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For now, of night and nervous terror bred, See, here her husband's body-but she knows Arose a strong and superstitious dread; That other dead! and that her action shows." She heard strange noises, and the shapes she The poet makes some moral reflec

tions on this terrible story, and then Of fancied beings bound her soul in awe.

concludes it in the same calm and “ The moon was risen, and she sometimes subdued strain of melancholy with shone

which he commenced the narration. Through thick white clouds, that flew tu

“ So Rachel thinks, the pure, the good, the multuous on,

meek, Passing beneath her with an eagle's speed, Whose outward acts the inward purpose That her soft light imprison'd and then freed;

speak ; The fitful glimmering through the hedge. As men will children at their sports behold,

row green Gave a strange beauty to the changing scene;

And smile to see them, though unmoved

and cold, And roaring winds and rushing waters lent

Smile at the recollected games, and then Their mingled voice that to the spirit went.

Depart and mix in the affairs of men : “ To these she listen'd; but new sounds So Rachel looks upon the world, and sees were heard,

It cannot longer pain her, longer please, And sight more startling to her soul appeard; But just detain the passing thought, or cause There were low lengthen'd tones with sobs A gentle smile of pity or applause ; between,

And then the recollected soul repairs And near at hand, but nothing yet was seen: Her slumbering hope, and heeds her own She hurried on, and • Who is there?" she

affairs. cried ;

We had much more to say of Mr • A dying wretch! was from the earth replied. Crabbe and his genius, but we must It was her lover, was the man she gave, wait till another opportunity. We The price she paid, himself from death to save; With whom, expiring, she must kneel and cannot, however, bid farewell to him,

for the present, without observing, pray, While the soul fitted from the shivering clay with real delight, that while old age That pressid the dewy ground, and bled its has not at all impaired the vigour of life away!

his intellect, or blunted the acuteness “This was the part that duty bade her take, of his observation, it seems to have Instant and ere her feelings were awake; mellowed and softened his feelings But now they waked to anguish ; there came just to the degree that his best friends ✓

then, Hurrying with lights, loud-speaking, eager that while he still looks on human life

may have once thought desirable and “ • And here, my lord, we met And who with the same philosophic eye, and is here?

spares none of its follies or its vices, The keeper's wife !-Ah! woman, go not he thinks of it with somewhat of a near !

gentler and more pitying spirit, as of There lies the man that was the head of one who has well understood it all, all

and who looks back upon its agitations See, in his temples went the fatal ball ! and its guilt as on a troubled and unAnd James that instant, who was then our intelligible scene, from which, in the

guide, Felt in his heart the adverse shot, and died ! moved in the strength of that trust

course of nature, he may soon be reIt was a sudden meeting, and the light Of a dull moon made indistinct our fight;

which can only be inspired by that reHe foremost fell! But see, the woman creepsligion of which he has so long been a Like a lost thing, that wanders as she sleeps. conscientious minister.

men.

We have just received a copy of Don JUAN, (which we are happy to observe has not the respectable name of Lord Byron's Publisher on its Title-page), along with a “ Letter” to the author of that most flagitious Poem, by “ Presbyter Anglicanus. The “ Letter” came to hand too late for insertion in this Number, but it will be the leading article in our next. It is indeed truly pitiable to think that one of the greatest Poets of the age should have written a Poem that no respectable Bookseller could have published without disgracing himself—but a Work so atrocious must not be suffered to pass into oblivion without the infliction of that punishment on its guilty author due to such a wanton outrage on all most dear to human nature.

VOL. V.

