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Lord Byron has evidently very closely “ For why ? his owner had a house
copied this sublime passage in an early Full ten miles off at Ware.”
part of Mazeppa's career,

Mazeppa's horse had hitherto been * Writhing half my form about,

accustomed to lead a free and easy life, Howl'd back my curse ; but ʼmidst the tread, rather more than ten miles off in the The thunder of my courser's speed, Ukraine and thither accordingly he Perchance they did not hear nor heed :"

set off at score, making play all the It may be questioned, however, if this, fine as it is, does not want the way, pretty much after the fashion of

a steeple-hunt. concise energy of the original.

It may perhaps be

worth wh to quote, for a particular The dangers which Gilpin and Mazeppa encounter, arise not only from reason, the following verse :

“ So like an arrow swift he flew, land but water. Thus quoth the Pole : Shot by an archer strong ; “ Methought the dash of waves was nigh, So did 'he fly, which brings me to The wild horse swims the wilder stream. The middle of my song.' In like manner, we are told by Cow. Now, it is very remarkable—and we

think the coincidence cannot be acciper, Thus all through merry Islington,

dental--that the corresponding pasThese gambols did he play,

sage in Mazeppa also occurs just about Until he came unto the wash

the middle of the poem, which satisOf Edmonton so gay.

factorily shews, that the original strucAnd there he threw the wash about

tures of the two great works do in On both sides of the way,

their dimensions exactly coincide. Just like unto a trundling mop,

The termination of Gilpini's excur. Or a wild goose at play."

sion therefore, evidently suggested These images are homely, but they that of Mazeppa's. But Byron has are not, on that account, the less ex

contrived to give quite a new turn to pressive. That of the “ trundling his poem-so that in the final catamop,” simply, expresses the appearance strophe he almost seems to lose sight of the “ wash,” thrown off on both of the original. At Ware Gilpin's sides of the way by the poney en pas- horse stands stock still at the door of sant; that of the wild goose at play, his master's house, which, by the by, makes a direct appeal to the imagi- proves that he had not that unchancy native faculty, and suggests to our trick of bolting into the stable, sans minds at least,'a much more poetical ceremonie,which has incommoded feeling of a good gallopper, than his many a sober-headed gentleman. MaLordship’s images of the crying baby, zeppa's horse, in like manner, falls or the scolding mistress. It gives one down the instant he reaches home, a momentary flash of the higher and

so we observe that the transition from hidden powers of that roadster, and motion to repose is in both cases equalconvinces us that his owner would not ly abrupt. "Mazeppa's sufferings are part with him for a very consider

now at an end—and being put instantable sum of money. This is one of ly into a good warm bed, he soon those sudden and unexpected touches

comes to himself-marries--and in so characteristic of Cowper, and that good time becomes the father of many prove what great things he might have children, and Hetman of the Cossacks. accomplished, had he turned his ge- Gilpin, on the other hand, has scarcenius more systematically to the culti- ly had leisure to put on a new hat vation of the higher provinces of poe- and wig, than off he sets again withtry. After swimming the river, Mazeppa's unnecessary to follow him farther with

out ever drawing his bit—but it is horse is not in the least degree tired, but any minuteness. Conclude we cannot “ With glossy skin, and dripping mane, without recalling to the memory of our And reeling limbs and reeking fank,

readers one stanza which ever awakens The wild steed's sinewy nerves still strain

in our minds a profound sense of the Up the repelling bank.”

depth of Mrs Gilpin's conjugal affecHere Lord Byron strictly follows tion, and of the illimitable range of the the original.

imagination when flying on the wings “ But yet his horse was not a whit

of terrified love. Inclined to tarry there, &c."

“ Now Mrs Gilpin, when she saw and what is still more strikingly simi- Her husband posting down lar, the two horses have the very same Into the country far away, motive for their conduct.

She pull'd out half a crown."

