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I continued feeling again the same pain; and finding it grow violent I burnt it, and felt no more after the third time; was never off my legs, nor kept my chamber a day. Temple. 2. Distant from.

Cicero's Tusculum was at a place called Grotto Ferrate, about two miles off this town, though most of the modern writers have fixed it Addison. to Frescati.

O'FFAL. n. s. [off fall, says Skinner, that which falls from the table: perhaps from offa, Latin.]

1. Waste meat; that which is not eaten at the table.

He let out the offals of his meat to interest, and kept a register of such debtors in his pocketbook.

2. Carrion; coarse flesh.


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Giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed. 2 Corinthians. He remembered the injury of the children of Bean, who had been a snare and an offence unto the people. 1 Maccabees.

The pleasures of the touch are greater than those of the other senses; as in warming upon cold, or refrigeration upon heat: for as the pains of the touch are greater than the offences of other senses, so likewise are the pleasures. Bacon.

By great and scandalous offences, by incorrigi ble misdemeanours, we may incur the censure of the church. Pearson.

Anger; displeasure conceived.

Earnest in every present humour, and making himself brave in his liking, he was content to give them just cause of offence when they had power to make just revenge. Sidney.

6. Attack; act of the assailant.

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Courtesy, that seemed incorporated in his heart, would not be persuaded to offer any offence, but only to stand upon the best defensive guard. Sidney. I have equal skill in all the weapons of offence. Richardson. OFFENCEFUL. adj. [offence and full.] Injurious; giving displeasure.

It seems your most offenceful act Was mutually committed. Shakspears. OFFENCELESS. adj. [from offence.] Unoffending; innocent.

You are but now cast in his mood, a punishment more in policy than in malice; even so as one would beat his offenceless dog to affright an imperious lion. Shakspeare.

To OFFEND. v. a. [offendo, Latin.]
1. To make angry; to displease.
If much you note him

You shall offend him, and extend his passion,
Feed and regard him not.


Three sorts of men my soul hateth, and I am greatly offended at their life. Ecclesiasticus.

The emperor himself came running to the place in his armour, severely reproving them of cowardice who had forsaken the place, and grievously offended with them who had kept such negligent watch. Knolles.

Gross sins are plainly seen, and easily avoided by persons that profess religion. But the indiscreet and dangerous use of innocent and lawful things, as it does not shock and offend our consciences, so it is difficult to make people at all sensible of the danger of it. Law.

2. To assail; to attack.

He was fain to defend himself, and withal so to offend him, that by an unlucky blow the poor Philoxenus fell dead at his feet.

3. To transgress; to violate.

Many fear

More to offend the law.



Cheaply you sin, and punish crimes with ease, Not as th' offended, but th' offenders please.



To injure.

Thou hast stol'n that, which after some few


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To OFFEND. V. n.


1. To be criminal; to transgress the law. This man that of earthly matter maketh graven images, knoweth himself to offend above Wisdom. all others.

Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. James.

The bishops therefore of the church of England did noways offend by receiving from the Roman church into our divine service, such materials, circumstances or ceremonies as were religious and good. White.

2. To cause anger.


I shall offend, either to detain or give it. Shak. To commit transgression: with against. Our language is extremely imperfect, and in many instances it offends against every part of Swift.


OFFENDER, n. s. [from offend.] 1. A criminal; one who has committed a crime; a transgressor; a guilty person. All that watch for iniquity are cut off, that make a man an offender for a word. Isaiab.

Every actual sin, besides the three former, must be considered with a fourth thing, to wit, a certain stain, or blot, which it imprints and leaves in the offender. Perkins.

So like a fly the poor offender dies; But like the wasp, the rich escapes and flies. Denham. How shall I lose the sin, yet keep the sense, And love th' offender, yet detest th' offence?

Pope. The conscience of the offender shall be sharper than an avenger's sword. Clarissa.

