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7. Formerly; at a former time.

Thereon his arms and once-lov'd portrait lay, Thither our fatal marriage-bed convey. Denham. My soul had once some foolish fondness for thee, But hence 'tis gone.


8. Once seems to be rather a noun than an adverb, when it has at before it, and when it is joined with an adjective: as, this once, that once.

ONE. adj. [an, œne, Saxon; een, Dutch; ein, German; ev, Greek.]

1. Less than two; single; denoted by an unit.

The man he knew was one that willingly, For one good look would hazard all. Daniel.

Pindarus the poet, and one of the wisest, acknowledged also one God the most high, to be the father and creator of all things. Raleigh.

Love him by parts in all your num'rous race,
And from those parts form one collected grace;
Then when you have refin'd to that degree,
Imagine all in one, and think that one is he. Dry.
2. Indefinitely; any; some one.
We shall

Present our services to a fine new prince,
One of these days.


I took pains to make thee speak, taught thee each hour

One thing or other.

3. It is added to any.



When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. Matther.

If any one prince made a felicity in this life, and left fair fame after death, without the love of his subjects, there were some colour to despise it. Suckling Different; diverse: opposed to another. What a precious comfort to have so many, like brothers, commanding one another's fortunes? Shakspeare.

It is one thing to draw outlines true, the features like, the proportions exact, the colouring

tolerable, and another thing to make all these graceful. Dryden.

Suppose the common depth of the sea, taking one place with another, to be about a quarter of a mile. Burnet. It is one thing to think right, and another thing to know the right way to lay our thoughts before others with advantage and clearness.

Locke. My legs were closed together by so many wrappers one over another, that I looked like an Egyptian mummy. Addison.

There can be no reason why we should prefer any one action to another, but because we have greater hopes of advantage from the one than from the other.


Two bones rubbed hard against one another, or with a file, produce a fetid smell. Arbuthnot. At one time they keep their patients so warm, as almost to stifle them, and all of a sudden the cold regimen is in vogue.

5. One of two: opposed to the other.


Ask from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this.


Both the matter of the stone and marchasite, had been at once fluid bodies, till one of them, probably the marchasite, first growing hard, the other as being of a more yielding consistence, accommodated itself to the harder's figure. Bayle. 6. Not many; the same.

The church is therefore one, though the members may be many; because they all agree in one faith. There is one Lord and one faith, and that truth once delivered to the saints, which whosoever shall receive, embrace, and profess, must necessarily be accounted one in reference to that profession: for if a company of believers become a church by believing, they must also become one church by believing one truth. Pears. 7. Particularly one.

One day when Phoebe fair, With all her band was following the chase, This nymph quite tir'd with heat of scorching air,

Sat down to rest.


One day, in turning some uncultur'd ground, In hopes a free-stone quarry might be found, His mattock met resistance, and behold, A casket burst, with diamonds fill'd, and gold. Harte.

3. Some future.

Heav'n waxeth old, and all the spheres above Shall one day faint, and their swift motion stay;

And time itself, in time shall cease to move, But the soul survives and lives for aye. Davies. ONE. 7. S. [There are many uses of the word one, which serve to denominate it a substantive, though some of them may seem rather to make it a pronoun relative, and some may perhaps be considered as consistent with the nature of an adjective, the substantive being understood.]

1. A single person.

If one by one you wedded all the world, She you kill'd would be unparallel'd. Shakspeare. Although the beauties, riches, honours, sciences, virtues, and perfections of all men were in the present possession of one, yet somewhat beyond and above all this there would still be sought and earnestly thirsted for. Hooker.

From his lofty steed he flew,
And raising one by one the suppliant crew,
To comiert eich.


If one must be rejected, one succeed, Make him my lord, within whose faithful breast Is fix'd my image, and who loves me best. Dryd.

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As I have made ye one, lords, one remain: So I grow stronger, you more honour gain. Shakspeart.

9. Concord; agreement; one mind.

The king was well instructed how to carry himself between Ferninando and Philip, resolv ing to keep them at one within themselves. Bac He is not at one with himself what account to give of it.

Tillotson. 10. [On, l'on, French. It is used sometimes as a general or indefinite nominative for any man, any person. For one the English formerly used men; as, they live obscurely, men know not how; or die obscurely, men mark not when. Ascham. For which it would now be said, one knows not how, one knows not when ; or, it is not known how.] Any person; any man indefinitely.

