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To O'GLE. v. a. [oogh, an eye, Dutch.] To view with side glances, as in fondness; or with a design not to be heeded. From their high scaffold with a trumpet cheek, And ogling all their audience, then they speak.

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If the female tongue will be in motion, why should it not be set to go right? Could they talk of the different aspects and conjunctions of pla nets, they need not be at the pains to comment upon oglings and clandestine marriages. Addison. Whom is he ogling yonder? himself in his looking-glass. Arbuthnot. O'GLER. n. s. [oogheler, Dutch.] A sly gazer; one who views with side glances.

Upon the disuse of the neck-piece, the tribe of eglers stared the fair sex in the neck rather than in the face. Addison.

Jack was a prodigious ogler; he would ogle you the outside of his eye inward, and the white upward. Arbuthnot. O'GLIO. n. s. [from olla, Spanish.] A dish made by mingling different kinds of meat; a medley; a hotchpotch.

These general motives of the common good, I will not so much as once offer up to your lordship, though they have still the upper end; yet, like great oglios, they rather make a shew than provoke appetite. Suckling.

Where is there such an oglio, or medley of va rious opinions in the world again, as those men entertain in their service, without any scruple as to the diversity of their sects and opinions? King Charles.

He that keeps an open house, should consider that there are glios of guests, as well as of dishes, and that the liberty of a common table is as good as a tacit invitation to all sorts of intruders.


O'GRESSES. n. 5. [in heraldry.] Cannon balls of a black colour.

OH. interject. An exclamation denoting pain, sorrow, or surprise.


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My every action speaks my heart aloud; But ob, the madness of my high attempt Speaks louder yet!


OIL. n. s. [ocel, Saxon; oleum, Latin.] 1. The juice of olives expressed.

Bring pure oil olive beaten for the light.

Exodus. 2. Any fat, greasy, unctuous, thin matter. In most birds there is only one gland; in which are divers cells, ending in two or three Targer cells, lying under the nipple of the oil bag. Derham.

3. The juices of vegetables, whether expressed or drawn by the still, that will not mix with water.

Oil with chemists called sulphur, is the second of their hypostatical, and of the true five chymical principles. It is an inflammable, unctuous, subtile substance, which usually rises after the spirit. The chemists attribute to this principle all diversity of colours. There are two sorts of oil; one, which will swim upon water, as oil of aniseed and lavender, which the chemists call essential; and another kind, which probably is mixt with salts, and will sink in water, as the oil of guaiacum and cloves,



After this expressed oil, we made trial of a dis tilled one; and for that purpose made choice of the common oil or spirit. Boyle

A curious artist long inur'd to toils Of gentler sort, with combs, and fragrant oils, Whether by chance, or by some god inspir'd, So toucht his curls, his mighty soul was fir'd.

Young, OIL. v. a. [from the noun.] To smear

or lubricate with oil.

The men fell a rubbing of armour, which a great while had lain oiled. Wotton.

Amber will attract straws thus oiled, it will convert the needles of dials, made either of brass or iron, although they be much oiled, for in those needles consisting free upon their center there can be no adhesion. Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. Swift oils many a spring which Harley moves.

Swift. O'LCOLOUR. n. s. [oil and colour.] Colour made by grinding coloured substances in oil.

Oilcolours, after they are brought to their due temper, may be preserved long in some de gree of softness, kept all the while under water.


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OILMAN. n. s. [oil and man.] trades in oils and pickles. OILSHOP. n. s. [oil and shop.] where oils and pickles are sold. OILY. adj. [from oil.]

One who

A shop

1. Consisting of oil; containing oil; having the qualities of oil.

The cloud, if it were oily or fatty, will not discharge; not because it sticketh faster, but because air preyeth upon water and flame, and fire upon oil. Bacon's Natural History Watry substances are more apt to putrify than


Bacon. Flame is grosser than gross fire, by reason of the mixture with it of that viscous oily matter, which, being drawn out of the wood and candle, serves for fewel.

2. Fat; greasy.


This oily rascal is known as well as Paul's; Go call him forth.


A plant.

A tree.



