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28. At his house in New-street, Edinburgh, in 11. At Edinburgh, Miss Ann Lundin, daughter of the 85th year of his age, Mr James Lea, dentist. the late Andrew Lundin, Esq. of Strathairly.

- Mrs Blair of Garroch, relict of David Blair, - At Carron Vale, Mrs Carnie, relict of Thomas Est. late Provost of Dumfries.

Carnie, Esq. of Herbertshire Printfield. - At London, Mr Alexander Alison, surgeon, - At Tain, Mr Thomas Suter, sheriff-clerk of younger son of Colin Alison, Esq. writer, Montrose. Ross, aged 61.

- Åt Port-Glasgow, in his 81st year, David Beat- 12. At Edinburgh, Thomas Fairbairn, vintner ton, Esq. late tanner there. Having no family, and stabler, New Town. Mr Beation, and his wife, in the year 1805, execut- 13. At Stonehouse, near Edinburgh, Mr John ed a joint will, bequeathing, after the payment of Fleming, late of the North Back of Canongate, some small legacies, their whole property for the aged 81. erection and endowment of a charity school in - At Greenend, near Edinburgh, the Rev. John Port-Glasgow. Mrs Beatton died some years ago, Clunie, minister of Borthwick. and her husband, in conformity to their agreement, 16. At Portobello, in the 62d year of his age, and erected, in 1815, a school to be conducted on the 40th of his ministry, the Rev. Thomas Thomson, Lancastrian plan, and vested its management in a minister of the Relief Church, James'-place, Edincommittee, consisting of nine of the inhabitants, burgh. parish minister, magistrate, and town clerk, er 17. At Edinburgh, Mrs Margaret Sinclair, relict officio. By this well direeted act of individual ge- of the late Patrick Honyman, Esq. of Græmsay, nerosity, upwards of 100 poor children enjoy the aged 74. important advantages of being. taught reading, 18. At his house in Duke-street, Edinburgh, writing, arithmetic, and the principles of Chris

Alexander Pitcairn, Esq. tianity.

- At Auchterarder, Mrs Janet Stirling, wife of 29. Mr Robert Bevin, of the Customs, Leith, Mr William Hutchison, schoolmaster there. eldest son of the late Captain-Adjutant Henry Be- - Mrs Cutlar, widow of the late John Cutlar, vin, of the Dumfries militia.

Esq. of Argrennan. - At Pathstruie manse, the Rev. John Macara, - At Moss-side, Mrs Ann Tennent, relict of the minister of the gospel at Pathstruie, Perthshire, in late deceased Alexander Russell, Esq. of Moss-side. the 720 year of his age, and 31th of his minis- 19. At Stirling, Mrs Isabella Aird, widow of the try.

deceased Dr John Aird, physician; and on the same - At her house in Weymouth-street, London, in day, her nephew, David Doig, only child of Dr the 66th year of her age, Ann, Dowager Marchio- Patrick Doig, physician in Stirling. ness Townshead, of Ramham-Hall, in the county In Glasgow Barracks, Mrs Lowrey, wife of of Norfolk.

Captain Lowrey, 40th regiment. 31. At North Berwick, the Dowager Lady Ha- - At Edinburgh, Mr Adam Wilson, many years milton Dalrymple.

session-clerk of the city. - At Dundee, Miss Violet Ogilvy, youngest - At Edinburgh, the Right Hon. Lord Webb daughter of the late Sir John Ogilvy Bart. of In- Seymour, son of his Grace Webb, late Duke of sovercarity.

merset. His Lordship's remains were on Saturday April 1. At the manse of St Mungo, of a few interred in the Chapel-Royal, Holyroodhouse. hours' illness, Robert C. F. Mohs, infant son of His Grace, the present Duke of Somerset, was chief the Rev. Andrew Jameson.

mourner. - At Paris, the Right Honourable Charles Phi- - At Edinburgh, Mrs John Fergusson, of Troch lip Sanhope, Lord Dormer, of Wenge-castle, in raigue. the county of Buckingham, Grove-Park, in the 20. At Edinburgh, Margaret, infant daughter of county of Warwick, and Petersly-castle, in the Mr Ogilvy accountant. county of Southampton, a Roman Catholic Peer, - Åt Edinburgh, James Kay, printer, aged 67. and brother in-law to the Earl of Shrewsbury. The 28. At Carlisle, Mrs Paley, widow of the Rev. title and immense domains devolve to his brother, William Paley, D.D. the Honourable S. Dormer, a Catholic, and son-in- Lately. At Hoxton-square, London, after a long, law to the Marquis of Lothian.

and painful illness, Edith, wife of Francis Law of 2. At Edinburgh, Mr Richmond Gardiner Mar- Laurieston, Esq. in the county of Mid-Lothian. tin, printer, aged 65.