It is not so worthy to be brought to heroical effects by fortune or necessity, like Ulysses and Aneas, as by one's own choice and working.


One may be little the wiser for reading this dialogue, since it neither sets forth what Erona is, nor what the cause should be which threatens her with death. Sidney

One would imagine these to be the expressions of a man blessed with ease, affluence and power; not of one who had been just stripped of all those advantages. Atterbury.

For provoking of urine, one should begin with the gentlest first. Arbuthnot.

For some time one was not thought to understand Aristotle, unless he had read him with Averroe's comment.

11. A person of particular character.
Then must you speak
Of one that lov'd not wisely, but too well;


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Be not found here; hence with your little Shakspeare. Does the son receive a natural life? The subject enjoys a civil one: that's but the matter, this is the form. Holiday. These successes are more glorious which bring benent to the world, than such ruinous ones as are dyed in human blood. Glanville.

He that will overlook the true reason of a

thing which is but one, may easily find many false enes, error being infinite.


The following plain rules and directions, are not the less useful because they are plain ones. Atterbury.

There are many whose waking thoughts are wholly employed on their sleeping ones. Addison. Arbitrary power tends to make a man a bad sovereign, who might possibly have been a good one, had he been invested with an authority limited by law. Addison.

This evil fortune which attends extraordinary men, hath been imputed to divers causes that need not be set down, when so obvious an one occurs, that when a great genius appears, the dunces are all in conspiracy against him. Swift. 13. One another, is a mode of speech very frequent; as, they love one another; that is, one of them loves another: the storm beats the trees against one another; that is, one against another.

In democratical governments, war did commonly unite the minds of men; when they had enemies abroad, they did not contend with one another at home. Davenant.

ONE berry, n. s. [aconitum, Latin.] Wolfsbane.

O'NEEYED. adj. [one and eye.] Having only one eye.

A sign-post dauber would disdain to paint The oneey'd heroe on his elephant. Dryden. The mighty family Of oncey'd brothers hasten to the shore. Addison. ONEIROCRITICAL. adj. [overpompilinos, Gr. oneirocritique, Fr. it should therefore according to analogy be written onirocritical and onirocritick.] Interpretative of dreams.

If a man has no mind to pass by abruptly from his imagined to his real circumstances, he may employ himself in that new kind of observation which my oneirocritical correspondent has directed him to make. Addison.

ONEIROCRITICK. n. s. [overpoxpilixos, Gr.] An interpreter of dreams.

Having surveyed all ranks and professions, I do not find in any quarter of the town an oneirocritick, or an interpreter of dreams. Addison. O'NENESS. n. s. [from one.] Unity; the quality of being one.

Our God is one, or rather very oneness and mere unity, having nothing but itself in itself, and not consisting, as all things do besides God, of many things. Hocker.

The oneness of our Lord Jesus Christ, referring to the several hypostases, is the one eternal indivisible divine nature, and the eternity of the son's generation, and his co-eternity, and his consubstantiality with the Father when he came down from heaven and was incarnate. Hammond,

O'NERARY. adj. [onerarius, Lat. oneraire, French.] Fitted for carriage or burdens; comprising a burden.

To O'NERATE. v. a. [onero, Latin.] To load; to burden.


ONERATION. n. s. [from onerate.] The act of loading. O'NEROUS. adj. rosus, Latin.]


[onereux, French; oneBurdensome; oppres

A banished person, absent out of necessity, retains all things onerous to himself, as a punishment for his crime. Ayliffe. ONION. n. s. [oignon, Fr. cæpe, Latin.] A plant.

If the boy have not a woman's gift To rain a shower of commanded tears, An onion will do well

Shaksp. Shaksp.

an ass, am onion-ey'd. This is ev'ry cook's opinion, No sav'ry dish without an onion: But lest your kissing should be spoil'd, Your onions must be throughly boil'd. Swift. O'NLY. adj. [from one, onely, or onelike.] 1. Single; one and no more.

Of all whom fortune to my sword did bring, This only man was worth the conquering. Dryd. 2. This and no other.

The only child of shadeful Savernake. Drayt. The logick now in use has long possessed the chair, as the only art taught in the schools for the direction of the mind in the study of the sciences.


3. This above all other: as, he is the only man for musick.

O'NLY. adv.

