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OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE:

IN Which

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THE WORDS ARE DEDUCED FROM THEIR ORIGINALS,
a ND
*

ILLUSTRATED IN THEIR DIFFERENT SIGNIFICATIONS BY ExAMPLES FROM
* THE BEST WRITERS.

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except after a diphthong ; as, fail, feel, ‘veal, cool. In a word of more syllables it is written single; as, channel, canal, tendril. It is sometimes put before e, and sounded feebly after it j as, bible, title. LA, interject. [corrupted by an effeminate pronunciation from lo ; unless it be the French la.] See; look ; behold. La you! if you speak ill of the devil, How he takes it at heart. Shuk. Twelfth Night. La B D ANU M. n.s. A resin, of a strong not unpleasant smell, and an aromatick, but not agreeable taste. This juice exudates from a low spreading shrub in Crete. Hill. To LA BEF Y. v. a. [labefacio, Lat.] To weaken ; to impair. Dict. LA BE L. m. f. [labellum, Latin.] 1. A small slip or scrip of writing. When wak'd, I found This label on my bosom; whose containing ls so from sense in hardness, that I can Make no collection of it. Shalop. Cyrtleline. 2. Anything appendant to a larger writing. ğ. the label of lead, the heads of St. Peter and St. Paul are impressed from the papal seal. Ziyoff.'s Parcrgon. 3. [In law.] A narrow slip of paper or parchment affixed to a deed or writing, in order to hold the appending seal. Wol. III.

A liquid consonant, which pre

L A B so. also any paper, annexed by way of - addition or explication to any will or

:: testament, is called a label or codicil.

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* , , hands; ... And ore this hand, by thee to Romeo seal’d, * Shall be the label to another deed, Or my true heart with treacherous revolt Turn to another, this shall slay them both. Shak. LA R ENT. aff. [labens, inj Sliding ; gliding ; slipping. Dict. LA BIA L. adj. [labialis, Lat.] Uttered by the lips. The Hebrews have assigned which letters are labial, which dental, and which guttural. Bacon. Some particular affection of sound in its passage to the lips, will seem to make some composition in any vowel which is labiul. Holder. LA BLATED. adj. [labium, Lat.] Formed with lips. LA BioD ENTAL. adj. [labium and dentalis.] Formed or pronounced by the co-operation of the lips and teeth. The dental consonants are very easy; and first the labiodental, , f, v, also the linguadentals, t!, dh. Bolder. LAB of R.A.N.T. m. f. [laborant, Lat..] A chymist. Not in use. I can shew you a sort of fixt sulphur, made by an industrious laboraxt. Boyle. LA. Boratory. m. s. [laboratoire, Fr.] A chymist's workroom. It would contribute to the history of colours, if chemists would in their (aloratory take a heedful notice, and give us a faithful account, of the colours obserged in the steam of bodies, either sublimed or distilled. Boy'z. The flames of love will perform those miračić's they of the furnace boast of, would they employ theimselves in this salo.....y. Decay of Piety. LABORIOUS. adj. [laborieux, French; laboriosus, Lat.] 1. Diligent in work; assiduous. That which makes the clergy glorious, is to be knowing in their professions, unspotted in their lives, active and laborious in their charges, bold and resolute in opposing seducers, and daring to look vice in the face; and, lastly, to be gentle, courteous, and compassionate to all. South. A spacious cave within its farmost part, Was hew'd and fashion'd by laborious alt, Through the hill's hollow sides. Dryden. To his laborious youth consum’d in war, And lasting age, adorn'd and crown'd with peace. - Prior. 2. Requiring labour; tiresome ; not easy. Do'st thou love watchings, abstinence, and toil, Laborious virtue; all? learn them from Cato. Addison. Laboriously. adv. [from laborious.j With labour; with toil. The folly of him, who pumps very laboriously in a ship, yet neglects to stop the leak. Decay of Piety. I chuse laboriously to bear A weight of woes, and breathe the vital air. Pope.