It grows as high as the mainmast of a ship. The inhabitants make an oil from the pulp of the fruit, and draw a wine from the body of the trees, which inebriates; and with the rind of these trees they make mats to lie of. To OINT. v. a. [oint, Fr.] To anoint; to smear with something unctuous,


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And death with poison arm'd. OINTMENT. .S. [from oint.] Unguent; unctuous matter to smear any thing. Life and long health that gracious ointment gave,


And deadly wounds could heal, and rear again The senseless corpse appointed for the grave. Spenser. O'KER. . . [See OCHRE.] A colour. And Klaius taking for his younglings cark, Lest greedy eyes to them might challenge lay, Busy with ker did their shoulders mark. Sidney. Red øker is one of the most heavy colours; yellow oker is not so, because it is clearer. Dryd. OLD. adj. [eald, Saxon; alt, German.] 1. Past the middle part of life; not young. To old age since you yourself aspire, Let not old age disgrace my high desire. Sidney. He wooes high and low, young and old. Shak. Wanton as girls, as old wives fabulous. Cowley. Tis greatly wise to know, before we're told, The melancholy news that we grow old. Young. 2. Decayed by time.

Raiment waxed not old upon thee. Deuteron. 3. Of long continuance; begun long ago. When Gardiner was sent over as ambassador into France, with great pomp, he spoke to an old acquaintance of his that came to take his leave of him. Camden's Remains.

4. Not new.


Ye shall eat of the old store. The vine beareth more grapes when it is young; but grapes that make better wine when it is old; for that the juice is better concocted. Bacon. 5. Ancient; not modern.

The Genoese are cunning, industrious, and inured to hardship; which was the character of the old Ligurians. Addison.

6. Of any specified duration.

How old art thou? Not so young sir, to love a woman for singing; nor so old to doat on her for any thing. I have years on my back forty-eight. Shakspeare's King Lear. Plead you to me fair dame? I know you not: In Ephesus I am but two hours old, As strange unto your town as to your talk. Shakspeare.

He did enfold

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9. A word to signify in burlesque language, more than enough.

Here will be old Utis; it will be an excellent stratagem. Shakspeare. Heres a knocking indeed; if a man were por ter of hell gate, he should have old turning the key. Shakspeare, 10. Of old; long ago; from ancient times. These things they cancel, as having been instituted in regard of occasions peculiar to the times of old, and as being now superfluous. Hook, Whether such virtue spent of old now fail'd More angels to create. Milton's Paradise Lost. A land there is, Hesperia nam'd of old, The soil is fruitful, and the men are bold; Now call'd Italia, from the leader's name. Dryd. In days of old there liv'd of mighty fame, A valiant prince, and Theseus was his name. Dryden. OLDFASHIONED. adj. [old and fashion.] Formed according to obsolete custom.

Some are offended that I turned these tales into modern English; because they look on Chaucer as a dry, oldfashioned wit, not worth reviving. Dryden.

He is one of those oldfashioned men of wit and pleasure, that shews his parts by raillery on marriage. Addison.

OLDEN. adj. [from old; perhaps the Saxon plural.] Ancient. Not in use.

Blood hath been shed ere now, i' th' oldan time,

Ere human statute purg'd the gen'ral weal. Shakspeare. O ́LDNESS. n. s. [from old.] Old age; antiquity; not newness; quality of being old.

This policy and reverence of ages, makes the world bitter to the best of our times; keeps our fortunes from us till our oldness cannot relish them. Shakspeare's King Lear. OLEA GINOUS. adj. [oleaginus, Lat. from oleum; oleagineux, Fr.] Oily; unctuous.

The sap, when it first enters the root, is earthy, watery, poor, and scarce oleaginous. Arbuthnot. OLEA GINOUSNESS. n. s. [from oleaginous.] Oiliness.

In speaking of the oleaginousness of urinous spirits, I employ the word most rather than all. Boyle. OLE ́ANDER. n. 5. [oleandre, Fr.] The plant rosebay.

OLE ASTER. n. s. [Latin.] Wild olive; a species of olive.

It is a native of Italy, but will endure the cold of our climate, and grow to the height of sixteen or eighteen feet. It blooms in June, and perfumes the circumambient air to a great distance. Miller.

OLE'OSE. adj. [cleosus, Latin.] Oily.

Rain water may be endecd with some vegetating or prolifick virtue, derived from some_saline or oleose particles it contains. Ray. In falcons is a small quantity of gall, the olcous parts of the chyle being spent most on the fat. Floyer on the Humours. To OLFACT. v. a. [olfactus, Latin.] To smeil. A burlesque word.


There is a machiavilian plot, Tho' every nare olfact it not. OLFACTORY. adj. [olfactoire, Fr. from olfacio, Latin.] Having the sense of smelling.

Eluvias, or invisible particles that come from bodies at a distance, immediately affect the ol Locke. factory nerves.


adj. [olidus, Lat.] Stinking;


In a civet cat a different and offensive odour proceeds, partly from its food, that being especially fish, whereof this humour may be a garous excretion and olidous separation. Brown.

