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from the copious extracts we mean to He was in the combination of his merits, borrow.

and his faults (and we can hardly distinguish There is a very pretty little preface them,)-the most remarkable man of his in which the editor has thrown to- age; and one is not at all surprised at findgether a slight sketch of the life and

ing the proud but well-judging Mademoi. character of his author. The ambas

selle de Montpensies recording among the

brilliant visions of her youth, “ cet illustre sador was of an Alsatian family, (the

Bassompierre.” original name Bessenstein, contracted

“ In 1601, happening to be at Calais, bis Bestein, and translated Bassompierre), friend, the Duke of Biron, " debauched but he entered at a very early age in- him into an excursion to England. Basto the service of Henry IV., and was sompierre got no further than London. throughout all the rest of his life a Queen Elizabeth being at the Vine, in thorough Frenchman. He had just had the pleasure of seeing her majesty

Hampshire, Biron followed her thither, and arrived in Paris to take a view of that gay capital, when some young gentle- all mounted on hackneys.” Next day he

“ hunt, attended by more than fifty ladies, men, to whom he became known, werė returned to rejoin his friend in London, and preparing to get up a ballet for the die after a further stay of three days the travel. version of Henry, who was in a con- lers returned to France-Biron to lose his valescent state at Monceaux.

life on a scaffold, and Bassompierre to risk “Bassompierre, though unintroduced and his in the field, and hardly less often in the unknown to the king, was accidentally asso- city. In the latter he encountered all the ciated in the party, and, with his gay com

adventures incident to a profligate and puncpanions, and all the equipage of their sport, tilious court, a turbulent capital, and unsetproceeded, in six coaches, to the royal pre

tled times. sence. The ballet seems to have been some- “ He passed through them all with howhat satirical. The king's indisposition was nour, and generally with safety ; in one ad. a surgical case, and the giddy troop, in the venture, however, he was not so fortunate. disguise of barber-surgeons, ventured to “. On Tuesday the 27th Feb. 1605, the amuse the good-natured monarch with his king said to the Duke of Guise, D'Enown infirmity. When the ballet was over, tragues despises us all, she is so enamoured young Bassompierre was introduced to the of Bassompierre,-I say it who know it.' king, and by him to the “ Belle Gabrielle," Sire,' answered the Duke of Guise, you Duchess of Beaufort, the hem of whose gar- have means enough to revenge yourself ; but ment he at first kissed ; but the gallant for me, I have only those of a knight-errant, Henry walked aside to afford the young and I will break three lances with him in cavalier an opportunity (as he tells us) of open lists, this very evening if your majesty kissing her in earnest.

will afford us a field.'” (Mem. i. 164.) “In short, Henry was captivated with Bas- “ The king consented—the court yard of sompierre, and Bassompierre, of course with the Louvre was immediately gravelled for Henry. This interview transformed the the tourney-the knights met—the duke's young Alsatian into a Frenchman ; and lance was shivered ; but by awkwardness or (with the exception of a campaign or two in malice he gave poor Bassompierre a most Hungary in 1603 and 1604,) the rest of his dreadful and dangerous wound with the life was passed in the service of France, in ragged stump. He was borne off the field which he obtained, besides the king's orders amidst the tears of the king and all the of knighthood, public embassies, and other spectators, and the ladies of the court crowd. minor favours, the great military offices ed with amorous anxiety to watch, with of colonel-general of the Swiss, and mar- their own eyes, the disgusting operations of shal of France.

Bassompierre believed his “He was made to prosper. His personal hurt to be mortal, and prepared to die with accomplishments, his courage, wit, gallantry, the piety and courage of a christian knight. and generosity, justified the favours he re- He recovered, however, and the constant at. ceived; but the title of a favourite, even in tendance of princesses and ladies round his those days of favouritism, he had the good bed repaid, in his opinion, his danger and sense or good fortune to escape. He was

his sufferings. treated by Henry IV. with distinction and “ But it was not the fair sex alone that with friendship; by Louis XIII. he was re- was dazzled and captivated by Bassompierre. spected, employed, and advanced ; by The old Constable de Montmorenci selected Mary of Medicis he was honoured with a the happy stranger as the husband of his confidence and esteem, softened, perhaps, only daughter, the richest and most beautiby the difference of sexes ; and Richelieu ful woman of France. This match was depaid him the still higher compliment of fear- feated by a most unexpected obstacle. Henry ing and persecuting him.

