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even say that Venice is one of the these defects, it is vain to seek an most brilliant abodes of Italian beauty. atonement or a covering in the use of

The nearer one comes to the Alps, rouge. And yet colour is the princithe more this characteristic kind of pal charm which faces such as these beauty fades before us, and the ap- should aim at. Without colour a pearance of the inhabitants approxi, northern belle is nothing, unless she mates to that of the northern and be a miracle among those that surwestern Europeans. Of all that round her, and possess the outlines of mighty district which comprehends a climate more favourable than her Germany, Sweden, Denmark, and own usually is found to be to beauty. England, the south of France is, I It is only the majesty of the Roman think, the place where the beauty of dame which can dispense with the the women most recalls the idea of the charm of red and white-or even do antique, and resembles the beauty of better without it than with Italy and Greece. Above all, it is in “ Turpis Romano Belgicũs ore color.” Languedoc and in the ancient Pro- In Germany the women are more vence that the forms of the women beautiful than in the north of France. are most frequently invested with this Their figures are tall and graceful ; kind of perfection; and, as has been they have commonly an expression of accurately observed by Camper, the sentiment which atones for any minor inhabitants of these southern regions defects in outline. have oftener than those of any other England, with the exception of the part of the west, that firm and finished south of France, is perhaps, of all the form of the jaw-bone, and that even countries comprised in this great doline of the whole countenance which minion of Europe, that in which the recall a Grecian origin, * and approach women are most generally beautiful. to that inexpressible charm which the Their features noble and harmoniousarts of Greece has stamped on the ly combined, and their expression such faces of the Apollo and the Venus de as to increase the effect of their feaMedicis.

tures. The brilliant beauty of their In many of the northern depart- complexions, the delicacy and softness ments of France the women are ex- and whiteness of their skins, are suffitremely agreeable, but there is no trace cient to add still more powerfully to of similitude to the perfection of the the effect of the whole. In short, 'naantique form, and nature almost never ture has, in regard to the fine women finishes the extremities which she of England, been negligent of nothing elaborates with so much minute care but the hands and the teetto which, under the fine skies of Italy. Beau- it must be confessed, she has too frem ties of complexion, &c., overcome the quently done imperfect justice. impression of those defects in regard In the most elevated regions of Euto the pretty creatures of Picardy, rope, and principally in Switzerland, Flanders, and Belgium. The Parisian the forms of men acquire, in general, lady again, whom we may regard as a a fine developement; but those of wospecies of female quite distinct from men have a certain exaggeration about any other, has a graceful and piquant them which renders them rather air, and great skili in dress, but not agreeable and voluptuous objects, much pretension to classical beauty- than truly beautiful. “ You may bethe mere beauties of feature and form. lieve me,” says St Preux, speaking Their features are agreeable rather to Julia of the Helvetian ladies of the than regular, and very rarely remind Haut-Valais“ you may believe me one of the Grecian models. Covered they are beautiful, since they appeared perpetually from the sun, like the so to me. Eyes accustomed to behold Aower in the close bud, she wants air you, must be difficult to please as to bring out her colour, and partakes judges of beauty. Yet the largeness more in the interesting paleness of of some of their outlines I cannot a convalescence than the dazzling ani- way with,” &c. &c. mation of youth and health. For