The fixt salt would have been not unlike that of men's urine; of which olid and despicable liquor I chose to make an instance, because chemists are not wont to take care for extracting the fixt salt of it. Boyle. OLIGARCHY. n. s. [oλiyapxia.] A form of government which places the supreme power in a small number; aristocracy. The worst kind of oligarchy is, when men are governed indeed by a few, and yet are not taught to know what those few be, whom they should obey. Sidney. We have no aristocracies but in contempla tion, all oligarchies, wherein a few men domineer, Burton. do what they list.

After the expedition into Sicily, the Athenians chose four hundred men for administration of affairs, who became a body of tyrants, and were called an oligarchy, or tyranny of the few; under which hateful denomination they were soon after deposed.


O'LIO. n. s. [olla, Span.] A mixture; a medley. See OGLIO.

Ben Jonson, in his Sejanus and Catiline, has given us this olio of a play, this unnatural mixture of comedy and tragedy. Dryden.

I am in a very chaos to think I thould so forget myself. But I have such an olio of affairs, I know not what to do. Congreve. O'LITORY. 2. S. [olitor, Lat.] Belonging to the kitchengarden.

Gather your olitory seeds. Evelyn's Kalendar. OLIVA'STER. adj. [olivastre, Fr.] Darkly brown; tawny.

The countries of the Abysenes, Barbary, and Peru, where they are tawny, olivaster, and pale, are generally more sandy. Bacon.

O'LIVE. n. s. [olive, Fr. olea, Lat.] A plant producing oil; the emblem of peace; the fruit of the tree.

The leaves are for the most part oblong and evergreen; the flower consists of one leaf, the lower part of which is hollowed, but the upper part is divided into four parts; the ovary, which is fixed in the center of the flower cup, becomes an oval, soft, pulpy fruit, abounding with a fat liquor, inclosing an hard rough stone. Milton. To thee, the heav'ns, in thy nativity, Adjudg'd an olive branch and laurel crown, As likely to be blest in peace and war. Shaksp. In the purlews of this forest, stands A sheepcote fenc'd about with olive trees.


The seventh year thou shalt let it rest. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and olive yard. Exodus.

Their olive bearing town. Dryden's Eneid. It is laid out into a grove, a vineyard, and an allotment for olives and herbs. Broome.

O'MBRE. n. s. [hombre, Spanish.] A game of cards played by three.

He would willingly carry her to the play; but she had rather go to lady Centaure's, and play at



When ombre calls his hand and heart are free, And, join'd to two, he fails not to make three. Young.

OMEGA. n. s. [wurya.] The last letter of the Greek alphabet, therefore taken in the Holy Scripture for the last.

I am alpha and omega, the beginning and the ending. Revelations. O'MELET. n. s. [omelette, Fr.] A kind of pancake made with eggs. O'MEN. n. s. [omen, Lat.] A sign good or bad; a prognostick.

Hammond would steal from his fellows into places of privacy, there to say his prayers, mens of his future pacifick temper and eminent devo tion.


When young kings begin with scorn of justice, They make an omen to their after reign. Dryden.

The speech had omen, that the Trojan race Should find repose, and this the time and place.



Choose out other smiling hours, Such as have lucky omens shed O'er forming laws and empires rising. O'MENED. adj. [from omen.] Containing prognosticks.

Fame may prove, Or omen'd voice, the messenger of Jove, Propitious to the search. Pope's Odyssey OMENTUM. n. s. [Latin.] The caul that covers the guts, called also reticulum, from its structure resembling that of a net.

When the peritoneum is cut, as usual, and the cavity of the abdomen laid open, the omentum or cawl presents itself first to view. This mem brane, which is like a wide and empty bag, covers the greatest part of the guts. Quincy O'MER. n. s. A Hebrew measure about three prints and a half English. Bailey. To O'MINATE. v. a. [ominor, Latin.] To foretoken; to show prognosticks.

This ominates sadly, as to our divisions with the Romanists. Decay of Piety OMINATION. n. s. [from ominor," Lat.] Prognostick.

The falling of salt is an authentick presage ment of ill luck, yet the same was not a general prognostick of future evil among the ancients; but a particular omination concerning the breach of friendship. Brows

O'MINOUS. adj. [from omen.] 1. Exhibiting bad tokens of futurity; foreshowing ill; inauspicious.


Let me be duke of Clarence; For Glo'ster's dukedom is ominous. Shakspeare Pomfret, thou bloody prison, Fatal and ominous to noble peers. Shakspeare

These accidents the more rarely they happen, the more ominous are they esteemed, because they are never observed, but when sad events de Hayward.


