a copy of Osiris was supposed, from time to Mount Meru or Ararat, was yet very time, to become incarnate. Diodorus truly, according to their theological Siculus gives a curious account of the speculations, declared by the priest- mode in which every newly found hood to be the tomb of a very ancient Mneuis was floated down the Nile in king of the country. By this ancient the mysterious Baris, and on the Bemking they meant the Hero-God Osiris, bine table we may still behold the and his tomb was such another as the figure of that animal standing in that Cretans shewed for the sepulchre of holy navicular coffin. Had a human their chief Hero-God Zan, or Jupi- skeleton been found royally paramount ter; but the Greeks took them literal- in a more costly sarcophagus, while ly, and thence handed down to poste- the skeletons of different animals rerity, that the pyramids were literal posed around it in lower and less tombs of certain literal Egyptian kings. splendid sarcophagi, it might at least

This funereal character of the pyra- have been a plausible conjecture, that mids of Ghiza is not peculiar to them, the human skeleton was that of an but is ascribed to the pyramids of all ancient king, while the bestial skeleother countries. According to Hero- tons were those of animals which had dotus and Strabo, the pyramid of been slaughtered to accompany their Babylon was indifferently called the master to the nether world. But the temple and the tomb of Belus; through- post of honour was given to the bull,

• London, printed for F. C. and J. Rivington. 1819.

because he was deemed an Avatar of been more recent in its origin than the God.

the dispersion of Babel. The EgyptMr Faber draws two corollaries from ians saw, that in all leading essentials this discussion : First, That the pecu- their own pyramids were the mere culiar superstition of Egypt must at double of the Babylonian pyramid, least have been as ancient as the erec- and their own superstition of the tion of the pyramids. They must have Babylonian superstition. And as the been built for the identical purposes building of the Egyptian pyramid neto which we find them applied. We cessarily supposes the already existing must, therefore, in exact concordance superstition to which they were dewith Scripture, which describes the voted, so the building of the BabyloIsraelites in the wilderness as bowing nian pyramid equally supposes the down before the bestial image of the previous existence of a kindred superBull Mneuis, carry back the bovine stition which gave rise to its construcsuperstition of Egypt to the earliest tion. Agreeably to the just opinion postdiluvian ages : for even in the of the Hindoo theologians, the pyratime of Herodotus, the father of Greek mid on the banks of the Euphrates, or history, the pyramids were an object artificial mountain, raised in a flat of antiquarian wonder and speculation. country where there are no natural The second corollary is, that the sepul- mountains, was the first erected copy chral worship of Osiris, or Buddha, of the holy mountain Meru or Ararat. or Adonis, or Belus, could not have




provisions, I set out on a fishing exIt was during the autumn, I think, of cursion towards the source of the Scar.* the year 1808, that, in company with It was on one of those fine mornings, an intimate and valued friend, and, atceretâ notata, in the fisher's calendar, the same time, suitably appointed with when there is neither sun nor Bamf

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The rivers, or rather the burns, in the upper district of Dumfries-shire, and on the boundary of the adjoining counties, are all intimately known to the author of this article. Most of them afford excellent sport to the angler, and it may not be unacceptable to some of your readers, to particularize a few of the most remarkable. The Cairn, which descends from the western side of the county, and which joins the Cluden, is an excellent fishing stream, though rather embarrassed by wood, and above Monchire, it branches out into a variety of tributary streams, every one of which is stored with fish. Upon the main stream stands the seat of the Earls of Glencairn, a family long renowned in Scottish story. Next to these, passing eastward along the north of Nithsdale, comes the Shinnel, which makes its way along a most romantic glen, but which, on account of the beautiful woods which cover it, is inaccessible to the line for a great way up. The Scar succeeds, a larger stream, and when fished up Glenwhargan, and the adjacent glens, eminently fitted for successful sport. The scenery is most bold and striking, and on the hazel scraggs which cover the steeps for a considerable way upwards, there are excellent nuts, of which the people in the neighbourhood make a yearly traffic. “ The Grey Glede of Glenwhar. gan Craig," is celebrated over all the country in the sports and rhymes of infancy. Eagles have been seen in this direction not many years ago. Passing still farther east, we meet with the Nith, more famed for the purity of its waters, the rapidity of its current, and the adjacent Castle of Drumlanrigg, than for trouting. There is, however, excellent salmon fishing were one allowed to practise it. The tributaries of this river, the Carron, and the Cample, are too much fished to be at all remarkable : yet, towards the heads, there is, particularly in wet weather, often the very best amusement. From the elevated and picturesque hills of Queensberry streams pour into the Annan and the Ae in every direction, and all these are excellent. The Cassee which passes by the hospitable residence of Mr Harkness, (Mitchelslacks,) to whom and to whose moonlight whisky I hereby introduce all fishers, was once unrivalled, but is now sadly poached with “ pike nets and lime.” The Brawn is still a lonely stream—and after a flood, in particular, it affords unequalled bait fishing. I have often killed seventeen or eighteen dozen here in the course of a few hours. But transcendently the best is, in my opinion, after all, the Dar, one of the heads of the Clyde