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The Whigs, while they chaunt their e- We feel assured, at all events, that ternal hymn to the progressive influence public opinion, which the Whigs take of publicopinion, modestly assume that so much credit to themselves for hav. the change must be altogether in their ing formed and exalted, is already favour, and that nothing more is ne- pretty much settled, as to the conduct cessary than to enlighten mankind, in of one of their most clamorous leaders order to ensure the triumph of their on the subject, to which we mean party. What is the basis on which shortly to direct the attention of our this forlorn sect found their predictions readers in the course of this paper. and their hopes ? Is it, that they have Here, at any rate, there is no room shewn an unquestionable superiority for doubt or hesitation ; and the conof intellect, and have preceded, by a duct of Mr Brougham will be equally great and palpable interval, the rest of condemned by every human creature their fellow citizens in the march of who can master the ordinary distincimprovement? Is it, that with un- tions between right and wrong. We swerving fidelity they have guarded do not know that so bold a project of the ark of the constitution, or vindi- wayward ambition has ever been formcated the honour of their usurped ap- ed under a regular government, as that pellation, by some great exploit of which appears to have been engendered political heroism, which might have in the meek and humble bosom of this endeared them to their country, as the patriot hater of tyranny, and privipreservers of its liberty, or the cham- leged declaimer against corruption. If pions of its independence, in some we search the page of English history, dark hour of its destiny? Is it, that we shall find nothing, even in the they have reached some proud intellec- most daring measures of her proudest tual eminence, presenting a more ex- ministers, to equal the temerity, or in panded survey, and a purer atmosphere, their most dextrous movements, to than that breathed by other and hum- rival the art with which Mr Brougham's bler men, that they congratulate them- charitable inquisition was conceived and selves in the spirit of the most gracious organized-no, not even in the meself-adulation on the progress of know- morable but fatal project of Mr Fox ledge, and propagate with so much zeal himself, to grasp an Indian empire, the convenient opinion, that it is only and to make the splendid patronage of necessary that the public mind should the east an heir-loom of the party be awakened from its torpor, to make over which he presided. it look up in solemn admiration of Great undertakings become a lofty their celestial conclave? We know and original mind, and it does credit of no adequate grounds to justify this to the genius of Mr Brougham, that offensive self-complacency; and when when he meditated an invasion of the we look back on the history of the constitution, he took a flight of amparty for the last thirty years ; on their bition above the ordinary pitch, and strange tergiversations, and porten- left all paltry and grovelling competitous blunders ; on their proved igno- tion far behind. In his comprehensive rance of the true interests of their sweep, he endeavoured to include nocountry, and their cold contempt of its thing less than the universal charity unperishable fame ;-when we find and education of this great country: them lavishing their atrocious plaudits to bring within his grasp, and reduce on the fiercest of its enemies; damping to his sole subjection, all the splendid the most heroic exertions by their endowments which beneficence and gloomy forebodings, and standing piety have contributed to mitigate the through a long succession of perilous evils of poverty, to cure the reproach years in banded array against its of ignorance, or exalt the standard of triumphantgenius; we must say, that national taste and refinement; to subif public opinion, which is fast deve- ject to his own arbitrary controul, or loping its energies, shall recognise that of his dependents, the accumulathem either as its champions or allies, ted treasures, and the consequent init will exhibit itself in a shape entire fluence of many centuries of pious ly at variance with our anticipations, liberality, in the most liberal and pious and utterly alien to the spirit of en- of the European states. lightened patriotism.

Attend for a moment to the charac

ter of Mr Brougham's proceedings. ardour of a liberal and lofty mind; This patriotic citizen, observing with conscious that to mix up with it any dismay the prevailing ignorance, and thing of a selfish, or even of a quesconsequent depravity of the lower orders tionable character, would certainly be of the metropolis, claimed the interpo. to mar the whole splendid project, and sition of the legislature for mitigating to inflict an incurable wound on his the enormous evil, and volunteered own reputation. encountering the toil and anxiety of What was the conduct of Mr the laborious investigation. His be- Brougham, after he had been placed nevolence and patriotism were applaud- with universal consent in this striking ed by all parties; his charitable views and elevated situation? He applied, abetted and encouraged ; and the first in the first place, for an extension of unequivocal direction of his talents to his powers beyond the precincts of the objects of public utility, was hailed as metropolis; but to the poor alone, and an important acquisition to the public their education, his inquiries were yet service. It was pleasing to reflect, that confined; the scope wasenlarged, but the the ardent and indefatigable spirit of character and objects of the inquisition Mr Brougham would now be devoted remained unaltered. The expansive fato the culture of a field which pro- culty of Mr Brougham's committee had mised full employment, and offered a not yet been surmised; and although this rich and honourable reward to his gratuitous enlargement of its powers, enterprising patriotism; and which while the original objects of the apappeared, from the quiet and benefi- pointment were yet unfulfilled, might cent nature of the vocation, happily have appeared of questionable expeto exclude every seduction of a sordid diency, much was willingly conceded or factious character, to which the repu- to the capacity and industry of the tation of men of a bustling genius has learned chairman. But he now mediso often been sacrificed. The inquiry tated a higher and bolder flight ; the was of a nature purely charitable, and humble and squalid establishments every thing selfish was of course forbid- for mendicated instruction had become den; the work was one of public bene loathsome in his eyes; the petty deficence, and its very aspect appeared tails of their lowly and unpretending a guarantee against the intrusion of literature lost all interest with him ; all that is sour and sullen in party and with one bound, he rose from distinctions; and the friends and op- the humble platform of the Sunday ponents of Mr Brougham, alike re- schools, and perched on the proud turjoiced in the prospect now presented rets of the great academical institufor the first time of contemplating the tions. With no other powers delegated native energy of his character, unex to himself and his accomplished ascited by the stimulus of party dissen- sociates than those originally granted, tions-mild, placable, gracious, and and subsequently extended, to inquire forbearing ; an exact personification, into the education of the lower orders, in short, of the genius of humane and did this distinguished individual conenlightened legislation.