3Q

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

Letter of the Royal Society of London to To perpetuate the memory of these Thomas Edmonston, Esq.of Buness, in Shet. interesting events in his own neighbour. land. We feel much pleasure in laying hood, by exhibiting a local history of before the public the following letter from them, Mr Edmondston has built into a the Secretary of the Royal Society, to Mr wall in the court in the front of his house, Edmondston of Buness, Shetland, as a flat- the large stone brought there by M. Biot, tering testimony of the approbation of his and to which the pendulum employed by conduct entertained by that learned body. him was attached, and placed under it In 1817, when M. Biot, Colonel Mudge, the stone on which the repeating circles and the other gentlemen engaged in the of both the philosophers stood, with the trigonometrical survey, were about to following inscription engraved on it: leave Edinburgh for the Shetland Islands,

To this Stone Professor Jameson gave them a letter of

Were attached the Clock and Pendulum introduction to Dr Edmondston at Ler.

employed by the celebrated French wick. As the island of Unst, the most

Philosopher Biot ; northerly of the group, was fixed upon

And on the one on which it rests, as the scene of their operations, the Doc

Stood his Repeating Circle. tor recommended them to the attention

The distinguished English Philosopher of his brother, who resides there. M.

KATER, Biot, in the report of his operations pre

Placed his Repeating Circle on this Stone sented to the Institute of France, has,

also. with that warmth of feeling and amiabi. The former was sent here by the Institute lity so natural to him, expressed the sense

of France in the summer of 1817, he had of the attention which he received

And the latter by the Royal Society of from Mr Edmondston on that occasion.

London, in the summer of 1818, In July 1818, Captain Kater arrived at

To determine, by their experiments and Lerwick, and brought a letter of intro

observations, duction from Sir James M.Gregor to Dr

The figure of the Earth. Edmondston; and as Captain Kater's de. sign was to make his experiments with

These memorials are placed here as please the pendulum as near as possible to the

ing and lasting remembrances of the spot on which M. Biot had operated, Dr

splendid talents, great worth, Edmondston introduced him also to his

and amiable manners of brother in Unst. Some time after Cap

those eminent men, tain Kater's return to England, Mr Ed.

By their friend, mondston received the letter from the

Tuomas EDMONDSTON, Royal Society above alluded to, which

October 1818. may be considered as the result of the On the Magnetism of the Earth. manner in which Captain Kater had ex. Hansteen, Professor of Natural Philoso pressed his opinion to its members of the phy at Christiana in Norway, has proved services rendered him by Mr Edmond. that the earth has four magnetic poles, as ston.

Haley had conjectured. He has shewn Somerset House, March 1st, 1819. that the polar lights, where they first apSır,~I ain directed by the President pear, have the form of a luminous cross, and Council of the Royal Society, to ex elevated between 400 and 500 miles above press their thanks for the attentions which the earth's surface; and that there are Captain Kater received from you during four such luminous crosses, viz. two in his visit to Unst.

the northern, and two in the southern By your assistance he was enabled to hemisphere, whose middle points corres. complete those experiments on the length pond with the four magnetic poles already of the pendulum, which, at the desire of mentioned. This situation of the lumi. his Majesty's Government, the Royal So nous crosses, and the disturbance they ciety had requested him to undertake; occasion in the magnetic needle, prove and the President and Council feel much that the polar lights are magnetical phepleasure in acknowledging the sense they nomena, and that they are magnetical entertain of your zeal for the advance. currents which flow from one magnetic ment of science am, Sir,

pole to that directly opposite. The opinYour obedient servant, ion, namely, that the aurora borealis are William Thomas BRANDE, magnetical, was long ago proposed by the Sec. R. S.

late Professor Robison of this University; To Thomas Edmorsdoton; Esq. Unst. and has since been supported by Rit

ter, Dalton, Jameson, and other philoso During the year, the western deviation phers.

is greatest in the month of September ; Professor Hansteen is of opinion that and during the day it is greatest about the sun and moon, as well as the earth, two o'clock in the afternoon. When no possess magnetical powers or magnetical considerable disturbances appear, the daily axes, and that the different positions of alteration does not exceed 20 minutes. these axes, in regard to the magnetic In the year 1649, the deviation here in axes of the earth, occasion several mag- Copenhagen was 11° east. About the netical phenomena enumerated by au- year 1656, it must have been 0; as in thors.

