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Doct. It is another book, the title is, Sunday no Sabbath; Did you cause this to be made also?
Cant. No, Dr. Pocklington made it, but I licensed it.
Doct. What, he that looks so like a necromancer; he that was, for his pains, preferred besides his benefices? But what is this ? A paper. It is, if I be not mistaken, a Star-chamber order against Mr. Prynne, Mr. Burton, and Dr. Bastwicke; had you any hand in that?
Cant. I had, I had, all England knoweth it: but, oh! here comes something that makes my very back ach; oh! that it were, up once; now it is up, I thank Heaven? What is it?
Doct. It is a great bundle of papers, of presentations, and suspensions; these were the instruments, my Lord, wherewith you created the tongue-tied Doctors, and gave them great benefices in the country, to preach some twice a year at the least, and, in their place, to hire some journeyman curate, who will only read a sermon in the forenoon, and in the afternoon be drunk with his parishioners for company; and, with others, you silenced the long-winded ministers.
Cant. I must confess, it is true : but here is something that pains me extremely; oh! that it were up, this troubles me more than all the rest ; see what it is, good Doctor, for it is up.
Doct. Why, my Lord, the book of canons, charged with the horrible monster.
Cant. Now I am pretty well at ease: but I pray, Mr. Doctor, what was this made of?
Doct. Why, my Lord, three ounces of tobacco, three scruples of pillory-powder, one scruple of his brains that looked over London-bridge, and three handfuls of the herbs gathered by the apprentices, wrapped up in a high commission roll, and boiled in a pottle of holy-water, to the third part, and strained through a pair of lawn sleeves.
Cant. Nay, if this be your physick, I will take no more of it: oh! there comes something else; 1 protest, the mitre; alas! I had almost broke my lungs.
Doct. Nay, if the mitre be come, the devil is not far off: farewell, good my Lord.
SPOKEN IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS,
The Reverend Father in God,
ROBERT, LORD BISHOP OF COVENTRY AND LITCHFIELD.
Being brought to the Bar to answer for hinsetf.
Loudon, printed by R. B. for Richard Lownds, and are to be sold at his Shop
without Ludgate. 1641. Quarto, containing six Pages.
to endeavour, at the least, to give satisfaction to every man, even to the meanest, that hath had any sinister conceptions of me, he it scandalum datum, or acceptum ; so hath it been my ambition, and I have sought it with affection (as to all men) so much more to this honourable assembly, especially concerning the late petition and protestation exhibited unto his sacred Majesty, and the lords and peers in parliament. But, in the first place, Master Speaker, I ain, as it becomes me, to give most hearty and condign thanks to the noble knights, citizens, and burgesses, of this honourable house of commons, for that they have been pleased, by a general vote, and, I hope, unanimous, to give me leave to speak for myself, and to lay open the truth of my cause, concerning the said petition and protestation before them.
And now, Master Speaker, to address myself to the business, whereof I shall not speak as a lawyer, for I have no head for law, neither shall I need to touch upon any point thereof; pus as a flourishing orator, as desirous to hear himself speak, I have long since laid aside my books of rhethorick: my desire is, Master Speaker, to tread in the steps of an old divine, of whom Sozomen writes in his ecclesiastical history, who, groaning under the like heavy burthen and accusation as I do, chose rather to vent his own sense, and express the truth of his cause in plain language, than to colour or cloak falshood, and to extenuate his offence, by forced, trapped, and new varnished eloquence: and to that purpose, my conceptions and narration shall stand only upon two fect, negation and affirmation. There are some things that I must deny, and, yet justly, somewhat I must affirm, and that I shall do ingenuously and fully. First, for the negative: I never framed, made, nor contrived,
compiled, or preferred, any such petition or protestation; I never was at any meeting, consultation, or conference, about any such business ; nay, I never heard of any intention, much less execution of any such thing, until it was the Wednesday in Christmas, being the 29th of December, at which time it was brought unto my house in Coventgarden, being betwixt six or seven at night (subscribed by eleven of my brethren) with a request, that I would subscribe suddenly also. And for the affirmation, presuming that so many learned, grave, and wise men, well versed in matters of that nature, would not have attempted any such thing, without good counsel, to the endangering of themselves, and their brethren, and to the distaste of the lords, and tbat all the rest of the bishops, in or about the cities of London or Westminster, should subscribe thereunto, and that it should not be preferred, without the approbation, and mature deliberation of good counsel, and of us all: I made the twelfth, and set to my band, which I do now acknowledge, and never denied; nay, the first time that I came to the bar in the Lords house, Iacknowledged that my hand was to it, and divers of this honourable presence beard it so read unto them, out of the journal of the lords house.