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ful exertion of strength, or wearisóme’ perseverance; pains; toil; travail; work. ‘. . . . . . . If I find her honest, I lose not my?...bour; if she be otherwise, it is labour well bestowed. Shakspeare. I sent to know your faith, lest the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain. 1 Thes.

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... saluteth you, always labouring fervent

y for you in prayers, that we may stand perfect. Colossians. 2. To do work ; to take pains. The matter of the ceremonies had wrought, for the most part, only upon light-headed, weak men, whose satisfaction was not to be laboured for. Clarendon. A labouring man that is given to drunkenness, shall not be rich. Eccius. That in the night they may be a guard to us, and labour on the day. Nehemiah. As a man had a right to all he could employ his labour upon, so he had no temptation to labour for more than he could make use of. Lo-Ke. 3. To move with difficulty. The stone that labours up the hill, Mocking the lab’rer's toil, returning still, Is love. .. - Glanville. 4...To be diseased with. [morbo laborare, Lātīāj Not in use. . . . ; : * They abound with horse,

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• * : Ben 'fonson. was called to another, who in childbed JaWiscrian.

: La this infernal lake the fury flies,

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skies. Dryon. Trumpets and drums shall fright her from the throne, Assounding cymbals aid the laboring moon. Prvo. This exercise will call down the favour of hoaven upon you, to remove those afflictions you now labour under from you. - Hooke's Preparation for Dato. 6. To be in childbirth ; to be in travail. There lay a log unlighted on the earth, When she was labouring in throws of birth; For th' unborn chief the fatal sisters came, And rais'd it up, and tess'd it on the flame. Dryo. Here, like some furious prophet, Pindar rcde, And seem'd to labour with th' inspiring God. . Pope. To LA' Bo U R. v. a. s. To work at ; to move with difficulty; to form with labour; to prosecute with effort. To use brevity, and avoid much labouri g of the work, is to be granted to him that will make an abridgment. 2 Maccabees. Had you requir'd my helpful hand, Th’ artificer and art you might command, To labour arms for Troy. I}ryden's AFneis'. An eager desire to know something concerning him, has occasioned mankind to labour the point, under these disadvantages, and turn on all ho to see if there were anything left which might have the least appearance of information. Pope, 2. To beat ; to belabour. Take, shepherd, take a plant of stubborn oak And suð..ur him with mairy a sturdy stroke. Dryden,

Labour E.R. n. 4. [laboureur, French.] 1. One who is employed in coarse and toilsome work. If a state run most to noblemen and gentlemen, and that the husbandmen be but as their work-folks and laborers, you may have a good cavalry, but never good stable foot. Bacon. The sun but seem'd the lorer of the year, Each waring moon supply'd her wat'ry store, To swell those tides, which from the line did

r Their brimful vessels to the Belgian shore. Dryd. Laborers and idle persons, children and striplings, cle men and young men, must have divers diets. Arbrothact. Not balmy sleep to laborers faint with pain, Not show'rs to larks, or sun-shine to the bee, Are half so charming, as thy sight to me. Pope. Yet hence the poor are cloth'd, the hungry fed, Health to himself, and to his infants bread, The laborer bears. Pope. The prince cannot say to the merchant, I have no need of thee; nor the merchant to the lakarer, I have no need of thee. Swift. 1. One who takes pains in any employment. Sir, I am a true Iaşcurer; I earn that I eat; get that I wear; owe no man hate; envy no man's happiness. Shakspeare. The stone that labours up the hill,

Mo the lorer's toil, returning still, is love. Glanville. LA’sou Rsome. adj. [from labour.]