That one line, “ into the country far his recollection the punishment which away,” gives to us a vaster idea of disc used sometimes to be inflicted on crimitance-of time and space—than the nals in Russia. They were bound on whole 1000 lines of Mazeppa. The the back of an elk, and sent into Siberia reader at once feels how little chance or elsewhere. We refer our readers there is of the post-boy overtaking to the Sporting Magazine, where they Gilpin—and owns that the worthy will find a very affecting picture of a man ought to be left entirely to him- gentleman on his elk. It was always self and his wild destinies.

the practice to shave the criminal beWe need pursue the parallel no far- fore he mounted, and in the picture ther. But we may remark, that though we speak of, he has a beard of about we have now proved John Gilpin to six inches long, which informs us that have been the prototype of Mazeppa, he had been on his travels probably yet the noble author has likewise had in several weeks. Ut pictura poesis.

Boriana ; or Sketches of Pugilism.


No I. The early history of Pugilism in this praised. Fig was a man of genius country is involved in much darkness. for he was at once illustrious as a Few, if any, of our learned antiquaries, fencer, a cudgeller, and a pugilistas is well remarked by the ingenious an union of powers which we verily author of this work, have possessed a believe never did nor will exist, withtaste for the Fancy, and they have felt out something beyond mere talent, and themselves more interested in specu- that something can be nothing but gelating on old monuments or ancient nius, and genius too of the very highcoins, than investigating the arcana of est kind. It is to the establishment the ring. Our author, beginning as of Fig's amphitheatre that we are to far back as it is easy to go, observes, attribute the successful cultivation of that " whether our first parent, Adam, the art of defence in all its branches in had any pretensions to this art, is also England. Then, especially, was the involved in too great obscurity, at this sunrise of cudgelling and pugilism. remote period, for us to penetrate into It is delightful to read the slightest with any probability of success. It character of a great man by one of his would therefore, he says, “ be sheer contemporaries. In Captain Godfrey's gammon” to attempt proving, who “ Treatise upon the Useful Science of were the antediluvian professors of the Defence," published in 1747, we find art. 'And on that account he very ju- a sketch of Fig. Captain Godfrey was diciously begins with Fig, who four- the Captain Barclay of that reign, and ished during the reign of George the was therefore as well entitled to write Second, and who may be seen in Ho- of Fig as Xenophon of Socrates. “I garth's picture of Southwark Fair, have purchased," quoth he," my “ challenging any of the crowd to en- knowledge with many a broken head ter the lists with him, either for love, and bruise in every part of me. I or money, or a belly-full." It is here chose to go mostly to Fig and exercise said of Fig, that * he was more in- with him, partly as I knew him to be debted to strength and courage for his the ablest master, and partly as he was success in the battles he had gained, of a rugged temper, and would spare than from the effects of genius; he was no man, high or low, who took up a extremely illiterate, and it might be stick against him. I bore his rough said, that he boxed his way through treatment with determined patience, life. If Fig's method of fighting was and followed him so long, that Fig at subject to the criticism of the present last finding he could not have the day, he would be denominated more beating of me at so cheap a rate as of a slaughterer than that of a neat usual, did not shew such fondness for finished pugilist.” It appears to us, my company. This is well known by that here Fig is rather too sparingly gentlemen of distinguished rank, who

* London. Sherwood, Neely, & Jones.

Vol. V.

3 K

used to be pleased in setting us toge- stantly began to strip his giant like army ther.”

claimed universal astonishment, and his size This, we think, is very prettily said, in general, struck terror; and even Captain but what follows is equal to any thing Godfrey observes, " that his heart yeamed in Hume. Fig was the atlas of the and steady, in a few seconds afterwards, and

for his countrymen.” Bob appeared cool sword, and may he remain the gladiating statue. In him strength, reso

was cheered with huzzas. He eyed the

Gondolier with firmness, and, quite undis. lution, and unparalleled judgment, mayed, threw off his clothes in an instant, conspired to form a matchless master. when the attack commenced. The Venetian There was a majesty shone in his cou pitched himself forward with his right leg, tenance, and blazed in all his actions, and his arm full extended, and before Whit. beyond all I ever saw. His right leg taker was aware of his design, he received a bold and firm, and his left, which blow on the side of the head, so powerful could hardly ever be disturbed, gave which was remarkable for its height. Whit