1. Simply; singly; merely; barely.

I propose my thoughts only as conjectures.


The posterity of the wicked inherit the fruit of their fathers vices; and that not only by a just judgment, but from the natural course of things. Tillotson.

All who deserve his love, he makes his own; And to be lov'd himself, needs only to be known. Dryden.

The practice of virtue is attended not only with present quiet and satisfaction, but with comfortable hope of a future recompence. Nels.

Nor must this contrition be exercised by us, only for grosser evils; but when we live the best. Wake. 2. So and no otherwise.

Every imagination of the thoughts of his heart, was only evil continually. Genesis. 3. Singly without more: as, only begotten. ONOMANCY. n. s. [ονομα and μαντεια.] Divination by a name.

Destinies were superstitiously, by onomancy, deciphered out of names, as though the names

and natures of men were suitable, and fatal necessities concurred herein with voluntary motion. Camden.

ONOMA NTICAL. adj. [ovopa and μails.] Predicting by names.

Theodatus, when curious to know the success of his wars against the Romans, an onomantical or name-wisard Jew, willed him to shut up a number of swine and give some of them Roman names, others Gothish names with several marks, and there to leave them.

O'NSET. n. s. [on and set.]


1. Attack; storm; assault; first brunt. As well the soldier dieth, which standeth still,

as he that gives the bravest onset.

All breathless, weary, faint,

Him spying, with fresh onset he assail'd,


And kindling new his courage, seeming quaint, Struck him so hugely, that through great con

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The first impetuous onsets of his grief; Use every artifice to keep him stedfast. Philips. 2. Something added or set on by way of ornamental appendage. This sense, says Nicholson, is still retained in Northumberland, where onset means a tuft. I will with deeds requite thy gentleness; And for an onset, Titus, to advance Thy name and honourable family, Lavinia will I make my empress. To ONSET. V. a. [from the noun.] set upon; to begin. Not used. This for a while was hotly onsetting and a reasonable price offered, but soon cooled again. Carer.




O'NSLAUGHT. n. s. [on and slay. SLAUGHTER.] Attack; storm; onset. Not in use.

They made a halt


To view the ground, and where t'assault, Then call'd a council, which was best, By siege or onslaught to invest The enemy; and 'twas agreed By storm and onslaught to proceed. ONTO LOGIST. n. s. [from ontology.] One who considers the affections of being in general; a metaphysician. ONTOLOGY. n. s. [οντα and λογος.] The science of the affections of being in general; metaphysicks.

The modes, accidents and relations that belong to various beings, are copiously treated of in metaphysicks, or more properly ontology. Watts.

O'NWARD. aðv. [ondpeard, Sax.]
1. Forward; progressively.
My lord,

When you went onward to this ended action,
I look'd upon her with a soldier's eye. Shaksp.
Satan was now at hand, and from his seat,

The monster moving onward, came as fast
With horrid strides.

Him thro' the spicy forest onward come
Adam discern'd, as in the door he sat
Of his cool bow'r.

Milton, Not one looks backward, onward still he goes, Yet ne'er looks forward farther than his nose. Pope.

2. In a state of advanced progression. Philoxenus came to see how onward the fruits were of his friend's labour. Sidney.

You are already so far onward of your way, that you have forsaken the imitation of ordinary


3. Somewhat further.


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O'NYX. n. s. [ovv.] A semipellucid gem, of which there are several species; but the blueish white kind, with brown and white zones, is the true onyx legitima of the ancients.


Nor are her rare endowments to be sold For glittering sand by Ophir shown, The blue-ey'd saphir, or rich onyx stone. Sandys,

The onyx is an accidental variety of the agat kind: it is of a dark horny colour, in which is a plate of a bluish white, and sometimes of red: when on one or both sides the white, there hap pens to lie also a reddish or fresh colour, the jewellers call the stone a sardonyx. Woodward. OOZE. n. s. [either from eaux, waters, Fr. or par, wetness, Sax.]

1. Soft mud; mire at the bottom of wa ter; slime.

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To OPACATE. V. a. [opaco, Latin.] To shade; to cloud; to darken; to ob-.


moved in.

The same corpuscles upon the unstopping of the glass, did opacate that part of the air they Boyle. OPA CITY. n.s. [opacité, Fr. opacitas, Lat.] Cloudiness; want of transparency.