IV., though now in his fifty-seventh year, “His lot was brilliant:—the pattern of all fell madly, literally madly, in love with the the men—the passion of all the women- beautiful heiress ; and thinking his friend spending his life between the extremes of Bassompierre likely to prove an unaccommomilitary hardship and courtly pleasures.- dating husband, interfered to marry Mlic.

the surgeons.

de Montmorenci, in spite of herself and her his undiminished regard, invited himself to family, to the Prince de Condé, whom he dine with his Eminence, who accepted the expected (but he was mistaken) to find of a offer, and went into the closet ; but during more convenient temper.

his prolonged audience, most unfortun“ The king considered his conduct in ately for Bassompierre—(he swears he knew this affair as a favour and not an injury nothing of what was going on, but can we to Bassompierre. He even had the good believe him ?)—the Duke de Longueville ness to tell him that he was too much happened to pass that way, and debauchhis friend to let him marry a woman whomed the marshal to a dinner with the Duke he intended to debauch ; and so, designing of Orleans and M. de Crequi, all capital to be

enemies of the cardinal ;—who (finding the “ A little more than kin and less than kind," queen presumptuous and inexorable, and he united her to his cousin.

seeing that even his intended guest had “ Bassompierre does not seem to have abandoned him,) left his too confident enebeen sufficiently grateful for this delicate mies to dine at Paris at their leisure, distinction; he however appears to have took the bold resolution of following the consoled himself for this disappointment king to Versailles,—regained his influence by triumphs in other quarters. In the over the mind of the weak sovereign, and year 1607, he won at play, “ though dis- blasted in half an hour the long-nursed tracted from it by a thousand follies of hopes of the Dupes. In a short time he youth and love,' upwards of 500,000 livres, felt himself strong enough to exile the and the day before he was sent to the Bas- queen-mother, to annihilate the queentille he burned more than six thousand love consort, and to send Bassompierre to the letters, with which different ladies had been Bastille, where he expiated, till the car. from time to time so good as to honour dinal's death, the unlucky breach of his him. Nor was he less successful at court dinner engagement. or in war :-he was a thriving statesman “ It must be confessed that Richelieu and a victorious soldier, and appears to have had some little reason to suspect the marobtained, without effort or affectation, every shal; and the imperious priest, who af. species of glory.

terwards saw the heads even of the king's “ But, the paths of glory lead but to dearest favourites roll at his feet, probably the grave,' and often to the grave through thought that he was acting with great lenity the dungeon.

in condemning Bassompierre only to a per“ The gallant, gay, illustre Bassom- petual imprisonment. pierre passed the melancholy evening of his “ The duplicity with which the cardinal glorious day in the Bastille, a prisoner from appears to have subsequently behaved to the fifty-second to the sixty-fourth year of the marshal, by Aattering him with hopes

of his release, for ever renewed and for “ The substantial motive was his ats ever deceived,-is perhaps more disgusting tachment to the queen-mother, Mary of than the original violence; and we are Medicis, and his supposed complicity in the wonder-struck at the mixture of meanness intrigues against Richelieu ; but the im- and impudence with which Richelieu used, mediate cause, as we gather from his own for his occasional purposes, to borrow from account, is singularly trivial. He passed his victim a beautiful villa at Chaillot, upon twelve years in a dungeon because he had which Bassompierre had employed all his not kept an engagement to dinner.

taste and magnificence. While the unhap“ On that famous St. Martin's day, the py owner was languishing on a truckle bed 11th Nov. 1630, (so justly called • la Jour- within four bare walls, the cardinal would née des Dupes,') when Richelieu's enemies send to ask permission to enjoy his luxurhad shaken, and flattered themselves that ious couches and costly furniture : this was they had overthrown, his credit, and that indeed adding insult to injury. the queen-mother and the queen-consort “ His death, however, restored the priwould henceforward possess the whole pow soner to liberty; and the death of the king, er of the state ; when Louis fled to Ver- and the succession of the queen-consort to sailles to avoid the trouble of dismissing his the regency, recalled Bassompierre to the minister, and the monks of Pontoise were slippery heights of court favour. preparing the dormitory of the disgraced car. “ He was now offered the honourable dinal; in short, while the intrigue was in trust of being governor to the young king, balance, and