Made with great labour and diligence, Not in use. Forget Your laboursore and dainty trims, wherein You made great Jove .# . Shakup. Cymbeline. He hash, my lord, b o: etition, Wrung from me my slow leave. Shafts. Hamlet. LAERA. ... s. [Spanish.] A lip. Not used. Hanmer. Word of denial in thy labras here; Word of denial, froth and scum thou liest. Shak. LAByrint H. n.f. [labyrinthus, Lat.]. A maze; a place formed with inextricable windings. Suffolk, stay; Thou may’st not wander in that labyrinth; There Minotaurs, and ugly treasons lurk. Shak. Words, which would tear The tender †. of a maid's soft ear. Donne. y clamours tear The ear’s soft labyrinth, and cleft the air. Sandys. The earl of Essex had not proceeded with his accustomed wariness and skill; but run into latyrinibo, from whence he could not disentangle himself. Clarenden. My soul is on her journey; do not now Divert, or lead her back, to lose herself I' th' maze and winding labyrinths o' th' world. IJenham. lac. m. . . Lae is usually distinguished by the name of a fum, but im operly, 3. it is inflammable, and not soluble in water. We have three sorts of it, which are all the product of the same tree. 1. The stick lar. 2. The seed lac. 3. The shell lar. Authors leave us uncertain whether this ğrug belongs to the animal or the vegetable ingdom. Hill. LACE. a. s. [lacet, French; laqueur, Lat.] 1. A string; a cord. There the fond fly entangled, struggled long, moelf to free thereout; but all in vain: *or striving more, the more in later strong

Himself he tied, and wrapt his winges twain In limy snares, the subtil loops among. Spani. 2. A snare ; a gin. The king had snared been in love's strong lace. . Fairfax. 3. A plaited string, with which women fasten their clothes. O! cut my lace, lest my heart cracking, it Break too. Shakspeare. Doll ne'er was call'd to cut her lace, Or throw cold water in her face. Swift. 4. Ornaments of fine thread curiously Woven. Our English dames are much given to the wearing of costly laces; and, if they be brought from Italy, they are in great esteem. Bacon. 5. Textures of thread, with gold or silver. He . stuff, whose thread is coarse and round, But trimm'd with curious lace. Herbert. 6. Sugar. A cant word; now out of use. If haply he the sect pursues, That read and comment upon news; He takes up their mysterious face, He drinks his coffee without lace. To LA ce. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To fasten with a string run through eilet holes. I caused a fomentation to be made, and put on a laced sock, by which the weak parts were strengthened. Wiseman. At this, for new replies he did not stay, But lae'd his crested helm, and strode away. Dry. These glitt'ring spoils, now made the victor's 3.11n, He to his body suits; but suits in vain: Messapus’ helm he finds among the rest, And lace; os and wears the waving crest. Dryd. Like Mrs. Primly's great belly; she may lace it down before, but it burnishes on her hips. Congreve. When Jenny's stays are newly lac'd, Fair Alma plays about her waist. rior. 2. To adorn with gold or silver textures sewed on. It is but a night-gown in respect of yours; cloth of gold and coats, and lac'd with silver. Shakop. 3. To embellish with variegations. Look, love, what envious streaks Do lace the severing clouds in yonder East; Night's candles are burnt out, and jocund day Stands tiptoe on the misty mountains' tops. Shakspeare, Then clap four slices of pilaster on't, That, lac'd with bits of rustic, makes a front. Pope. 4. To beat; whether from the form which L’Estrange uses, or by corruption of lash. Go you, and find me out a man that has no curiosity at all, or I'll lace your coat for ye. L'Estrange.

An old word for a

Prior.

LAced Mutton. whore. Ay, Sir, I, a lost mutton, gave your letter to her a lac'd mutton, and she gave me nothing for my labour. Shakspeare. LA’ce MAN. m. f. [lace and man.] One who deals in lace. I met with a nonjuror, engaged with a laceman, whether the late French king was most like Augustus Caesar, or Nero. Addison's Spectator. LA’ce RABLE. adj. [from laterate.] Such as may be torn.

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