trive to include in his researches all The purpose was benign, and the academical establishments, and all pubenterprise was consecrated with univer- tic charities ; and summoning before sal applause; it embraced an unques- him, official persons from Eton, Wintioned evil of enormous magnitude, of chester, and Cambridge, commence which the remedy appeared in pros- a minute and scoffing inquiry into pect to be at once safe and practicable. the most private affairs of these great The education of the poor was the trust institutions ; insulting, by arbitrary committed to Mr Brougham and his col- mandates for attendance, and releagues a subject, fertile of profound proachful questions upon examinaand anxious speculation to philosophic tions, some of the most learned and legislators-suggesting problems wor- venerable men in the kingdom ; and thy of the whole reach of Mr Brougham's not contented with this profane trampcapacity, and adapted to the reputed ling on the most august establishcharacter of his genius: a subject, to ments for education of which Europe which it became a man proudly ar can boast, did this learned person rogating to himself a name above the meditate the permanent appointment vulgar herd of politicians, to have de- of a commission, to be in all future voted himself with the characteristic time a convenient appendage of his VOL. V.

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own political existence; a commission worst purposes of party was apparent which was to undertake the intermi- from the beginning; and no one therenable labour of inquiring into the fore could wonder at the ingenious sewhole mass of English charity; of lection of cases made by the committee, prying into the most

minute affairs of in which every scrap of the ex parte eviestablishments computed to be more dence adduced was calculated to inflict than 30,000 in number; aye, and a wound on some distinguished indiviwhich was to prosecute this hopeless dual, opposed in literature, influence, enterprise at a most enormous expense, or politics, to that system which Mr and to exhibit such a constitution in Brougham had so warmly espoused. point of arbitrary and irresponsible The blow was in the ostensible conpower, and palpable temptation to ception of the plan, indifferently susabuse, as was never realized under a pended over the broad mass of delinfree and enlightened government. quency; but it might have been anti

But Mr Brougham's project, al. cipated, that its undivided strength though boldly conceived, was resisted would fall in that direction in which and exposed. He complained much the imaginary violation of charitable of this in his letter to the late Sir trusts should be found united to the Samuel Romilly, written in a tone of inexpiable offence of political hostility. affected candour and visible indigna- Thus it was that Dr Ireland and Lord tion, and full at once of soft phrases Lonsdale were immolated to the spirit and rankling emotions. He lamented of party, and sacrificed, so far as virtue the limited range of the commission and honour could be sacrificed, to inactually appointed, because it was not sinuation and calumny. But the reempowered to descend wantonly into spectable name of Dr Ireland was not the charter-chest of every charitable thus to be made the sport of faction; foundation, for the purposes of moc and the signal retribution which he kery or of persecution; because it has taken, is the triumph of integrity was restrained from interfering with over sophistry and slander. With rea establishments, which the will of the ference to the case of Lord Lonsdale, founder had committed to the perpe- the conduct of Mr Brougham exhibitual care of special visitors; and final- ted, by his own account of it, a violaly, because the magnificent public esta- tion of every form of procedure, and blishments for the education of the every maxim of parliamentary decohigher orders were exempted from rum, when, after the dissolution of inquiry. To bring the great schools parliament, and the consequent expiand universities within the scope of ration of his own delegated power, he his inquisition, he misconstrued their dared still to continue the exercise of statutes, and fastening on the phrase, it, and under cover of a certain incre

pauperes et indigentes scholares, dible forbearance towards his rival, to reared upon it a blundering argument, usurp authority over the records of a to prove that the students of Oxford committee, not only suspended but and Cambridge belong to the lower extinguished. By this strange asorders of society, and were fit objects sumption of power, for which he has of the care of his civic committee. The taken so much credit to himself, he ridicule which he has brought upon may have guarded the contest in Westhimself by his unlucky interference moreland against the inconsiderable with establishments endeared to every bias, which the publication of the evithing that is liberal and lofty in the dence, in all the precision of its palpaEnglish character, must have con ble unfairness, might have produced ; vinced him, that these venerable re but every one must see, that by this treats of learning have not yet become course, he also lent to the struggle, the temples of pedantry and sloth, but the deep infection of whispered cacan copiously supply a spirit of aveng- lumny, of indefinite suspicion, and ing wit, to blast their profane calum- boundless misrepresentation. niators.