Louis XIV.; but age, and perhaps the

Jove, in air, severe but wholesome medicine of the BasWeigh'd the men's wits against the lady's tille, had cured him of ambition. He dehair,

clined the offer; and in about three years Bassompierre happened meet Richelieu followed his persecutor to the place • where going into the Luxembourg to make one the wicked cease to trouble, and where the final attempt to reconcile himself with the weary are at rest.' He died of an apoqueen-mother. • Ah,' said his eminence, plexy at the house of his friend, the Duke

you care little about a poor disgraced fel- of Vitry, in Champaigne, on the 12th April, low like me.' The honest Bassompierre 1646. was stung at the reproach, and, in token of As there is no attempt at connexion

his age

in the notes which form the valuable the Court of Paris. The note informs part of this volume, we shall make us, that none in our extracts from them. We “ When Richelieu wished to reconcile merely wish to give our readers an himself with the queen, he recalled de Jars, idea of their contents. In comment- Madame de Chevreuse, and others of her ing on some accidental delay which friends: but on their return, their own occurred in the Ambassador's journey occasioned their disgrace. De Jars was put

cabals or the jealousy of the minister again through Picardy towards Calais, he into the Bastile,

and only removed from it takes occasion to say

to be tried for his life at Tours. In passing “ There is reason to think that travelling through the court of the Bastile he saw his was, on the whole, nearly as expeditious old friend Bassompierre, and some other then in France as it is now. Bassom- prisoners of state, and he called out to bid pierre tells us, in another part of his Me- them farewell, and to assure them, that, moirs, that he and four friends went in a whatever should become of him, he would coach from Paris to Rouen in one day (be. be true to his friends and to himself.' He tween seventy and eighty miles); but this is conducted himself, during his trial, with mentioned as remarkable, and will be so at great firmness : but he was condemned to this day with such a coach ; and it is not death, upon an engagement from Richelieu easy to accomplish it even with one of our to the judges that the sentence should not modern coaches.

be carried into effect : he was, however, “ In England there can be little doubt brought out on the scaffold ; and, just as that he travelled with private horses, and he had laid his head on the block, his par. this will account for the slowness of his don was announced. It was observed, that progress : travelling post in carriages was he remained a long time stupified, without not then the practice; though, in riding the power of speaking, or the appearance of post, our ancestors did feats which we can. feeling. He was then banished into Italy; not rival.

but, after the death of Richelieu and of “ Sir Robert Cary, afterwards Earl of

Louis XIII. Anne of Austria, now regent, Monmouth, tells us himself, that when he recalled him, and he was one of the princicarried the account of Queen Elizabeth's pal gentlemen of her private society. death to King James in Scotland, he rode “ This pardon on the scaffold reminds from London to Edinburgh, 400 miles, in me of another remarkable one of the same about 60 hours, a wonderful instance of ce- period. Warrants were sent down into Lerity, even without considering his stops at Hampshire, in December 1604, for the exDoncaster and Witherington (which latter, ecutions of Lords Cobham and Grey, who particularly, must have been of some hours), were concerned in what is called Raleigh's and a bad fall which he had at Norham.- plot. There seems to have been a great But even this is outdone by a worthy, of deal of mysterious and cruel juggle in the whom we read in Stow, who performed treatment of those unhappy noblemen at that 144 miles by land, and two voyages by sea,

dreadful moment. They were brought forth, of about twenty-two miles each, in seventeen and remanded, and brought forth again, in hours. For so wonderful a story, I am in

short, their agony was strangely protract. clined to let the honest chronicler vouch in ed, they however passed through this ordeal his own words.

with credit : Cobham particularly, who was a “ • Saturday, the seaventeenth day of strange compound of knave and fool. It July, 1619, Bernard Calvert, of Andover, was expected that his behaviour on the scafa about three a clock in the morning, towke

fold would afford only matière pour rire, horse at Saint Georges Church in South- to use the unfeeling phrase of Carleton ; but warke, and came to Dover about seaven of he behaved wit such clear and collected the clocke the same morning, where a barge, courage, as to force from the same person with eight oares, formerly sent from Lon- the remarkable expression of its being don thither, attended his suddaine com- easier to die well than to live well. They ming: he instantly towke barge, and went looked, Carelton adds, strange upon one to Callice, and in the same barge returned another, like men beheaded, and met again back to Dover, about three of the clocke in the other world."" (Hardwicke's State the same day, where, as well there as in Papers, i. 391.) divers other places, he had layed sundry An equally casual notice of the second swift horses, besides guides; he rode back Earl of Salisbury is made to apologize from thence to S. George's Church in South for the introduction of the following warke the same evening, a little after eight anecdote of his more illustrious father, a clock, fresh and lusty.' (Stow, 1032.) “ All our modern match-riders must

the grandson of Thomas Lord Burhide their diminished heads."

leigh, and Secretary of Elizabeth.