At Hastings, Colonel Herries. This gentleman - At Edinburgh, Anna Louisa Livington, in- has commanded the light horse volunteers near 40 fant daughter of John Campbell, Esq. of Achalader. years. Out of respect to their commander, the re

3. At his father's house, George-street, Edin- giment determined to bury him in Westminster burgh, Joseph Hume, Esq. advocate.

Abbey, with military honours, and to erect a moAt Aberdeen, Major Gordon, of the late West nument to his memory. India regiment.

Cæsar Colclouch Armett, Esq. Major in his MaAt Edinburgh, Margaret Penelope, infant jesty's 35th regiment of foot, and a lieutenantdaughter of William Robertson, Esq. Great King- colonel in the army. He accompanied his regiment, street.

in which he served upwards of twenty years, to - At Edinburgh William Knox, second son of Egypt, Sicily, France, and the Greek Islands, the Rev. John Johnston.

where he remained a considerable time, and was 5. At Middlebie, the Rev. William Hunter, mi- present at several engagements with that distinnister of that parish.

guished corps. His regiment being under orders - Jane, youngest daughter of Mr Graham, ree for Canada, he, with his wife and four children, tor of the grammar school of Haddington.

embarked on board the packet from Bristol to Cork 6. At Easter Balgarvie, near Cupar-Fife, aged 73, which unhappily foundered in a gale of wind, and Mr John Lawrie, farmer there.

thus, at the early age of 36 years, his country is de- Mr George Thomson, farmer, Rosyth. prived of a brave soldier, and society of six re 7. At Edinburgh, Alexander Robert Peterkin, spected and amiable individuals. of Grange and Grieveshop, eldest son of the late A few days ag', Lieutenant-colonel David RoJames Peterkin, Esq. of Grange. - At Glasgow, Miss Mary Ann, second daughter 51st regiment of infantry, in his 63d year, at Havre

berts, formerly of the life guards, but last of the of Mr John Davidson, Cassieford, near Forres. de-Grace, in Normandy, whither he had retired in

Marjory, second daughter of Mr John Mit- the hope of recruiting his health, shattered as was chell, Pitt-street, aged 18.

his frame by a long life of the severest military 8. At her house in George-square, Edinburgh, duty in various parts of the world, and by the many Mrs Mary Don, widow of the late Francis Scott, and dangerous hurts he had received in actual serEsq.

vice. At Carwath-house, Norman, youngest son of At Peckham, Mrs Blackwood, relict of Shovel Norman Lockhart, Esq. 10. At his house in Kiaitland-street, Edinburgh,

Blackwood, Esq. of Petreavie.

At Dumfries, Mary Ann, second daughter of the Dr Peter Wright.

late William Carruthers, Esq. of Dormont. - At Cortachy Castle, in the 86th year of his At London, John Weir, Esq. late director-geneage, the Right Hon. Walter Earl of Airly.

ral of the army medical department. 11. At his house, Somerville's close, Canongate, At Jamaica, Mr William Grant, third son of the Mr David Henderson, aged 87 vars.

Rev. William Grant, Sandy, Orkney.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers.



JUNE 1819.




From the edition of Dr Wats, entitled, “ Matthæi Paris Monachi Albanensis Angli

Historia Major. Juxta exemplar Londinense, 1571, verbatim recusa. Et cum Rogeri Vendoveri, Willielmi Rishangeri, Authorisque Majori minorique Historiis Chronicisque MSS. In Bibliotheca Regia Coll. Corp. Christ. Cantab. Cottoniaque fideliter collate. Huic primam editioni accesserunt duorum Offarum Merciorum Regum, et viginti trium Abbatum S. Albani Vitæ; cum Libro Additamentorum per eundem authorem. Editore Willielmo Wats, S.T.D. Qui et variantes Lectiones, Adversaria, vocumque barba. rarum Glossarium, adjecit ; simul cum Rerum, Nominumque, Indicibus locupletissimis.