He that, without a necessary cause, absents himself from publick prayers, cuts himself off from the church, which hath always been thought so unhappy a thing, that it is the greatest punishment the governors of the church can lay upon the worst offender. Duty of Man. 2. One who has done an injury. All vengeance comes too short, Which can pursue th' offender. Shaksp. OFFENDRESS. n. s. from offender.] A woman that offends.

Virginity murthers itself, and should be buried in highways out of all sanctified limit, as a desperate offendress against nature. Shaksp. OFFENSIVE. adj. [offensif, Fr. from offensus, Latin.]

1. Causing anger; displeasing; disgusting.

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We enquire concerning the advantages and disadvantages betwixt those military offensive engines used among the ancients, and those of these latter ages.


Their avoiding, as much as possible, the defensive part, where the main stress lies, and keeping themselves chiefly to the offensive; per petually objecting to the catholick scheme, instead of clearing up the difficulties which clog their own. Waterland. OFFENSIVELY. adv. [from offensive.] 1. Mischievously; injuriously.

In the least thing done offensively against the good of men, whose benefit we ought to seek for as our own, we plainly shew that we do not acknowledge God to be such as indeed he is.


2. So as to cause uneasiness or displea


A lady had her sight disordered, so that the images in her hangings did appear to her, if the room were not extraordmarily darkened, embellished with several offensively vivid colours. Begle

3. By way of attack; not defensively. OFFENSIVENESS. n. s. [from offensive.] 1. Injuriousness; mischief. 2. Cause of disgust.

The muscles of the body, being preserved sound and limber upon the bones, all the mo tions of the parts might be explicated with the greatest ease and without any offensiveness.


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The heathen women under the mogul, offer themselves to the flames at the death of their husbands.

Collier. 2. To sacrifice; to immolate; to present as an act of worship: often with up, emphatical.

They offered unto the Lord of the spoil which they had brought, seven hundred oxen. 2 Chron An holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacri 1 Peter.


Whole herds of offer'd bulls about the fire, And bristled boars and woolly sheep expire. Dryden.

When a man is called upon to offer up hinself to his conscience, and to resign to justice and truth, he should be so far from avoiding the lists, that he should rather enter with inclination, and thank God for the honour. 3. To bid, as a price or reward.


Nor, shouldst thou offer all thy little store, Will rich Iolas yield, but offer more. Dryden. 4. To attempt; to commence.

Lysimachus armed about three thousand men, and began first to offer violence. 2 Maccabers. 5. To propose.

In that extent wherein the mind wanders in remote speculations, it stirs not one jot beyond those ideas which sense or reflection have offered for ts contemplation.

Our author offers no reason.

To O'FFER. v. n.

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To be present; to be at hand; to pre sent itself.

Th' occasion offers, and the youth complies.

2. To make an attempt.

No thought can imagine a greater heart to see and contemn danger, where danger would offer to make any wrongful threatning upon him. Sidn. We came close to the shore, and offered to land. Bacon.

One offers, and in off'ring makes a stay; Another forward sets, and doth no more. Dan. I would treat the pope and his cardinals roughly, if they offered to see my wife without my leave. Dryden.

3. With at, to make an attempt.

I will not offer at that I cannot master. Bacon. I hope that they will take it well that I should offer at a new thing, and could forbear presuming to meddle where any of the learned pens have ever touched before. Graunt.

Write down and make signs to him to pronounce them, and guide him by shewing him by the motion of your own lips to offer at one of these letters; which being the easiest, he will stumble upon one of them. Holder.

The masquerade succeeded so well with him, that he would be offering at the shepherd's voice and call too. L'Estrange.


It contains the grounds of his doctrine, and offers at somewhat towards the disproof of Atterbury. Without offering at any other remedy, we hastily engaged in a war, which hath cost us sixty millions. Swift. O′FFER. N. 5. [offre, Fr. from the verb.] 1. Proposal of advantage to another.

Some nymphs there are, too conscious of their face;

These swell their prospects, and exalt their pride, When offers are disdain'd, and love deny’d. Pope. 2. First advance.