and were it not for the proximity of Leadhills, from

Bailie* to discourage, but when the never set at defiance master and pacreeping mist ascends gradually from rent's command, who have never bravvale, and glen, and cot, and village, ed hunger and travel and toil—who till all the landscape opens up, and the have never been subjected to the lash, heaven above has become one settled or to the task of punishment, that field of obscurity. It was on one of they might enjoy this fascinating those mornings which frequently suc- amusement. To all stages of life this ceed, at this season, to rain over night pastime possesses interest, and con-when the earth teems with fresh- veys pleasure, from the season of ness, and the mossy burns are in fa- childhood which dabbles from mornmous dark brown trim, that, full of ing to night in the same pool, to that health and spirits, and without any of peri-wig pated age, which comes at very pressing avocations, we sallied last to the same limited range. But forth with baskets on our backs, and it is during the period of youth, during rods in our hands, determined to take the sunshine of our unclouded mornadvantage of all occurrences, from ing, that this amusement comes home which amusement and enjoyment to our heart in all its excitement and might be derived. If you are the least delight. In houses, in books, and in of a fisher yourself, Mr Editor, and streets, those objects which press most if you are not, I perceive that more than early and most closely upon our attenone of your Contributors are, you will tention—all is tame and artificial, the readily enter into our feelings, and works and the contrivances of man conceive all that joy and light-heart- but stationed betwixt the mountain edness which, on his first escape from and the cloud-arrived at the deep the casualties of home, every true and retired glen, where all is heaven fisher experiences. He feels for a above, and all is fresh from the hand time as if his happiness were too great of heaven below—where the upland to be assured to him—and he cannot thorn blossoms—the green braken help occasionally casting an eye behind, waves the straying flocks spread fearing that some unwelcome and un- the rapid gullies foam, and seasonable message of recall may overtake him. He walks on springs

“ The daisy spreads its silver star

Unheeded," and already feels the tug of future success at his heart. He places him- Nature becomes our schoolmistress, self by the side of every well-known and her voice descends like the “ dew stream, or bank, or whirl, and sees the of Hermon” on the young and susceplong and the dripping line shaking tible mind. It is under such cirwith the motion of his safely landed cumstances as these that the most victim. What a source, Mr Editor, lovely and vigorous blossoms of moraof exquisite and innocent enjoyment lity, and sometimes likewise of genius, have they been ignorant of—who have are fostered—and that an Ettrick

which the locusts of destruction descend in the shape of miners, it would scarcely ever fail to fill the fisher's basket with trouts of the most beautiful spot and proportion. There are some lesser names, such as Unkle-Shang and Windy-hills, and the Ring-straenburn, the last of which, in particular, deserves to be mentioned. There is in the neigh. bourhood of this stream, and amidst the wilds of Garven Muir, a well, which is called the Ring-straen Well, and a number of stones erected around a large stone in the middle, which is called the King's chair. As this is the line of communication betwixt Nithsdale and Annandale, it is probable that one of our Scottish monarchs, in passing down upon the Johnstones and the Jardines of Annandale, may have pursued this route. What says Walter Scott about this ? With the burns on the east of the Annan I am not so well acquainted, and shall leave the character of these to be given by one who has spent a sporting season at Moffat Wells. Were correspondents from different parts of the country to give similar notices, we might be able to travel over Scotland, by far the most pleasing and profitable method of travelling, with a fishing rod in our hand, and a map in our pocket, without missing a day's amusement by the way. I may just observe in addition, that all the burns I have mentioned on the east of the Nith are entirely freed from the teasing embarrassment of wood, in which respect they have a manifest advantage over them in the west.