Londini, 1640.” Tax whole of this history goes under casually introduced. From these it the name of Matthew Paris, beginning appears that he was an Englishman by from the conquest, and passing slightly birth, (notwithstanding his surname, over the transactions of the first Nor. Paris, or Parisiensis, which may pose man reigns; but dwelling much more sibly have reference to the place of his particularly on those of the reign of education), that he professed as monk John, and with great minuteness on of St Alban's on the 21st of January the most important events of the reign 1217-that he was nominated on ac of Henry III. to the year 1259, about count of his reputation for wisdom and which period the author died. From sanctity, to the Norwegian mission, in1259 to the end of the long reign of stituted by Pope Innocent in 1240, for Henry, A.D. 1273, the history is con- the reform of monastic discipline in tinued in a very dry and concise man- that kingdom and that he was held ner, by another monk of the same con- in such high esteem by the sovereigns vent, called William Rishanger. both of England and France, that the

But by far the longer period, ale former frequently required his attend though not the larger portion of the ance, and even assisted him in the work, consists in little more than an progress of his work, and that the latenlarged edition of the chronicle of ter (St Louis) sent him instructions Roger Wendover, who was also a monk as his ambassador at the court of Haco, of St Albans, and some time prior of king of Norway, on occasion of his the cell of Belvoir, belonging to that coronation. monastery, and was the predecessor of His style is regarded by Wats as Matthew Paris, in the office of his- more pure than that of any other ancient toriographer. The labours of this last chronicler, excepting William of Malmentioned historian extend to the year mesbury, Newbrigensis, and Eadmer. 1235, so that the history of the 24 “ Si Willielmos, Malmesburiensem years, from that period to 1259, ap- Neubrigensemque, atque Eadmerium pears to be all that properly belongs to excipias, omnium historiographorum Matthew Paris as an original author. nostratium antiquiorum latinissimus But this period comprehends more than (imo Coryphæus facile que princeps,) half of the whole work.

merito est censendus." Theeditor warns Of Matthew Paris himself nothing his readers, indeed, not to expect from is known, except from the passages of him all the Ciceronian accuracy which his history, in which his own name is is required in Latin authors of these

Vol. V.


more polished days, and entreats the as the “ Historia Major" of Matthew severer critics to pardon “ quod tur. Paris; and as we think that a translagidius aliquoties intumeseat, et post tion of it would meet with encourageunam alteramve periodam, languidulè ment from an age so generally and lauet sibi jam factus inæqualis, stylum dably inquisitive as the present, we demittat : immò, et quòd dictio ejus hope that Englishmen will not long stribiliginem ætatis semibarbara ali- rest satisfied with taking the ancient quoties oleat ;” these occasional vices, history of their country upon trust he adds, it is more candid to attribute from compilations and abridgments, to the age than to the writer.

the accuracy of which is equally various But in points of higher importance, and uncertain. of much greater value at least when considered as recommending an English translation, he deserves more un

Prologue. qualified praise. “Ast utcunque erat Being about to discourse concerning hic noster in sententiis, in sensu tamen Chronography, that is to say, the denon adeò hebetem fuisse observabis; scription of times, we shall, in the immo potiùs aciebus cuspideque trucem first place, make answer to invidious satis atque preacutum in omni ferè pa- . detractors, and such as esteem our lagina experti sunt alii. Omnes enim bour vain, and afterwards to the besecat, universos pungit ; et si nulli nevolent readers, and such as expect omninò mortalium aut parcere, aut even demand it, at our hands, we condonare, rigidissimè sibi proposu- shall briefly open and set forth the isset. Non episcopis, scilicet, non cause of events, in this our prologue. magnatibus, non Regibus, non Impe- The detractors say, " To what purratoribus ; immò nec ipsi Papæ, aut pose is it, to exhibit the lives and Abbati proprio. Ast tanquam furio- deaths of men, and the divers accidents sus quispiam in quadriviis, ex quâcun. of the world, and to perpetuate in que plaga viator supervenerit, Tros sit writing the wonders of times past.” Tyriusue, hospes an hostis, si illis non Let these know what the philosopher placuerit, fagris misellam adoritur, will tell them. All men naturally delorisque malè multatum procul arcet sire knowledge. Man without learnabigitque.”