Roving the Celtic and Iberian fields, He last betakes him to this ominous wood. Milt. As in the heathen worship of God, a sacrifice without an heart was accounted aminous; so in the christian worship of him, an heart without a sacrifice is worthless. South.

Pardon a father's tears,

And give them to Charinus' memory;
May they not prove as ominous to thee. Dryden.
Exhibiting tokens good or ill.

Though he had a good ominous name to have made a peace, nothing followed.


It brave to him, and ominous does appear, To be oppos'd at first, and conquer here. Cowley O'MINOUSLY. adv. [from ominous.] With good or bad omen,

O'MINOUSNESS. n. s. [from ominous.] The quality of being ominous. OMISSION. n. s. [omissus, Latin.] 1. Neglect to do something; forbearance of something to be done.

Whilst they were held back purely by doubts and scruples, and want of knowledge without their own faults, their omission was fit to be connived at. Kettlewell.

If he has made no provision for this change, the emission can never be repaired, the time never redeemed. Rogers. 1. Neglect of duty, opposed to commission or perpetration of crimes.

Omission to do what is necessary, Seals a commission to a blank of danger. Shaksp. The most natural division of all offences, is into those of omission and those of commission.

To OMIT. v. a. [omitto, Latin.] 1. To leave out; not to mention.


These personal comparisons I emit, because I would say nothing that may savour of a spirit of Lattery.

Great Cato there, for gravity renown'd, Who can omit the Gracchi, who declare The Scipios' worth?

2. To neglect to practise.



Her father cmitted nothing in her education, that might make her the most accomplished woman of her age. Addison.

OMITTANCE. n. s. [from omit.] Forbearance. Not in use.

He said, mine eyes were black, and my hair black;

And now I am remember'd, scorn'd at me! I marvel why I answer'd not again; But that's all one, omittance is no quittance. OMNIFA RIOUS. adj. [omnifarium, Lat.] Shakspeare. Of all varieties or kinds.

These particles could never of themselves, by, nifarious kinds of motion, whether fortuitous er mechanical, have fallen into this visible system. Bentley. But if thou omnifarious drinks wou'dst brew; Besides the orchard, ev'ry hedge and bush Affords assistance. Philips. OMNIFEROUS. adj. [omnis and fero, Lat.] All-bearing. Dict. OMNI FICK. adj. [omnis and facio, Lat.] All-creating.

Silence, ye troubled waves, and thou deep, peace!

Said then th' omnifick word, your discord end. Milton.


OMNIFORM. adj. [omnis and forma, Lat.]
Having every shape.
OMNIGENOUS. adj. [omnigenus, Latin].
Consisting of all kinds.
OMNIPARITY. n. s. [omnis and par, Lat.]
General equality.

Their own working heads affect, without commandment of the word, to wit, omniparity of churchmen. White.

OMNIPOTENCE. Įn.s. [omnipotentia, Lat.] OMNIPOTENCY.S Almighty power;

unlimited power.

Whatever fortune

Can give or take, love wants not, or despises; Or by his own omnipotence supplies.


As the soul bears the image of the divine wisdom, so this part of the body represents the omVOL. III.

nipotency of God, whilst it is able to perform such wonderful effects. Wilkins.

The greatest danger is from the greatest power, and that is omnipotency.

How are thy servants blest, O Lord, How sure is their defense,

Eternal wisdom is their guide,

Their help, omnipotence.



Will omnipotence neglect to save, The suffering virtue of the wise and brave? Pope OMNIPOTENT. adj. [omnipotens, Latin.] Almighty; powerful without limit; all-powerful.

You were also Jupiter, a swan, for the love of Leda: oh omnipotent love! how near the god drew to the complexion of a goose? Shakspeare.

The perfect being must needs be omnipotent; both as self-existent and as immense; for he that is self-existent, having the power of being, hath the power of all being; equal to the cause of all being, which is to be omnipotent. Grew. OMNIPRE SENCE. n. s. [omnis and præsens, Lat.] Ubiquity; unbounded presence. He also went

Invisible, yet staid, such privilege

Hath omnipresence.



Adam, thou know'st his omnipresence fills Land, sea, and air.

The soul is involved and present to every part and if my soul can have its effectual energy upon my body with ease, with how much more facility can a being of immense existence and omnipresence, of infinite wisdom and power, govern a great but finite universe? Hale. OMNIPRESENT. adj. [omnis and præsens, Lat.] Ubiquitary; present in every place.

Omniscient master, omnipresent king,

To thee, to thee, my last distress 1 bring! Prior. OMNI SCIENCE. n. s. [omnis and scientia, OMNISCIENCY.) Latin.] Boundless knowledge; infinite wisdom.