in its effect, as to capsize him over the stage, him the surprising advantage already aker's fall was desperate indeed, as he dashproved, and struck his adversary with ed completely against the ground ; which despair and panic. He had a peculiar circumstance would not have taken place way of stepping in a parry. He knew but for the grandeur of the audience, whose his arm, and its just time of moving prices for admission were so high on that put a firm faith in that, and never let day, as to exclude the common people, who his adversary escape his parry. He was

generally sat on the ground, and formed a just as much a greater master than any and Bob had nothing to stop him but the

line round the stage. It was then all clear, other I ever saw, as he was a greater bottom. The bets van high, and the fojudge of time and measure." This

reigners vociferated loudly indeed, in behalf wonderful man was a native of Ox- of the Venetian, and flattered themselves fordshire, but it does not appear that that Whitaker would scarcely be able to he enjoyed a university education. come again, from the desperate blow and Perhaps this is not to be regretted— fall that he had received, and sported their for, if he had, he might have remained cash freely in laying the odds thick against fellow of a college all his days, or gone him : but Bob was not to be told out so to a living, in either of which cases

soon, and jumped upon the stage like a the natural bent of his genius would game cock to renew the attack, Sparring have been restrained. Death, we are found out that something must be done to

now was all at one end, and Whitaker told, “ gave him his knock-down blow render the Venetian's long arm useless, or in 1740”—but of this, his last and only he must lose the fight; so, without further unsuccessful combat, we are not in- ceremony, he made a little stoop, ran boldly dulged with any detailed account. It in beyond the heavy mallet, and with one is generally understood, however, that * English peg' in the stomach, (quite a new Fig stood manfully up to his antago- thing to foreigners) brought him on his nist—that his friends long entertained breech. The tables were then turned, the hopes that it would have been a drawn- sporting men laughing heartily, and the fobattle—and that many good judges shewed symptoms of uneasiness-was quite

reigners a little chop-fallen. The Venictian were of opinion that the blow which sick-and his wind being touched, he was settled him was foul.

scarcely to his time. Bob now punished The most important battle fought him in fine style, drove the Venetian all during the reign of George II. or, in over the stage, and soon gave him a leveller. other words, of Fig, was that between The odds shifted fast in favour of Whitaker, Bob Whitaker and the Venetian Gon- and the foreigners displayed some terrible dolier, commonly called the jaw- puzzled, and in the course of a few rounds,

long faces ! The Gondolier was completely breaker. The naval glory of Venice the conceit was so taken out of him, that he had, it is true, long been on the wane, lost all guard of his person, and was com. but though the city of the sea had pelled to give in, to the no small chagrin of fallen from that proud pre-eminence, the foreigners, who were properly cleaned she yet hoped to brighten the tarnished out upon this occasion ; but the Venetian lustre of her name, by the prowess of had the mortification to retire in disgrace, her jaw-breaker. This great national after his vain boasting, and with a good quarrel is thus described :

milling ; or, as Captain Godfrey concludes,

• the blow in the stomach carried too much “ The stage was ordered to be cleared, of the English rudeness for him to bear, when an awful silence prevailed in the and finding himself so unmannerly used, he anxiety manifested for the set-to. The scorned to have any more doings with his Venetian mounted with smiles of confidence, slovenly fist.' ” and was greeted welcome by loud plaudits BOB WHITAKER was afterwards from his countrymen and partizans, and in. vanquished by NED PEARTREE. Ned


was famous for fighting at the quaker, stood high on the list. “ His face, and putting in his blows with appearance was remarkably plain and great strength, yet felt doubtful in formal, and the heroes of the fist being able to beat Whitaker by were his voluntary god-fathers, and force, as the latter had proved him- thus it appears he was christened THE self, on many occasion, a most enor- Fighting QUAKER.” Whether BILL mous glutton, and, therefore, cun- Willis ever belonged to that respectningly determined to fight at his able set we have not been able to aseyes.