A Bamf-Bailie, known in all latitudes north of the Tay, to mean one of those swollen sultry towering clouds which, to the annoyance of the angler, make such a figure in our summer sky.

Shepherd" has appeared to astonish water to the other like a Newfoundand to delight his country.

land dog, or a duck before rain. At Although fishing, in reference mere- length, having snapped his rod in ly to “ trout-killing," be, strictly pulling against a floating turf, whilst speaking, an unsocial amusement, yet he considered that he was dragging it is delightful still to enjoy the com- into activity some “ monster of the pany of a friend ; and if you can but deep," and having, in vain, endeavourbe so fortunate as discover one more ed to repair the fracture, by means of eager than experienced in the sport, his hat-band, he lost so much ground, whom, after various disasters, and un- and became of consequence so dispiritsuccessful efforts, you may easily per- ed, that he fairly gave up the contest. suade to tie up his rod, and witness I was fishing as I always do, with your success, you have indeed light- the “ bait or worm,” and was ever and ed upon a treasure-you have found anon giving fresh evidence of my skill; the rose without the thorn--the bless- and as he seemed now, for he had ing without the curse of fishing so strongly opposed my method on our ciety-you may then fish your streams way to the river, disposed to become in a leisurely manner-nor for the a convert to it, I undertook to in. sake of one inviting bank sacrifice many struct him; but finding that the day very fair chances. You may display was getting clear, and that the power your skill and address, and count over of the sun, in our present situation, your dozens before him, and in case was rather oppressive, and altogether he be at all inclined to learn, you unfavourable to the amusement, it may instruct him experimentally in became necessary to look out for a the art. “ Scire tuum nihil est (says green and marshy spot at the bottom the poet) nisi te scire sciat alter.” of the opposite steep, where we might And though the solitary fisher may be sure of spring water; and accord find retirement advantageous to his ingly, having sweeped out with our success, yet still his heart's prayer will hands a small basin, against our future be

necessities, we left it to clear, and laid Grant me one in my retreat,

ourselves down on the adjoining Whom I may whisper solitude is sweet." green swartl to enjoy our repast, and

The friend with whom on this oc to discourse of “ bait fishing." casion 1 set out was, fortunately for We were now in the very depths of me, of this description. For, though Glenwhargan, and the celebrated he was the first, after about seven crag" or rock of that name was dimiles travel, to lay a line in the water, rectly before us. It rose almost im(indeed he had his tackle in order long mediately from the opposite bank of ere we reached the stream)—though the river in a perpendicular but rughe was the first to get a most won- ged ascent to a very considerable derful rise the first to hook one up- height. Still, however, it did not apwards of a pound--and the first to pear to us to merit that celebrity drag to the bank one not upwards of which, from our infancy, we had an ounce weight-he was likewise the heard it obtain ; nor did we deem first to exhibit his person from a tree many other " erags” of less note, less -the first to amputate, by his bodily deserving of notice. So having empweight alone, a large branch, and the tied our pockets of their store, and one first to discover, after all his trouble, of our baskets of a bottle, we withhis hooks and part of his line still drew our eyes and our attention, for a waving in the wind above. He was time, to less sublime, but not, to a ever and anon cracking off a hook be- hungry fisher, less interesting subjects. hind, or fixing it upon a rock before And now, Sir, my narrative, in him. He had often occasion for his imitation of that of the great anknife, and it was not till frequent and cient philosophers, is about to assume rather deep incisions had been made a didactic forin, and you must just be into his stockings and coat sleeves, content to listen for a little to the inthat he could unrol and disentangle structions which, during the meridian himself from an unsuccessful and ill- heat, and in the plenitude of expedirected throw. He became at last rience and authority, I then delivered. absolutely aquatic, and, perfectly re “ These worms (continued I), with gardless of consequences, dived and which you see I am, in this small splashed away from one side of the bag attached by a string to my butVOL. V.