“ Sir Robert Cecil served the Queen with Among the first persons who wait

ability and fidelity ; but he had also an upon Bassompierre after his arrival in eye to the rising sun, and was in correLondon, is the Chevalier de Jars, a spondence with James during the latter French nobleman then in disgrace at years of his reign. Next to, or perhaps even before, her personal vanity, Elizabeth's consequence to persons of their tempers, for ruling passion was jealousy of her successor ; he had three wives, as she, at last, had three and it she had suspected Cecil of tamper, husbands; and it is odd that they seemed ing with James, it may well be supposed carefully to reverse the gradations of rank that she would have wreaked her violent in- in their respective and successive spouses.dignation upon him. He had, on one oc- She began with a merchant, rose to an earl, casion, a very narrow escape while riding and finished with a duke of royal blood. in the Queen's coach, (an indulgence to the He began with a daughter of a duke of royal ease of her latter years) on Blackheath; the blood (Lady Catharine Grey,) next married post from Scotland passed, and the Queen, the daughter of an earl (Nottingham,) and always anxious on the subject of Scotland, finally descended to the merchant's widow. commanded the Secretary to stop him, and But neither the number or rank of her husopen the despatches in her presence. Cecil's bands seemed to have satisfied this aspiring presence of mind saved him; he gained dame, for. Wilson tells us, amongst other some time by sending for a knife to cut curious anecdotes of her, that she looked to open the cord that tied the despatches, and another and a greater. * For, finding the this gave him time to recollect that the king (James) a widower, she vowed, after Queen hated ill-smells, and feared conta. so great a prince as Richmond, never to be gion, even more than she loved Scotch blown with kisses, or eat at the table of a news ; he affected to perceive an unsavoury subject ; and this vow must be spread a. smell, which induced her Highness to or broad that the king may notice the bravery der him and the tainted despatches out of of her spirit; but this bait would not catch her sight.

the old king, and she, to make good her re“ He was the inventor of the scheme of solution, speciously observed her vow to the raising money by the creation of baronets, last.' (258.) A curious incident in her a cheupening of honours much improved history remains to be told. After Prannell's upon in the beginning of Charles's reign ; death a young, beautiful, and childless when, by proclamation, every gentleman of widow-she attracted the affection of Sir £40 a year was called in to be knighted. George Rodney, a gentleman of the west, This arbitrary • buckling of honour on folk's who had some encouragement and hopes of backs' reminds me of the pleasantry of succeeding in his suit; but he, it seems, Admiral Payne, who, in our own times, was not exalted enough for such a proud when someone told him he was to be spirit, and she, on the first summons, jilted knighted, exclaimed, with affected indigna- the knight, and surrendered to the Earl of tion, no, no, by G-, not without a court Hertford, who took her down to Amesbury, martial.'

in Wiltshire. Thither Rodney followed “ Up to James's reign there was but one them, and shutting himself up in a room secretary of state ; but, on the resignation of an inn in the town, wrote a large paper (Aul. Coq. says the death of Cecil, Earl of of well-composed verse in his own blood, Salisbury), there were two created, as if no addressed to the new countess : wherein he one man could supply the place of that bewails his loss, and laments his misfortunes. able minister. This reminds me of the pro- Having finished this melancholy elegy, he motion of eight marshals of France, on the ran himself upon his sword, and died on death of Turenne ; a great compliment to the spot! She was not of a temper to be his memory, which Madame de Cornuel much affected with this catastrophe. She pleasantly explained by calling the eight died in 1679.” new marshals . change for M. de Turenne.'” In regard to the singular subject of

One of the longest notes refer to Buckingham's passion for the French Frances Howard, daughter of Lord queen, various curious particulars are Bindon, and widow of Lodowick, scattered over the volume. The folDuke of Lennox. She was a woman lowing is by far the longest note on of great intrigue, and the Ambassador this theme: had found it convenient to secure her

“ It is, however, impossible to doubt good word by paying her a visit. that Buckingham had the audacity to en

“She was the widow, first, of a Mr Pran- tertain, and even to avow, improper senti. nell a citizen, secondly, of Edward Earl of ments of tenderness towards the French Hertford, and now of the Duke of Lennox, queen; for Madame de Motteville, the a kinsman of the king's. Though her first creature and apologist of Anne of Austria, match was so humble, she was a vain, am- plainly admits the existence of this imperbitious woman. " While Countess of Hert- tinent passion. Every one knows, that, ford she was fond of discoursing very loftily during the stay of the prince and Buckingabout her grandfathers, the Dukes of Nor. ham in France, on their return out of Spain, folk and Buckingham ; but if her husband the behaviour of the latter towards Anne happened to come in he would bring her of Austria was so bold and offensive as to down from these noble flights, with asking, give umbrage to Louis XIII.; and after Frank, Frank, how long is it since you were they had proceeded on their way home, married to Prannell ?!"( Wilson, 259.) The Chastened away by the jealousy of the Indelicacy of the reproof was but of little French court,) Buckingham had the roVol. V.