In six minutes, WHITAKER certain, but we learn that he possesswas shut out from day-light. In ed one of its requisites, plenty of stifthis distressed situation he became an fening. In setting to he pourtrayed object of pity; " when poking about that he was not unlike the faithful, a while for his man, and finding him by the spirit with which he attacked not, he wisely gave in with these odd SMALLWOOD; but in the course of a words, “ Damme, I am not beat, but short time the spirit no longer moved what signifies, when I cannot see my him, and the stiffening was taken out

of his carcase, and he was obliged to Our limits will permit us merely to sing up, “ Verily, I am well contented.mention the names of some of the JACK JAMES was considered “ a most greatest ornaments of this era of charming boxer. A swing of the arm English pugilism. Tom Pipes was peculiar to himself, and remarkably the champion of England for several delicate in his blows in fighting, his years--and though a man but of mo- wrists appeared delightful to the lookderate strength," was distinguished ers on, but terrible to his antagonist.” for a peculiar swing of his arm, BUCHHORSE is represented as a most which dashed the maturest counsels impetuous character, and his principal of his adversaries. He fought at the features were love and boxing” But face. Geetting was a man of great perhaps the greatest pugilist of this strength, “and had the nearest way age (next to Broughton, of whom of going to the stomach (which then anon) was George Taylor, known was denominated the mark) than any by the name of George the Baker. of his day. But he drank to excess, He excelled all men in the cross-butwhich at last rendered him a mere tock-fall-and succeeded Fig in his play-thing among the fighting-men; amphitheatre. The tragi-comic draand a very slovenly boxer, called mas acted there took prodigiouslyHammersmith Jack, beat him with and it was no uncommon thing for ease, as did every other person that the receipts of the house at that time fought with him afterwards.” Bose to produce him one hundred to one

“ noted for putting in a hundred and fifty pounds. The play, blow with the left hand, which has bills of this era were often couched been represented something like the in the form of challenges. kick of a horse.” But he was defi. cient in courage. Captain Godfrey

Daily Advertiser, April 26, 1742. exclaims, “ Praise be to his power of

“ At the great booth, Tottenham-Court, fighting, his excellent choice of time on Wednesday next, the 28th instant, will and measure, his superior judgment, be a trial of manhood, between the two fol

lowing champions : despatching forth his executing arm. But fy upon his dastard heart, that

“ • Whereas I, William Willis, commars it all. As I knew that fellow's monly known by the name of the fighting abilities, and his worm-dread soul, I Quaker, have fought Mr Smallwood about

twelve months since, and held him the tightnever saw him beat but I wished him

est to it, and bruised and battered him more to be beaten. Though I am charmed than any one he ever encountered, though I with the idea of his power and man- had the ill fortune to be beat by an accidenner of fighting, I am sick at the tal fall ;-the said Smallwood, Aushed with thoughts of his nurse-wanting cou- the success blind Fortune then gave him, rage.” Tom SMALLWOOD was so dis- and the weak attempts of a few vain Irishtinguished a trump, that the Cap- men and boys, that have of late fought him

if I were to chuse a boxer for a minute or two, makes him think him. for my money, and could but pur. falsity of which, I invite him to fight me for

self unconquerable: to convince him of the chase him strength equal to his resol- One Hundred Pounds, at the time and place ution, SMALLWOOD should be the above-mentioned, when I doubt not but I

Bill Willis, the fighting shall prove the truth of what I have assert

WELL was

tain says,


ed, by pegs, darts, hard blows, falls, and the blood-vessels are immediately overcross-buttocks.

charged, and the sinuses of the brain is « « WILLIAM WILLIS.' overloaded and compressed, that the man “ • I, Thomas Smallwood, known for my at once loses all sensation, and the blood intrepid manhood and bravery, on and off often runs from his ears, mouth, and nose. the stage, accept the challenge of this puffing The above scientific description would Quaker, and will shew him that he is led by a do credit to Ashley Cooper, or Liston; false spirit; which means him no other good nor is the following one whit inferior. than that he should be chastised for offering