ing, and the remembrance of things From this freedom of reflection and gone by, sinks into brutal stupidity, censure, so remarkable in that age, and and his life is to be esteemed the sea which is hardly to be found in any pulture of the living man. Moreover, other early historian in near an equal if you despise the memory of the dedegree, Matthew Paris has been an parted and those of other days, who author peculiarly obnoxious to all the will be mindful of you ? . It is an imecclesiastical writers of Rome; but if precation used by the psalmist ; " let they had considered that the same ho. his memory perish from the earth;" nest and independent spirit which his also is the blessing of adoption, urged him to condemn, in language “ the righteous shall be held in everthe most open and unqualified, the ex- lasting remembrance.”—Therefore, to tortions and violence of the Papal See, shun the steps of the ungodly, and to induced him at the same time to spare follow closely after those of the rightneither the ambition of the barons, nor eous, whose actions are described by the folly and imbecility of the Eng- us, herein consisteth the fruit of lish court, (although the king was his science ; herein is the mirrour of man's own peculiar patron,) when the in- 'estate. For this end (among others) terests of truth and justice seemed to Moses, the lawgiver of the old coverequire his censure, they would have nant, doth make manifest, and strive viewed in him, a severe, no doubt, but to perpetuate by his writings the inan impartial judge, a man of stern and nocency of Abel, the envy of Cain, the inflexible temper perhaps, but a sincere subtlety of Jacob, the carelessness of lover of his country, and firmly at- Esau, the simplicity of Job, the matached to the real interests of religion lice of the eleven sons of Israel, the and morality.

goodness of his twelfth son, that is to Upon the whole, there is certainly say, Joseph, the punishment of the not one of our ancient chronicles which five cities, the repentance of the Ninedeserves, on so many accounts, to be vites; for this end, that we may imimore generally read and appreciated, tate the good, and ablor the paths of

the wicked. Striving for the same ignominy, having castrated their horses. end, the holy evangelists, and Fathers The duke, deservedly provoked by this of the church, Josephus the Hebrew insult, excited the king of France, tohistorian, Cyprian the bishop and gether with all his neighbours, relamartyr, Eusebius of Cæsarea, Jerome tions, and friends, to avenge him on the priest, Sulpitius, Severus, Fortu. the aggressor ; and so, by the help of natus, Bede the venerable Presbyter, God, as will shortly be made appear, and Prosper of Aquitain, have written he ultimately crushed his enemy, and the acts of God and of the men of old. effected the conquest of the whole So, to pass to the moderns, Marianus kingdom. Scotus, monk of Fulda, and Sigibert, monk of Gemblay, and some others of sound minds, have published true

Account of the Battle of Hastings. chronicles. And here do we begin In the year of grace 1066, the pacific our chronicles of the English people, King Edward, the glory of England, from William, duke of the Normans, King Ethelred's son, having reigned who, provoked by Harold, the faith- four-and-twenty years, on the eve of the less and perjured king of England, Lord's Epiphany, being the fifth day drove him from the throne of his kings of the week, exchanged his temporal dom in recompence for his violation of for an eternal kingdom. The next day treaty; the cause of which action I he was buried at London in the church, now proceed briefly to set forth. which he built himself, by a new mode

This same Harold, while he was yet of composition, from which many afyoung, and aspiring to the crown of terwards took example, and emulated England, being on a voyage of plea- that work by many expensive estabsure, was driven, against his will, by lishments. With this monarch ended a violent tempest, to the coast of Pon- the line of the kings of England, which thieu, when he believed himself to had continued 571 years, from Cerdic, have reached Flanders ; and being the first king of the West Saxons, unmade prisoner there, was presented by interrupted, except by a few Danish the Earl of Ponthieu to William, Duke sovereigns, who were permitted to of Normandy. He then asserted, that reign for the sins of the English nahe had purposely come over to Nor- tion. After the death of this most mandy, in order to form a secret con- holy king, the nobles of the realm federacy with the duke, and receive were uncertain whom to place for king his daughter in marriage, which he over them. Some favoured the Norman swore, upon several reliques of saints, duke, some Earl Harold, the son of to perform within a certain limited pe- Godwin, others again Edgar, the son riod. He was thereupon received with of Edward, and grandson of Edmund so much the more honour, as his visit Ironside, to whom the kingdom of had been so secretly made; for before right belonged; but Harold, a crafty this they were enemies to each other. and discerning man, understanding He swore moreover, that after the that " nocuit semper differre paratis" death of King Edward, who was al- did, on the Epiphany, (the very day ready old, and without children, he on which the deceased king was buwould faithfully keep the kingdom for ried,) having extorted the fealty of the the duke, as having right thereto. Af- nobles, and placed on his own head ter many days spent in great festivity, the crown, without any authority from Harold returned to England, laden the church whatever, add to all his with choice gifts ; but no sooner was former acts of injustice that of assumhe safe on shore, than he boasted of ing the kingdom ; and by so doing having escaped the snares of the ene made Pope Alexander, and all the premy, making no account of his false- lates of the English church his enehood. The time being come and pass- mies. Soon afterwards he conquered ed, within which all his promises ought Harold, king of Norway, who invaded to have been fulfilled, the duke sent England with a thousand ships, and to him fit messengers to learn the cause was so elated with his victory that he of his neglect in performing them, to became an oppressor of his own people, whom Harold perfidiously and proudly and being thus converted from a king denied all that has been above men to a tyrant, he thought nothing about tioned, and then sent them back with the agreement between himself and the