Can any thing escape eyes in whose opticks Brown. there is no opacity? Had there not been any night, shadow or epacity, we should never have had any determinate conceit of darkness. Glanville.

How much any body hath of colour, so much hath it of opacity, and by so much the more unfit is it to transmit the species. Ray.

The least parts of almost all bodies, are in some measure transparent; and the opacity of those bodies ariseth from the multitude of reflexions caused in their internal parts. Newton, OPACOUS. adj. [opacus, Latin.] Dark; obscure; not transparent.

When he perceives that opacous bodies do not hinder the eye from judging light to have an equal diffusion through the whole place that it irradiates, he can have no difficulty to allow air, that is diaphanous, and more subtle far than they, and consequently divisible into lesser atoms; and having lesser pores, gives less scope to our eyes to miss light.

Upon the firm opacous globe


Of this round world, whose first convex divides The luminous inferior orbs, inclos'd From chaos, and th' inroad of darkness old, Satan alighted. Milton. O'PAL. n. s. [opalus, Lat.] A very elegant and singular kind of stone; it hardly comes within the rank of the pellucid gems, being much more opake, and Tess hard. It is in the pebble shape, from the head of a pin to the bigness of a walnut. It is naturally bright, and shows all its beauty without the help of the lapidary in colour it resembles the finest mother of pearl; its basis seeming a blueish or greyish white, but with a property of reflecting all the colours of the rainbow, as turned differently to the light. Hill. Shakspeare.

Thy mind is a very opal.

Th' empyreal heav'n, extended wide In circuit, undetermin'd square or round; With opel tow'rs, and battlements adorn'd Of living saphir.


We have this stone from Germany, and is the same with the opal of the ancients. Woodward. OPAQUE. adj. [opacus, Lat.] Dark; not transparent; cloudy.


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The world's mine oyster, Which I with sword will open.

Shaksp. Shaksp

Before you fight, ope this letter. They consent to work us harm and woe, To ope the gates, and so let in our foe. Fairfax. If a man open a pit and not cover it, and an ox fall therein, the owner of the pit shall make it good. Exodus. Let us pass through your land, and none shall do you any hurt; howbeit they would not open 1 Maccabees. Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. Adam, now ope thine eyes; and first behold Th'effects which thy original crime hath wrought Milton. In some to spring from thee.

unto him.


The draw-bridges at Amsterdam part in the middle, and a vessel, though under sail, may pass them without the help of any one on shore; for the mast-head, or break-water of the ship bearing against the bridge in the middle, Brown. opens it. Our fleet Apollo sends, Where Tuscan Tyber rolls with rapid force, And where Numicus opes his holy source. Dryd. When first you ope your doors, and passing by, The sad ill-omen'd object meets your eye. Dry. My old wounds are open'd at this view, And in my murd'rer's presence bleed anew,

Dryden. When the matter is made, the side must be opened to let it out. Arbuthnot on Aliments.

2. To show; to discover.

The English did adventure far for to open the north parts of America.


To divide; to break.



The wall of the cathedral church was opened by an earthquake, and shut again by a second.

To explain; to disclose.


Some things wisdom openeth by the sacred books of scripture, some things by the glorious works of nature. Hooker.

Paul reasoned with them out of the scriptures, opening and alledging, that Christ must needs have suffered and risen again from the dead. Acts.

After the earl of Lincoln was slain, the king opened himself to some of his council, that he was sorry for the earl's death, because by him he might have known the bottom of his danger. Bacon.

Gramont, governor of Bayonne, took an exquisite notice of their persons and behaviour, and opened himself to some of his train, that he thought them to be gentlemen of much more Wotton. worth than their habits bewrayed.

A friend who relates his success, talks himself into a new pleasure; and by opening his misfortunes, leaves part of them behind him. Coll. 5. To begin, to make the initial exhibition.

You retained him only for the opening of your cause, and your main lawyer is yet behind. Dryden. Homer opens his poem with the utmost simpli city and modesty; he continually grows upon the reader. Notes on the Odyssey. To OPE. TO OPEN.

V. n.

1. To unclose itself; not to remain shut; not to continue closed.

The hundred doors

Ope of themselves; a rushing whirlwind roars Within the cave. Dryden.

Unnumber'd treasures ope at once, From each she nicely culls with curious toil, And decks the goddess. Pub

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