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I enjomed all the ladies to tell the company, in case they had been in the siege, and had the same offer made them as the good women of that place, what every one of them would have brought off with her, and have thought most worth the saving. Addison.

It carries too great an imputation of ignorance, or folly, to quit and renounce former tenets upon the offer of an argument which cannot immediately be answered. Locke.

The Arians, Eunomians and Macedonians, were then formally and solemnly challenged by the Catholicks, to refer the matter in dispute to the concurring judgment of the writers that lived before the controversy began; but they declined the offer. Waterland.

4. Price bid; act of bidding a price. When steck is high, they come between, Making by second hand their offers;

Then cunningly retire unseen,

With each a million in his coffers.

5. Attempt; endeavour.


Many motions, though they be unprofitable to expel that which hurteth, yet they are offers of nature, and cause motions by consent; as in groaning, or crying upon pain. Bacon.

It is in the power of every one to make some essay, some offer and attempt, so as to shew that the heart is not idle or insensible, but that it is full and big, and knows itself to be so, though i wants strength to bring forth. South.

One sees in it a kind or offer at modern architecture, but at the same time that the architect has shown his dislike of the Gothic manner, one may see that they were not arrived at the knowledge of the true way. Addison.

6. Something given by way of acknow. ledgement.

Fair streams that do vouchsafe in your clearness to represent unto me my blubbered face, let the tribute offer of my tears procure your stay awhile with me, that I may begin yet at last to find something that pities me. Sidney. O'FFERER. N. s. [from offer.] 1. One who makes an offer. Bold offerers

Of suite and gifts to thy renowned wife. Chapm. 2. One who sacrifices, or dedicates in worship.

If the mind of the offerer be good, this is the only thing God respecteth. Hooker When he commanded Abraham to sacrifice Isaac, the place of the offering was not left undetermined, and to the offerer's discretion. South. OFFERING. n. s. [from offer.] A sacrifice; any thing immolated, or offered in worship.

Plucking the entrails of an offering forth, They could not find a heart within the beast. Shakspeare.

They are polluted offerings, more abhorr'd Than spotted livers in the sacrifice. Shaksp. When thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed. Isaiah.

The gloomy god


Stood mute with awe, to see the golden rod;
Admir'd the destin'd off'ring to his queen,
A venerable gift so rarely seen.
What nations now to Juno's pow'r will pray,
Or 'rings on my slighted altars lay? Dryden.
Iil favour her,

That my awaken'd soul may take her flight,
Renew'd in all her strength, and fresh with life,
An offering fit for heaven.

Interior offerings to thy god of vice Are duly paid in fiddles, cards, and dice. Young. OFFERTORY. n. s. [offertoire, Fr.] The act of offering.

He went into St. Paul's church, where he made offertory of his standards, and had orizons Bacon and Te Deum sung.

The administration of the sacrament he reduced to an imitation, though a distant one, of primitive frequency, to once a month, and therewith its anciently inseparable appendant, the offertory.


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Is it the magistrate's office to hear causes or suits at law, and to decide them? Kettleworth. a. Agency; peculiar use.

All things that you should use to do me wrong, Deny their office. Shakspeare.

In this experiment the several intervals of the teeth of the comb do the office of so many prisms, every interval producing the phenomenon of one prism, Newton.

3. Business; particular employment.
The sun was sunk, and after him the star
Of Hesperus, whose office is to bring
Twilight upon the earth.


4. Act of good or ill voluntarily tendered.

Wolves and bears

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Let offices stand at distance, with some low galleries to pass from them to the palace itself. Bacon.

8. [officina, Lat.] Place where business is transacted.

What shall good old York see there, But empty lodgings and unfurnish'd walls, Unpeopled offices, untrodden stones? Shaksp. Empson and Dudley, though they could not but hear of these scruples in the king's conscience, yet as if the king's soul and his money were in several offices, that the one was not to intermeddle with the other, went on with as great rage as ever. Bacon.