4 F

ton-hole, so well provided, are, in the permit one trout out of twenty to first place, of a particular kind-and, gorge or swallow your hook. There in the second place, they have under- is nothing, however, can teach you but gone a particular preparation. You practice-so hand me that bottle.” see they are all white or green worms, Having, during this very interestand these I prefer to the red, on ac- ing dialogue, taken care to replenish count of their tenacity or hardness; our craving stomachs with ample and I have a notion besides, that they prog, we were now come, like Sanare best suited to the taste of our cho, to think of the bottle; and mountain-trouts. The clean but moist though its contents were neither Spanand somewhat yellow bag, in which ish nor Rhenish, they were calculated they are lodged, is gathered from a- to qualify the substantials we had midst heath, or in various other situa- eaten, and the cold spring-water we tions. I have changed it frequently had drunk-so dipping it into the on these very worms, and have kept well" of our clearing,” and qualifying it constantly moist with a little milk, a little the heat of the whisky, by an and you see how lively and clear they admixture of cooling water, we put appear. Now, look at my hook, it the bottle in succession to our mouths. is, you see, tied on a single hair-a It was during a rather protracted pull method preferable to any other, as the to the prolonging of which my puhair never rots in the water, and occu- pil was in the attitude of stating his pies, in this method of tying, so little disapprobation—and whilst I presentroom, that the hook passes along with- ed the appearance of an astronomer out tearing or lacerating the worm. It looking through a telescope at the is pretty large you see, and turned a

moon, that the “ Crag of Glenwhar. little to one side towards the point. gan” arrested, for the second time, my On a very small hook a worm is not attention ; and I was not a little sure easily thrust, and when on it, will not prised to find, how much in so short a long remain. It is also apt to gather into time, as Chalmers would express it, it a lump over the point, and thus prevent had “ extended its enlargements ;" the hook from striking. I have broken, and upon stating the discovery to my too, you observe, a piece off the shaft impatient disciple, he admitted that of my hook; and could I discover a it really seemed to him likewise to be method of attaching a shaftless hook increased. It appeared, in short, to to a line, I would have no shaft at all; us both now to be highly deserving for, in this case, I should be able to of the title “ Great," which, in comstrike the trouts more obliquely, and mon with some other very sounding with more success. Take one of these names in history, it had obtained. baits out of the bag, and I will teach Now, Mr Editor, you make a mighty you how to put it on-an art which is fuss about your kaleidoscopes, which, more difficult and important than you after all, can only present images to are aware of: Begin by thrusting in the eye that are varied and beautiful, the point of your hook near the tail, but which have no direct power whate and still leave as much to play at ever upon the percipient and recipient large, as, from its motion, may give of all the pleasure the mind or soul; to your bait the expression of life— but here is a kaleidoscope, which not now pass the upper part of the worm only presents outward objects in a along the hook, and even a little way new, in a multiplied, or in a more up the line-in most cases it is best to sublime attitude, but likewise attunes have two worms on-but be sure you the whole soul to the scene presented always leave the tip of your hook —it connects the outward object with bare. The meaning of this advice the inward man, and thus the happy you will perceive so soon as we begin employer of this powerful instrument to fish. One of these baits, thus pre- does not feel himself as insulated and pared and thus put on, so great is detached from, but as a part, and a its toughness, from the mode of member of one great unity, from the preparation, may serve to kill four centre of which he feels and enjoys to or five trouts; for there is no ne- the very extremity of his outward cessity of a new bait, as is common- perceptions. He sits, like the spider, ly supposed, every trout you secure. in the middle (though, by the bye, You will be a bad fisher indeed—and I never saw any but a poetical spider a very unapt disciple of mine if you in this attitude,) of his web; and the

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