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enquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences; and finally being found guilty, by just judgement be deposed.


XXVII. Of Baptism.
APTISM is not only a sign of profession, and mark of differ-

, a ence, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not christened, but it is also a sign of Regeneration or new Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church; the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed; Faith is confirmed, and Grace increased by virtue of prayer unto God. The Baptism of young Children is in any wise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Christ.

XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper.

THE Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the love that Chris

tians ought to rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death: insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith, receive the same, the Bread which we break is a partaking of the Body of Christ; and likewise the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of Christ.

Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions.

The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, in the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the Body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper is Faith.

The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped.

XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat not the Body of Christ in the

use of the Lord's Supper. THE Wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith, although they

do carnally and visibly press with their teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ, yet in no wise are they partakers of Christ: but rather, to their condemnation, do eat and drink the sign or Sacrament of so great a thing.

XXX. of both kinds. THE Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay-people: for

both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Christ's ordinance and commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike.

XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the Cross. TH THE Offering of Christ once made is that perfect redemption,

propitiation, and satisfaction, for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacrifices of Masses, in the which it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.

XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.

Law, either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage: therefore it is lawful also for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness.

XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to be avoided. THAT person, which by open denunciation of the Church is


rightly cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath authority thereunto.

XXXIV. of the Traditions of the Church. T is not necessary that Traditions and Ceremonies be in all places

one, or utterly like; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed according to the diversities of countries, times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever through his private judgement, willingly and purposely, doth openly break the traditions and ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly, (that others may fear to do the like,) as he that offendeth against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the authority of the Ma gistrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.

Every particular or national Church hath authority to ordain, change, and abolish, ceremonies or rites of the Church ordained only by man's authority, so that all things be done to edifying.

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XXXV. Of Homilics. VHE second Book of Homilies, the several titles whereof we have

joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may be understanded of the people.

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OF THE NAMES OF THE HOMILIES. 1 OF the right Use of the 10 of the reverend estimation of Church.

God's Word. 2 Against peril of Idolatry. 11 Of Alms-doing. 3 of the repairing and keeping 12 of the Nativity of Christ. clean of Churches.

13 Of the Passion of Christ. 4 Of good Works : first of Fasting. 14 of the Resurrection of Christ. 5 Against Gluttony and Drunken. 15 Of the worthy receiving of the

Sacrament of the Body and 6 Against Ercess of Apparel.

Blood of Christ. 7 Of Prayer.

16 Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. 8 of the Place and Time of 17 For the Rogation-days. . Prayer.

18 Of the state of Matrimony. 9 That Common Prayers and Sa- 19 Of Repentance.

craments ought to be minister- 20 Against Idleness. .ed in a known tongue.

21 Against Rebellion. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and Ministers. THE Book of Consecration of Archbishops and Bishops, and

Ordering of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth, and confirmed at the same time by authority of Parliament, doth contain all things necessary to such Consecration and Ordering: neither hath it any thing, that of itself is superstitious and ungodly. And therefore whosoever are consecrated or ordered according to the Rites of that Book, since the second year of the forenamed King Edward unto this time, or hereafter shall be consecrated or ordered according to the same Rites; we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consecrated and ordered.

XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. THE Queen's Majesty hath the chief power in this Realm of

England, and other her Dominions, unto whom the chief Government of all Estates of this Realm, whether they be Ecclesiastical or Civil, in all causes doth appertain, and is not, nor ought to be, subject to any foreign Jurisdiction.

Where we attribute to the Queen's Majesty the chief government, by which Titles we understand the minds of some slanderous folks to be offended; we give not to our Princes the ministering either of God's Word, or of the Sacraments, the which thing the Injunctions also lately set forth by Elizabeth our Queen do most plainly testify; but that only prerogative, which we see to have been given always to all godly Princes in holy Scriptures by God himself; that is, that they should rule all estates and degrees committed to their charge by God, whether they be Ecclesiastical or Temporal, and restrain with the civil sword the stubborn and evil-doers.

The Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in this Realm of England.

'Ï'he Laws of the Realm may punish Christian men with death, for heinous and grievous offences.

It is lawful for Christian men, at the commandment of the Magistrate, to wear weapons, and serve in the wars.


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XXXVIII. Of Christian men's Goods, which are not common. THE Riches and Goods of Christians are not common, as touch

ing the right, title, and possession of the same, as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man ought, of such things as he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor, according to his ability.

XXXIX. Of a Christian man's Oath. A

S we confess that vain and rash Swearing is forbidden Christian judge, that Christian Religion doth not prohibit, but that a man may swear when the Magistrate requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it be done according to the Prophet's teaching, in justice, judgement, and truth.


THIS Book of Articles before rehearsed, is again approved, and al-

lowed to be holden and executed within the Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sovereign Lady ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the subscription of the hands of the Archbishop and Bishops of the Upper-house, and ly the subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether-house in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571.


1. OF Faith in the Holy Trinity. I 22. Of Purgatory. 2. Of Christ the Son of God. 23. Of Ministering in the Congre3. Of his going down into Hell.

gation. 4. Of his Resurrection.

24. Of Speaking in the Congrega5. Of the Holy Ghost.

tion. 6. Of the Sufficiency of the Scrip- 25. Of the Sacraments. ture.

26. Of the Unworthiness of Mini7. Of the Old Testament.

sters. 8. Of the Three Creeds.

27. Of Baptism. 9. Of Original or Birth-sin. 28. Of the Lord's Supper. 10. Of Free-will.

29. Of the Wicked which eat not 11. Of Justification.

the Body of Christ. 12. Of good Works.

30. Of both kinds. 13. Of Works before Justification. 31. of Christ's one Oblation. 14. Of Works of Supererogation. 32. Of the Marriage of Priests. 15. Of Christ alone without Sin. 33. Of Excommunicate Persons. 16. Of Sin after Baptism.

34. Of the Traditions of the Church. 17. Of Predestination and Election. 85. Of Homilies. 18. Of obtaining Salvation by Christ. 36. Of Consecrating of Ministers. 19. Of the Church.

37. Of Civil Magistrates. 20. Of the Authority of the Church. 38. Of Christian men's Goods. 21. Of the Authority of General | 39. Of a Christian man's Oath.


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