In all this misconstruction of my actions, as I have no judge but God above me, so I can have comfort to appeal to his omniscience. K. Charles.

Thinking by retirement to obscure himself from God, Adam infringed the omnisciency and essential ubiquity of his Maker, who, as he created all things, is beyond and in them all.


An immense being does strangely fill the soul; and omnipotency, omnisciency, and infinite goodness, enlarge the spirit while it fixtly looks upon them. Burnet.

Since thou boast'st th' omniscience of a God, Say in what cranny of Sebastian's soul, Unknown to me, so loatn'd a crime is lodg'd? OMNI'SCIENT. adj. [omnis and scio, Lat.] Dryden, Infinitely wise; knowing without bounds; knowing every thing.

By no means trust to your own judgment alone; for no man is omniscient. Bacon. What can 'scape the eye Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart Omniscient? Whatsoever is known, is some way present; and that which is present, cannot but be known by him who is omniscient.


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Dryden. Pope.

On me, on me let all thy fury fall, Nor err from me, since I deserve it all. 2. It is put before any thing that is the subject of action.

Th' unhappy husband, husband now no more, Did on his tuneful harp his loss deplore. Dryden. 3. Noting addition or accumulation.

Mischiefs on mischiefs, greater still and more, The neighb'ring plain with arms is cover'd o'er. Dryden. 4. Noting a state of progression.

Ho Maris! whither on thy way so fast? This leads to town. Dryden.

5. It sometimes notes elevation.

Chuse next a province for thy vineyard's reign, On hills above, or in the lowly plain. The spacious firmament on high.

6. Noting approach or invasion.



Their navy ploughs the watʼry main, Yet soon expect it on your shores again. Dryden. 7. Noting dependance or reliance.

On God's providence and on your bounty, all their present support and future hopes depend. Smallridge.

8. At, noting place.

On each side her, Stood pretty dimpled boys, like smiling Cupids. Shakspeare. 9. It denotes the motive or occasion of any thing.

The same prevalence of genius, the world cannot pardon your concealing, on the same consideration; because we neither have a living Varus nor a Horace. Dryden.


The joy of a monarch for the news of a vietory, must not be expressed like the ecstacy of a harlequin on the receipt of a letter from his misDryden. The best way to be used by a father on any occasion, to reform any thing he wishes mended in his son.


We abstain on such solemn occasions from things lawful, out of indignation that we have often gratified ourselves in things unlawful. Smallr. 10. It denotes the time at which any thing happens: as, this happened on the first day. On is used, I think, only before day or hour, not before denominations of longer time.

In the second month, on the twenty-seventh day. Genesis.

11. It is put before the object of some passion.

Compassion on the king commands me stoop.

Cou'd tears recal him into wretched life, Their sorrow hurts themselves; on him is lost. Dryden. 12. In forms of denunciation it is put before the thing threatned.

Hence on thy life; the captive maid is mine, Whom not for price or pray'rs I will resign. Dryden. 13. Noting imprecation.

Sorrow on thee, and all the pack of you, That triumph thus upon my misery! Shakspears. 14. Noting invocation.

On thee, dear wife, in deserts all alone,
He call'd.

Dryden. 15. Noting the state of a thing fired. This sense seems peculiar, and is perhaps an old corruption of a fire.

-The earth shook to see the heavens on fire, And not in fear of your nativity. Shakspeare. The horses burnt as they stood fast tied in the stables, or by chance breaking loose, ran up and down with their tails and mains on a light fire. Knolles.

His fancy grows in the progress, and becomes on fire like a chariot wheel by its own rapidity.

16. Noting stipulation or condition.


I can be satisfied on more easy terms. Dryden. 17. Noting distinction or opposition.

The Rhodians, on the other side, mindful their former honour, valiantly repulsed the ene Knolles.


18. Before it, by corruption, it stands for of.

This tempest, Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded The sudden breach on't.

Shakspeart. A thriving gamester has but a poor trade en't, who fills his pockets at the price of his reputa


19. Noting the manner of an event. Note,


How much her grace is alter'd on the sudden. Shakspeare. 20. On, the same with upon. See UPON. ON, adv.

1. Forward; in succession.

As he forbore one act, so he might have forborn another, and after that another, and so on, till he had by degrees weakened, and at length mortified and extinguished the habit itself. South. If the tenant fail the landlord, he must fail his creditor, and he his, and so on.


These smaller particles are again composed of others much smaller, all which together are equal to all the pores or empty spaces between them; and so on perpetually till you come to solid particles, such as have no pores.

2. Forward; in progression.


On indeed they went; but oh! not far; A fatal stop travers'd their head-long course.


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