He had set up a kind of office of address; his general correspondencies by letters. To OFFICE. V. a. [from the noun.] To perform; to discharge; to do. I will be gone, altho'

The air of paradise did fan the house,

And angels offic'd all.

O'FFICER. 2. S. [officier, Fr.]

1. A man employed by the publick. "Tis an office of great worth,

And you an officer fit for the place.
Submit you to the people's voices,
Allow their officers, and be content
To suffer lawful censure.




The next morning there came to us the same officer that came to us at first to conduct us to the stranger's house. Bacon, If it should fall into the French hands, all the


princes would return to be the several officers of his court. As a magistrate or great officer, he locks himself up from all approaches. South.

Birds of prey are an emblem of rapacious offi cers. A superior power takes away by violence from them, that which by violence they took away from others. L'Estrange. Since he has appointed officers to hear it, a suit at law in itself must needs be innocent. Kettlew. 2. A commander in the army.

If he did not nimbly ply the spade, His surly officer ne'er fail'd to crack His knotty cudgel on his tougher back. Dryden. I summon'd all my officers in haste, All came resolv'd to die in my defence. Dryden.

The bad disposition he made in landing his men, shews him not only to be much inferiour to Pompey as a sea officer, but to have had little or no skill in that element. Arbuthnot. 3. One who has the power of apprehending criminals, or men accountable to the law.

The thieves are possest with fear So strongly, that they dare not meet each other; Each takes his fellow for an officer. Shakspeare. We charge you

To go with us unto the officers. Shakspeare O'FFICERED. adj. [from officer.] Com. manded; supplied with commanders.

What could we expect from an army officered by Irish papists and outlaws? Addison OFFICIAL. adj. [official, Fr. from office.] 1. Conducive; appropriate with regard to

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Official is that person to whom the cognizance of causes is committed by such as have ecclesias tical jurisdiction.


A poor man found a priest over-familiar with his wife, and because he spake it abroad and could not prove it, the priest sued him before the biCamden. shop's official for defamation. OFFICIALTY. n. s. [officialité, Fr. from official.] The charge or post of an offi cial.

The office of an officially to an archdeacon. Ayliffe To OFFICIATE. v. a. [from office.] To give, in consequence of office.

All her number'd stars that seem to row!
Spaces incomprehensible, for such
Their distance argues, and their swift return
Diurnal, merely to officiate light

Round this opacous earth, this punctual spot. Milton. To OFFICIATE. V. n. 1. To discharge an office, commonly in worship.

No minister officiating in the church, can with a good conscience omit any part of that which is commanded by the aforesaid law. Sanderson.

Who of the bishops or priests that officiate at the altar, in the places of their sepulchres, ever said we offer to thee Peter or Paul? Stilling fleet.

To prove curates no servants, is to rescue them from that contempt which they will cer tainly fall into under this notion; which, consi


dering the number of persons officiating this way, must be very prejudicial to religion. 2. To perform an office for another. OFFICINAL. adj. [from officina, a shop.] Used in a shop, or belonging to it: thus officinal plants and drugs are those used in the shops.

OFFICIOUS, adj. [officieux, Fr. officiosus, Latin.]

1. Kind; doing good offices.

Yet, not to earth are those bright luminaries Officious; but to thee, earth's habitant. Milton. 2. Importunely forward.

You are too officious


In her behalf that scorns your services. At Taunton they kill'd in fury an officious and eager commissioner for the subsidy.

Cato, perhaps


I'm too officious, but my forward cares Would fain preserve a life of so much value.


OFFICIOUSLY. adv. [from officious.] 1. Importunately forward.

The most corrupt are most obsequious grown, And those they scorn'd, officiously they own.

Dryden. Flatt'ring crowds officiously appear, To give themselves, not you, an happy year. Dry. 2. Kindly; with unask'd kindness.

Let thy goats officiously be nurst, And led to living streams to quench their thirst. Dryden.