1672, it was 3° 35' west. The western It is certain that the magnetical needle declination afterwards continued to indoes not every where stand due north and crease till the year 1806, when it was south. In most places it declines consi. 18° 25'. Since that time it has dimin. derably either towards the east or the ished, however, as usual, advancing and west. This deviation, known at first only relapsing. In the year 1817, Sept. 8, at to seamen who made use of the magnetic two o'clock in the afternoon, it was 170 needle to direct their course at sea, was 56', consequently 29' smaller than in afterwards found to lead to a knowledge 1806; it may therefore be supposed, of the spreading and diffusion of the mag that the western declination has reached netic powers over the globe, and may, its maximum. By drawing the curve perhaps, hereafter render the compass a that is produced when the times are restill more perfect means of direction to garded as abscisses, and the declinations the mariner than ever it could, had it as ordinates, it seems to be evident that every where, without variation, pointed if the point of return does not fall upon to the same parts of the heavens. But the year 1806, it ought rather to be in if we desire, in this respect, to make the quired for before than after that year. wished for progress, the science must be The inclination of the magnetic needle continually enriched with observations has lately been found by Professor Ersted respecting the deviations of the needle, 17° 26'. which is perpetually changing in every Mr Bankes's interesting Discoveries in place.

Arabia.-Mr Bankes, who has visited some In the remotest times, from which we of the most celebrated scenes in Arabia, inhave records of the magnetic needle, it

tends, we understand, to publish, on his rehad a declination towards the east, which

turn home, an account of his excursion to gradually diminished, till about the mid

Wadi Moosa (the valley of Moses), with endle of the 17th century it ceased in most

gravings of the drawings which he made of parts of Europe ; so that the needle stood

the hitherto-undescribed excavated temples regularly north and south, which soon

there ; as well as of the ruins of Jerrasch, was followed by a declination towards the

which excel in grandeur and beauty even west, that since that time has increased

those of Palmyra and Balbec.

This gentleman, in company with several till very lately, when this westward de other English travellers, left Jerusalem for clination again seems to be diminishing. Hebron, where they viewed the mosque But it is a matter of greater difficulty erected over the tomb of Abraham ; an edithan it appears to be at first sight to de- fice constructed in the lower part of such termine whether this alteration has taken

enormous masses of stone (many of them place or not. The declination of the mag- upwards of twenty feet in length), that it netic needle is subject to incessant varia. must be ascribed to that remote age in which tions ; every day is to it a period in which durability was the principle chiefly consultit increases and diminishes ; every year ed in the formation of all edifices of the mothe same alteration is repeated, but to a numental kind. greater extent. As long as the daily de. They then proceeded to Karrac, through clination is not too great in comparison a country broken into hills and pinnacles of with the yearly one, we may easily, after the most fantastic form, and along the foot the lapse of a few years, be enabled to

of mountains, where fragments of rock-salt determine whether the deviation has in indicated the natural origin of that intense creased or diminished; but when the brine, which is peculiarly descriptive of the yearly alteration, as is now the case, is neighbouring waters of the Dead Sea. but small, when compared with the daily

Karrac is a fortress situated on the top of one, many years consequently will elapse ing passage, cut through the living rock.

a hill. The entrance is formed by a windbefore the amount of the yearly altera- It may be described, like all the other castions will surmount that of the daily ones.

tellated works in the possession of the proThat the yearly alteration is now become fessors of the Mahomedan religion, as a small, is a circumstance which, no doubt, mass of ruins. The mosque is in that state; makes us believe that it has attained its and a church which it also contains, as well maximum; as every progressive series as the ancient keep or citadel, are in a simiobtains its maximum when the difference lar condition. In the vicinity, the travellers of the terms becomes null.

saw several sepulchres hollowed out of the

rock; and they found the inhabitants of the this had fallen into ruins. On all sides the place a mingled race of Mahomedans and, rocks were hollowed into innumerable chamChristians, remarkably hospitable, and liv.' bers and sepulchres; and a silent waste of ing together in terms of freer intercourse desolated palaces, and the remains of conthan at Jerusalem. The women were not structed edifices filled the area to which the veiled, nor seemed to be subject to any par- pass led. ticular restraints.