But in what terms shall we speak But the political character of Mr of the commission suggested by Mr Brougham's plan surpassed in detor- Brougham to accomplish the momenmity every other feature which it dis- tous inquiries so happily begun under played. The facility with which an his own auspices; a commission which inquisition of unlimited range, and ar was to undertake the vast survey of the bitrary direction, could be turned to the whole charity, and the whole educa

tion of the kingdom; which was to enforcing the primary and sacred despry into every nook of every charita- tination; we are forcibly struck with ble foundation, however humble; and certain analogies which too plainly to penetrate, with reforming energy, assimilate the measure in question to the entire magnificence of the loftiest the beginnings of confusion in a neighand most venerable—which was, in bouring country, and which stamp its vague and shadowy expansion, to upon it a character altogether alien to embrace every element in the forma- the spirit of the constitution, and the tion of the natural intellect-every genius of British legislation.* seminary of literary or moral instruc The Edinburgh Review, however, tion-every institution by which man- has attempted a defence even of these ners are formed, or even exterior ac- extraordinary proceedings; and incomplishment imparted—a commission deed there is hardly any thing absurd whose definite objects could not be ac or revolting which this journal has not, complished in much less than half a at one time or other, attempted to decentury, and whose ulterior functions fend. The conductors are expert diapresented a dark vista of intermina- lecticians, and accomplished sophists ; ble scrutiny and impossible comple- and, aware of their own forte, it has tion; yet was it gravely proposed, that ever been their aim to confound the this fantastic creation of enduring and understandings of their readers by elauniversal terror should be constructed, borate sophistications. It has been not after the ordinary fashion of other their pride to “confute, change hands, constitutional fabrics ; that it should and still confute.” But as their apneither owe its original existence, nor peals to the public have, generally its periodical renovations, to the con- speaking, been without power over its stitutional source of all vicarious au- higher passions, and more liberal wisthority, but to the great inventor him- dom, they have ever had but a fleeting self, through the formality of a par- and perishable influence, disturbing liamentary nomination; and having for a moment the generous current of thus unnaturally sprung into existence, national sentiment, but soon overshould acknowledge responsibility nei- whelmed in its deep and resistless ther to Crown nor Parliament, but movements. We speak of these clever continue undisturbed and uncontrole persons as they were in their career of led, in the convenient receipt of its success—for it is long since even their ample emoluments, and the eternal characteristic subtlety and liveliness prosecution of its petty and vexations have been on the decline. Of this meLabours. Nothing so vast in despotic lancholy truth their late article on the conception, or so terrible in protracted subject of the education committee afexecution, has appeared in England fords a strong confirmation-for, with for ages; and when to the singular the exception of a few paragraphs at composition of this dread engine of the beginning and end of that paper, power, we add the qualities required which sparkle with something of the by its learned projector, as essential remembered brilliancy of other days, to the character of its members ; the and gird, like a luminous ring the thick prying, suspicious, and sullen disposi- and volumed opacity which intervenes, tions, which were to fit them for their there is nothing in it which it must not ungracious office, and the unhappy ex- have been extremely painful to write, emplification of these and other ques- and which it is not almost impossible tionable elements in the person of Mr to read. Far be it from us to drag our Coe, the “ready made commissioner," unoffending readers througħ the stuwhose exclusion Mr Brougham so pa- pifying mists and palpable darkness of thetically laments—and above all, when this middle region-or to disturb them we reflect on the startling project, in- with a dissection of the creeping sotimated by the learned chairman, for phistry which winds itself round the confiscating to the use of the state the cases of Croydon, Yeovyl, Wellenbocharitable funds diverted from their rough, Huntingdon, and St Bees. But proper objects, instead of reviving and there are some matters of higher and

In the bill brought into parliament during the last session, for the renewal of the commission, some unimportant modifications were adopted—such as the increase of the number of commissionersbut none which could in the least degree assimilate it to the project originally formed by Mr Brougham. That gentleman again made an attempts but without success, to get the establishments having special visitors included.

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