2 N


mantic and almost incredible audacity to an additional proof of the similarity which steal back, (leaving the prince on the road,) has existed between the course of public and make his way in secret, and at an un events and the progress of manners in Engdue hour, even into the bed-chamber of the land and France, that the system of favouritqueen, whence, after a scene of intreaties, ism—which so scandalously prevailed in the tears, and vows, (pennitted, accepted, but, reign of James I. and was a fatal legacy to as it would seem, not requited), the amo his successor—-reigned in France at the rous duke again took post, and made the same period, with similar scandal, though best of his way back to join his royal and not with such immediately fatal results. patient fellow-traveller.

The character and circumstances of Louis “ The duke's vexation at his dismissal XIII. and James I. had several points of was so great, that he was heard to declare resemblance-both the children of assassithat he would come to France again in spite nated sovereigns, they both succeeded great of the jealous husband ; which, however, princes whose capacity and glory only neither as friend nor foe was he able to ac threw their successors into a deeper shade; complish.

both well meaning and well informed, « There was here foundation enough for lovers of peace, and little prone to gallantry malice to trace the French war to the per- themselves, they were governed by a sucsonal resentment of Buckingham; but, cession of favourites, loose, profligate, tur(though, perhaps, this may have sharpened bulent, and daring, who had no other rehis enmity), with so much evidence of other commendation to favour than youth and sufficient causes of difference between the beauty, and hardly any other qualifications two courts, it would be going too far to ad- than expertness in hunting, and such sports mit this folly as the primum mobile of the and pastimes ; and Luynes, and St Simon,

and Cinq-Mars, might form the parallels in “ That the death of Louis and Buck a modern Plutarch, of Montgomery, Soingham should have rendered this subject merset, and Buckingham. Happy it might less delicate, I can well understand ; but have been for Charles, though perhaps not he is not prepared to find it treated so for the liberties of England, if the longer boldly, so publicly, and so lightly, as we life of Cecil, or the earlier influence of learn from a passage of Madame de Motte. Strafford, had afforded a fellow for Richeville's Memoirs that it was.

lieu. Like causes produced like effects. “ The queen mother, happening one day The two monarchs left to their children to meet Voiture, musing in the garden at dissensions with their parliaments, and their Ruel, asked him what he was thinking of; kingdoms in a state of ferment, which soon to which the wit immediately replied, .in burst into open rebellion : and twenty years the following bold and agreeable verses, at of civil war and anarchy desolated the which the queen was not at all offended; neighbouring nations. The vigour of the and she thought them so pretty, that she English character the consistency which kept them for a long time after in her cabi. the British constitution had already taken nei.' Memoires de Motteville, 1, 231. -the lights and rights of self-judgment, “ Je pensois que la destinée,

which the Reformation had introduced ; Après tant d'injustes malheurs,

and perhaps the comparative narrowness of Vous a justement couronnée

the stage on which the scene was acted, De gloire, d'éclat, et d'honneurs : brought the affairs of the English monarchy Mais que vous étiez plus heureuse, to an earlier crisis : but what was deferred Lorsque vous étiez autrefois,

was not lost. Circumstances peculiar to Je ne veux pas dire amoureuse, France, and the vigorous and magnificent La rime le veut toutefois.

character of Louis XIV., turned the enerJe pensois ;-car nous autres Poëtes gies of his subjects into a new direction.Nous pensons extravagamment,

But the seeds of change were sown in Ce que dans l'humeur où vous êtes, France : and it is not too much to say, that Vous feriez, si dans ce moment

the recollections of the Fronde had some Vous avisiez en cette place

influence on the quarrels of Louis XV. Venir le Duc de Bokingham ?

with his parliaments, and that the endeaEt lequel seroit en disgrace

vours of the latter to exercise and to extend De lui ou du Pere Vincent !

their constitutional rights, led eventually,

the catasLe Pere Vincent, over whom Voiture though unintentionally, to supposed the duke would gain so easy a

trophe of Louis XVI., and completed the victory, was the queen's confessor."

unhappy comparison which I have endeaThere are, however, many notes of youred, perhaps too fancifully, to sketch.

The time consumed in their progress was a much more serious character than these-one we shall venture to quote and the results, have a striking similarity,

different ; but the beginnings, the means, (in spite of the length to which our One word more. Our restoration was, extracts have already extended,) be- through the folly of James, followed by cause we are sure our readers will adanother revolution. Is it not to be appremire it as much as we ourselves do. hended that France will complete the pa“ One cannot but remark, however, as

rallel even to its fast stage ?"

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