" The blow between the eye-brows to take upon him the arm of flesh. “ • Tuomas SMALLWOOD.'

contributes greatly to the victory; for “ Note. The doors will be opened at ten,

this part being contused between two and the combatants mount at twelve.

hard bodies, viz. the fist and os frontale, " There will be several by-battles, as

there ensues a violent echymosis, or ex. usual, and particularly one between John

travasation of blood, which falls imme. Divine and John Tipping, for five pounds diately into the eye-lids, and they being each."

of a lax texture, incapable of resisting “ May 24th, 1742, at George Taylor's this influx of blood, swell almost instan. booth, Tottenham-court-road. There will taneously, which violent intumescence be a trial of manhood here to-morrow, be- soon obstructs the sight. The man thus tween the following champions, viz. indecently treated, and artfully hood.

“ • Whereas 1, John Francis, commonly winked, is beat about at his adversary's known by the name of the Jumping Soldier, discretion.” who have always had the reputation of a We wish this gentleman would degood fellow, and have fought several bruis- liver a course of lectures in the Hall of ers in the street, &c. ; nor am I ashamed to

the Dilettanti Society of Edinburgh, mount the stage when my manhood is called in question by an Irish braggadocia, whom

on pugilistic anatomy. We have no I fought some time ago, in a by-battle, for doubt that they would be numerously twelve minutes ; and though I had not the attended, from the Peer to the W. S. success due to my courage and ability in the We recommend another passage to the art of boxing, I now invite him to fight me serious study of our subscribers. for Two Guineas, at the time and place “ The blows on the stomach are very above-mentioned; where, I doubt not, I hurtful, as the diaphragm and lungs share shall give him the truth of a good beating. in the injury. The injury the diaphragm

“ John FRANCIS.' “ * I, Patrick Henley, known to every

is subject to from blows which light just

under the breast-bone, is very consider. one for the truth of a good fellow, who ne. ver refused any one, on or off the stage, and able, because the diaphragm is brought fight as often for the diversion of gentlemen duces great pain, and lessens the cavity

into a strong convulsive state, which proas money, do accept the challenge of this Jumping Jack ; and shall, if he don't take

in the thorax, whereby the lungs are, in care, give him one of my bothering blows, a great measure, deprived of their liberty; which will convince him of his ignorance in and the quantity of air retained in them the art of boxing.

from the contraction of the thorax, through PATRICK HENLEY.'” the convulsive state of the diaphragm, is Here our author enters into a sort of so forcibly pushed from them, that it episode, which is, however, intimately

causes great difficulty of respiration,

which cannot be overcome till the con. connected with the action of his work. “Let us," quoth he, “now examine the vulsive motion of the diaphragm ceases.”

We could dwell with pleasure on most hurtful blows." He then continues with commendable seriousness :

such interesting matter, but to use an “ The blow under the ear is considered limits forbid. Neither have we room

expression peculiar to all writers, our as dangerous as any that is given, if it light for any criticism on the literary me, between the angle of the lower jaw and the

rits of this work. Our readers will neck, because in this part there are two kinds of blood-vessels, considerably large : understand what our opinion of it is, the one brings the blood immediately from when we say that it may be classed the heart to the head, while the other car- with Campbell's Specimens of English ries it immediately back. If a man receive Poetry. There is the same springy a blow on these vessels, the blood proceed: force" in all our author says, and as ing from the heart to the head is partly for, in reading what Mr Campbell writes ced back, whilst the other part is pushed forwards vehemently to the head. The same

on poetry, we feel that he is himself a happens in the blood returning from the poet, so in the perusal of Boxiana we head to the heart, for part of it is precipi. trace the hand of a pugilist. This is tately forced into the latter, whilst the other

as it should be and ought to be a tumultuously rushes to the head, whereby lesson to Mr Jeffrey and others not to

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