Now, Master Speaker, if these my deceived and deceiving thoughts (to use St. Bernard's phrase) have led me into an error, the error is either Er ignorantia juris, an unskilfulness in the law, or Debilitate judicü, a weakness of my apprehension, or else Ex nimia credulitate, out of the too much confidence in others, not of any prepensed malice, or out of a spirit of contradiction, as the Lord knoweth. The schoolmen tell me, that Duo sunt in omni peccato, there is actio, et malitia actionis ; I own the action, the subscription is mine; but, that there was any malice in the action (to cross any vote, at which I was not present, nor never heard of) I utterly disavow.
And, therefore, Master Speaker, I shall become an humble suitor, that I may recommend three inust humble requests, or motions, to this honourable house.
The first motion is, that you would be pleased to tread in the steps of Constantine, the Christian emperor, wbo had ever this resolution, that, if be should see Sacerdotem peccantem, an offending divine, he would rather cast his purple garment upon him, than reveal the offence, for the gospel's sake of Christ.
My second motion is, that, if my subscription shall make me a delinquent and worthy of any censure, then the censure may not exceed, but, at the highest, be proportionable to the offence.
The third and last motion is, that that of Plautus (after my fisty-eight years painful, constant, and successful preaching of the gospel of Christ in the kingdom of England, and in foreign parts) may not be verified of me: Si quid bene feceris, levior pluma gratia est ; si quid mali feceris, plumbeas iras gerunt. And now, Master Speaker, I might here tender divers motions to the consideration of this honourable house, for favourable construction of my rash subscription; I may say commiseration, but all without ostentation; that is far from me; but rather for the consolation of my perplexed soul, for the great affliction, restraint, and disgrace, which I have long sustained (which is far greater, than ever I endured before, and transcends the dangers and jeopardies of the seas, and the miseries of the wars, whereof I have bad my share) and partly for the vindication of my former reputation, calling, and profession, which is now so clouded, eclipsed, and blacked in the eyes of the world, and scandalised in the mouths of the vulgar multitude, that, without reparation, and restoration to my former esteem, I shall never have heart to shew my face in a pulpit any more, wherein I have wished to end my days. But I wave them all, because I will not detain you from other occasions of greater importance, and desire my ways may be made known unto you rather by inquisition, than my own relation : only I shall appeal to the noble knights, citizens, and burgesses of the diocese where I now live, and of the other, wherein formerly I did live, as, namely, the honourable city of Bristol ; which I can never name without that title, not only in respect of their piety, unity, and conformity, but also in respect of their love, kindness, and extraordinary bounty unto me: I appeal to them for their testimonies, and knowledge of my courses anfongst them ; nay, I appeal to the records of the honourable house, where, I am confident, after sixteen months sitting, there is nothing found, that can trench upon me; neither, I hope, will, or may be.
And therefore my humble suit is for expedition, if you intend accusation; or rather for your mediation, that I may speedily return to my own home and cure, to redeem the time, because the days are evil, as the apostle speaks, and to regain the esteem and reputation, which I was long in getting, and long enjoyed, but lost in a moment; for, if I should out-live (I say not my bishoprick, but) my credit, my grey hairs and many years would soon be brought with sorrow to the grave.
I have done, Master Speaker, and there remains nothing now, but that I become a petitioner unto Almighty God, that he will be pleased to bestow upon you all the patriarch's blessing, even the dew of heaven, and fatness of the earth; and I end with that of St. Jude, • Mercy, peace, and love be multiplied unto you:' I say again, with a religious and affectionate heart, “Mercy, peace, and love be multiplied unto you.'
THE SEVERAL OFFICES, AND OFFICERS,
MILITIA OF ENGLAND,
With the power of the Parliament to raise the same, as they shall
judge expedient, &c.
Collected and found among the Papers of the late Mr. John Pymm,
A Namber of the House of Commons,
Writ in the Year 1641. MS:
HEN kings were first ordained in this realm, the kingdom was
divided into forty portions, and every one of those portions or counties was committed to some earl, to govern and defend it against the enemies of the realm. Mirror of Justice, p. 8.
Those earls, after they received their government in each county, divided them into centurians or hundreds; and in every hundred was appointed a centurian or constable, who had his portion and limits assigned bim to keep and defend with the power of the hundred, and were to be ready, upon all alarms, with their arms. against the common enemy. These, in some places, are called wapentakes, which, in French, doth signify taking of arms. Mirror, p. 10, 12. Henry VIII. folio. 16, 17.
King Alfred first ordained two parliaments to be kept every year, for the government of the people, where they were to receive laws and justice. Mirror, p. 10, 11.
The peers, in parliament, were to judge of all wrongs done by the king to any of his subjects. Mirror, p. 9.
The ancient manner of choosing and appointing of officers, was by those over whom their jurisdiction extended.
1. Tythingman : this man was, and at this day is, chosen by the men of his own tything, and by them presented to the lect, to be sworn for the true execution of his office.