These ruins, which have acquired the Mr Bankes and his companions, after name of Wadi Moosa, from that of a village leaving Karrac, sojourned for a short time in their vicinity, are the wreck of the city with a party of Bedoueen Arabs.

of Petra, which, in the time of Augustus After quitting the tents of these Bedou. Cæsar, was the residence of a monarch, and eens, they passed into the valley of Ellasar, the capital of Arabia Petræd. The country where they noticed some relics of antiquity, was conquered by Trajan, and annexed by which they conjectured were of Roman ori. him to the province of Palestine. In more gin. Here again they rested with a tribe of recent times, Baldwin I. king of Jerusalem, Arabs. The next day they pursued their having made himself also master of Petra, journey, partly over a road paved with lava, gave it the name of the Royal Mountain. and which, by its appearance, was evidently The travellers having gratified their wona Roman work ; and stopped that evening der with the view of these stupendous works, at Shubac, a fortress in a commanding situ- went forward to Mount Hor, which they ation, but incapable, by decay, of any effec- ascended, and viewed a building on the tual defence against European tactics. top containing the tomb of Aaron; a

In the neighbourhood of this place, they simple stone monument, which an aged encountered some difficulties from the Arabs, Arab shows to the pilgrims. Having rebut which, by their spirit and firmness, they mained in this spot, consecrated by such overcame; and proceeded onwards and en- great antiquity, they returned next morntered on the wonders of Wadi Moosa.

ing, and again explored other portions of The first object that attracted their atten- the ruins of Petra ; after which they went tion, was a mausoleum, at the entrance of back to Karrac. They then turned their which stood two colossal animals, but whe- attention to other undescribed ruins, of ther lions or sphinxes they could not ascer- which they had received some account from tain, as they were much defaced and muci. the Arabs; and finally, proceeded to view lated. They then, advancing towards the those of Jerrasch, which greatly exceed principal ruins, entered a narrow pass, vary. in magnitude and beauty those of Palmyra. ing from fifteen to twenty feet in width, A grand colonnade runs from the eastern overhung by precipices, which rose to the to the western gates of the city, formed on general height of two hundred, sometimes both sides of marble columns of the Corinth. reaching five hundred, feet, and darkening ian order, and terminating in a semi-circle the path by their projecting ledges. In of sixty pillars of the Ionic order, and crosssome places, niches were sculptured in the ed by another colonnade running north and sides of this stupendous gallery, and here south. At the western extremity stands a and there rude masses stood forward, that theatre, of which the proscenium remains bore a remote and mysterious resemblance so entire, that it may be described as almost to the figures of living things, but over which in a state of undecayed beauty. Two sutime and oblivion had drawn an inscrutable perb amphitheatres of marble, three gloriand everlasting veil. About a mile within ous temples, and the ruins of gorgeous pathis pass, they rode under an arch, perhaps laces, with fragments of sculpture and inthat of an aqueduct, which connected the scriptions mingled together, form an ag. two sides together; and they noticed seve- gregate of ancient elegance, which surpasses ral earthen pipes, which had formerly dis- all that popery has spared of the former tributed water.

grandeur of Rome. Having continued to explore the gloomy An Electrical Man..Dr Hartmann, windings of this awful corridore for about of Francfort on the Oeder, has published two miles, the front of a superb temple in a German Medical Journal, a stateburst on their view. A statue of Victory, ment, according to which he is able to with wings, filled the centre of an aperture produce at pleasure an efflux of electric in the upper part, and groups of colossal cal matter from his body towards other figures, representing a centaur, and a young

persons.

You hear the crackling, see man, stood on each side of the lofty portico. the sparks, and feel the electric shock. This magnificent structure is entirely excavated from the solid rock, and preserved high a degree, that it depends solely on

He has now acquired this faculty to so from the ravages of the weather by the pro. his own pleasure to make an electric jections of the overhanging precipices.About three hundred yards beyond this spark issue from his fingers, or to draw temple they met with other astonishing ex

it from any other part of his body. Thus cavations ; and, on reaching the termination in this electrical man, the will has an in. of the rock on their left, they found an am- Auence on the developement of the elec. phitheatre, which had also been excavated, tricity, which had not hitherto been ob. with the exception of the proscenium : and served except in the electrical eel.