Duke of Normandy, though confirmed his nobles at Lislebonne, and den by oath. His security, was further manded the opinions of each respectstrengthened by the death of the duke's ing the business ; and seeing that all daughter, whom he had espoused while present exhorted him to the entere within the marriageable age; and have prise with great promises of assistance, ing moreover heard, that the duke he dismissed them, with notice to himself was entangled in wars with all meet him again, with their horses and the neighbouring princes, he flattered arms, at Port Śt Valeri, the ensuing himself with hopes that his menaces August. At the appointed time they could never take effect. He therefore all were there, but the wind was una asserted, that his oath, taken under favourable to their voyage; where circumstances of necessity, was not upon the duke commanded the body binding, especially inasmuch as it was of Saint Valeri to be brought out of not in his power to give away the doors, and placed in the open air, to crown while Edward was still alive, obtain a prosperous gale, and the without his participation.

But Harold wished-for wind immediately filled thought one thing and William ano, their sails. Then all who were prether. For he, as soon as he heard sent embarked in the afternoon, and, that Harold was invested with the after a very quick passage, landed on diadem, sent messengers again to re the opposite shore at Hastings. Duke proach him gently for his breach of William stumbled in alighting from faith, adding, that within the year he his ship, which a soldier standing by would exact payment of the debt. converted into a good omen, saying, Harold, on the other hand, returned Oh, duke, soon to be king, you excuses by the same messengers, who, now take possession of England. on their arrival in Normandy, address. The duke, on landing, prohibited his ed the duke in these words," Harold, soldiers to pillage, saying, it behoved king of England, sends word to you, them to reverence what was shortly that truly he swore the kingdom of to be his own. Thus, for fifteen days England to you when he espoused together he remained idle, appearing your daughter in Normandy, being to think of nothing less than war. compelled by necessity ; but on the However he caused a small fortress to other hand he asserts, that a compul- be constructed on the spot in the sory oath is not binding. For if a vow, interim. Meanwhile Harold, having or an oath taken by a virgin concerne heard, on his return from the war ing the disposal of herself, while un with the Norwegians, of the arrival of der her father's roof, even though William, proceeded to Hastings with knowingly taken, so it be without the a very small army; for, except his consent

of her parents, may be made hired soldiers, he had so few of the void, much more ought the oath which militia of the kingdom with him, he took while under allegiance to his that he would have been easily crusha sovereign, without that sovereign's ed by the invaders. However, he knowledge, and by compulsion, to be sent messengers before him to take of no effect. He moreover affirms, some account of the force of the enethat it was too presumptuous of him my; and these men being brought to swear to you the inheritance which before the duke, were conducted by was not his own without the consent him all round his camp, and, after of the people ; and he adds, that it is being amply feasted, sent back to unjust to require him to abandon a Harold without injury. When Hathrone which he has assumed with the rold saw them, he asked what report favour of all the chief men of the na- they had to make; whereupon they tion."

related to him at length the magnifiThe duke received this message cent confidence with which they had with great indignation; but unwilling been received, but added seriously, to injure a just cause by precipitation, that all the soldiers in his army aphe despatched messengers to the pope, peared to be priests, for that they in order to strengthen it by the apostolic were shaven both on the upper and authority. The pope, therefore, have under lip. The king laughed at their ing considered the rights of both pare folly, and told them, that those men ties, sent to William a standard in were not indeed priests, but soldiers, token of sovereignty, which having valiant in mind, and unconquered in received, he convened an assembly of war. Upon this, Gurth, brother to

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