OFFI CIOUSNESS. n. s. [from officious.] 1. Forwardness of civility, or respect, or endeavour. Commonly in an ill sense. I shew my officiousness by an offering, though I betray my poverty by the measure. 2. Service.


In whom is required understanding as in a man, courage and vivacity as in a lion, service and ministerial officiousness as in the ox, and expedition as in the eagle. Brown. OFFING. n. 5. [from off.] The act of steering to a distance from the land. OFFSCOURING. n. s. [off and scour.] Recrement; part rubbed away in cleaning any thing.

Thou hast made us as the off scouring and refuse in the midst of the people. Lamentations. Being accounted, as St. Paul says, the very filth of the world, and the off scouring of all things. Kettlewell.

O'FFSET. n. s. [off and set.] Sprout; shoot of a plant,

They are multiplied not only by the seed, but many also by the root, producing offsets or creeping under ground.


Some plants are raised from any part of the root, others by offsets, and in others the branches set in the ground will take root. Locke. OFFSPRING. n. s. [off and spring.]

1. Propagation; generation.

All things coveting to be like unto God in being ever, that which cannot hereunto attain personally, doth seem to continue itself by offstring and propagation. Hooker. 2. The thing propagated or generated; children; descendants.

When the fountain of mankind
Did draw corruption, and God's curse, by sin;
This was a charge, that all his heirs did bind,
And all his offspring grew corrupt therein. Dav.
To the gods alone

Our future offspring, and our wives are known.


His principal actor is the son of a goddess, not to mention the offspring of other deities. Addison. Production of any kind.

Tho' both fell before their hour, Time on their offspring hath no pow'r; Nor fire nor fate their bays shall blast,

Nor death's dark vale their days o'ercast. Denh. To OFFU'SCATE. v. a. [offusco, Lat, offusquer, Fr.] To dim; to cloud; to darken. OFFUSCA'TION. z. s. [from offuscate.] The act of darkening.

OFT. adv. [oft, Sax.] Often; frequently; not rarely; not seldom.

In labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. 2 Corinthians It may be a true faith, for so much as it is; it is one part of true faith, which is oft mistaken for the whole. Hammond.

Favours to none, to all she smiles extends, Oft she rejects, but never once offends. Pope. OFTEN. adv. [from oft, Sax. in the comparative, oftner, superlative, oftnest.] Oft; frequently; many times; not seldom.

The queen that bore thee, Oftner upon her knees than on her feet, Died ev'ry day she liv'd. Shakspeare Use a little wine for thy stomach's sake, and thine often infirmities. 1 Timothy. In journeying often, in perils in the wilderness. 2 Corinthians.

A lusty black-brow'd girl, with forehead broad
and high,

That often had bewitcht the sea gods with her eye.

Who does not more admire Cicero as an author, than as a consul of Rome, and does not oftner talk of the celebrated writers of our own country in former ages, than of any among their contemporaries? Addison. OFTENTIMES. adv. [often and times. From the composition of this word it is reasonable to believe, that oft was once an adjective, of which often was the plural; which seems retained in the phrase thine often infirmities. See OFTEN.] Frequently; many times; often.

Is our faith in the blessed Trinity a matter needless, to be so oftentimes mentioned and opened in the principal part of that duty which we owe to God, our publick prayer? Hooker

The difficulty was by what means they could ever arrive to places oftentimes so remote from the ocean. Woodward.

It is equally necessary that there should be a future state, to vindicate the justice of God, and solve the present irregularities of Providence, whether the best men be oftentimes only, or always the most miserable. Atterbury. OFTTIMES. adv. [oft and times.] Frequently; often.

Ofttimes nothing profits more
Than self-esteem, grounded on just and right,
Well manag'd.

Ofttimes before I hither did resort,
Charm'd with the conversation of a man
Who led a rural life.

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OGLE.n.s. A sort of moulding in architecture consisting of a round and a hollow; almost in the form of an S, and is the same with what Vitruvius calls cima. Cima reversa, is an ogee with the hollow downwards, Har.

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