Volcano in Switserland. A little vol. they formerly stood erect; besides, many of cano has recently made its appearance on them are discovered in eminences which no a mountain near Morbio, a village in the inundation could have possibly affected. The Swiss canton of Tessin. The explosion bed of earth which covers them consists of was preceded by an earthquake. The sand and clay. Under dry sand, the wood flames ascended to a considerable height is reduced to dust ; but the form of the tree above the summit of the mountain, and remains visible, if the dust be removed caremasses of stone were hurled to a great fully: . Under wet sand, the wood is found distance. On the following day a large colour. Only large oaks appear to have been

perfectly sound, with however a blackish opening was observed in the mountain, from which the flames still issued with a

torn up by their roots. The trees, which strong smell of sulphur. Great damage a bed of potter's clay. The oaks, which

are partly petrified, are found chiefly under was sustained by some houses in the have not been petrified, on being exposed to neighbourhood, but no lives were lost. the air, harden considerably. it is remarkThe date of this event corresponds with able, that these trees are frequently found that of the late disasters in Sicily. in grounds where none of the sort now grow.

Petrified Trees in Russia. - Professor Mr Kunizyn imagines, that these trees were Kunizyn has just published several in- thus prostrated and covered with earth by teresting observations on the petrified trees the same violent motion of nature, which, found in Russia, the object of which is, in the north of Russia, separated enormous to shew that they were not, as is generally masses of granite from their foundations, supposed, deposited in the places where and carried them to a considerable distance. they are found, by an inundation. The Perhaps also, the remains of mammoths, situation of these trees, which separated which are sometimes discovered, may be atfrom their stumps, are found sometimes as tributed to the same action. As the trees much as fourteen feet under ground, chiefly all lie in the same direction, north to south, in marshes, proves that they were overturned that must have been the course of the by violence, and prostrated in the spots where shock.

WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.

LONDON.

In a few days will be published, Moral M. Bigland has in the press, Letters on Sketches of Prevailing Opinions and Man- Jewish History, for the use of schools and ners, Foreign and Domestic, with Reflec- young persons. tions on Prayer ; by Hannah More.

Cornubia, a Descriptive Poem, in five Shortly will be published, in three vols, cantos ; by George Worldley, author of ReGeraldine, or Modes of Faith and Practice, demption, 8vo. a Tale, by a Lady; price £1, ls.

Designs for Churches and Chapels of vaRosamond, Memory's Musings, and other rious dimensions and styles, with estimates ; poems ; by William Procter, will shortly be also some designs for altars, pulpits, and published.

steeples; by W. F. Pocock, architect. Mr J. N. Brewer is preparing a Histo Narrative of the loss of the Hon. East rical and Descriptive Account of the most India Company's ship Cabalva, which was interesting objects of Topography in Ireland, wrecked on the morning of July 7, 1818, to accompany “ The Beauties of England on the Cargados Garragos reef in the Inand Wales." This work will be published dian Ocean ; by C. W. Francken, sixth in monthly numbers, illustrated with en officer. gravings from original drawings. In the Fredalia, or the Dumb Recluse, a poem, prosecution of this undertaking, every prin- by the author of the Siege of Carthage. cipal place in Ireland will be personally in The Old Woman's Letter to her respected spected by the author, and a correspondence and valued friends of the parish of has been established with many of the most Memoirs of Miss Caroline Smeet; by distinguished characters in that country, Moses Waddell. Much curious novelty of intelligence will be Dr Pinckard has in the press, Cases of disclosed in the historical and descriptive Hydophobia. account of cities and towns, monastic and The Rev. Mark Wilks is preparing for other antiquities, little known to the public. publication, some Account of the Present

A similar work, to be entitled, “ The State of France, and of the late Persecutions Beauties of Scotland,” is also announced. in the South.

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